Tango & Salsa

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Tango & Salsa

  1. 1. TANGO & SALSA SALSA SALSA <ul><li>Latin pair dance. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Tango <ul><li>The tango originated in Argentina in the late 19th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The dance grew from a number of influences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a product of a large cosmopolitan city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slaves had been brought to Argentina to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The African influences mixed with dances from Europe and Cuba </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Tango <ul><li>In the early 1900s the Tango was introduced to Paris and by 1913 it had overtaken London & New York </li></ul><ul><li>As the dance continued, different styles began to develop within the genre. </li></ul><ul><li>In Argentina the style continued to evolve and Tango Nuevo began to introduce aspects of jazz and saxophone. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Dance <ul><li>The tango is danced by partners in a close embrace, similar to that of a Waltz. </li></ul><ul><li>Walking is basic to Tango , movements are quicker and sharper than the Waltz. </li></ul><ul><li>The upper body remains largely upright meaning most of the movement happens with the legs. </li></ul><ul><li>The woman makes fast kicks , steps and moves that often intertwine with the legs of her partner. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Musical Characteristics <ul><li>2/4 or 4/4 time </li></ul><ul><li>Dotted rhythms and syncopation </li></ul><ul><li>A strong accented rhythm, with short, sharp notes. This reflects the swift sharp movement found in the dance itself </li></ul><ul><li>A minor key and often quite jazzy-sounding harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>A moderate tempo of around 120 beats per minute </li></ul><ul><li>Regular phrase lengths. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Instrumentation <ul><li>Bandoneon - originally key to the tango sound, and is similar to the Accordion. </li></ul><ul><li>Violin </li></ul><ul><li>Piano </li></ul><ul><li>Bass </li></ul><ul><li>This combination of instruments formed the classic tango orchestra ( Orquesta Tipica) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Composers <ul><li>Roberto Firpo was one of the first composers of tango. He is remembered for bringing a romantic feel to tango music. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco Canaro was another early composer of tango music </li></ul><ul><li>Astor Piazzolla is one of the most famous tango composers. From the early 1950s he transformed the traditional style and was the main contributor to the style Nuevo </li></ul>
  8. 9. Salsa <ul><li>Salsa was developed in New York during the 1960s and 70s by Cuban and Puerto Rican immigrants living in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Largely based on the genre called so </li></ul>
  9. 10. Son <ul><li>African elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call and Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong Emphasis on Rhythm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spanish elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spanish Guitar (the tres) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Salsa The name salsa literally means 'sauce' It is thought that the word was first used by the Cuban Bandleader Ignacio Pineiro when asking them to play with more heat, to spice up the music.
  11. 12. The Dance <ul><li>The embrace, similar to that of a Tango and Waltz but body's are usually not so close together. Often dancers will just hold hands </li></ul><ul><li>The basic steps consist of four beat pattern. Dancers step forward and back together. Turns and spins are added. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Musical Characteristics <ul><li>The fundamental rhythm to salsa music is known as SON CLAVE . This came from Son and is played on claves. </li></ul><ul><li>All other instruments in salsa fit around this rhythm. </li></ul><ul><li>Another important rhythm in salsa is played on the piano. This is a highly syncopated four bar rhythm repeated as an ostinato throughout the chorus. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Musical Characteristics <ul><li>Most salsa pieces have an introduction, one or more verses and a chorus. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually the lead vocalist (sonero or pregon) will sing a short phrase answered by other musicians (Call and Response) or the chorus (choro) </li></ul><ul><li>Salsa bands usually consist of : </li></ul><ul><li>A rhythm section (piano, bass and percussion) </li></ul><ul><li>Brass instruments and or flutes </li></ul><ul><li>A singer </li></ul>
  14. 16. HINTS TO HEAR FOR SALSA TANGO Clave rhythm, melodic and rhythmic syncopaion, simple harmony Syncopated ostinato rhythm Accented notes melocholic mood Call and response, simple sections followed by coro (improvised section) March-like stacatto phrases Smooth song like passages Sudden changes in dynamics Glissandi
  15. 17. Have a go! After looking at everything a salsa contains try and play some of it’s rhythms together.

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