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Cause and Effect Writing English 1 Prof. Marcinek
<ul><li>Cause and Effect analyzes why something happens. </li></ul><ul><li>Some effects are caused by multiple causes. </l...
<ul><li>Main cause: the most important cause </li></ul><ul><li>Contributory Causes: less important </li></ul><ul><li>Immed...
<ul><li>Avoiding  Post Hoc  Reasoning: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not assume that just because even A precedes event  B, event A...
<ul><li>Do not confuse words like  because, therefore and consequently   (indicating a causal relationship),  with words l...
Planning a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>Purpose and Thesis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to identify the relationships ...
<ul><li>Order and sequence; several possibilities include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Transitions! <ul><li>Transitions are essential to this type of essay to distinguish causes from effects. </li></ul><ul><li...
Structuring a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>Finding Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less important cause > effect> most ...
Revising a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>See checklist on page 437 of Bedford Reader </li></ul>Editing a Cause and Effect...
Assignment for next week <ul><li>On page 459 of The Bedford Reader, Read the article,  The Rise and Fall of The Hit.  </li...
Any Questions or Comments <ul><li>Please call Marcinek at 570-259-1114 </li></ul><ul><li>Grade Reports will be coming Toda...
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Causeand Effective Writing

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cause and effect Eng 101

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Transcript of "Causeand Effective Writing"

  1. 1. Cause and Effect Writing English 1 Prof. Marcinek
  2. 2. <ul><li>Cause and Effect analyzes why something happens. </li></ul><ul><li>Some effects are caused by multiple causes. </li></ul><ul><li>Some causes, in turn, can result in multiple effects. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Main cause: the most important cause </li></ul><ul><li>Contributory Causes: less important </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate Cause: closely precedes the effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Remote cause: less obvious because it involves something in the past or far away. </li></ul><ul><li>Causal Chain: an effect can be the cause to another effect, on so on. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Avoiding Post Hoc Reasoning: </li></ul><ul><li>Do not assume that just because even A precedes event B, event A caused even B. This illogical assumption is called post hoc reasoning. This error leads you to confuse coincidence with causality. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Do not confuse words like because, therefore and consequently (indicating a causal relationship), with words like subsequently, later, and afterward (chronological relationship words) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Planning a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>Purpose and Thesis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to identify the relationships among the specific causes and effect you will discuss. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis statement should tell the reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The points you plan to consider </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The position you will take </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Whether you will emphasize causes, effects, or both. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The cause and/or effect you consider most important. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The order in which you will treat your points. </li></ul></ul></ul>Planning a Cause and Effect Essay
  7. 7. <ul><li>Order and sequence; several possibilities include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main cause first, and then contributory causes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contributory causes first, and then main cause. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative effects first, then positive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First dismiss events that are not causes, and then discuss actual causes for an effect. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most obvious causes first, and then less obvious causes. </li></ul></ul>Planning a Cause and Effect Essay
  8. 8. Transitions! <ul><li>Transitions are essential to this type of essay to distinguish causes from effects. </li></ul><ul><li>For a useful list of cause and effect transitions, see page 43. </li></ul>Planning a Cause and Effect Essay
  9. 9. Structuring a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>Finding Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less important cause > effect> most important cause </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Describing or Predicting Effects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cause > first effect> second effect > third (most important) effect> conclusion (with possible prediction of additional effects). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Revising a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>See checklist on page 437 of Bedford Reader </li></ul>Editing a Cause and Effect Essay <ul><li>Avoid redundant phrases like “the reason is because” examples </li></ul><ul><li>Use Affect and Effect correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Editing checklist on page 437 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Assignment for next week <ul><li>On page 459 of The Bedford Reader, Read the article, The Rise and Fall of The Hit. </li></ul><ul><li>Write an Essay in which you explain your own relationship with the media of popular culture – Internet, TV, Books, radio and so on. Which media you prefer? Have your preferences changed in the past year or two? Give specific Examples to support your explanation. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Any Questions or Comments <ul><li>Please call Marcinek at 570-259-1114 </li></ul><ul><li>Grade Reports will be coming Today (Tuesday) and Tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>The Final Exam will be done outside of class and you will have the normal amount of time between sessions to ask questions and seek help for revisions. </li></ul>
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