Misplaced and dangling modifiersPresentation Transcript
Misplaced andDangling Modifiers
What is a misplaced modifier? Modifiers are words or word groups that describe other words in a sentence. In the following sentence, the words in bold modify woman. The woman who is sitting by the door is my sister. A misplaced modifier, because it is not correctly placed, describes the wrong word or words:INCORRECT Marcy saw the neighbor’s dog drinking a cocktail.CORRECT Drinking a cocktail, Marcy saw the neighbor’s dog.
Four types of modifiers are often misplaced. (See your textbook for more specific details.) Modifiers such as only, almost, hardly, nearly, and just. Modifiers that start with –ing verbs, like playing, dancing, driving, singing. Modifiers that are prepositional phrases (phrases that begin with prepositions like in, on, at, around). Modifying word groups that start with who, whose, that, or which.
What is a dangling modifier? A dangling modifier “dangles” because the word or words it is supposed to describe are not in the sentence.INCORRECT Jogging in the park, a dog bit me. [The dog wasn’t jogging in the park; the actual jogger is missing from the sentence.]CORRECT Jogging in the park, I got bitten by a dog. OR While I was jogging in the park, a dog bit me.