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Phrasal verbs

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  • 1. Universidad Nacional Experimental
    “Francisco de Miranda”
    Language Department
    English IV- Section I
    PHRASAL VERBS
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 2. PHRASAL VERBS
    Phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called "multi-word verbs“. These verbs, are very common, especially in spoken English. A multi-word verb is a verb like "pick up", "turn on" or "get on with".
    For convenience, many people refer to all multi-word verbs as phrasal verbs. These verbs consist of a basic verb + another word or words. The other word(s) can be prepositions and/or adverbs. The two or three words that make up multi-word verbs form a short "phrase"—which is why these verbs are often all called "phrasal verbs".
    For example:
    • It’s time to get up.
    • 3. He took off his shoes.
    • 4. Don’t turn on the light, you’ll wake up the baby
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 5. PHRASAL VERBS
    Words such as in or on which are used as prepositions before noun phrases (1) can also be used as particles after verbs (2). We can also use other words such as away, back or out as particles (3). These verb + particle combination (sleep in, go out) are called multi-word verbs or phrasal verbs.
    I usually drink coffee in the morning * He said he left the keys on the table
    I slept in this morning and missed my bus * He put on his boots and over coat
    I tried to catch the dog but it ran away * When will she come back?
    Other phrasal verbs include: fall over, get through, go ahead, sit down, stand up, take off.
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 6. PHRASAL VERBS
    Some phrasal verbs are used without an object (4) and others are used with an object. When the object is a noun phrase, we can usually put it before (5) or after the particle (6). When the object is a pronoun, we put it before the particle (7).
    4. It’s time to get up* I wish these files would go away* watch out.
    5.Don’t turn on the light * You’ll wake up the baby * He took of his shoes.
    6. Don’t turn the light on* You’ll wake the baby up * he took his shoes off.
    7. Don’t turn it on* You’ll wake him up * he took them off.
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 7. PHRASAL VERBS
    After a phrasal verb we can also use a gerund (8) or a clause (9). We don’t usually put clauses or very long phrases between the verb and the particle.
    8. Have you given up smoking? * They told us to carry on working. (NOT… to carry on work)
    9. Andy pointed out that we didn’t have enough time * you should read over what you’ve written ( NOT… you should read what you’ve written over)
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 8. PHRASAL VERBS
    We can use phrasal verbs with prepositions. These combinations of verb +particle + prep are sometimes called three-word verbs. We put pronouns after the preposition.
    10. This book is valuable and you should hold on to it (NOT… hold on it to) * Go ahead and I’ll catch up with you later (NOT … I’ll catch up you with)
    Others include: face up to, get round to, go along with, look forward to, watch out for, take care of.
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 9. PHRASAL VERBS
    We often use phrasal verbs such as put off or leave out in informal situations (11) rather that other verbs with similar meanings such as postpone or omit which may sound more formal (12)
    11. Let’s put the meeting off till next week * Don’t leave out the author’s name.
    12. We should postpone the meeting until next week * You must not omit the author’s name.
    ANDREINA PEREIRA,2010
  • 10. PHRASAL VERBS
    Understanding
    Tom asked Melanie to come in. *** The man in front turned round and stared at me
    The meanings are clear if you know the words come, in, turn and round. But many phrasal verbs are Idiomatic. The verb + the particle has a special meaning:
    Fortunately the plan came off (= succeeded)
    Why did you turn down such a good offer? (= refuse)
    Sometimes a phrasal verb has the same meaning
    as a one-word verb:
    Find out -> discover
    Go back -> return
    Go on -> continue
    Figure out -> realize
    Leave out -> omit
    Make up -> invent a story
    Put off -> postpone
    Look into -> investigate
    Send out -> distribute
    Throw away -> discard
    Turn up -> arrive
    Blow up -> explode