MODULE ICT AS A TOOL FOR COMPUTER EDUCATION
SURAYA PERAZA PIZARRO
NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION CODAZZI
Is software that is no longer marketed by the company that created and has
been discontinued. This generates the free software movement, which makes
it legal because it maintains the rights under copyright, but companies
usually do not pursue this market.
Accessibility is the ease of access for people with difficulties in implementing
technologies like the Internet represents the adaptation of web pages for easy
navigation by the disabled or elderly.
Program or application that Microsoft developed to allow dynamic web
Is a connection to the Net via high-speed technologies. These
connections go beyond the data transfer speed of 56Kbs.
Bond or link:
These are the parts of a web page that take you to another part of the
same or another page.
Bps (bits per second):
Indicates the speed of transmission of bits in a communication
medium.This speed can be measured in other larger units.
In Castilian translates as browser is a software to display web pages
(Internet Explorer, Netscape, Opera or Mozilla, for example).
It is understood by those wired high-speed allow connection via fiber optic
cables, may also offer other services such as television or phone in Spain
offer these services Aunacable and ONO, among other smaller
CPU (Central Processing Unit):
It is the central processing unit of the computer. It performs all operations
and instructions for the various programs. It is divided into Control Unit and
Arithmetic Logic Unit.
Term that refers to the world of computers and information technology and
society built around them. Designates the set of all existing telematics
services. It was created by William Gibson in his novel Neuromancer.
On the Internet, is the process of transferring information from an
information server to the user's personal computer.
Is a metaphor for the differences in evolution, development and
penetration of the information Society and new technologies in
different areas, communities, countries or social classes, analyzed
through benchmarking indicators.
Software drivers that are necessary for the operation of parts or
peripherals of a computer.
It is one of the most used Internet applications, is a fast messaging system that lets you
send messages and files from a user's computer to another computer. For sending and
receiving mail you need to be connected to our server.
Graphic symbol representing the different expressions of the human face.Used to show the
mood in the written communications through the network (email, chat, etc).
One type of local area network developed by Xerox at the moment is the most widely used
despite the boom of Wi-Fi networks. These networks began taking a speed of 10 Mbps but
later versions have appeared at 100 Mbps or 1 Gbps.
They are characters that specify the type of a file. After a point is added after the name of
Can be defined as businesses that use Internet technologies for development.
System or program that sits between a computer or local network and Internet to ensure that
all communications are secure, thus preventing the attack from hackers and crackers to the
ports of the system.
A website (site, web, ...) where users can leave their opinions and messages in relation to a
particular topic. Can be answered by other users who access the forum.
Computer programs that are distributed for free over the Internet or other channels. It is often
confused Freeware (Free Software) with Free Software (Free Software), although sometimes a
single application can be both free software distributed free.
A website (site, web, ...) where users can leave their opinions and messages in relation to a particular
topic. Can be answered by other users who access the forum.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol):
File Transfer Protocol. Provides access to files located on another computer on a network and download
them to your own computer. Some FTP servers are private and others as the universities are public. Using
this method also uploaded various Internet websites.
GÉANT (1 and 2):
European high-speed networks that connect scientific and academic
institutions with research and development objectives.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format):
Graphic file format widely used on the Internet. Allows multiple
images be exchanged in a time series logic, generating movement.
GPRS (General Packet Radio Service):
Transmission technology based on packet switching that uses the
GSM mobile telephone.
GSM (Global System for Mobile):
Digital system for mobile phones. This is a standard used in most of the
world. Opera on 3 frequencies 900, 1800 and 1900 MHz The first two used
in Europe and third in North America.
Is the central unit of computer memory, is a magnetic disk having a large capacity.
Well known to the person who has reached a deep knowledge about the inner workings of a
system and accessing it without malice and without causing any damage. To demonstrate
his knowledge of computers and detect vulnerabilities in systems very safe.
Document written in HTML that contains links to other documents that may be further
hypertext documents. Normally you can access hypertext documents via web browsers. It
also identifies hypertext link or link.
Computer that enables communication with other computers attached to a network.
HTML (HyperText Markup Language):
Language they are written documents that are accessed through web browsers. Supports
hypertext and multimedia components.
Folder where the messages received by email.
Spanish network maintained by the telecommunications company Telefonica IP protocol.
Graphic symbol displayed on a computer screen to represent a particular action to perform,
such as running a program, open a file, print a document or display a folder.
IP (Internet Protocol):
Is the set of rules governing the transmission of data packets over the Internet. The IP
address consists of 32 bits represented by dotted decimal notation, this address identifies
the computer connected to the Internet.
Instant messaging system that allows communication between users and the exchange of
small files. Now with the boom of Internet technology and has been superseded by type
system from Microsoft or Yahoo Messenger.
Language developed by Sun Microsystems for the elaboration of export
applications to the network, capable of operating on any platform, web
JPEG (Joint Phtographic Experts Group):
Compressed image format (loss of information). The JPEG graphics that can
be included in HTML pages, are recognized and displayed by Web browsers.
is a very popular download manager that accelerates downloads, extract the
files, and does practically everything electric works only if mismo.
Language scheduling of instructions developed by Netscape that
allows the creation of interactive Web sites. It is a relatively simple tool that
can be used in conjunction with Java applets (but not the same language).
Robot of knowledge or virtual robot. This
is a type of personal digital assistant.
is a unit of information storage No symbol which is
electric and is equal to 103bytes KBA.
Core or essential part of an operating system. Provides the
basic services of the entire system.
keyword for any search.
LAN (Local Area Network):
Network devices that cover a small area. Normally used for buildings, office complexes or
Hypertext pointers used to jump from one information to another, from one page to another
or from one server to another, when browsing the Internet.Also link or link.
Operating system implemented by Linus Torvalds, based Unix and published in 1994. His
interest is that its code is open under the GNU, which means that its development was
made with input from different users. From here came the whole philosophy of free software.
Login or when logging is done take steps to identify and access restricted services of a
portal. In some cases the word login is used in place of the word you or nick.
A term referring to a subscriber in a newsgroup or a mailing list simply follow the discussion
without participating. Beginners are advised to know the style and atmosphere of the group.
Encrypted music format that makes use of standard tools that incorporate all sound cards
with MIDI capability.
Hardware device that allows connecting a computer to the network. It is necessary to
differentiate the traditional modem ADSL modem, which enables more optimal advantage of
the telephone line.
Audio compression format with sound quality similar to that of CDs and widespread on the
Is a multimedia compression format. Unlike the MP3 files can contain both audio and video.
Operating system that Microsoft developed for IBM personal computers.Spread like other
operating system-compatible personal computers during the early popularization of the PC.
NAT (Network Address Translation):
Is the translation or conversion of private network IP addresses to Internet IP addresses.
Emerged is a neologism of the words Net and Citizen means a citizen or resident of the Net
is used to use it synonymous with surfer or surfer.
Is the username or nickname that uses a contributor to the network to protect their identity.
A network device, usually a computer or printer.
A computer network is a data communication system that connects computer systems
located in different places.
Software responsible for managing all hardware and computer software.Windows, Linux, MacOS or MS
DOS are examples of operating systems.
Relating to any document or file indicates that service is available through the network.
It is a paradigm of the programming n the variables instead of using objects that can have a state and a
behavior or methods.
OSI (Open System Interconnection):
Universal standard for communication protocols.
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer, Original Equipment Manufactured).:
Applies to businesses that purchase a product from a manufacturer and integrate it into its own
product. All such manufacturers, which include a Pentium in your computer as an OEM Take
Action. Sometimes the tea. Terms apply to goods sold by wholesalers and do not include packaging,
software and other accessories that come with the version commercial.OS/2 (Operating System 2). It is a
32 bit operating system originally developed by IBM multitasking and Microsoft as a substitute for
professional Windows. The latest version is 4, which supports voice commands and dictation, but that is
already raced ahead of the evolution of Windows and various versions of Unix.
P2P (peer to peer):
Communication between the same two levels of the OSI standard. Allows the exchange of
information between computers without the need for a central server, putting the client or
server computers as necessary. Widely used P2P networks to exchange files between various
users around the world.
PCOrd (Personal Computer):
enadores aimed at users created by IBM. It began marketing in 1982. Its compatibility with
other computers and the alliance with Microsoft to establish in all its operating system, led to
the success of the PC against Apple Computer. It is now understood by any desktop PC
without the need to be IBM, with the exception of Apple that inconsistent and are still known
Application for editing and bitmap images. Support vector data.
Formal description of message formats and rules two computers must follow to exchange those messages.
Software developed by Apple that lets you
view video files.
QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation):
Modulation system for data transmission and
Hardware device that distributes traffic between networks.
RAM (Random Access Memory):
It is the main memory which have computers. It stores the data while we are
working. It's kind of volatile, ie, when you turn off the computer data are lost,
so if you want to keep must be stored in a nonvolatile media type (hard disk,
ROM (Read Only Memory):
It is a read-only memory as its name suggests. In principle can not be changed
and contains the information necessary to use the computer to start up.
RSS (Really Simple Syndication):
Is how to provide content for web pages immediately as they are updated.Go
far beyond the traditional mailing lists and providing access to information
without having to visit their respective websites. Are based on XML documents and read by
Is the logic of the computer. Are the different programs that can use the machines and allow the various
actions or tasks to hardware.
This is a particular type of software that is installed on users' computers without the knowledge or consent,
and collect information or enable actions that could expose the machine to some kind of attack. Usually
arrive via email or hidden in files that are downloaded from the Internet.
System allows data transmission through a program that handles the data already received after
processing, go without waiting for them to download completely. Convenient to listen / watch radio or
television programs, watch or listen to music clips.
System that provides resources and services to personal computers. Often used to refer to those systems
that provide information to users.
They are icons for opening programs and files quickly from the desktop or from the toolbar .
TCP / IP:
Communication protocol that underlies the Internet. Thanks to this protocol, the network is not centralized
and when a computer calls another chooses a random direction which will tend to be optimal.
Computer program that carries within it the necessary programming for the operator or user of the
computer system can access the outside in is installed. To detect and remove these malicious programs will
need a antivirus software. Some Trojan horse allows the external user (hacker) a total team control, and are
considered very dangerous.
A type of network that is characterized by a ring topology in which there is a token or witness who goes
through the various stations of the network which gives permission to the control station has to transmit.
Folder where messages are stored before being sent by email.
First multi-user operating system developed with a high level language like C. There appeared in 1971 and
has evolved over time with the collaboration of various entities. Use and administration is a bit complex but
with the apparition of Linux has expanded its use for PC's.
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telephone Service):
Technology of communication of the third generation of mobile phone telephony.
USB (Universal Serial Bus):
Is a connection device that allows support of up to 256 peripherals. Furthermore s can be connected and
disconnected with the computer running. This makes a big difference, since the former involves installing a
corresponding connector card drivers and reboot the computers.
Is to publish new information on a website. An updated website indicates you have new information in
short periods of time. It is also understood to update the act to refresh or reload a web page to load
Usenet (USEer NETwork, a network of users).:
Character network of the Public composed of a large number of newsgroups and organized theme cally.
Code fragments that are entered into computers without the user noticing its
presence. Damaging effects of various kinds, from affecting the performance to erase the
entire disc information, from affecting performance to erase the entire disc information, are
hidden and may have the ability to spread to other computers
VRA (Virtual Reality, Virtual Reality):
Technology that enables the creation and Interaction with fictional worlds hosted on a
computer. This technology has a wide variety ofuses, among them training with
sophisticated machines and flight simulators, medical applications or games.
Conversation between two or more s people in different locations but can
be viewed and oars. Videoconferences that take place outside the Internet require that in
every place where the participants have a special camera and camcorder devices for
presentation of documents.
Is central and fundamental structure of a network based on cable connections.
It is a malicious program or virus that automatically spreads via the Internet.
Document displayed in the browser. May simply contain text or graphics and multimedia. When we refer to the overall content
of a website we should call it Web Site.
It is an information system created by Swiss researchers of CERN. Is based on "hypertext." Users can create, edit and display
hypertext documents. The Internet is accessible through browsers like Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox.
WAN (Wide Area Network):
Network devices (computers, routers, printers and other network ....) occupies a large size. Normally used to connect smaller
networks (LAN) apart.
WAP (rotate Application Protocol):
It is a protocol by which mobile phones can be connected to the Internet and display the information in the phone.
Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity):
Performance standard for wireless networks. This is called an end to any element capable of supporting wireless
XML (Extensible Markup Language):
It is a markup language that allows users to
tag content very easily. Do not have a fixed
format. It has become a standard for
exchanging data between applications.
File compression format, possibly the most
used. The extension of the ZIP files is.
"Zip." There are different programs to
compress and decompress files in this format,
the most popular are WinZip (for Windows)
MacZip (for Macintosh) and unzip (for
UNIX). Zip means "zipper."