Research paper2010


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Research paper2010

  1. 1. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to Develop and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Write a Research Paper </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Research Paper Assignment <ul><ul><li>Identify what the assignment requires: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>topic possibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>number of sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>type of sources (journal, book, Internet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>citation requirements (MLA, APA, Chicago) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>presentation requirements (oral or written) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>length of paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>due date </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Getting Started <ul><ul><li>Choose a topic based on requirements. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask yourself questions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What do I know about the topic? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What would I like to learn? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What will others learn from reading my paper? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Formulate a Research Question <ul><li>Start by finding background information on your topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Links to Background Information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to Find Journal Articles in Electronic Databases </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to find Books in the Online Catalog </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Personal Exploration of Topic <ul><li>Once you have familiarized yourself with the topic, reflect on your initial impressions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Writing – just write down your thoughts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List Key Words – list words that describe your topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clustering/Webbing - create a web that links terms together (an example of webbing is on the next slide) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Webbing - red is the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Relax. Play some creative music. </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling or style doesn't count. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't worry about organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Free-associate ideas. Keep them simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Write or sketch as quickly as you can. </li></ul><ul><li>Write or sketch in any order. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop all ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep working. </li></ul><ul><li>®Content and materials published in site may be duplicated for educational, non-profit, single school use only. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Formulate a Question <ul><li>Decide what question you want to answer with your research. </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate a Question – the answer to the question becomes your thesis question. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does exercise improve someone’s mental health? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the effects of violent video games on elementary school children? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was the impact of Cubism on early twentieth century culture? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should elementary schools provide more programming in the arts? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Starting Your Research <ul><li>Decide what kind of information that you need based on your research assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>The information will be determined by your topic and assignment requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current or historical or both </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biographical information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And More </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Decide on the Usefulness of a Book <ul><li>How to Evaluate a Book for the Assignment: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read title as clue to content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scan table of contents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for key terms in book index </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Finding Information in Journals <ul><li>Find Journal Articles in electronic databases: </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Databases </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ask the Librarian about the best databases to search on your topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e., InfoTrac Expanded Academic – Journal Articles - full text or citation (find actual journal through the library) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Decide on the Usefulness of Journal Articles <ul><li>Evaluate usefulness of journal articles for assignment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read title and subtitle as clue to content. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read abstract if available. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check key terms at end of article for related links to further explore topic. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Finding Information Using Internet Resources <ul><li>Click on Internet Resources part of the MLN homepage. </li></ul><ul><li>Or select a search engine or website. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Decide on the Usefulness of Internet Site Information <ul><li>Evaluate Internet site: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>find source of the site and information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who is responsible for the website? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who provided the information? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a person who is known in the field of study. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an organization that is reputable, i.e. American Cancer Society. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>note currency of site – when was it last updated? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>assess relevance of information to the assignment. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Ask a Librarian for Support <ul><li>A librarian can assist you with the process of finding information sources for your assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Stop by the library – If you go to college I guarantee you will be here every day. </li></ul>
  15. 15. How to Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>How to Avoid Plagiarism – Review the PowerPoint presentation. It covers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citing sources of information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to paraphrase, summarize, quote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to cite your sources for your works cited page. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Taking Notes <ul><li>Organizing Your Research Using Note Cards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read source actively by highlighting important information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Record quotes that you may want to use later and include source and page number on card. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create paraphrases and summaries on note cards directly from your research. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Record on each note card the author’s name and page number for later reference. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizing Your Research Using a Computer </li></ul>
  17. 17. Organize Your Research <ul><li>Construct an Outline </li></ul>
  18. 18. Drafting <ul><li>Follow your outline. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to incorporate research material into each paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Cite your source for each quote, paraphrase and summary. </li></ul><ul><li>Check with your instructor about which documentation and format style to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Be sure to include your opinion and comments on the research. </li></ul><ul><li>Write your conclusion based on your answer to your research question (your thesis). </li></ul>
  19. 19. Need Help with Writing Your Draft? <ul><li>A writing tutor can help you with how to outline and develop your paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Make an appointment with a writing tutor at the Writing Center. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Preparing the Final Version of Your Research Paper <ul><li>Revise draft based on comments from your instructor and/or tutor </li></ul><ul><li>Check cited sources for accuracy and MLA Style or another style format. </li></ul><ul><li>Proof read your work – don’t forget the Spell and Grammar check in Microsoft Word. </li></ul><ul><li>Add works cited page. </li></ul><ul><li>Add title page. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Assignment <ul><li>Your Sample Research Topic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School Bullying in Philadelphia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Read the article </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight pertinent information. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a research question. </li></ul>