Gamelan I• Almost every where in Yogya, Solo, Semarang and other cities in Central Java you should hear the magical melodious percussion music• Markets, villages, hotel lobbys are some of the many place you will hear the gamelan Javanese orchestra.
Gamelan II• A gamelan will have between 5 - 50 players, usually there are around 10 – 20.• All instruments in the gamelan are of equal importance• Gamelan music is carefully organised and the texture is heterophonic
Kendang• A double ended drum beaten by hands• It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conductor of the gamelan orchestra. There are five (5) different sizes of kendang from 20 cm to 45 cm.
Saron• A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung.
Gong• Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made from bronze, suspended on a wooden frame. It marks the end of the largest phrase of the melody.
Bonang• A double row of bronze kettles resting on a horizontal frame, played with two long stick.
Melody• A Short phrase is repeated on the mid-range metalaphones, at a medium tempo• The same melody is taken up by other players, but the way in which each of them plays it will be different
Structure• Gamelan music is repeated in cycles. The structure of the music is defined by large gongs.• The last beat of each phrase is the most important and often accented by all of the players.• The overall structure varies form one piece to another. If the music is accompanying a religious ceremony , dance or drama then the structure is determined by visual actions.
Mood• Sometimes the music is low and quiet, creating a relaxed and meditative mood. Sometimes the music is extremely loud and fast.• Players must enter one at a time, or they may all burst in together which will demonstrate a dramatic change.