Postmodern Unpacked

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This presenation was used to introduce staff and students to the Postmodern movement at St Stithians College, Randburg. Authors Andrew Moore and Piers Cruickshanks

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Postmodern Unpacked

  1. 2. <ul><li>A Knight’s Tale </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Brian Helgeland </li></ul><ul><li>(Columbia 2001) </li></ul>We Will Rock You
  2. 3. Postmodernism ?
  3. 4. A Knights Tale: Movie Fat b oy Slim: Music Peter Blake: Art Venturi: Las Vegas Madonna: Philosophy Matrix: Philospohy Robbie Williams and Mona Lisa: ? Intent
  4. 5. er … so what is …
  5. 8. <ul><li>Post-War Modernism responded to new urban issues </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with slums & overcrowding </li></ul><ul><li>Need for architect as authority to … </li></ul><ul><li>… design a ‘machine for living’ </li></ul><ul><li>Good design would lead to good living </li></ul>
  6. 9. 1945-52 Unite de Habitation – Marseille Le Corbusier ‘ MACINE FOR LIVING’
  7. 10. 1954-8 Seagram Building – New York Mies van der Rohe / Johnson
  8. 11. St Georges Hotel – Cape Town <ul><li>‘ Form Follows Function’ </li></ul><ul><li>The function of a building should determine its shape. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Less is More’ </li></ul><ul><li>No Decoration </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity of Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing must masquerade as something else </li></ul>
  9. 12. Exposed Metal & Glass – No Plaster No Outward Decoration – Less is More Repetition of Mass Produced Units Office space expensive in CBD hence tall structure – Form follows function
  10. 13. <ul><li>PRUITT -IGOE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>St. Louis </li></ul>Architecture 15h32 – 15/07/72
  11. 14. PUBLIC SERVICES BUILDING- PORTLAND Modern Technology but … Decorations & Colour Retrospective References - Art Deco - Egyptian GRAVES
  12. 15. Retrospective Historicist … but skewed proportions Romanesque Arches Greek Columns VENTURI
  13. 16. AT & T BUILDING New York Chippendale Cabinet Grand Father Clock JOHNSON
  14. 17. Vernacular Familiarity Common Vocabulary Window that is not a window! Window that is a window ‘ Double Coded’
  15. 18. Vernacular Disney World is nearer to what people want than what Architects have ever given them. Disney Land is the symbolic American Utopia - Robert Venturi Familiarity Common Vocabulary
  16. 19. FEDSURE OFFICE CLUSTER Cape Town Rolls Royce Engine Grill?
  17. 20. RCI OFFICES Belville Classical Architectural Style Acropolis Ruins - Greek Holidays Modern Glass Facade
  18. 21. Irony ‘ Loss of innocence’ ‘ Intelligent audience’ Umberto Eco
  19. 23. U2 Song Writers Musicians ‘ Play their own music’ Play within a recognizable ‘Rock?’ style
  20. 24. Music
  21. 25. The Story of OVO <ul><li>Peter Gabriel </li></ul>References to other cultures Mixed in a western format
  22. 26. Pluralist Mixture of styles Eclectic
  23. 27. Barcelona <ul><li>Freddie Mercury & </li></ul><ul><li>Caballe Monserrat </li></ul>Lyrically – Synthesis of High and Popular culture
  24. 28. Marriage of high & pop culture Progressive & retrospective High & Pop - Lyrically - Barcelona
  25. 29. Because We Can <ul><li>Fatboy Slim </li></ul>Retrospective – Can Can Creative Process – Loops Creative Process - Mix Vocals?
  26. 30. Bitter Sweet Symphony <ul><li>The Verve </li></ul>Musically – Mixture of Styles Electronic & Classical
  27. 31. Mixture of styles - Musically - Bittersweet Symphony Mixtures - Historically – Because You Can Sampling - Process –Sound Bytes
  28. 34. <ul><li>Linear </li></ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>Genre Based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Westerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horror </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time Frame Authenticity </li></ul>
  29. 35. <ul><li>Brian Helgeland </li></ul>Film Baz Luhrman
  30. 36. <ul><li>A Knight’s Tale </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Brian Helgeland </li></ul><ul><li>(Columbia 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Medieval Setting </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Century Sensibility </li></ul>
  31. 37. <ul><li>A Knight’s Tale </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Brian Helgeland </li></ul><ul><li>(Columbia 2001) </li></ul>Church vs Beauty & Materialism
  32. 38. <ul><li>Moulin Rouge </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Baz Luhrmann </li></ul><ul><li>(20 th Century Fox 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Paris 1899 </li></ul><ul><li>20 th Musical Setting </li></ul><ul><li>(1960’s – 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Sensibilities </li></ul>
  33. 39. <ul><li>Moulin Rouge </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Baz Luhrmann </li></ul><ul><li>(20 th Century Fox 2001) </li></ul>Elephant love song
  34. 40. <ul><li>Moulin Rouge </li></ul><ul><li>Director: Baz Luhrmann </li></ul><ul><li>(20 th Century Fox 2001) </li></ul>Gun Scene
  35. 43. Art
  36. 44. Roy Lichtenstein Pablo Picasso
  37. 45. <ul><li>Jackson Poll o ck </li></ul>Roy Lichtenstein
  38. 46. <ul><li>Erased De Kooning d rawing </li></ul>Rauchenberg
  39. 47. <ul><li>Rauschenberg </li></ul>
  40. 48. Peter Blake
  41. 49. <ul><li>Jean Baudrillard </li></ul>Theory Jean Francois Lyotard Michel Foucault Fredric Jameson Jacques Derrida Deleuze & Guattari Roland Barthes Julia Kristava
  42. 50. <ul><li>Jean Baudrillard </li></ul>Theory
  43. 51. <ul><li>Postmodern Issue No. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Can signs & images that originally represented reality exist independently? </li></ul>
  44. 52. <ul><li>BAUDRILLARD The 4 Phases of an Image </li></ul><ul><li>The image/sign is a reflection of basic reality </li></ul><ul><li>The image/sign masks or perverts a basic reality </li></ul><ul><li>The image/sign marks the absence of a basic reality </li></ul><ul><li>The image/sign bears no relation to any reality. It exists as a postmodern ‘simulacrum’ </li></ul>
  45. 53. Simulacra? Copies of real objects ’ Death of the Real!’
  46. 54. Modonna
  47. 59. <ul><li>Postmodern Issue No. 2 </li></ul><ul><li>So what is reality? </li></ul>There are in fact multiple realities Parallel realities
  48. 60. <ul><li>Postmodern Issue No. 3 </li></ul><ul><li>So what is real? </li></ul>
  49. 61. <ul><li>The Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Larry & Andrew Wachowski </li></ul><ul><li>(Warner Brothers 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Future Dystopia </li></ul><ul><li>Reality vs. ‘The Matrix’ Simulation </li></ul>Remember … The PM Question – ‘What is Real?’
  50. 62. <ul><li>Neuromancer </li></ul><ul><li>William Gibson </li></ul><ul><li>(Victor Gollancz 1984) </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberpunk Science Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberspace: The Internet </li></ul><ul><li>as geographical space </li></ul><ul><li>Cyborgs – Human/Machines </li></ul>
  51. 63. <ul><li>Manipulation? </li></ul>
  52. 64. <ul><li>9/11, the Afghanistan & Gulf Wars </li></ul><ul><li>CNN Television Network </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated Reality </li></ul>
  53. 65. <ul><li>9/11, the Afghanistan & Gulf Wars </li></ul><ul><li>CNN Television Network </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated Reality </li></ul><ul><li>“ When the real is so systematically mediated through codes, images and models it becomes not unreal or surreal, a myth or a fantasy, but hyperreal , that is a reality that is produced from miniaturized units, from matrices, from memory banks and command modules.” </li></ul>
  54. 66. Simulacra ‘ Mediated reality’ Cyberspace - Cyberia - Cyber war - Cyber Sex Hyper Reality
  55. 67. <ul><li>The Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Larry & Andrew Wachowski </li></ul><ul><li>(Warner Brothers 1999) </li></ul>The Matrix explained
  56. 68. Hyper Reality A window that is not a window A song that is really a sound byte A Madonna that’s no virgin Brands that are more powerful than product
  57. 70. Monism- -Pluralism
  58. 71. Elitist- -Populist
  59. 72. Purposeful- -Playful
  60. 73. Progressive- -Retro
  61. 74. Serious- -Ironic
  62. 75. Simplicity- -Elaboration
  63. 76. Newtonian- -Chaos
  64. 77. <ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>- J Lyotard: The PostModern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>- C Jencks: What is Postmodernism? (1986) </li></ul><ul><li>- M Foucault: Discipline and Punish (1972) </li></ul>Novels - S Coupland: Generation X (1996) - John Fowles: The French Lieutenant’s Women (1969) - K Vonnegut: Slaughter House 5 (1969) - I Calvino: If On A Winters Night (1986) - S Rushdie: Satanic Verses & Midnights Children (1981) - J M Coetzee: Foe (1986) - T Pynchon: Gravities Rainbow (1973) - McEwan: Atonement What now? <ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Blade Runner (Ridley Scott 1982) </li></ul><ul><li>Pulp Fiction (Quintin Tarrentino 1992) </li></ul><ul><li>- Malholland Drive (David Lynch 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Shrek (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation (2002) </li></ul>
  65. 78. Robbie & Mona?
  66. 79. The beginning …..

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