U.S. Metro Economies
Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with
Metro Employment Projections
Including International and
S...
The United States
Conference of Mayors
Scott Smith
Mayor of Mesa
President
Kevin Johnson
Mayor of Sacramento
Vice Presiden...
U.S. Metro Economies
Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with
Metro Employment Projections
Including International and
S...
1
METROPOLITAN ECONOMIES AND GROSS METRO PRODUCT
U.S. metropolitan areas are the engines of domestic output and titans of ...
2
economic growth in Europe has hindered the U.S. economy this year; employment will grow
only 1.5%, real gross product wi...
Appendix Tables
IHS Global Insight
Table of Contents
GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT
Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas.........................
1
Rank 2011 2011 2012 2013 2014
1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 1294.2 1335.1 1379.7 1431.3
2 Los Ang...
2
44 Richmond, VA 66.6 70.0 71.7 74.4
45 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 64.3 66.7 68.3 71.2
46 Oklahoma City, OK 61.5 63.3 64.3 66.9
47...
3
91 Springfield, MA 23.2 24.2 24.7 25.5
92 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 22.8 23.3 23.1 23.8
93 Beaumont-Port Arth...
4
138 Midland, TX 14.7 16.2 17.5 18.7
139 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 14.4 14.6 14.8 15.4
140 Asheville, NC 14.4 15.0 1...
5
185 Tuscaloosa, AL 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.4
186 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 9.6 9.8 10.1 10.6
187 Bloomington-Normal,...
6
232 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 6.4 6.6 6.7 7.0
233 Pascagoula, MS 6.4 6.8 7.3 7.6
234 Eau Claire, WI 6.3 6.7 6.9 7.2
235 Santa...
7
279 Janesville, WI 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.5
280 Decatur, AL 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3
281 Jackson, TN 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.5
282 Albany, GA 4.9 5....
8
326 Monroe, MI 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.4
327 Logan, UT-ID 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.2
328 Anniston-Oxford, AL 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9
329 Fond du Lac,...
9
Rank Country or Metro Area 2012
1 United States 15,566
2 China 8,232
3 Japan 5,960
4 Germany 3,428
5 France 2,611
6 Unit...
10
44 Malaysia 304.7
45 Atlanta‐Sandy Springs‐Marietta, GA 294.0
46 Singapore 276.6
47 Miami‐Fort Lauderdale‐Pompano Beach...
11
91 Puerto Rico 101.0
92 Columbus, OH 99.7
93 Austin‐Round Rock‐San Marcos, TX 98.7
94 Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Rosevil...
12
138 Tunisia 45.1
139 Macao 43.6
140 Albany‐Schenectady‐Troy, NY 42.5
141 Lebanon 42.4
142 Lithuania 42.3
143 Des Moines...
13
185 Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME 26.9
186 Bolivia 26.6
187 Jackson, MS 25.7
188 Cameroon 25.4
189 Paraguay 24....
14
232 Nepal 18.0
233 Botswana 17.9
234 Democratic Rep. of the Congo 17.9
235 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.9
236 Salinas, CA ...
15
279 Columbus, GA‐AL  12.8
280 Salem, OR 12.7
281 Kalamazoo‐Portage, MI 12.5
282 Albania 12.4
283 Fort Collins‐Loveland,...
16
326 Tuscaloosa, AL 9.7
327 Macedonia 9.6
328 Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA 9.6
329 Champaign‐Urbana, IL 9.5
330 Holland‐Gr...
17
373 Gainesville, GA 6.8
374 Athens‐Clarke County, GA 6.8
375 Monroe, LA 6.8
376 Pascagoula, MS 6.8
377 Eau Claire, WI 6...
18
420 Bermuda 5.5
421 Sheboygan, WI 5.5
422 Rapid City, SD 5.5
423 Blacksburg‐Christiansburg‐Radford, VA 5.4
424 Hattiesb...
19
467 Valdosta, GA 4.5
468 Hanford‐Corcoran, CA 4.5
469 Grand Forks, ND‐MN  4.4
470 Pueblo, CO 4.4
471 Sebastian‐Vero Bea...
20
514 Pine Bluff, AR 3.3
515 Rome, GA 3.3
516 Sandusky, OH 3.3
517 Great Falls, MT 3.2
518 Punta Gorda, FL 3.2
519 Togo 3...
21
561 Tonga 0.4
562 Micronesia 0.3
563 Anguilla 0.3
564 Kiribati 0.2
565 Sao Tome and Principe 0.1
22
23
Rank State or Metro Area 2012
1 California 2,003
2 Texas 1,397
3 New York‐Northern New Jersey‐Long Island, NY‐NJ‐PA  1,...
24
43 South Carolina 176.2
44 San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA 173.9
45 Kentucky 173.5
46 Denver‐Aurora‐Broomfield, CO 1...
25
90 Jacksonville, FL 62.3
91 Raleigh‐Cary, NC 61.4
92 Birmingham‐Hoover, AL 59.0
93 Idaho 58.2
94 Honolulu, HI 56.6
95 M...
26
137 Vermont 27.3
138 Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME 26.9
139 Jackson, MS 25.7
140 North Port‐Bradenton‐Sarasota,...
27
184 Green Bay, WI 15.9
185 York‐Hanover, PA 15.8
186 Charleston, WV 15.6
187 Montgomery, AL 15.4
188 Wilmington, NC 15....
28
231 Myrtle Beach‐North Myrtle Beach‐Conway, SC 10.2
232 Charlottesville, VA 10.2
233 Duluth, MN‐WI  10.1
234 Springfiel...
29
278 Monroe, LA 6.8
279 Pascagoula, MS 6.8
280 Eau Claire, WI 6.7
281 Morgantown, WV 6.7
282 Casper, WY 6.7
283 Harrison...
30
325 Jackson, MI 5.3
326 St. Joseph, MO‐KS  5.3
327 Lima, OH 5.2
328 Janesville, WI 5.2
329 Grand Junction, CO 5.2
330 V...
31
372 Johnstown, PA 4.1
373 Lebanon, PA 4.1
374 Madera‐Chowchilla, CA 4.0
375 Kokomo, IN 4.0
376 Idaho Falls, ID 4.0
377 ...
32
33
 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA  Vermont
 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA  Wyoming
 Chica...
34
35
2012 GMP % of GSP
Alaska
Anchorage, AK  $28.62 55.2
Fairbanks, AK  $5.49 10.6
Sum of Metro Areas $34.11 65.8
Alabama
An...
36
Madera, CA  $4.05 0.2
Merced, CA  $6.45 0.3
Modesto, CA  $16.00 0.8
Napa, CA  $7.37 0.4
Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, C...
37
Gainesville, FL $10.45 1.3
Jacksonville, FL $62.25 8.0
Lakeland, FL $17.09 2.2
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL $2...
38
Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA $8.19 5.4
Sum of Metro Areas $99.10 65.0
Idaho
Boise City-Nampa, ID $27.45 47.1
Coeur d'Alene,...
39
Sum of Metro Areas $96.11 69.2
Kentucky
Bowling Green, KY $4.74 2.7
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN $17.13 9.9
Clarksvi...
40
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI $208.38 52.0
Flint, MI $11.71 2.9
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI $35.27 8.8
Holland-Grand Haven, M...
41
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC $116.12 25.5
Durham, NC $39.73 8.7
Fayetteville, NC $18.69 4.1
Goldsboro, NC $4.29 0....
42
Sum of Metro Areas $118.71 88.9
New York
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY $42.48 3.5
Binghamton, NY $8.25 0.7
Buffalo-Niagar...
43
Pennsylvania
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ $28.61 4.8
Altoona, PA $4.53 0.8
Erie, PA $9.96 1.7
Harrisburg-Carlisle,...
44
Morristown, TN $3.64 1.3
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN $91.07 32.9
Sum of Metro Areas $233.63 84.3
Texas
Abilene...
45
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA) $209.86 47.1
Winchester, VA-WV $5.08 1.1
Sum of Metro Areas $420.33 ...
46
Winchester, VA-WV $0.30 0.4
Sum of Metro Areas $42.43 61.2
Wyoming
Casper, WY $6.69 17.4
Cheyenne, WY $5.41 14.1
Sum of...
47
Rank 2011 2012 2013 2014
U.S Real GDP 1.6 2.5 1.7 2.5
363 Metros Real GMP 1.6 2.5 1.6 2.5
1 Midland, TX 6.4 14.4 7.3 4....
48
41 Cleveland, TN 4.8 5.3 2.6 3.6
42 St. Cloud, MN 1.4 4.0 2.6 3.7
43 Grand Forks, ND-MN 0.5 3.9 2.6 2.7
44 Provo-Orem, ...
49
88 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.7
89 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ ‐2.0 ‐0.5 1.8 2.4
90 Battle Creek, ...
50
135 Yakima, WA ‐2.9 2.0 1.2 1.5
136 Florence, SC ‐0.6 3.8 1.2 2.1
137 Goldsboro, NC 0.3 2.3 1.2 1.4
138 Kansas City, MO...
51
182 Lafayette, IN 4.3 3.3 0.8 2.4
183 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 3.0 0.1 0.8 2.1
184 Amarillo, TX 0.7 1.3 0.8 2.4...
52
229 Rockford, IL 3.7 1.9 0.2 1.9
230 Erie, PA 5.3 1.0 0.2 1.7
231 Missoula, MT 1.1 3.9 0.2 1.6
232 Sherman-Denison, TX ...
53
276 Hanford-Corcoran, CA 1.8 ‐0.5 ‐0.3 3.1
277 Mansfield, OH 2.1 1.3 ‐0.3 0.8
278 Decatur, AL ‐1.1 0.9 ‐0.3 2.5
279 Hun...
54
323 Terre Haute, IN ‐0.4 1.4 ‐1.1 1.4
324 Rochester, NY ‐0.6 0.3 ‐1.1 1.0
325 Gadsden, AL 1.0 ‐1.8 ‐1.1 1.9
326 Great F...
55
2012- 2013-
Rank 2013 2014
U.S 1.5 1.8
363 Metros 1.6 1.8
1 Midland, TX 6.3 3.4
2 Odessa, TX 5.2 2.5
3 Santa Cruz-Watso...
56
40 Boulder, CO 2.6 2.3
41 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 2.6 2.6
42 Lake Charles, LA 2.6 1.7
43 Laredo, TX 2.5 3.0
44 Hanf...
57
87 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 1.9 2.1
88 Ithaca, NY 1.9 0.9
89 Ann Arbor, MI 1.9 1.6
90 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, C...
58
134 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 1.4 2.0
135 Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA 1.4 1.4
136 Charleston-North Charleston-...
59
181 Kansas City, MO-KS 1.0 1.9
182 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 1.0 1.8
183 El Paso, TX 1.0 2.0
184 Flint, MI 1.0 1.3
185 Williams...
60
228 Savannah, GA 0.7 1.2
229 Grand Junction, CO 0.7 2.3
230 York-Hanover, PA 0.7 1.4
231 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 0.7 1....
61
275 Topeka, KS 0.2 1.0
276 Anderson, SC 0.2 1.6
277 Jackson, MI 0.2 1.3
278 Dothan, AL 0.1 1.1
279 Rockford, IL 0.1 0.9...
62
322 Bay City, MI ‐0.4 1.2
323 Binghamton, NY ‐0.4 0.3
324 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA ‐0.4 0.8
325 Brunswick, GA ‐0.4 1...
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United States Gross Metropolitan Product with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons 2013
United States Gross Metropolitan Product with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons 2013
United States Gross Metropolitan Product with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons 2013
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Transcript of "United States Gross Metropolitan Product with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons 2013"

  1. 1. U.S. Metro Economies Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons November 2013 The United States Conference of Mayors Prepared for: The United States Conference of Mayors and the Council on Metro Economies and the New American City Prepared by:
  2. 2. The United States Conference of Mayors Scott Smith Mayor of Mesa President Kevin Johnson Mayor of Sacramento Vice President Stephanie Rawlings-Blake Mayor of Baltimore Second Vice President Michael B. Coleman Mayor of Columbus Chair, Council on Metro Economies and the New American City Tom Cochran CEO and Executive Director Published by IHS Global Insight (USA), Inc. Executive and Editorial Offices: 24 Hartwell Avenue, Lexington, MA 02421-3158 © 2013 by IHS Global Insight (USA), Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part prohibited except by permission. All rights reserved. Printed on Recycled Paper. do your part! please recycle!
  3. 3. U.S. Metro Economies Outlook – Gross Metropolitan Product, with Metro Employment Projections Including International and State Comparisons November 2013 The United States Conference of Mayors Prepared for: The United States Conference of Mayors and the Council on Metro Economies and the New American City Prepared by:
  4. 4. 1 METROPOLITAN ECONOMIES AND GROSS METRO PRODUCT U.S. metropolitan areas are the engines of domestic output and titans of the global economy. The combined annual gross product of the 10 largest metro areas is greater than the combined GDP of our 36 least-producing states. The colossal economies of New York and Los Angeles both produce more than 46 of our states – surpassed only by Florida, Texas, California and New York. Our metro economies are equally imposing on an international level: New York, Los Angeles and Chicago – the three largest - produce more annually than countries such as Sweden, Norway, Poland, Belgium, Argentina and Taiwan. New York ranks as the 13th largest economy in the world, ahead of Spain, Mexico and South Korea, which all have GDPs in excess of $1 trillion. Houston ranks 30th and Dallas 32nd, while Philadelphia, San Francisco and Boston are 40th , 41st and 42nd . Simply put, of the 100 largest economies in the world, 36 of them belong to metropolitan areas of the United States. In 2012, total real gross metropolitan product, (GMP), grew by 2.5%, expanding in 290 metros, up from 265 in 2011. The metropolitan areas of the Midwest comprised almost half of the 10 fastest growing metros; Elkhart-Goshen, IN; Columbus, IN; Kokomo, IN; and St. Joseph, MO, each saw GMP increase by more than 7%. This area of the Midwest is reaping the benefits of a rebounding manufacturing industry, particularly automakers – new car registration increased 13.1% to over 14 million in 2012, the highest level observed since 2007. The perpetually booming state of Texas was also well represented on the top ten list; Midland finished first (14.4% growth), and Odessa (14.1%) and Victoria (8.7%) rounded out the top ten, and Austin (6.5%) was ranked 11th . Texas was fueled by the surging energy markets – the average daily oil production in Texas skyrocketed 37.1%. IHS anticipates the nation's real GDP will expand by 1.7% in 2013, while the GMP growth of our 363 metros will be slightly less at 1.6% as 244 of the metro areas see positive real GMP growth. Energy will continue to fuel economic gains, and the metros of Texas will again top the list of fastest growers; this year they will be joined by Fargo and Bismarck, ND both of which are benefitting from booming growth around the Bakken Shale play. Those metros will both see real GMP growth above 5%. Metros in the housing bubble states of California, Arizona, and Florida will comprise 9 of the top 50 fastest growers – in particular, San Francisco and San Jose, CA and Tampa, Jacksonville, and Sebastian, FL will all see output jump by more than 3% this year. Amongst our largest metros, New York and Los Angeles will see real GMP increase by more than $23.5 billion (2%) and $15.1 billion (2.3%) while Chicago will see a jump of $6.3 billion (1.3%). Overall, 68 metros will grow by more than 2%, and 161 will increase their output by 1% or more. However, 93 metropolitan areas will see growth of 1% or less and another 119 are on pace to see real gross metro product plateau or decline. Metropolitan areas play a critical role in our nation’s economy and ongoing recovery. In 2012, 92.3% of the jobs added, 89.2% of growth in in real GDP, and virtually all of our nation’s population gains occurred in metro areas. In 2013, the nation’s metropolitan areas will contain 86% of total U.S. non-farm employment, 90% of real GDP and 85.7% of our country’s population. The impact of sequestration, the federal shutdown, and tepid
  5. 5. 2 economic growth in Europe has hindered the U.S. economy this year; employment will grow only 1.5%, real gross product will expand by 1.7% and real income will rise by 1.4% - with metropolitan areas again providing the vast majority of that growth. In 2014, however, once the restraints of the government shutdown and sequestration are removed, IHS anticipates improvements across each of these indicators as metro economies spearhead economic progress. However, our nation’s recovery is fragile and unemployment remains elevated. The US economy cannot afford to be stifled or endangered by avoidable, self- manufactured crises similar to that to which it was exposed to in October.
  6. 6. Appendix Tables IHS Global Insight
  7. 7. Table of Contents GROSS METROPOLITAN PRODUCT Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas.......................................... 1 Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP)........................... 9 Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas and Gross State Product of U.S. States...................................................... 23 Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2012 Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States................... 33 Table 5: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product ................... 35 Table 6: Real GMP Growth Rates (Annual Average Percent Change)........................ 47 Table 7: Total Non-Farm Employment Growth Rates (Annual Percent Change)......... 55 IHS Global Insight
  8. 8. 1 Rank 2011 2011 2012 2013 2014 1 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 1294.2 1335.1 1379.7 1431.3 2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 732.2 765.7 792.4 827.6 3 Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI 548.5 571.0 585.9 610.4 4 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 437.2 446.9 455.8 477.5 5 Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 425.5 449.7 463.7 488.7 6 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 397.0 418.6 436.4 460.9 7 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 352.3 364.0 373.9 388.4 8 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 331.0 360.4 377.2 395.4 9 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 323.3 336.2 346.4 361.4 10 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 282.0 294.0 304.9 320.9 11 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL 260.7 274.1 283.4 296.1 12 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 243.8 258.8 268.5 281.0 13 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 207.0 218.5 228.0 237.7 14 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 199.6 208.4 211.0 218.7 15 Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ 192.3 201.7 210.1 221.0 16 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 169.9 177.4 182.6 191.7 17 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 167.8 173.9 181.2 191.0 18 Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 161.8 167.9 173.3 182.2 19 Baltimore-Towson, MD 149.8 157.3 162.1 168.7 20 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 138.5 147.0 152.6 160.9 21 St. Louis, MO-IL 132.5 136.9 141.8 147.1 22 Pittsburgh, PA 119.3 123.6 126.5 131.5 23 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 117.4 125.2 130.5 137.0 24 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 114.4 119.9 125.5 131.5 25 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 110.3 114.0 115.7 121.4 26 Kansas City, MO-KS 109.1 113.8 116.6 121.7 27 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 108.1 111.6 112.7 116.1 28 Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 107.2 112.8 116.1 120.9 29 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 103.8 108.4 111.2 115.7 30 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 101.5 106.1 109.8 115.6 31 Columbus, OH 95.3 99.7 102.1 106.7 32 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 92.9 97.6 100.3 105.1 33 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 92.6 95.6 98.4 103.3 34 Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 91.5 98.7 103.2 109.3 35 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 87.3 88.7 90.4 94.1 36 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 87.2 92.0 94.1 99.0 37 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 84.9 91.1 95.5 100.3 38 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 84.7 86.3 88.4 92.4 39 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 82.1 85.2 87.2 90.2 40 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 79.2 80.7 82.0 85.0 41 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA 74.3 80.2 83.0 86.2 42 Salt Lake City, UT 70.9 74.8 77.5 81.5 43 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 67.3 69.5 71.2 73.9 Table 1: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas (US$, Billions)
  9. 9. 2 44 Richmond, VA 66.6 70.0 71.7 74.4 45 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 64.3 66.7 68.3 71.2 46 Oklahoma City, OK 61.5 63.3 64.3 66.9 47 Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 60.3 63.8 66.5 69.4 48 Jacksonville, FL 59.8 62.3 65.1 68.2 49 Raleigh-Cary, NC 59.0 61.4 63.2 66.8 50 Birmingham-Hoover, AL 55.9 59.0 60.5 62.8 51 Honolulu, HI 54.4 56.6 57.6 59.7 52 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 50.0 51.9 53.1 55.8 53 Tulsa, OK 47.3 47.9 48.2 50.3 54 Rochester, NY 45.9 46.9 47.0 48.4 55 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 45.8 47.1 47.2 48.5 56 Baton Rouge, LA 45.6 47.7 49.1 51.1 57 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 41.0 42.5 42.6 43.9 58 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 40.0 42.1 43.9 45.7 59 New Haven-Milford, CT 39.4 40.1 40.2 41.8 60 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 38.3 39.1 39.7 41.5 61 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 38.0 39.7 41.5 43.8 62 Albuquerque, NM 37.9 38.8 39.6 41.5 63 Madison, WI 36.8 38.0 39.2 40.9 64 Greensboro-High Point, NC 35.3 36.9 37.9 39.5 65 Dayton, OH 34.3 34.7 34.8 35.9 66 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 33.6 34.4 35.1 36.5 67 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 33.3 35.3 36.8 38.6 68 Columbia, SC 32.6 34.3 35.6 37.3 69 Tucson, AZ 32.4 33.4 34.0 35.5 70 Bakersfield-Delano, CA 32.3 34.3 35.2 37.0 71 Knoxville, TN 31.4 32.4 33.4 34.8 72 Fresno, CA 31.2 31.9 32.4 33.9 73 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 30.7 32.0 33.0 34.3 74 Worcester, MA 29.7 30.5 31.1 32.2 75 Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 29.7 31.0 31.8 33.4 76 El Paso, TX 29.0 29.6 29.8 31.2 77 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 28.8 30.0 30.7 31.8 78 Wichita, KS 28.6 29.4 29.6 30.8 79 Toledo, OH 28.4 29.8 30.4 31.5 80 Akron, OH 28.3 29.5 30.2 31.1 81 Anchorage, AK 27.9 28.6 29.0 29.6 82 Syracuse, NY 27.7 28.5 28.7 29.5 83 Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC 27.5 28.4 29.3 30.8 84 Colorado Springs, CO 27.2 28.0 28.6 29.9 85 Trenton-Ewing, NJ 27.1 28.4 30.0 31.1 86 Boise City-Nampa, ID 26.5 27.5 28.2 29.5 87 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME 26.4 26.9 27.2 28.2 88 Jackson, MS 24.9 25.7 26.4 27.5 89 North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL 23.9 24.5 25.0 26.1 90 Lexington-Fayette, KY 23.4 23.9 24.7 25.9
  10. 10. 3 91 Springfield, MA 23.2 24.2 24.7 25.5 92 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 22.8 23.3 23.1 23.8 93 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 22.5 23.3 23.6 24.4 94 Winston-Salem, NC 22.5 23.0 23.4 24.3 95 Manchester-Nashua, NH 22.1 22.2 22.3 23.2 96 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 21.5 19.2 18.2 18.7 97 Chattanooga, TN-GA 21.4 22.4 22.9 23.9 98 Huntsville, AL 21.4 21.7 21.9 22.8 99 Corpus Christi, TX 20.3 21.9 23.1 24.2 100 Lancaster, PA 20.2 21.0 21.5 22.3 101 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 20.1 20.9 21.4 22.4 102 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 20.1 20.3 20.6 21.4 103 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 20.1 20.5 21.3 22.5 104 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 20.1 20.7 21.3 22.2 105 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 20.1 20.9 21.5 22.3 106 Reno-Sparks, NV 20.0 20.4 20.7 21.5 107 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA 20.0 20.5 20.8 21.5 108 Stockton, CA 19.7 20.4 20.8 21.8 109 Peoria, IL 19.5 21.3 21.6 22.3 110 Boulder, CO 19.3 20.3 21.0 22.0 111 Lafayette, LA 19.2 17.7 17.2 17.8 112 Lansing-East Lansing, MI 19.0 19.4 19.6 20.4 113 Ogden-Clearfield, UT 19.0 19.9 20.5 21.6 114 Ann Arbor, MI 18.7 19.3 19.7 20.5 115 Spokane, WA 18.6 19.3 19.9 20.7 116 Fayetteville, NC 18.4 18.7 18.8 19.4 117 Fort Wayne, IN 18.2 19.0 19.5 20.1 118 Evansville, IN-KY 18.0 18.0 18.0 18.7 119 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL 17.9 18.6 18.9 19.4 120 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 17.9 18.1 18.6 19.5 121 Salinas, CA 17.3 17.8 18.0 18.8 122 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 17.2 17.6 17.6 18.1 123 Mobile, AL 16.8 16.8 17.0 17.6 124 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 16.7 17.1 17.5 18.2 125 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX 16.4 16.8 16.9 17.7 126 Provo-Orem, UT 16.1 17.0 17.7 18.7 127 Sioux Falls, SD 16.0 16.6 17.6 18.3 128 York-Hanover, PA 15.5 15.8 16.0 16.7 129 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 15.5 16.0 16.5 17.3 130 Modesto, CA 15.5 16.0 16.2 17.0 131 Springfield, MO 15.4 16.2 16.9 17.6 132 Green Bay, WI 15.3 15.9 16.3 17.1 133 Montgomery, AL 15.3 15.4 15.5 16.0 134 Lincoln, NE 15.2 15.9 16.2 16.8 135 Charleston, WV 15.2 15.6 15.8 16.4 136 Wilmington, NC 15.1 15.4 15.9 16.6 137 Reading, PA 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.1
  11. 11. 4 138 Midland, TX 14.7 16.2 17.5 18.7 139 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 14.4 14.6 14.8 15.4 140 Asheville, NC 14.4 15.0 15.7 16.3 141 Cedar Rapids, IA 14.3 14.8 15.1 15.5 142 Lake Charles, LA 14.1 14.7 15.2 15.7 143 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 13.8 14.7 15.0 15.7 144 Savannah, GA 13.5 14.1 14.3 14.8 145 Naples-Marco Island, FL 13.3 13.7 14.1 15.0 146 Norwich-New London, CT 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.7 147 Tallahassee, FL 13.3 13.4 13.7 14.2 148 Canton-Massillon, OH 13.2 14.1 14.5 15.0 149 Roanoke, VA 13.1 13.8 14.0 14.5 150 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI 13.1 13.4 13.6 14.0 151 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 12.9 13.2 13.6 14.0 152 Rockford, IL 12.8 13.3 13.5 14.0 153 Columbus, GA-AL 12.4 12.8 13.0 13.5 154 Salem, OR 12.4 12.7 13.1 13.6 155 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 12.3 12.5 12.6 13.2 156 Fargo, ND-MN 12.3 13.2 14.1 15.0 157 Visalia-Porterville, CA 12.0 12.0 12.1 12.7 158 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 11.9 12.4 12.8 13.4 159 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 11.8 12.3 12.6 13.2 160 Eugene-Springfield, OR 11.8 12.2 12.4 12.8 161 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 11.7 12.2 12.6 13.1 162 Clarksville, TN-KY 11.5 11.8 11.9 12.5 163 Flint, MI 11.3 11.7 12.0 12.4 164 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA 11.3 11.1 11.3 11.8 165 Port St. Lucie, FL 11.3 11.5 11.8 12.3 166 Burlington-South Burlington, VT 11.3 11.7 11.9 12.4 167 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.9 168 Spartanburg, SC 11.0 11.6 12.1 12.7 169 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA 10.9 11.3 11.7 12.2 170 Longview, TX 10.7 11.4 11.8 12.4 171 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH 10.5 10.8 10.9 11.3 172 Amarillo, TX 10.4 10.7 10.9 11.4 173 Gainesville, FL 10.3 10.5 10.7 11.1 174 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.5 175 Lubbock, TX 10.3 10.9 11.3 11.7 176 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 10.2 10.4 10.6 11.0 177 Duluth, MN-WI 10.1 10.1 10.0 10.4 178 Appleton, WI 10.1 10.4 10.7 11.2 179 Charlottesville, VA 10.0 10.2 10.0 10.4 180 Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC 9.9 10.2 10.5 11.1 181 Fort Smith, AR-OK 9.9 10.2 10.5 10.9 182 Springfield, IL 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.4 183 Erie, PA 9.7 10.0 10.1 10.5 184 Topeka, KS 9.6 9.9 9.9 10.2
  12. 12. 5 185 Tuscaloosa, AL 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.4 186 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 9.6 9.8 10.1 10.6 187 Bloomington-Normal, IL 9.5 9.9 10.1 10.5 188 Bellingham, WA 9.3 9.9 10.3 10.8 189 Champaign-Urbana, IL 9.3 9.5 9.8 10.2 190 Elkhart-Goshen, IN 9.3 10.5 10.9 11.3 191 Rochester, MN 9.3 9.7 10.0 10.4 192 Utica-Rome, NY 9.3 9.4 9.3 9.5 193 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 9.3 9.6 10.0 10.3 194 Tyler, TX 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.9 195 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 9.1 9.1 9.2 9.5 196 Olympia, WA 9.0 9.3 9.5 9.8 197 Jacksonville, NC 8.8 9.0 9.0 9.3 198 Waco, TX 8.8 9.4 9.7 10.0 199 Holland-Grand Haven, MI 8.8 9.5 9.9 10.4 200 Lynchburg, VA 8.5 8.7 8.8 9.0 201 Lafayette, IN 8.4 8.8 9.0 9.4 202 Barnstable Town, MA 8.3 8.6 8.9 9.2 203 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 8.2 8.5 8.6 9.0 204 Billings, MT 8.2 8.5 8.6 8.9 205 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 8.2 8.6 8.7 8.8 206 Binghamton, NY 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.4 207 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 8.0 8.4 8.7 9.2 208 Iowa City, IA 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8 209 Macon, GA 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.5 210 Yakima, WA 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.6 211 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 7.7 8.2 8.4 8.7 212 St. Cloud, MN 7.7 8.1 8.5 8.9 213 Greeley, CO 7.6 8.0 8.3 8.8 214 College Station-Bryan, TX 7.2 7.6 7.9 8.3 215 Odessa, TX 7.1 8.2 8.9 9.4 216 Florence, SC 7.1 7.5 7.7 8.0 217 Ocala, FL 7.0 7.1 7.4 7.7 218 Columbia, MO 7.0 7.3 7.5 8.0 219 Napa, CA 6.9 7.4 7.7 8.0 220 Gainesville, GA 6.8 6.8 7.0 7.3 221 Greenville, NC 6.8 7.3 7.6 8.0 222 Racine, WI 6.7 7.1 7.2 7.5 223 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI 6.7 6.9 6.8 7.1 224 Bloomington, IN 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.2 225 Athens-Clarke County, GA 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.3 226 Laredo, TX 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.6 227 Harrisonburg, VA 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.9 228 Casper, WY 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.8 229 Monroe, LA 6.5 6.8 6.9 7.1 230 Morgantown, WV 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.3 231 Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL 6.4 6.5 6.5 6.8
  13. 13. 6 232 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 6.4 6.6 6.7 7.0 233 Pascagoula, MS 6.4 6.8 7.3 7.6 234 Eau Claire, WI 6.3 6.7 6.9 7.2 235 Santa Fe, NM 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.7 236 State College, PA 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.7 237 Merced, CA 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.9 238 Chico, CA 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.6 239 Medford, OR 6.1 6.4 6.5 6.8 240 Dover, DE 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.5 241 Jefferson City, MO 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.3 242 Terre Haute, IN 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.4 243 Johnson City, TN 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 244 Victoria, TX 6.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 245 Joplin, MO 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.5 246 Rocky Mount, NC 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.4 247 Bend, OR 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.7 248 Farmington, NM 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.9 249 Wichita Falls, TX 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.3 250 La Crosse, WI-MN 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.5 251 Las Cruces, NM 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.1 252 Wausau, WI 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.4 253 Wheeling, WV-OH 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.4 254 Abilene, TX 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.5 255 Elizabethtown, KY 5.6 5.8 5.8 6.1 256 Warner Robins, GA 5.6 5.7 5.7 6.0 257 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.9 258 Alexandria, LA 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.9 259 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 260 Decatur, IL 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.6 261 Bangor, ME 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 262 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.8 263 Pittsfield, MA 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.6 264 Fairbanks, AK 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.6 265 Bismarck, ND 5.3 5.9 6.3 6.7 266 Yuma, AZ 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.4 267 Dalton, GA 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 268 Winchester, VA-WV 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.8 269 Rapid City, SD 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.8 270 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.7 271 Sheboygan, WI 5.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 272 Cheyenne, WY 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.9 273 Jackson, MI 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.6 274 Hattiesburg, MS 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.8 275 Grand Junction, CO 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.6 276 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.6 277 Redding, CA 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3 278 Lima, OH 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.4
  14. 14. 7 279 Janesville, WI 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.5 280 Decatur, AL 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 281 Jackson, TN 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.5 282 Albany, GA 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 283 Lawton, OK 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.0 284 Flagstaff, AZ 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.2 285 Anderson, SC 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.3 286 Corvallis, OR 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.1 287 Battle Creek, MI 4.8 5.1 5.2 5.5 288 Kingston, NY 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.9 289 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.1 290 St. Joseph, MO-KS 4.7 5.3 5.6 5.8 291 Burlington, NC 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.3 292 El Centro, CA 4.7 4.8 4.8 5.1 293 Owensboro, KY 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.1 294 Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR 4.6 4.8 4.8 5.0 295 Yuba City, CA 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.9 296 Dothan, AL 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8 297 Dubuque, IA 4.6 4.9 5.0 5.2 298 Bowling Green, KY 4.6 4.7 4.8 5.0 299 Missoula, MT 4.5 4.8 4.8 5.0 300 Hanford-Corcoran, CA 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.8 301 Valdosta, GA 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.7 302 Prescott, AZ 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.7 303 Jonesboro, AR 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.9 304 Columbus, IN 4.3 4.8 5.0 5.3 305 Coeur d'Alene, ID 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.5 306 Altoona, PA 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.8 307 Ames, IA 4.3 4.5 4.7 4.9 308 Pueblo, CO 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.7 309 Salisbury, MD 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 310 Williamsport, PA 4.2 4.5 4.6 4.8 311 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.5 312 Grand Forks, ND-MN 4.2 4.4 4.6 4.8 313 Ocean City, NJ 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6 314 Goldsboro, NC 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5 315 Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 4.1 4.4 4.6 4.8 316 Idaho Falls, ID 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.2 317 Auburn-Opelika, AL 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 318 San Angelo, TX 4.1 4.3 4.4 4.6 319 Ithaca, NY 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.3 320 Johnstown, PA 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.3 321 Glens Falls, NY 4.0 4.2 4.3 4.4 322 Lebanon, PA 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 323 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2 324 Madera-Chowchilla, CA 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.3 325 Lewiston-Auburn, ME 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2
  15. 15. 8 326 Monroe, MI 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.4 327 Logan, UT-ID 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.2 328 Anniston-Oxford, AL 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.9 329 Fond du Lac, WI 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.3 330 Michigan City-La Porte, IN 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 331 Kokomo, IN 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.4 332 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.8 333 Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 334 Lawrence, KS 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.7 335 St. George, UT 3.6 3.8 3.9 4.1 336 Springfield, OH 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.0 337 Mansfield, OH 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 338 Sherman-Denison, TX 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.9 339 Cleveland, TN 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.2 340 Muncie, IN 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 341 Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 342 Morristown, TN 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.0 343 Punta Gorda, FL 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.3 344 Kankakee-Bradley, IL 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.7 345 Brunswick, GA 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.6 346 Anderson, IN 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 347 Sumter, SC 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 348 Sandusky, OH 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 349 Great Falls, MT 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 350 Rome, GA 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 351 Pine Bluff, AR 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 352 Longview, WA 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.5 353 Danville, VA 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 354 Elmira, NY 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.1 355 Bay City, MI 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.1 356 Hot Springs, AR 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 357 Cumberland, MD-WV 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 358 Carson City, NV 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 359 Gadsden, AL 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 360 Pocatello, ID 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 361 Danville, IL 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 362 Lewiston, ID-WA 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 363 Palm Coast, FL 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4
  16. 16. 9 Rank Country or Metro Area 2012 1 United States 15,566 2 China 8,232 3 Japan 5,960 4 Germany 3,428 5 France 2,611 6 United Kingdom 2,480 7 Brazil 2,254 8 Russia 2,014 9 Italy 2,013 10 India 1,875 11 Canada 1,821 12 Australia 1,541 13 New York‐Northern New Jersey‐Long Island, NY‐NJ‐PA  1,335 14 Spain 1,322 15 Mexico 1,178 16 South Korea 1,129 17 Indonesia 878.0 18 Turkey 788.0 19 Netherlands 770.6 20 Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA 765.7 21 Saudi Arabia 711.0 22 Switzerland 631.1 23 Chicago‐Joliet‐Naperville, IL‐IN‐WI  571.0 24 Sweden 525.7 25 Norway 499.5 26 Poland 489.8 27 Belgium 483.4 28 Argentina 475.6 29 Taiwan 474.2 30 Houston‐Sugar Land‐Baytown, TX 449.7 31 Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV  446.9 32 Dallas‐Fort Worth‐Arlington, TX 418.6 33 Austria 394.1 34 Iran 386.2 35 South Africa 384.3 36 United Arab Emirates 383.8 37 Venezuela 382.7 38 Colombia 369.6 39 Thailand 366.0 40 Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD  364.0 41 San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA 360.4 42 Boston‐Cambridge‐Quincy, MA‐NH  336.2 43 Denmark 314.9 Table 2: Gross Product of Countries (GDP) and Metro Areas (GMP) (US$, Billions)
  17. 17. 10 44 Malaysia 304.7 45 Atlanta‐Sandy Springs‐Marietta, GA 294.0 46 Singapore 276.6 47 Miami‐Fort Lauderdale‐Pompano Beach, FL 274.1 48 Nigeria 269.5 49 Chile 268.3 50 Hong Kong 263.2 51 Seattle‐Tacoma‐Bellevue, WA 258.8 52 Israel 257.6 53 Egypt 254.1 54 Philippines 250.2 55 Greece 249.0 56 Finland 247.4 57 Pakistan 221.1 58 Minneapolis‐St. Paul‐Bloomington, MN‐WI  218.5 59 Portugal 212.3 60 Ireland 210.6 61 Iraq 209.7 62 Detroit‐Warren‐Livonia, MI 208.4 63 Algeria 203.7 64 Kazakhstan 203.5 65 Phoenix‐Mesa‐Glendale, AZ 201.7 66 Peru 199.4 67 Czech Republic 196.6 68 Qatar 192.4 69 Kuwait 183.2 70 San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA 177.4 71 Ukraine 176.3 72 San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA 173.9 73 Romania 170.9 74 New Zealand 169.5 75 Denver‐Aurora‐Broomfield, CO 167.9 76 Baltimore‐Towson, MD 157.3 77 Portland‐Vancouver‐Hillsboro, OR‐WA  147.0 78 Vietnam 141.7 79 St. Louis, MO‐IL  136.9 80 Hungary 125.5 81 Charlotte‐Gastonia‐Rock Hill, NC‐SC  125.2 82 Pittsburgh, PA 123.6 83 Tampa‐St. Petersburg‐Clearwater, FL 119.9 84 Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA 114.0 85 Kansas City, MO‐KS  113.8 86 Indianapolis‐Carmel, IN 112.8 87 Bangladesh 111.7 88 Cleveland‐Elyria‐Mentor, OH 111.6 89 Cincinnati‐Middletown, OH‐KY‐IN  108.4 90 Orlando‐Kissimmee‐Sanford, FL 106.1
  18. 18. 11 91 Puerto Rico 101.0 92 Columbus, OH 99.7 93 Austin‐Round Rock‐San Marcos, TX 98.7 94 Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA 97.6 95 Morocco 96.0 96 Las Vegas‐Paradise, NV 95.6 97 Libya 93.0 98 San Antonio‐New Braunfels, TX 92.0 99 Slovakia 91.8 100 Nashville‐Davidson‐‐Murfreesboro‐‐Franklin, TN 91.1 101 Milwaukee‐Waukesha‐West Allis, WI 88.7 102 Angola 87.2 103 Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT 86.3 104 Virginia Beach‐Norfolk‐Newport News, VA‐NC  85.2 105 Ecuador 84.0 106 Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT 80.7 107 New Orleans‐Metairie‐Kenner, LA 80.2 108 Oman 78.1 109 Cuba 76.3 110 Salt Lake City, UT 74.8 111 Richmond, VA 70.0 112 Providence‐New Bedford‐Fall River, RI‐MA  69.5 113 Azerbaijan 68.7 114 Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR  66.7 115 Louisville‐Jefferson County, KY‐IN  63.8 116 Oklahoma City, OK 63.3 117 Belarus 63.3 118 Jacksonville, FL 62.3 119 Raleigh‐Cary, NC 61.4 120 Sri Lanka 59.3 121 Birmingham‐Hoover, AL 59.0 122 Dominican Republic 58.9 123 Luxembourg 57.1 124 Honolulu, HI 56.6 125 Croatia 56.5 126 Sudan 55.4 127 Omaha‐Council Bluffs, NE‐IA  51.9 128 Uzbekistan 51.1 129 Bulgaria 51.0 130 Guatemala 50.2 131 Uruguay 49.9 132 Tulsa, OK 47.9 133 Baton Rouge, LA 47.7 134 Buffalo‐Niagara Falls, NY 47.1 135 Rochester, NY 46.9 136 Costa Rica 45.6 137 Slovenia 45.4
  19. 19. 12 138 Tunisia 45.1 139 Macao 43.6 140 Albany‐Schenectady‐Troy, NY 42.5 141 Lebanon 42.4 142 Lithuania 42.3 143 Des Moines‐West Des Moines, IA 42.1 144 Kenya 41.3 145 Ghana 41.1 146 New Haven‐Milford, CT 40.1 147 Durham‐Chapel Hill, NC 39.7 148 Syria 39.7 149 Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA 39.1 150 Albuquerque, NM 38.8 151 Serbia  38.5 152 Madison, WI 38.0 153 Greensboro‐High Point, NC 36.9 154 Panama 36.7 155 Ethiopia 36.3 156 Grand Rapids‐Wyoming, MI 35.3 157 Dayton, OH 34.7 158 Little Rock‐North Little Rock‐Conway, AR 34.4 159 Columbia, SC 34.3 160 Bakersfield‐Delano, CA 34.3 161 Tucson, AZ 33.4 162 Yemen 32.8 163 Turkmenistan 32.8 164 Knoxville, TN 32.4 165 Allentown‐Bethlehem‐Easton, PA‐NJ  32.0 166 Fresno, CA 31.9 167 Charleston‐North Charleston‐Summerville, SC 31.0 168 Jordan 30.9 169 Worcester, MA 30.5 170 Bahrain 30.4 171 Harrisburg‐Carlisle, PA 30.0 172 Toledo, OH 29.8 173 El Paso, TX 29.6 174 Akron, OH 29.5 175 Wichita, KS 29.4 176 Anchorage, AK 28.6 177 Syracuse, NY 28.5 178 Greenville‐Mauldin‐Easley, SC 28.4 179 Trenton‐Ewing, NJ 28.4 180 Latvia 28.4 181 Tanzania 28.2 182 North Korea 28.2 183 Colorado Springs, CO 28.0 184 Boise City‐Nampa, ID 27.5
  20. 20. 13 185 Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME 26.9 186 Bolivia 26.6 187 Jackson, MS 25.7 188 Cameroon 25.4 189 Paraguay 24.6 190 North Port‐Bradenton‐Sarasota, FL 24.5 191 Springfield, MA 24.2 192 Lexington‐Fayette, KY 23.9 193 El Salvador 23.9 194 Cote d Ivoire 23.8 195 Beaumont‐Port Arthur, TX 23.3 196 Poughkeepsie‐Newburgh‐Middletown, NY 23.3 197 Winston‐Salem, NC 23.0 198 Cyprus 23.0 199 Chattanooga, TN‐GA  22.4 200 Estonia 22.4 201 Manchester‐Nashua, NH 22.2 202 Corpus Christi, TX 21.9 203 Huntsville, AL 21.7 204 Peoria, IL 21.3 205 Uganda 21.2 206 Lancaster, PA 21.0 207 Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria‐Goleta, CA 20.9 208 Cape Coral‐Fort Myers, FL 20.9 209 Zambia 20.8 210 Augusta‐Richmond County, GA‐SC  20.7 211 Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO  20.5 212 Afghanistan 20.5 213 Trinidad  Tobago 20.5 214 Scranton‐‐Wilkes‐Barre, PA 20.5 215 Reno‐Sparks, NV 20.4 216 Stockton, CA 20.4 217 Boulder, CO 20.3 218 Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA 20.3 219 Ogden‐Clearfield, UT 19.9 220 Lansing‐East Lansing, MI 19.4 221 Ann Arbor, MI 19.3 222 Spokane, WA 19.3 223 Shreveport‐Bossier City, LA 19.2 224 Fort Wayne, IN 19.0 225 Myanmar 18.7 226 Fayetteville, NC 18.7 227 Davenport‐Moline‐Rock Island, IA‐IL  18.6 228 Honduras 18.6 229 Reunion 18.4 230 Palm Bay‐Melbourne‐Titusville, FL 18.1 231 Evansville, IN‐KY  18.0
  21. 21. 14 232 Nepal 18.0 233 Botswana 17.9 234 Democratic Rep. of the Congo 17.9 235 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17.9 236 Salinas, CA 17.8 237 Lafayette, LA 17.7 238 Brunei Darussalam 17.6 239 Youngstown‐Warren‐Boardman, OH‐PA  17.6 240 Lakeland‐Winter Haven, FL 17.1 241 Provo‐Orem, UT 17.0 242 Killeen‐Temple‐Fort Hood, TX 16.8 243 Mobile, AL 16.8 244 Sioux Falls, SD 16.6 245 Midland, TX 16.2 246 Springfield, MO 16.2 247 McAllen‐Edinburg‐Mission, TX 16.0 248 Modesto, CA 16.0 249 Lincoln, NE 15.9 250 Green Bay, WI 15.9 251 Georgia 15.8 252 York‐Hanover, PA 15.8 253 Papua New Guinea 15.8 254 Charleston, WV 15.6 255 Montgomery, AL 15.4 256 Wilmington, NC 15.4 257 Reading, PA 15.2 258 Equatorial Guinea 15.1 259 Asheville, NC 15.0 260 Cedar Rapids, IA 14.8 261 Lake Charles, LA 14.7 262 Jamaica 14.7 263 Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA 14.7 264 Pensacola‐Ferry Pass‐Brent, FL 14.6 265 Mozambique 14.5 266 Senegal 14.2 267 Savannah, GA 14.1 268 Canton‐Massillon, OH 14.1 269 Cambodia 14.1 270 Roanoke, VA 13.8 271 Naples‐Marco Island, FL 13.7 272 Iceland 13.6 273 South Bend‐Mishawaka, IN‐MI  13.4 274 Tallahassee, FL 13.4 275 Rockford, IL 13.3 276 Norwich‐New London, CT 13.2 277 Fargo, ND‐MN  13.2 278 Atlantic City‐Hammonton, NJ 13.2
  22. 22. 15 279 Columbus, GA‐AL  12.8 280 Salem, OR 12.7 281 Kalamazoo‐Portage, MI 12.5 282 Albania 12.4 283 Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO 12.4 284 Hickory‐Lenoir‐Morganton, NC 12.3 285 Deltona‐Daytona Beach‐Ormond Beach, FL 12.2 286 Namibia 12.2 287 Eugene‐Springfield, OR 12.2 288 Visalia‐Porterville, CA 12.0 289 Martinique 11.9 290 Clarksville, TN‐KY  11.8 291 Flint, MI 11.7 292 Burlington‐South Burlington, VT 11.7 293 Spartanburg, SC 11.6 294 Mauritius 11.6 295 Port St. Lucie, FL 11.5 296 Longview, TX 11.4 297 San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA 11.3 298 Houma‐Bayou Cane‐Thibodaux, LA 11.2 299 Kennewick‐Richland‐Pasco, WA 11.1 300 Lubbock, TX 10.9 301 Huntington‐Ashland, WV‐KY‐OH  10.8 302 Amarillo, TX 10.7 303 Elkhart‐Goshen, IN 10.5 304 Nicaragua 10.5 305 Gainesville, FL 10.5 306 Appleton, WI 10.4 307 Chad 10.4 308 Kingsport‐Bristol‐Bristol, TN‐VA  10.4 309 Gulfport‐Biloxi, MS 10.2 310 Fort Smith, AR‐OK  10.2 311 Palestinian Authority 10.2 312 Myrtle Beach‐North Myrtle Beach‐Conway, SC 10.2 313 Charlottesville, VA 10.2 314 Duluth, MN‐WI  10.1 315 Mali 10.0 316 Springfield, IL 10.0 317 Erie, PA 10.0 318 Burkina Faso 9.9 319 Gabon 9.9 320 Bloomington‐Normal, IL 9.9 321 Armenia 9.9 322 Bellingham, WA 9.9 323 Topeka, KS 9.9 324 Crestview‐Fort Walton Beach‐Destin, FL 9.8 325 Rochester, MN 9.7
  23. 23. 16 326 Tuscaloosa, AL 9.7 327 Macedonia 9.6 328 Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA 9.6 329 Champaign‐Urbana, IL 9.5 330 Holland‐Grand Haven, MI 9.5 331 Madagascar 9.4 332 Utica‐Rome, NY 9.4 333 Tyler, TX 9.4 334 Waco, TX 9.4 335 Olympia, WA 9.3 336 Bremerton‐Silverdale, WA 9.1 337 Laos 9.1 338 Zimbabwe 9.0 339 Jacksonville, NC 9.0 340 Lafayette, IN 8.8 341 Malta 8.8 342 Lynchburg, VA 8.7 343 Hagerstown‐Martinsburg, MD‐WV  8.6 344 Barnstable Town, MA 8.6 345 Brownsville‐Harlingen, TX 8.5 346 Billings, MT 8.5 347 Oshkosh‐Neenah, WI 8.4 348 Republic of Congo 8.4 349 Binghamton, NY 8.2 350 Iowa City, IA 8.2 351 Odessa, TX 8.2 352 Waterloo‐Cedar Falls, IA 8.2 353 Bahamas 8.1 354 St. Cloud, MN 8.1 355 Yakima, WA 8.1 356 Macon, GA 8.1 357 Greeley, CO 8.0 358 Haiti 7.7 359 Benin 7.6 360 Tajikistan 7.6 361 College Station‐Bryan, TX 7.6 362 Florence, SC 7.5 363 Napa, CA 7.4 364 Rwanda 7.3 365 Greenville, NC 7.3 366 Columbia, MO 7.3 367 Moldova 7.3 368 Ocala, FL 7.1 369 Racine, WI 7.1 370 Laredo, TX 6.9 371 Bloomington, IN 6.9 372 Saginaw‐Saginaw Township North, MI 6.9
  24. 24. 17 373 Gainesville, GA 6.8 374 Athens‐Clarke County, GA 6.8 375 Monroe, LA 6.8 376 Pascagoula, MS 6.8 377 Eau Claire, WI 6.7 378 Morgantown, WV 6.7 379 Casper, WY 6.7 380 Harrisonburg, VA 6.7 381 Victoria, TX 6.6 382 Sioux City, IA‐NE‐SD  6.6 383 Kosovo 6.5 384 Panama City‐Lynn Haven‐Panama City Beach, FL 6.5 385 Kyrgyzstan 6.5 386 Merced, CA 6.4 387 Medford, OR 6.4 388 State College, PA 6.4 389 Dover, DE 6.3 390 Chico, CA 6.3 391 Santa Fe, NM 6.3 392 Johnson City, TN 6.2 393 Terre Haute, IN 6.2 394 Bend, OR 6.2 395 Rocky Mount, NC 6.2 396 Mongolia 6.1 397 Joplin, MO 6.1 398 La Crosse, WI‐MN  6.1 399 Wichita Falls, TX 6.0 400 Jefferson City, MO 6.0 401 Wheeling, WV‐OH  6.0 402 Abilene, TX 6.0 403 Wausau, WI 6.0 404 Bismarck, ND 5.9 405 Liechtenstein 5.9 406 Elizabethtown, KY 5.8 407 Parkersburg‐Marietta‐Vienna, WV‐OH  5.8 408 Las Cruces, NM 5.7 409 Bangor, ME 5.7 410 Warner Robins, GA 5.7 411 Alexandria, LA 5.7 412 Farmington, NM 5.7 413 Decatur, IL 5.7 414 Niles‐Benton Harbor, MI 5.6 415 The Republic of Guinea 5.6 416 Niger 5.5 417 Mount Vernon‐Anacortes, WA 5.5 418 Fairbanks, AK 5.5 419 Dalton, GA 5.5
  25. 25. 18 420 Bermuda 5.5 421 Sheboygan, WI 5.5 422 Rapid City, SD 5.5 423 Blacksburg‐Christiansburg‐Radford, VA 5.4 424 Hattiesburg, MS 5.4 425 Cheyenne, WY 5.4 426 Pittsfield, MA 5.4 427 Winchester, VA‐WV  5.4 428 Yuma, AZ 5.4 429 Jackson, MI 5.3 430 St. Joseph, MO‐KS  5.3 431 Lima, OH 5.2 432 Janesville, WI 5.2 433 Grand Junction, CO 5.2 434 Vineland‐Millville‐Bridgeton, NJ 5.2 435 Jackson, TN 5.1 436 US Virgin Islands 5.1 437 Battle Creek, MI 5.1 438 Redding, CA 5.1 439 Decatur, AL 5.0 440 Albany, GA 5.0 441 Guam 5.0 442 Flagstaff, AZ 5.0 443 Anderson, SC 4.9 444 Dubuque, IA 4.9 445 Burlington, NC 4.9 446 Corvallis, OR 4.9 447 Lawton, OK 4.9 448 Owensboro, KY 4.8 449 Kingston, NY 4.8 450 Columbus, IN 4.8 451 Muskegon‐Norton Shores, MI 4.8 452 Texarkana‐Texarkana, TX‐AR 4.8 453 Missoula, MT 4.8 454 El Centro, CA 4.8 455 Bowling Green, KY 4.7 456 Suriname 4.7 457 Mauritania 4.7 458 Yuba City, CA 4.7 459 Dothan, AL 4.6 460 French Guiana 4.6 461 Ames, IA 4.5 462 Jonesboro, AR 4.5 463 Prescott, AZ 4.5 464 Altoona, PA 4.5 465 Barbados 4.5 466 Williamsport, PA 4.5
  26. 26. 19 467 Valdosta, GA 4.5 468 Hanford‐Corcoran, CA 4.5 469 Grand Forks, ND‐MN  4.4 470 Pueblo, CO 4.4 471 Sebastian‐Vero Beach, FL 4.4 472 Salisbury, MD 4.3 473 Malawi 4.3 474 Goldsboro, NC 4.3 475 Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL 4.3 476 Ocean City, NJ 4.3 477 San Angelo, TX 4.3 478 Coeur d'Alene, ID 4.3 479 Montenegro 4.2 480 Ithaca, NY 4.2 481 Auburn‐Opelika, AL 4.2 482 Glens Falls, NY 4.2 483 Monroe, MI 4.1 484 Johnstown, PA 4.1 485 Lebanon, PA 4.1 486 Madera‐Chowchilla, CA 4.0 487 Kokomo, IN 4.0 488 Idaho Falls, ID 4.0 489 Lewiston‐Auburn, ME 4.0 490 Fiji 4.0 491 Hinesville‐Fort Stewart, GA 4.0 492 Fond du Lac, WI 3.9 493 Logan, UT‐ID  3.9 494 St. George, UT 3.8 495 Cleveland, TN 3.8 496 Michigan City‐La Porte, IN 3.8 497 Anniston‐Oxford, AL 3.8 498 Wenatchee‐East Wenatchee, WA 3.8 499 Springfield, OH 3.8 500 Lake Havasu City‐Kingman, AZ 3.7 501 Mansfield, OH 3.7 502 Sherman‐Denison, TX 3.7 503 Lawrence, KS 3.7 504 Swaziland 3.7 505 Morristown, TN 3.6 506 Muncie, IN 3.6 507 Steubenville‐Weirton, OH‐WV 3.5 508 Kankakee‐Bradley, IL 3.5 509 Brunswick, GA 3.4 510 Sumter, SC 3.3 511 Anderson, IN 3.3 512 Andorra 3.3 513 Longview, WA 3.3
  27. 27. 20 514 Pine Bluff, AR 3.3 515 Rome, GA 3.3 516 Sandusky, OH 3.3 517 Great Falls, MT 3.2 518 Punta Gorda, FL 3.2 519 Togo 3.2 520 Sierra Leone 3.1 521 Eritrea 3.1 522 Danville, VA 3.1 523 Elmira, NY 3.0 524 Bay City, MI 3.0 525 Hot Springs, AR 2.9 526 Cayman Island 2.9 527 Maldives 2.9 528 Cumberland, MD‐WV  2.8 529 Carson City, NV 2.7 530 Gadsden, AL 2.7 531 Pocatello, ID 2.7 532 Aruba 2.6 533 Danville, IL 2.5 534 Burundi 2.5 535 Lesotho 2.3 536 Central African Republic 2.2 537 Lewiston, ID‐WA  2.0 538 Bhutan 2.0 539 Cape Verde Islands 1.9 540 Guyana 1.7 541 Somalia 1.6 542 Belize 1.6 543 Djibouti 1.4 544 Palm Coast, FL 1.3 545 East Timor 1.2 546 Saint Lucia 1.2 547 Antigua and Barbuda 1.2 548 Liberia 1.1 549 Solomon Islands 1.0 550 Seychelles 1.0 551 Grenada 0.8 552 Vanuatu 0.8 553 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.7 554 Gambia 0.7 555 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 556 American Samoa 0.7 557 Western Samoa 0.7 558 Comoros 0.6 559 Guinea‐Bissau 0.5 560 Dominica 0.5
  28. 28. 21 561 Tonga 0.4 562 Micronesia 0.3 563 Anguilla 0.3 564 Kiribati 0.2 565 Sao Tome and Principe 0.1
  29. 29. 22
  30. 30. 23 Rank State or Metro Area 2012 1 California 2,003 2 Texas 1,397 3 New York‐Northern New Jersey‐Long Island, NY‐NJ‐PA  1,335 4 New York 1,206 5 Florida 777.2 6 Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA 765.7 7 Illinois 695.2 8 Pennsylvania 600.9 9 Chicago‐Joliet‐Naperville, IL‐IN‐WI  571.0 10 Ohio 509.4 11 New Jersey 508.0 12 North Carolina 456.0 13 Houston‐Sugar Land‐Baytown, TX 449.7 14 Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV  446.9 15 Virginia 445.9 16 Georgia 433.6 17 Dallas‐Fort Worth‐Arlington, TX 418.6 18 Massachusetts 403.8 19 Michigan 400.5 20 Washington 375.7 21 Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD  364.0 22 San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA 360.4 23 Boston‐Cambridge‐Quincy, MA‐NH  336.2 24 Maryland 317.7 25 Indiana 298.6 26 Minnesota 294.7 27 Atlanta‐Sandy Springs‐Marietta, GA 294.0 28 Tennessee 277.0 29 Miami‐Fort Lauderdale‐Pompano Beach, FL 274.1 30 Colorado 274.0 31 Arizona 266.9 32 Wisconsin 261.5 33 Missouri 258.8 34 Seattle‐Tacoma‐Bellevue, WA 258.8 35 Louisiana 243.3 36 Connecticut 229.3 37 Minneapolis‐St. Paul‐Bloomington, MN‐WI  218.5 38 Detroit‐Warren‐Livonia, MI 208.4 39 Phoenix‐Mesa‐Glendale, AZ 201.7 40 Oregon 198.7 41 Alabama 183.5 42 San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA 177.4 Table 3: Gross Metropolitan Product of U.S. Metro Areas and Gross State Product of U.S. States (US$, Billions)
  31. 31. 24 43 South Carolina 176.2 44 San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA 173.9 45 Kentucky 173.5 46 Denver‐Aurora‐Broomfield, CO 167.9 47 Oklahoma 161.0 48 Baltimore‐Towson, MD 157.3 49 Iowa 152.4 50 Portland‐Vancouver‐Hillsboro, OR‐WA  147.0 51 Kansas 139.0 52 St. Louis, MO‐IL  136.9 53 Nevada 133.6 54 Utah 130.5 55 Charlotte‐Gastonia‐Rock Hill, NC‐SC  125.2 56 Pittsburgh, PA 123.6 57 Tampa‐St. Petersburg‐Clearwater, FL 119.9 58 Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA 114.0 59 Kansas City, MO‐KS  113.8 60 Indianapolis‐Carmel, IN 112.8 61 Cleveland‐Elyria‐Mentor, OH 111.6 62 District of Columbia 109.8 63 Arkansas 109.6 64 Cincinnati‐Middletown, OH‐KY‐IN  108.4 65 Orlando‐Kissimmee‐Sanford, FL 106.1 66 Mississippi 101.5 67 Columbus, OH 99.7 68 Nebraska 99.6 69 Austin‐Round Rock‐San Marcos, TX 98.7 70 Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA 97.6 71 Las Vegas‐Paradise, NV 95.6 72 San Antonio‐New Braunfels, TX 92.0 73 Nashville‐Davidson‐‐Murfreesboro‐‐Franklin, TN 91.1 74 Milwaukee‐Waukesha‐West Allis, WI 88.7 75 Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT 86.3 76 Virginia Beach‐Norfolk‐Newport News, VA‐NC  85.2 77 Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT 80.7 78 New Mexico 80.6 79 New Orleans‐Metairie‐Kenner, LA 80.2 80 Salt Lake City, UT 74.8 81 Hawaii 72.4 82 Richmond, VA 70.0 83 Providence‐New Bedford‐Fall River, RI‐MA  69.5 84 West Virginia 69.4 85 Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR  66.7 86 Delaware 66.0 87 New Hampshire 64.7 88 Louisville‐Jefferson County, KY‐IN  63.8 89 Oklahoma City, OK 63.3
  32. 32. 25 90 Jacksonville, FL 62.3 91 Raleigh‐Cary, NC 61.4 92 Birmingham‐Hoover, AL 59.0 93 Idaho 58.2 94 Honolulu, HI 56.6 95 Maine 53.7 96 Omaha‐Council Bluffs, NE‐IA  51.9 97 Alaska 51.9 98 Rhode Island 51.0 99 Tulsa, OK 47.9 100 Baton Rouge, LA 47.7 101 Buffalo‐Niagara Falls, NY 47.1 102 Rochester, NY 46.9 103 North Dakota 46.0 104 Albany‐Schenectady‐Troy, NY 42.5 105 South Dakota 42.5 106 Des Moines‐West Des Moines, IA 42.1 107 Montana 40.4 108 New Haven‐Milford, CT 40.1 109 Durham‐Chapel Hill, NC 39.7 110 Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA 39.1 111 Albuquerque, NM 38.8 112 Wyoming 38.4 113 Madison, WI 38.0 114 Greensboro‐High Point, NC 36.9 115 Grand Rapids‐Wyoming, MI 35.3 116 Dayton, OH 34.7 117 Little Rock‐North Little Rock‐Conway, AR 34.4 118 Columbia, SC 34.3 119 Bakersfield‐Delano, CA 34.3 120 Tucson, AZ 33.4 121 Knoxville, TN 32.4 122 Allentown‐Bethlehem‐Easton, PA‐NJ  32.0 123 Fresno, CA 31.9 124 Charleston‐North Charleston‐Summerville, SC 31.0 125 Worcester, MA 30.5 126 Harrisburg‐Carlisle, PA 30.0 127 Toledo, OH 29.8 128 El Paso, TX 29.6 129 Akron, OH 29.5 130 Wichita, KS 29.4 131 Anchorage, AK 28.6 132 Syracuse, NY 28.5 133 Greenville‐Mauldin‐Easley, SC 28.4 134 Trenton‐Ewing, NJ 28.4 135 Colorado Springs, CO 28.0 136 Boise City‐Nampa, ID 27.5
  33. 33. 26 137 Vermont 27.3 138 Portland‐South Portland‐Biddeford, ME 26.9 139 Jackson, MS 25.7 140 North Port‐Bradenton‐Sarasota, FL 24.5 141 Springfield, MA 24.2 142 Lexington‐Fayette, KY 23.9 143 Beaumont‐Port Arthur, TX 23.3 144 Poughkeepsie‐Newburgh‐Middletown, NY 23.3 145 Winston‐Salem, NC 23.0 146 Chattanooga, TN‐GA  22.4 147 Manchester‐Nashua, NH 22.2 148 Corpus Christi, TX 21.9 149 Huntsville, AL 21.7 150 Peoria, IL 21.3 151 Lancaster, PA 21.0 152 Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria‐Goleta, CA 20.9 153 Cape Coral‐Fort Myers, FL 20.9 154 Augusta‐Richmond County, GA‐SC  20.7 155 Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO  20.5 156 Scranton‐‐Wilkes‐Barre, PA 20.5 157 Reno‐Sparks, NV 20.4 158 Stockton, CA 20.4 159 Boulder, CO 20.3 160 Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA 20.3 161 Ogden‐Clearfield, UT 19.9 162 Lansing‐East Lansing, MI 19.4 163 Ann Arbor, MI 19.3 164 Spokane, WA 19.3 165 Shreveport‐Bossier City, LA 19.2 166 Fort Wayne, IN 19.0 167 Fayetteville, NC 18.7 168 Davenport‐Moline‐Rock Island, IA‐IL  18.6 169 Palm Bay‐Melbourne‐Titusville, FL 18.1 170 Evansville, IN‐KY  18.0 171 Salinas, CA 17.8 172 Lafayette, LA 17.7 173 Youngstown‐Warren‐Boardman, OH‐PA  17.6 174 Lakeland‐Winter Haven, FL 17.1 175 Provo‐Orem, UT 17.0 176 Killeen‐Temple‐Fort Hood, TX 16.8 177 Mobile, AL 16.8 178 Sioux Falls, SD 16.6 179 Midland, TX 16.2 180 Springfield, MO 16.2 181 McAllen‐Edinburg‐Mission, TX 16.0 182 Modesto, CA 16.0 183 Lincoln, NE 15.9
  34. 34. 27 184 Green Bay, WI 15.9 185 York‐Hanover, PA 15.8 186 Charleston, WV 15.6 187 Montgomery, AL 15.4 188 Wilmington, NC 15.4 189 Reading, PA 15.2 190 Asheville, NC 15.0 191 Cedar Rapids, IA 14.8 192 Lake Charles, LA 14.7 193 Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA 14.7 194 Pensacola‐Ferry Pass‐Brent, FL 14.6 195 Savannah, GA 14.1 196 Canton‐Massillon, OH 14.1 197 Roanoke, VA 13.8 198 Naples‐Marco Island, FL 13.7 199 South Bend‐Mishawaka, IN‐MI  13.4 200 Tallahassee, FL 13.4 201 Rockford, IL 13.3 202 Norwich‐New London, CT 13.2 203 Fargo, ND‐MN  13.2 204 Atlantic City‐Hammonton, NJ 13.2 205 Columbus, GA‐AL  12.8 206 Salem, OR 12.7 207 Kalamazoo‐Portage, MI 12.5 208 Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO 12.4 209 Hickory‐Lenoir‐Morganton, NC 12.3 210 Deltona‐Daytona Beach‐Ormond Beach, FL 12.2 211 Eugene‐Springfield, OR 12.2 212 Visalia‐Porterville, CA 12.0 213 Clarksville, TN‐KY  11.8 214 Flint, MI 11.7 215 Burlington‐South Burlington, VT 11.7 216 Spartanburg, SC 11.6 217 Port St. Lucie, FL 11.5 218 Longview, TX 11.4 219 San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA 11.3 220 Houma‐Bayou Cane‐Thibodaux, LA 11.2 221 Kennewick‐Richland‐Pasco, WA 11.1 222 Lubbock, TX 10.9 223 Huntington‐Ashland, WV‐KY‐OH  10.8 224 Amarillo, TX 10.7 225 Elkhart‐Goshen, IN 10.5 226 Gainesville, FL 10.5 227 Appleton, WI 10.4 228 Kingsport‐Bristol‐Bristol, TN‐VA  10.4 229 Gulfport‐Biloxi, MS 10.2 230 Fort Smith, AR‐OK  10.2
  35. 35. 28 231 Myrtle Beach‐North Myrtle Beach‐Conway, SC 10.2 232 Charlottesville, VA 10.2 233 Duluth, MN‐WI  10.1 234 Springfield, IL 10.0 235 Erie, PA 10.0 236 Bloomington‐Normal, IL 9.9 237 Bellingham, WA 9.9 238 Topeka, KS 9.9 239 Crestview‐Fort Walton Beach‐Destin, FL 9.8 240 Rochester, MN 9.7 241 Tuscaloosa, AL 9.7 242 Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA 9.6 243 Champaign‐Urbana, IL 9.5 244 Holland‐Grand Haven, MI 9.5 245 Utica‐Rome, NY 9.4 246 Tyler, TX 9.4 247 Waco, TX 9.4 248 Olympia, WA 9.3 249 Bremerton‐Silverdale, WA 9.1 250 Jacksonville, NC 9.0 251 Lafayette, IN 8.8 252 Lynchburg, VA 8.7 253 Hagerstown‐Martinsburg, MD‐WV  8.6 254 Barnstable Town, MA 8.6 255 Brownsville‐Harlingen, TX 8.5 256 Billings, MT 8.5 257 Oshkosh‐Neenah, WI 8.4 258 Binghamton, NY 8.2 259 Iowa City, IA 8.2 260 Odessa, TX 8.2 261 Waterloo‐Cedar Falls, IA 8.2 262 St. Cloud, MN 8.1 263 Yakima, WA 8.1 264 Macon, GA 8.1 265 Greeley, CO 8.0 266 College Station‐Bryan, TX 7.6 267 Florence, SC 7.5 268 Napa, CA 7.4 269 Greenville, NC 7.3 270 Columbia, MO 7.3 271 Ocala, FL 7.1 272 Racine, WI 7.1 273 Laredo, TX 6.9 274 Bloomington, IN 6.9 275 Saginaw‐Saginaw Township North, MI 6.9 276 Gainesville, GA 6.8 277 Athens‐Clarke County, GA 6.8
  36. 36. 29 278 Monroe, LA 6.8 279 Pascagoula, MS 6.8 280 Eau Claire, WI 6.7 281 Morgantown, WV 6.7 282 Casper, WY 6.7 283 Harrisonburg, VA 6.7 284 Victoria, TX 6.6 285 Sioux City, IA‐NE‐SD  6.6 286 Panama City‐Lynn Haven‐Panama City Beach, FL 6.5 287 Merced, CA 6.4 288 Medford, OR 6.4 289 State College, PA 6.4 290 Dover, DE 6.3 291 Chico, CA 6.3 292 Santa Fe, NM 6.3 293 Johnson City, TN 6.2 294 Terre Haute, IN 6.2 295 Bend, OR 6.2 296 Rocky Mount, NC 6.2 297 Joplin, MO 6.1 298 La Crosse, WI‐MN  6.1 299 Wichita Falls, TX 6.0 300 Jefferson City, MO 6.0 301 Wheeling, WV‐OH  6.0 302 Abilene, TX 6.0 303 Wausau, WI 6.0 304 Bismarck, ND 5.9 305 Elizabethtown, KY 5.8 306 Parkersburg‐Marietta‐Vienna, WV‐OH  5.8 307 Las Cruces, NM 5.7 308 Bangor, ME 5.7 309 Warner Robins, GA 5.7 310 Alexandria, LA 5.7 311 Farmington, NM 5.7 312 Decatur, IL 5.7 313 Niles‐Benton Harbor, MI 5.6 314 Mount Vernon‐Anacortes, WA 5.5 315 Fairbanks, AK 5.5 316 Dalton, GA 5.5 317 Sheboygan, WI 5.5 318 Rapid City, SD 5.5 319 Blacksburg‐Christiansburg‐Radford, VA 5.4 320 Hattiesburg, MS 5.4 321 Cheyenne, WY 5.4 322 Pittsfield, MA 5.4 323 Winchester, VA‐WV  5.4 324 Yuma, AZ 5.4
  37. 37. 30 325 Jackson, MI 5.3 326 St. Joseph, MO‐KS  5.3 327 Lima, OH 5.2 328 Janesville, WI 5.2 329 Grand Junction, CO 5.2 330 Vineland‐Millville‐Bridgeton, NJ 5.2 331 Jackson, TN 5.1 332 Battle Creek, MI 5.1 333 Redding, CA 5.1 334 Decatur, AL 5.0 335 Albany, GA 5.0 336 Flagstaff, AZ 5.0 337 Anderson, SC 4.9 338 Dubuque, IA 4.9 339 Burlington, NC 4.9 340 Corvallis, OR 4.9 341 Lawton, OK 4.9 342 Owensboro, KY 4.8 343 Kingston, NY 4.8 344 Columbus, IN 4.8 345 Muskegon‐Norton Shores, MI 4.8 346 Texarkana‐Texarkana, TX‐AR 4.8 347 Missoula, MT 4.8 348 El Centro, CA 4.8 349 Bowling Green, KY 4.7 350 Yuba City, CA 4.7 351 Dothan, AL 4.6 352 Ames, IA 4.5 353 Jonesboro, AR 4.5 354 Prescott, AZ 4.5 355 Altoona, PA 4.5 356 Williamsport, PA 4.5 357 Valdosta, GA 4.5 358 Hanford‐Corcoran, CA 4.5 359 Grand Forks, ND‐MN  4.4 360 Pueblo, CO 4.4 361 Sebastian‐Vero Beach, FL 4.4 362 Salisbury, MD 4.3 363 Goldsboro, NC 4.3 364 Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL 4.3 365 Ocean City, NJ 4.3 366 San Angelo, TX 4.3 367 Coeur d'Alene, ID 4.3 368 Ithaca, NY 4.2 369 Auburn‐Opelika, AL 4.2 370 Glens Falls, NY 4.2 371 Monroe, MI 4.1
  38. 38. 31 372 Johnstown, PA 4.1 373 Lebanon, PA 4.1 374 Madera‐Chowchilla, CA 4.0 375 Kokomo, IN 4.0 376 Idaho Falls, ID 4.0 377 Lewiston‐Auburn, ME 4.0 378 Hinesville‐Fort Stewart, GA 4.0 379 Fond du Lac, WI 3.9 380 Logan, UT‐ID  3.9 381 St. George, UT 3.8 382 Cleveland, TN 3.8 383 Michigan City‐La Porte, IN 3.8 384 Anniston‐Oxford, AL 3.8 385 Wenatchee‐East Wenatchee, WA 3.8 386 Springfield, OH 3.8 387 Lake Havasu City‐Kingman, AZ 3.7 388 Mansfield, OH 3.7 389 Sherman‐Denison, TX 3.7 390 Lawrence, KS 3.7 391 Morristown, TN 3.6 392 Muncie, IN 3.6 393 Steubenville‐Weirton, OH‐WV 3.5 394 Kankakee‐Bradley, IL 3.5 395 Brunswick, GA 3.4 396 Sumter, SC 3.3 397 Anderson, IN 3.3 398 Longview, WA 3.3 399 Pine Bluff, AR 3.3 400 Rome, GA 3.3 401 Sandusky, OH 3.3 402 Great Falls, MT 3.2 403 Punta Gorda, FL 3.2 404 Danville, VA 3.1 405 Elmira, NY 3.0 406 Bay City, MI 3.0 407 Hot Springs, AR 2.9 408 Cumberland, MD‐WV  2.8 409 Carson City, NV 2.7 410 Gadsden, AL 2.7 411 Pocatello, ID 2.7 412 Danville, IL 2.5 413 Lewiston, ID‐WA  2.0 414 Palm Coast, FL 1.3
  39. 39. 32
  40. 40. 33  New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA  Vermont  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA  Wyoming  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI  Montana  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX  South Dakota  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV  North Dakota  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX  Rhode Island  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD  Alaska  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA  Maine  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH  Idaho  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA  New Hampshire  Delaware  West Virginia  Hawaii  New Mexico  Nebraska  Mississippi  Arkansas  District of Columbia  Utah  Nevada  Kansas  Iowa  Oklahoma  Kentucky  South Carolina  Alabama  Oregon  Connecticut  Louisiana  Missouri  Wisconsin  Arizona  Colorado  Tennessee  Minnesota  Indiana Is greater than Table 4: The Gross Metropolitan Product of the Top 10 Metro Areas in 2012 Exceeded the Combined Output of the Following 36 States Total Gross Metro Product: Total Gross State Product: $5.34 trillion $5.04 trillion
  41. 41. 34
  42. 42. 35 2012 GMP % of GSP Alaska Anchorage, AK  $28.62 55.2 Fairbanks, AK  $5.49 10.6 Sum of Metro Areas $34.11 65.8 Alabama Anniston‐Oxford, AL  $3.77 2.1 Auburn‐Opelika, AL  $4.17 2.3 Birmingham‐Hoover, AL  $58.99 32.1 Columbus, GA‐AL  $1.00 0.5 Decatur, AL  $5.04 2.7 Dothan, AL  $4.64 2.5 Florence‐Muscle Shoals, AL  $4.28 2.3 Gadsden, AL  $2.68 1.5 Huntsville, AL  $21.70 11.8 Mobile, AL  $16.78 9.1 Montgomery, AL  $15.42 8.4 Tuscaloosa, AL  $9.67 5.3 Sum of Metro Areas $148.15 80.7 Arkansas Fayetteville‐Springdale‐Rogers, AR‐MO  $20.05 18.3 Fort Smith, AR‐OK  $8.50 7.8 Hot Springs, AR  $2.92 2.7 Jonesboro, AR  $4.54 4.1 Little Rock‐North Little Rock, AR  $34.35 31.4 Memphis, TN‐MS‐AR  $1.32 1.2 Pine Bluff, AR  $3.27 3.0 Texarkana, TX‐Texarkana, AR  $1.11 1.0 Sum of Metro Areas $76.07 69.4 Arizona Flagstaff, AZ  $5.00 1.9 Lake Havasu, AZ $3.75 1.4 Phoenix‐Mesa‐Scottsdale, AZ  $201.65 75.6 Prescott, AZ  $4.53 1.7 Tucson, AZ  $33.35 12.5 Yuma, AZ  $5.37 2.0 Sum of Metro Areas $253.66 95.0 California Bakersfield, CA  $34.27 1.7 Chico, CA  $6.33 0.3 El Centro, CA  $4.76 0.2 Fresno, CA  $31.89 1.6 Hanford‐Corcoran, CA  $4.46 0.2 Los Angeles‐Long Beach‐Santa Ana, CA  $765.75 38.2 Table 5: Gross Metropolitan Product as a Share of Gross State Product (US$, Billions)
  43. 43. 36 Madera, CA  $4.05 0.2 Merced, CA  $6.45 0.3 Modesto, CA  $16.00 0.8 Napa, CA  $7.37 0.4 Oxnard‐Thousand Oaks‐Ventura, CA  $39.08 2.0 Redding, CA  $5.06 0.3 Riverside‐San Bernardino‐Ontario, CA  $114.00 5.7 Santa Barbara‐Santa Maria, CA  $20.94 1.0 Sacramento‐‐Arden‐Arcade‐‐Roseville, CA  $97.56 4.9 Santa Cruz‐Watsonville, CA  $9.57 0.5 San Diego‐Carlsbad‐San Marcos, CA  $177.41 8.9 San Jose‐Sunnyvale‐Santa Clara, CA  $173.87 8.7 Salinas, CA  $17.78 0.9 San Luis Obispo‐Paso Robles, CA  $11.31 0.6 Santa Rosa‐Petaluma, CA  $20.32 1.0 San Francisco‐Oakland‐Fremont, CA  $360.44 18.0 Stockton, CA  $20.39 1.0 Vallejo‐Fairfield, CA  $14.68 0.7 Visalia‐Porterville, CA  $12.00 0.6 Yuba City, CA  $4.66 0.2 Sum of Metro Areas $1,980.41 98.9 Colorado Boulder, CO  $20.33 7.4 Colorado Springs, CO  $28.03 10.2 Denver‐Aurora, CO  $167.88 61.3 Fort Collins‐Loveland, CO  $12.43 4.5 Greeley, CO  $7.97 2.9 Grand Junction, CO  $5.19 1.9 Pueblo, CO  $4.39 1.6 Sum of Metro Areas $246.22 89.8 Connecticut Bridgeport‐Stamford‐Norwalk, CT  $86.34 37.7 Hartford‐West Hartford‐East Hartford, CT  $80.67 35.2 New Haven‐Milford, CT  $40.08 17.5 Norwich‐New London, CT  $13.22 5.8 Sum of Metro Areas $220.31 96.1 District of Columbia Washington‐Arlington‐Alexandria, DC‐VA‐MD‐WV  (MSA)  $109.79 100.0 Sum of Metro Areas Delaware Dover, DE $6.34 9.6 Philadelphia‐Camden‐Wilmington, PA‐NJ‐DE‐MD  (MSA)  $52.14 79.0 Sum of Metro Areas $58.48 88.6 Florida Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL $20.91 2.7 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL $12.21 1.6 Fort Walton Beach-Crestview-Destin, FL $9.79 1.3
  44. 44. 37 Gainesville, FL $10.45 1.3 Jacksonville, FL $62.25 8.0 Lakeland, FL $17.09 2.2 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL $274.11 35.3 Naples-Marco Island, FL $13.65 1.8 Ocala, FL $7.13 0.9 Orlando-Kissimmee, FL $106.12 13.7 Palm Coast, FL $1.27 0.2 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL $18.11 2.3 Panama City-Lynn Haven, FL $6.48 0.8 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL $14.55 1.9 Port St. Lucie-Fort Pierce, FL $11.50 1.5 Punta Gorda, FL $3.20 0.4 Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL $24.49 3.2 Tallahassee, FL $13.39 1.7 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL $119.93 15.4 Vero Beach, FL $4.36 0.6 Sum of Metro Areas $751.00 96.6 Georgia Albany, GA $5.02 1.2 Athens-Clarke County, GA $6.84 1.6 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA $294.04 67.8 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC $14.01 3.2 Brunswick, GA $3.36 0.8 Chattanooga, TN‐GA  $2.29 0.5 Columbus, GA-AL $11.75 2.7 Dalton, GA $5.48 1.3 Gainesville, GA $6.85 1.6 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA $3.97 0.9 Macon, GA $8.08 1.9 Rome, GA $3.26 0.8 Savannah, GA $14.11 3.3 Valdosta, GA $4.48 1.0 Warner Robins, GA $5.71 1.3 Sum of Metro Areas $389.26 89.8 Hawaii Honolulu, HI  $56.56 78.1 Sum of Metro Areas Iowa Ames, IA $4.54 3.0 Cedar Rapids, IA $14.84 9.7 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL $7.90 5.2 Des Moines, IA $42.13 27.6 Dubuque, IA $4.91 3.2 Iowa City, IA $8.24 5.4 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA $4.02 2.6 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD $4.32 2.8
  45. 45. 38 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA $8.19 5.4 Sum of Metro Areas $99.10 65.0 Idaho Boise City-Nampa, ID $27.45 47.1 Coeur d'Alene, ID $4.26 7.3 Idaho Falls, ID $4.02 6.9 Lewiston, ID-WA $1.64 2.8 Logan, UT-ID $0.19 0.3 Pocatello, ID $2.67 4.6 Sum of Metro Areas $40.24 69.1 Illinois Bloomington-Normal, IL $9.91 1.4 Champaign-Urbana, IL $9.53 1.4 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA) $538.11 77.4 Danville, IL $2.54 0.4 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL $10.67 1.5 Decatur, IL $5.67 0.8 Kankakee-Bradley, IL $3.48 0.5 Peoria, IL $21.30 3.1 Rockford, IL $13.31 1.9 Springfield, IL $9.97 1.4 St. Louis, MO-IL $21.45 3.1 Sum of Metro Areas $645.93 92.9 Indiana Anderson, IN $3.34 1.1 Bloomington, IN $6.90 2.3 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA) $27.96 9.4 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN $1.66 0.6 Columbus, IN $4.83 1.6 Elkhart-Goshen, IN $10.53 3.5 Evansville, IN-KY $15.81 5.3 Fort Wayne, IN $18.99 6.4 Indianapolis, IN $112.75 37.8 Kokomo, IN $4.03 1.3 Lafayette, IN $8.83 3.0 Louisville, KY-IN $8.28 2.8 Michigan City-La Porte, IN $3.79 1.3 Muncie, IN $3.62 1.2 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI $12.63 4.2 Terre Haute, IN $6.21 2.1 Sum of Metro Areas $250.16 83.8 Kansas Kansas City, MO-KS $52.99 38.1 Lawrence, KS $3.67 2.6 St. Joseph, MO-KS $0.19 0.1 Topeka, KS $9.87 7.1 Wichita, KS $29.39 21.2
  46. 46. 39 Sum of Metro Areas $96.11 69.2 Kentucky Bowling Green, KY $4.74 2.7 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN $17.13 9.9 Clarksville, TN-KY $7.58 4.4 Elizabethtown, KY $5.79 3.3 Evansville, IN-KY $2.19 1.3 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH $3.69 2.1 Lexington-Fayette, KY $23.91 13.8 Louisville, KY-IN $55.51 32.0 Owensboro, KY $4.84 2.8 Sum of Metro Areas $125.38 72.3 Louisiana Alexandria, LA $5.70 2.3 Baton Rouge, LA $47.71 19.6 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA $11.18 4.6 Lake Charles, LA $14.72 6.1 Lafayette, LA $17.68 7.3 Monroe, LA $6.82 2.8 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA $80.24 33.0 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA $19.22 7.9 Sum of Metro Areas $203.26 83.6 Massachusetts Barnstable Town, MA $8.59 2.1 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA) $315.16 78.0 Pittsfield, MA $5.39 1.3 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA $18.57 4.6 Springfield, MA $24.24 6.0 Worcester, MA $30.53 7.6 Sum of Metro Areas $402.48 99.7 Maryland Baltimore-Towson, MD $157.27 49.5 Cumberland, MD-WV $2.28 0.7 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV $5.83 1.8 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA) $3.23 1.0 Salisbury, MD $4.35 1.4 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA) $125.97 39.7 Sum of Metro Areas $298.92 94.1 Maine Bangor, ME $5.71 10.6 Lewiston-Auburn, ME $4.02 7.5 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME $26.89 50.1 Sum of Metro Areas $36.62 68.2 Michigan Ann Arbor, MI $19.31 4.8 Battle Creek, MI $5.07 1.3 Bay City, MI $3.00 0.7
  47. 47. 40 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI $208.38 52.0 Flint, MI $11.71 2.9 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI $35.27 8.8 Holland-Grand Haven, MI $9.49 2.4 Jackson, MI $5.32 1.3 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI $12.50 3.1 Lansing-East Lansing, MI $19.35 4.8 Monroe, MI $4.15 1.0 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI $4.78 1.2 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI $5.62 1.4 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI $6.86 1.7 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI $0.82 0.2 Sum of Metro Areas $351.64 87.8 Minnesota Duluth, MN-WI $8.79 3.0 Fargo, ND-MN $1.64 0.6 Grand Forks, ND-MN $0.91 0.3 La Crosse, WI-MN $0.31 0.1 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI $215.19 73.0 Rochester, MN $9.75 3.3 St. Cloud, MN $8.13 2.8 Sum of Metro Areas $244.73 83.0 Missouri Columbia, MO $7.28 2.8 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO $0.47 0.2 Jefferson City, MO $6.03 2.3 Joplin, MO $6.11 2.4 Kansas City, MO-KS $60.81 23.5 Springfield, MO $16.24 6.3 St. Joseph, MO-KS $5.07 2.0 St. Louis, MO-IL $115.50 44.6 Sum of Metro Areas $217.51 84.0 Mississippi Gulfport-Biloxi, MS $10.24 10.1 Hattiesburg, MS $5.41 5.3 Jackson, MS $25.74 25.4 Memphis, TN-MS-AR $5.84 5.7 Pascagoula, MS $6.77 6.7 Sum of Metro Areas $54.00 53.2 Montana Billings, MT $8.50 21.0 Great Falls, MT $3.22 8.0 Missoula, MT $4.77 11.8 Sum of Metro Areas $16.49 40.8 North Carolina Asheville, NC $15.00 3.3 Burlington, NC $4.88 1.1
  48. 48. 41 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC $116.12 25.5 Durham, NC $39.73 8.7 Fayetteville, NC $18.69 4.1 Goldsboro, NC $4.29 0.9 Greensboro-High Point, NC $36.88 8.1 Greenville, NC $7.31 1.6 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC $12.27 2.7 Jacksonville, NC $9.01 2.0 Raleigh-Cary, NC $61.39 13.5 Rocky Mount, NC $6.15 1.3 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC $0.46 0.1 Wilmington, NC $15.40 3.4 Winston-Salem, NC $22.99 5.0 Sum of Metro Areas $370.55 81.3 North Dakota Bismarck, ND $5.90 12.8 Fargo, ND-MN $11.55 25.1 Grand Forks, ND-MN $3.49 7.6 Sum of Metro Areas $20.94 45.5 Nebraska Lincoln, NE $15.90 16.0 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA $47.86 48.1 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD $1.22 1.2 Sum of Metro Areas $64.97 65.3 New Hampshire Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH (MSA) $21.08 32.6 Manchester-Nashua, NH $22.16 34.3 Sum of Metro Areas $43.24 66.8 New Jersey Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ $3.38 0.7 Atlantic City, NJ $13.19 2.6 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA) $391.57 77.1 Ocean City, NJ $4.27 0.8 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA) $62.03 12.2 Trenton-Ewing, NJ $28.41 5.6 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ $5.16 1.0 Sum of Metro Areas $508.00 100.0 New Mexico Albuquerque, NM $38.78 48.1 Farmington, NM $5.69 7.1 Las Cruces, NM $5.74 7.1 Santa Fe, NM $6.29 7.8 Sum of Metro Areas $56.51 70.1 Nevada Carson City, NV $2.71 2.0 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV $95.60 71.6 Reno-Sparks, NV $20.40 15.3
  49. 49. 42 Sum of Metro Areas $118.71 88.9 New York Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY $42.48 3.5 Binghamton, NY $8.25 0.7 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY $47.06 3.9 Elmira, NY $3.02 0.3 Glens Falls, NY $4.15 0.3 Ithaca, NY $4.18 0.3 Kingston, NY $4.83 0.4 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA) $942.79 78.2 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY $23.27 1.9 Rochester, NY $46.87 3.9 Syracuse, NY $28.45 2.4 Utica-Rome, NY $9.41 0.8 Sum of Metro Areas $1,164.75 96.6 Ohio Akron, OH $29.47 5.8 Canton-Massillon, OH $14.08 2.8 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN $89.63 17.6 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH $111.62 21.9 Columbus, OH $99.69 19.6 Dayton, OH $34.66 6.8 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH $0.99 0.2 Lima, OH $5.22 1.0 Mansfield, OH $3.69 0.7 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH $2.20 0.4 Sandusky, OH $3.26 0.6 Springfield, OH $3.76 0.7 Toledo, OH $29.84 5.9 Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH $1.96 0.4 Wheeling, WV-OH $2.06 0.4 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA $13.81 2.7 Sum of Metro Areas $445.94 87.5 Oklahoma Fort Smith, AR-OK $1.71 1.1 Lawton, OK $4.86 3.0 Oklahoma City, OK $63.34 39.4 Tulsa, OK $47.89 29.8 Sum of Metro Areas $117.80 73.2 Oregon Bend, OR $6.20 3.1 Corvallis, OR $4.86 2.4 Eugene-Springfield, OR $12.15 6.1 Medford, OR $6.38 3.2 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA $130.13 65.5 Salem, OR $12.67 6.4 Sum of Metro Areas $172.39 86.8
  50. 50. 43 Pennsylvania Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ $28.61 4.8 Altoona, PA $4.53 0.8 Erie, PA $9.96 1.7 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA $29.97 5.0 Johnstown, PA $4.10 0.7 Lancaster, PA $20.95 3.5 Lebanon, PA $4.09 0.7 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA (MSA) $0.79 0.1 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD (MSA) $246.61 41.0 Pittsburgh, PA $123.58 20.6 Reading, PA $15.21 2.5 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA $20.46 3.4 State College, PA $6.37 1.1 Williamsport, PA $4.49 0.7 York-Hanover, PA $15.82 2.6 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA $3.76 0.6 Sum of Metro Areas $539.31 89.8 Rhode Island Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA $50.96 100.0 Sum of Metro Areas South Carolina Anderson, SC $4.93 2.8 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC $6.70 3.8 Charleston-North Charleston, SC $31.02 17.6 Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC $9.05 5.1 Columbia, SC $34.30 19.5 Florence, SC $7.51 4.3 Greenville, SC $28.43 16.1 Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC $10.17 5.8 Spartanburg, SC $11.63 6.6 Sumter, SC $3.34 1.9 Sum of Metro Areas $147.08 83.5 South Dakota Rapid City, SD $5.45 12.8 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD $1.03 2.4 Sioux Falls, SD $16.65 39.2 Sum of Metro Areas $23.13 54.5 Tennessee Chattanooga, TN-GA $20.11 7.3 Clarksville, TN-KY $4.19 1.5 Cleveland, TN $3.80 1.4 Jackson, TN $5.12 1.8 Johnson City, TN $6.25 2.3 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA $7.52 2.7 Knoxville, TN $32.39 11.7 Memphis, TN-MS-AR $59.53 21.5
  51. 51. 44 Morristown, TN $3.64 1.3 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro, TN $91.07 32.9 Sum of Metro Areas $233.63 84.3 Texas Abilene, TX $5.99 0.4 Amarillo, TX $10.68 0.8 Austin-Round Rock, TX $98.68 7.1 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX $23.35 1.7 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX $8.50 0.6 College Station-Bryan, TX $7.59 0.5 Corpus Christi, TX $21.92 1.6 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX $418.62 30.0 El Paso, TX $29.63 2.1 Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX $449.67 32.2 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX $16.79 1.2 Laredo, TX $6.95 0.5 Longview, TX $11.38 0.8 Lubbock, TX $10.88 0.8 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX $16.02 1.1 Midland, TX $16.24 1.2 Odessa, TX $8.22 0.6 San Angelo, TX $4.27 0.3 San Antonio, TX $92.00 6.6 Sherman-Denison, TX $3.68 0.3 Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR $3.66 0.3 Tyler, TX $9.38 0.7 Victoria, TX $6.60 0.5 Waco, TX $9.35 0.7 Wichita Falls, TX $6.04 0.4 Sum of Metro Areas $1,296.09 92.8 Utah Logan, UT-ID $3.73 2.9 Ogden-Clearfield, UT $19.92 15.3 Provo-Orem, UT $17.03 13.0 Salt Lake City, UT $74.81 57.3 St. George, UT $3.80 2.9 Sum of Metro Areas $119.29 91.4 Virginia Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA $5.43 1.2 Charlottesville, VA $10.17 2.3 Danville, VA $3.09 0.7 Harrisonburg, VA $6.67 1.5 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA $2.84 0.6 Lynchburg, VA $8.68 1.9 Richmond, VA $70.03 15.7 Roanoke, VA $13.76 3.1 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC $84.72 19.0
  52. 52. 45 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA) $209.86 47.1 Winchester, VA-WV $5.08 1.1 Sum of Metro Areas $420.33 94.3 Vermont Burlington-South Burlington, VT $11.67 42.8 Sum of Metro Areas Washington Bellingham, WA $9.89 2.6 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA $9.13 2.4 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA $11.08 2.9 Lewiston, ID-WA $0.39 0.1 Longview, WA $3.33 0.9 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA $5.51 1.5 Olympia, WA $9.28 2.5 Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA $16.85 4.5 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA $258.82 68.9 Spokane, WA $19.26 5.1 Wenatchee, WA $3.77 1.0 Yakima, WA $8.11 2.2 Sum of Metro Areas $355.40 94.6 Wisconsin Appleton, WI $10.38 4.0 Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI (MSA) $4.94 1.9 Duluth, MN-WI $1.31 0.5 Eau Claire, WI $6.72 2.6 Fond du Lac, WI $3.93 1.5 Green Bay, WI $15.88 6.1 Janesville, WI $5.21 2.0 La Crosse, WI-MN $5.77 2.2 Madison, WI $38.02 14.5 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI $88.71 33.9 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI $3.32 1.3 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI $8.44 3.2 Racine, WI $7.07 2.7 Sheboygan, WI $5.46 2.1 Wausau, WI $5.98 2.3 Sum of Metro Areas $211.14 80.7 West Virginia Charleston, WV $15.58 22.5 Cumberland, MD-WV $0.57 0.8 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV $2.79 4.0 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH $6.13 8.8 Morgantown, WV $6.70 9.7 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH $3.59 5.2 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV (MSA) $1.24 1.8 Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH $1.58 2.3 Wheeling, WV-OH $3.94 5.7
  53. 53. 46 Winchester, VA-WV $0.30 0.4 Sum of Metro Areas $42.43 61.2 Wyoming Casper, WY $6.69 17.4 Cheyenne, WY $5.41 14.1 Sum of Metro Areas $12.10 31.5
  54. 54. 47 Rank 2011 2012 2013 2014 U.S Real GDP 1.6 2.5 1.7 2.5 363 Metros Real GMP 1.6 2.5 1.6 2.5 1 Midland, TX 6.4 14.4 7.3 4.4 2 Odessa, TX 17.1 14.1 6.4 3.4 3 Pascagoula, MS ‐5.6 2.4 6.3 3.0 4 Fargo, ND-MN 3.1 5.5 5.7 4.6 5 Bismarck, ND 3.5 8.5 5.4 4.6 6 Sioux Falls, SD 3.1 2.3 4.8 2.7 7 St. Joseph, MO-KS 1.2 9.8 4.6 2.9 8 Cheyenne, WY ‐1.2 2.4 4.5 1.7 9 Trenton-Ewing, NJ 2.2 2.8 4.1 1.8 10 Corpus Christi, TX 3.3 6.9 3.8 3.1 11 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 3.6 5.4 3.5 3.0 12 Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 3.6 6.5 3.4 4.0 13 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 0.3 7.4 3.4 2.9 14 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 7.6 2.8 3.3 3.6 15 Victoria, TX 4.4 8.7 3.3 1.8 16 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 1.5 3.1 3.2 2.8 17 Columbus, IN 4.8 9.6 3.2 2.5 18 Bellingham, WA ‐6.8 4.2 3.1 2.8 19 Jacksonville, FL 0.6 2.2 3.1 2.8 20 Jonesboro, AR ‐0.3 3.3 3.1 2.3 21 Asheville, NC ‐0.2 2.8 3.1 2.2 22 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 2.5 3.9 3.1 2.4 23 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC ‐3.5 2.7 3.0 3.7 24 Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 0.3 5.2 3.0 2.9 25 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 3.2 4.3 3.0 3.7 26 Greenville, NC 2.7 5.6 3.0 2.6 27 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 3.9 3.9 3.0 3.1 28 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 1.7 4.9 2.9 3.1 29 Springfield, MO 2.3 3.6 2.9 1.8 30 Spartanburg, SC 5.0 4.1 2.9 2.8 31 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 4.8 5.1 2.9 3.7 32 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 0.1 0.5 2.9 3.4 33 Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 2.6 3.8 2.8 2.5 34 Fond du Lac, WI 1.3 3.6 2.8 2.9 35 Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ 2.1 3.2 2.8 3.3 36 Holland-Grand Haven, MI 5.0 5.3 2.8 3.8 37 Dalton, GA 0.1 2.4 2.8 2.8 38 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA ‐1.7 1.8 2.7 1.7 39 Napa, CA ‐0.6 4.4 2.6 2.8 40 Abilene, TX 1.3 4.9 2.6 2.0 Table 6: Real GMP Growth Rates (Annual percent change) 47
  55. 55. 48 41 Cleveland, TN 4.8 5.3 2.6 3.6 42 St. Cloud, MN 1.4 4.0 2.6 3.7 43 Grand Forks, ND-MN 0.5 3.9 2.6 2.7 44 Provo-Orem, UT 3.7 4.5 2.6 3.6 45 Morgantown, WV 0.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 46 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 3.3 4.6 2.5 2.9 47 Winchester, VA-WV 2.0 0.6 2.5 1.9 48 Morristown, TN 0.9 3.3 2.5 3.6 49 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.3 50 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA ‐5.6 7.6 2.5 2.1 51 Longview, TX 4.9 5.5 2.4 3.3 52 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 2.6 2.6 2.4 3.4 53 Ocean City, NJ ‐1.3 1.5 2.3 2.0 54 Boulder, CO 3.7 3.7 2.3 2.7 55 Salt Lake City, UT 3.2 4.1 2.3 3.3 56 College Station-Bryan, TX 1.1 4.4 2.3 3.1 57 Ocala, FL ‐0.2 0.2 2.3 2.6 58 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 2.8 3.3 2.3 3.2 59 Columbia, SC 1.2 3.2 2.3 2.9 60 Palm Coast, FL ‐2.8 0.7 2.3 3.6 61 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 1.2 3.1 2.2 2.6 62 Kokomo, IN 7.1 8.4 2.2 4.7 63 St. Louis, MO-IL 1.4 1.6 2.2 1.9 64 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 1.8 3.0 2.2 3.3 65 Lubbock, TX ‐2.7 4.3 2.2 1.9 66 Bend, OR 0.1 2.9 2.1 2.5 67 Spokane, WA 1.5 1.7 2.1 1.8 68 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 2.9 0.8 2.1 2.7 69 Jackson, TN 1.3 3.1 2.0 2.6 70 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA 1.1 1.4 2.0 1.9 71 Anderson, IN 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.0 72 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL 1.3 3.5 2.0 2.5 73 Lexington-Fayette, KY 1.2 0.6 2.0 2.9 74 Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 1.7 2.5 2.0 3.2 75 Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 4.2 5.3 2.0 3.5 76 Ogden-Clearfield, UT 1.4 3.7 2.0 3.2 77 Elkhart-Goshen, IN 1.5 11.4 2.0 2.0 78 Greeley, CO 1.9 3.7 1.9 4.0 79 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL ‐1.3 2.5 1.9 1.7 80 Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC 4.1 1.6 1.9 3.2 81 Sheboygan, WI ‐2.0 3.2 1.9 2.7 82 Columbia, MO 2.8 2.9 1.9 3.8 83 Waco, TX ‐0.3 4.0 1.9 2.1 84 Naples-Marco Island, FL 0.6 1.1 1.9 4.5 85 Knoxville, TN 2.9 1.4 1.9 2.3 86 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ ‐1.5 0.8 1.9 0.8 87 Canton-Massillon, OH 4.1 4.4 1.8 1.4
  56. 56. 49 88 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 1.4 1.8 1.8 2.7 89 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ ‐2.0 ‐0.5 1.8 2.4 90 Battle Creek, MI ‐2.2 4.2 1.8 2.8 91 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 1.3 2.5 1.7 2.1 92 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 2.0 2.3 1.7 2.4 93 Wilmington, NC 2.4 0.3 1.7 2.8 94 Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC 1.1 0.8 1.7 4.1 95 Salem, OR ‐1.5 0.7 1.7 1.7 96 Kankakee-Bradley, IL 0.6 5.1 1.7 1.7 97 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA ‐1.5 2.6 1.7 3.0 98 Laredo, TX 5.8 3.9 1.7 3.5 99 Madison, WI 2.2 1.6 1.7 2.6 100 Williamsport, PA 10.2 5.6 1.6 2.1 101 Sumter, SC 3.5 2.3 1.6 2.6 102 Baltimore-Towson, MD 1.5 3.2 1.6 2.1 103 Lake Charles, LA ‐7.2 2.5 1.6 1.8 104 Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 1.7 3.3 1.6 2.3 105 Raleigh-Cary, NC 2.2 2.4 1.6 3.8 106 Eau Claire, WI ‐1.0 4.3 1.6 2.7 107 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 2.1 2.7 1.6 3.0 108 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 1.2 1.4 1.6 3.0 109 Altoona, PA 1.0 3.4 1.6 1.7 110 Burlington, NC 1.9 2.8 1.6 2.9 111 Ames, IA 3.3 4.1 1.5 2.1 112 Barnstable Town, MA 0.2 1.6 1.5 1.6 113 Baton Rouge, LA ‐1.7 2.9 1.5 2.3 114 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 2.4 2.6 1.5 2.7 115 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL ‐3.1 ‐0.2 1.5 2.7 116 Fort Smith, AR-OK ‐0.3 1.6 1.5 1.8 117 Champaign-Urbana, IL ‐1.7 0.7 1.4 1.6 118 Boise City-Nampa, ID 0.4 2.1 1.4 2.8 119 Greensboro-High Point, NC 1.7 2.6 1.4 2.3 120 Green Bay, WI 0.9 1.7 1.4 3.0 121 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 1.1 1.5 1.4 2.0 122 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 0.2 0.4 1.4 2.8 123 Appleton, WI 1.4 1.1 1.3 2.7 124 San Angelo, TX 2.9 3.5 1.3 2.4 125 Dubuque, IA 4.4 5.1 1.3 1.3 126 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 0.4 3.2 1.3 2.9 127 Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI 2.0 2.4 1.3 2.3 128 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 1.9 2.7 1.3 2.1 129 Wheeling, WV-OH 0.8 4.5 1.3 1.2 130 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 1.3 1.8 1.3 3.3 131 Pueblo, CO 2.2 1.6 1.2 1.8 132 Akron, OH 1.6 2.5 1.2 1.0 133 Fort Wayne, IN 2.0 2.7 1.2 1.7 134 Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 4.2 2.9 1.2 3.2
  57. 57. 50 135 Yakima, WA ‐2.9 2.0 1.2 1.5 136 Florence, SC ‐0.6 3.8 1.2 2.1 137 Goldsboro, NC 0.3 2.3 1.2 1.4 138 Kansas City, MO-KS 1.2 2.5 1.2 2.5 139 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH 0.8 1.6 1.2 1.4 140 La Crosse, WI-MN 0.8 2.6 1.2 2.4 141 Bakersfield-Delano, CA ‐3.2 5.9 1.2 3.1 142 Birmingham-Hoover, AL 2.1 3.8 1.2 1.9 143 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 0.3 2.0 1.2 2.3 144 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 2.0 1.1 1.2 2.4 145 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 0.5 2.2 1.1 2.6 146 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD ‐4.3 0.7 1.1 2.0 147 Hattiesburg, MS 0.7 4.0 1.1 2.1 148 Lancaster, PA ‐1.3 2.0 1.1 2.0 149 Columbus, OH 2.9 2.7 1.1 2.5 150 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 1.5 3.1 1.1 2.0 151 Jackson, MS 0.1 1.6 1.1 2.3 152 Pittsburgh, PA 3.5 2.1 1.0 2.0 153 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 0.3 1.7 1.0 1.9 154 Reading, PA 1.3 1.3 1.0 2.0 155 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 3.9 3.8 1.0 3.2 156 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA ‐9.9 ‐0.2 1.0 1.5 157 Glens Falls, NY 0.7 1.2 1.0 2.1 158 Rochester, MN ‐2.9 3.6 1.0 2.6 159 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 1.0 4.1 1.0 1.7 160 Anderson, SC 4.0 0.5 1.0 2.6 161 Burlington-South Burlington, VT 1.2 2.1 1.0 1.8 162 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA ‐4.2 4.1 0.9 2.5 163 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 1.2 1.8 0.9 3.1 164 Longview, WA 0.0 5.5 0.9 1.3 165 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 0.5 1.9 0.9 1.4 166 Richmond, VA 1.0 3.2 0.9 1.7 167 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 2.2 0.6 0.9 2.1 168 Port St. Lucie, FL 0.9 0.4 0.9 2.7 169 Hot Springs, AR 1.7 2.5 0.9 1.5 170 Medford, OR 0.5 2.3 0.9 2.4 171 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 2.8 ‐0.6 0.9 3.4 172 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 1.6 2.1 0.9 1.7 173 Wausau, WI 0.0 2.5 0.8 2.6 174 Albuquerque, NM 0.4 0.8 0.8 2.7 175 Athens-Clarke County, GA ‐0.7 1.2 0.8 1.7 176 Owensboro, KY 1.8 2.7 0.8 2.3 177 Chattanooga, TN-GA 2.0 2.5 0.8 2.6 178 Olympia, WA 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 179 Flint, MI 2.6 1.8 0.8 1.9 180 Janesville, WI 1.7 3.4 0.8 2.1 181 North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL 0.9 0.8 0.8 2.4
  58. 58. 51 182 Lafayette, IN 4.3 3.3 0.8 2.4 183 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 3.0 0.1 0.8 2.1 184 Amarillo, TX 0.7 1.3 0.8 2.4 185 Colorado Springs, CO 2.9 1.3 0.7 2.4 186 Brunswick, GA ‐0.1 2.3 0.7 1.9 187 Sandusky, OH 2.4 ‐0.7 0.7 3.1 188 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL ‐0.5 0.4 0.7 2.3 189 Roanoke, VA 0.2 3.1 0.7 1.4 190 Tallahassee, FL ‐0.6 ‐1.0 0.7 1.7 191 Ann Arbor, MI 1.3 1.6 0.7 2.3 192 Auburn-Opelika, AL 3.6 0.9 0.7 2.4 193 Monroe, MI 1.8 5.3 0.7 1.8 194 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 1.6 0.0 0.7 2.2 195 Bloomington-Normal, IL ‐0.6 2.0 0.6 1.2 196 Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA ‐1.1 1.4 0.6 1.7 197 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 1.5 0.6 0.6 2.7 198 Eugene-Springfield, OR 2.2 1.3 0.6 1.4 199 Tucson, AZ 0.4 1.4 0.6 2.2 200 Gainesville, FL 0.0 ‐0.6 0.6 1.7 201 Joplin, MO 1.4 0.9 0.6 2.0 202 Springfield, OH 3.9 2.0 0.6 1.5 203 Toledo, OH 4.6 3.2 0.5 1.7 204 Springfield, MA ‐0.2 2.3 0.5 1.3 205 Tuscaloosa, AL 5.8 ‐0.9 0.5 3.2 206 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA 0.5 ‐4.0 0.5 2.3 207 Iowa City, IA 4.1 1.5 0.5 2.4 208 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 2.1 ‐0.7 0.5 1.4 209 Cumberland, MD-WV 0.4 1.2 0.4 ‐1.7 210 Worcester, MA 0.9 0.8 0.4 1.7 211 Macon, GA 1.3 0.3 0.4 1.8 212 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL 1.8 1.8 0.4 0.8 213 Winston-Salem, NC ‐1.7 0.4 0.4 2.0 214 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 2.8 0.8 0.4 2.6 215 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA 1.1 0.7 0.3 1.5 216 Rapid City, SD 3.1 2.0 0.3 2.2 217 Oklahoma City, OK 2.6 2.2 0.3 2.1 218 Cedar Rapids, IA 0.6 2.2 0.3 1.2 219 Honolulu, HI 2.5 2.0 0.3 1.7 220 Stockton, CA ‐1.6 1.7 0.3 3.0 221 Lewiston, ID-WA ‐1.0 ‐0.3 0.3 2.5 222 Johnson City, TN 3.0 2.3 0.3 1.8 223 Grand Junction, CO 1.0 ‐0.2 0.3 3.0 224 Racine, WI 0.8 3.1 0.3 2.4 225 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 0.2 ‐0.4 0.3 1.9 226 Columbus, GA-AL 3.5 0.3 0.3 2.3 227 Lincoln, NE 2.4 2.2 0.3 1.9 228 Santa Fe, NM ‐0.9 ‐1.2 0.2 3.1
  59. 59. 52 229 Rockford, IL 3.7 1.9 0.2 1.9 230 Erie, PA 5.3 1.0 0.2 1.7 231 Missoula, MT 1.1 3.9 0.2 1.6 232 Sherman-Denison, TX 2.0 2.0 0.2 1.7 233 Anchorage, AK 0.9 2.3 0.2 0.2 234 Gainesville, GA 6.0 ‐1.6 0.2 3.2 235 Wichita Falls, TX 0.4 3.1 0.2 1.0 236 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 0.2 1.7 0.2 2.9 237 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 4.5 2.2 0.1 1.1 238 State College, PA 3.3 0.0 0.1 1.9 239 York-Hanover, PA 1.1 0.4 0.1 2.0 240 Tyler, TX 2.3 1.2 0.1 2.7 241 Corvallis, OR ‐2.2 0.7 0.1 2.6 242 Peoria, IL 10.5 7.0 0.1 1.5 243 Mobile, AL 1.6 ‐1.7 0.1 1.4 244 Bloomington, IN 0.4 2.2 0.1 1.2 245 Savannah, GA 2.1 2.4 0.0 1.8 246 Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR 0.8 1.5 0.0 2.1 247 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA ‐1.3 ‐0.7 0.0 2.6 248 Reno-Sparks, NV 1.1 0.5 0.0 2.0 249 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 4.9 2.7 0.0 1.8 250 Jefferson City, MO ‐0.1 ‐1.6 0.0 1.7 251 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 1.1 1.3 0.0 2.9 252 Springfield, IL 0.4 ‐0.9 0.0 0.9 253 Monroe, LA ‐1.0 3.0 0.0 1.4 254 Merced, CA ‐2.6 2.2 0.0 2.8 255 Billings, MT 7.0 1.5 0.0 1.0 256 Lima, OH 4.8 2.7 0.0 0.8 257 Logan, UT-ID 2.7 1.0 ‐0.1 3.2 258 St. George, UT 1.9 3.2 ‐0.1 3.9 259 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL ‐0.2 1.4 ‐0.1 1.3 260 Fresno, CA ‐1.4 0.6 ‐0.1 2.7 261 Las Cruces, NM ‐2.6 ‐1.4 ‐0.1 3.5 262 Bowling Green, KY 1.3 1.9 ‐0.1 2.2 263 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 1.3 ‐0.6 ‐0.1 2.2 264 Lansing-East Lansing, MI ‐0.3 0.0 ‐0.1 2.1 265 Modesto, CA ‐2.1 1.7 ‐0.1 3.1 266 Jackson, MI 3.5 2.1 ‐0.2 2.0 267 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 0.7 ‐0.2 ‐0.2 2.3 268 Lewiston-Auburn, ME 0.6 1.4 ‐0.2 1.7 269 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 3.2 3.1 ‐0.2 ‐0.6 270 Huntsville, AL 0.8 ‐0.1 ‐0.2 2.1 271 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 5.5 1.9 ‐0.3 1.8 272 Charleston, WV 0.3 1.0 ‐0.3 1.6 273 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME 1.1 0.2 ‐0.3 1.9 274 Salinas, CA ‐3.9 1.1 ‐0.3 2.2 275 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 3.0 1.6 ‐0.3 1.2
  60. 60. 53 276 Hanford-Corcoran, CA 1.8 ‐0.5 ‐0.3 3.1 277 Mansfield, OH 2.1 1.3 ‐0.3 0.8 278 Decatur, AL ‐1.1 0.9 ‐0.3 2.5 279 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH ‐1.8 1.0 ‐0.3 2.0 280 Lynchburg, VA ‐0.4 0.1 ‐0.4 0.6 281 Lawton, OK ‐0.8 ‐2.0 ‐0.4 0.7 282 Manchester-Nashua, NH 4.6 ‐1.1 ‐0.4 2.1 283 Harrisonburg, VA 2.0 ‐0.6 ‐0.4 1.1 284 Tulsa, OK 2.5 0.3 ‐0.4 2.4 285 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI 2.9 0.9 ‐0.4 1.5 286 Bangor, ME 0.7 1.4 ‐0.5 1.2 287 Madera-Chowchilla, CA ‐1.2 1.5 ‐0.5 3.3 288 Albany, GA ‐1.4 1.2 ‐0.5 1.5 289 Rocky Mount, NC ‐1.9 1.4 ‐0.5 1.1 290 Clarksville, TN-KY 6.8 0.4 ‐0.5 2.8 291 Syracuse, NY ‐0.7 0.9 ‐0.5 0.8 292 Rome, GA ‐0.3 1.1 ‐0.5 2.1 293 Wichita, KS 3.8 1.4 ‐0.6 2.4 294 Flagstaff, AZ 0.5 1.7 ‐0.6 1.9 295 Montgomery, AL 1.1 ‐0.6 ‐0.6 1.1 296 El Paso, TX 4.3 0.5 ‐0.6 2.6 297 Valdosta, GA ‐0.4 0.9 ‐0.6 1.9 298 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI ‐0.1 ‐1.5 ‐0.6 2.9 299 Lebanon, PA 1.3 1.6 ‐0.7 1.1 300 Alexandria, LA 0.9 ‐0.4 ‐0.7 1.3 301 El Centro, CA ‐4.5 0.7 ‐0.7 3.0 302 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX 3.1 0.0 ‐0.7 2.5 303 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA 8.1 ‐1.9 ‐0.7 1.9 304 Redding, CA ‐0.2 ‐0.2 ‐0.7 1.7 305 Johnstown, PA 0.6 ‐0.5 ‐0.7 1.2 306 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA 0.6 ‐1.5 ‐0.8 1.8 307 Elizabethtown, KY 7.3 0.7 ‐0.8 2.5 308 Dover, DE ‐0.8 1.4 ‐0.8 0.3 309 Chico, CA ‐2.4 1.3 ‐0.8 1.4 310 Fayetteville, NC 2.6 ‐1.0 ‐0.9 1.2 311 New Haven-Milford, CT ‐0.3 0.0 ‐0.9 2.0 312 Dothan, AL ‐2.0 ‐0.8 ‐0.9 1.3 313 Muncie, IN 1.8 2.6 ‐0.9 0.0 314 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 4.0 0.6 ‐0.9 1.2 315 Bay City, MI 0.5 1.3 ‐1.0 1.7 316 Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, FL ‐1.6 ‐0.5 ‐1.0 1.8 317 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 0.9 0.8 ‐1.0 0.8 318 Pittsfield, MA 1.5 ‐0.9 ‐1.0 0.8 319 Dayton, OH 2.6 ‐0.6 ‐1.0 1.3 320 Yuba City, CA ‐3.0 ‐0.6 ‐1.0 2.4 321 Danville, VA 0.7 0.0 ‐1.1 0.7 322 Ithaca, NY ‐0.5 0.9 ‐1.1 0.5
  61. 61. 54 323 Terre Haute, IN ‐0.4 1.4 ‐1.1 1.4 324 Rochester, NY ‐0.6 0.3 ‐1.1 1.0 325 Gadsden, AL 1.0 ‐1.8 ‐1.1 1.9 326 Great Falls, MT 1.3 ‐0.9 ‐1.2 1.7 327 Coeur d'Alene, ID 0.0 ‐2.4 ‐1.2 3.3 328 Warner Robins, GA 0.9 ‐0.4 ‐1.2 2.9 329 Michigan City-La Porte, IN 2.8 0.4 ‐1.2 2.7 330 Pine Bluff, AR ‐2.3 2.0 ‐1.2 0.6 331 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 0.6 1.5 ‐1.2 1.0 332 Visalia-Porterville, CA ‐0.3 ‐1.9 ‐1.3 3.1 333 Topeka, KS 2.4 0.3 ‐1.3 1.4 334 Danville, IL 0.9 ‐0.5 ‐1.4 1.2 335 Anniston-Oxford, AL ‐1.4 ‐0.9 ‐1.4 1.0 336 Norwich-New London, CT ‐3.4 ‐2.2 ‐1.4 1.9 337 Evansville, IN-KY 1.8 ‐1.7 ‐1.5 2.2 338 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 0.7 0.3 ‐1.6 0.8 339 Punta Gorda, FL 1.2 ‐3.8 ‐1.6 2.0 340 Casper, WY ‐0.9 3.6 ‐1.7 0.8 341 Carson City, NV ‐1.0 ‐2.0 ‐1.7 1.6 342 Jacksonville, NC ‐0.4 ‐0.8 ‐1.7 1.0 343 Prescott, AZ ‐1.1 2.5 ‐1.8 1.3 344 Farmington, NM 4.9 ‐2.2 ‐1.9 2.1 345 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ 1.0 0.8 ‐2.0 0.4 346 Idaho Falls, ID 0.5 ‐3.1 ‐2.0 2.9 347 Fairbanks, AK 2.4 0.6 ‐2.0 ‐0.5 348 Binghamton, NY ‐0.7 ‐0.7 ‐2.1 0.3 349 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS ‐6.0 ‐1.9 ‐2.1 1.7 350 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI 2.6 0.5 ‐2.1 1.9 351 Elmira, NY 2.2 ‐0.3 ‐2.1 0.4 352 Kingston, NY ‐1.2 ‐0.5 ‐2.2 0.3 353 Duluth, MN-WI 2.0 ‐1.9 ‐2.2 1.5 354 Utica-Rome, NY ‐0.9 ‐0.4 ‐2.2 0.3 355 Pocatello, ID 0.1 ‐1.7 ‐2.4 1.2 356 Lawrence, KS ‐0.4 ‐0.7 ‐2.6 0.8 357 Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV 0.5 1.0 ‐2.8 0.2 358 Salisbury, MD ‐3.3 1.4 ‐2.9 ‐2.6 359 Charlottesville, VA 1.7 ‐0.2 ‐3.0 1.6 360 Yuma, AZ ‐1.4 ‐0.5 ‐4.2 0.5 361 Lafayette, LA 1.0 ‐8.1 ‐4.2 1.6 362 Decatur, IL 2.4 ‐0.1 ‐4.6 0.9 363 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 0.9 ‐11.0 ‐6.2 0.6
  62. 62. 55 2012- 2013- Rank 2013 2014 U.S 1.5 1.8 363 Metros 1.6 1.8 1 Midland, TX 6.3 3.4 2 Odessa, TX 5.2 2.5 3 Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA 5.2 1.6 4 Winchester, VA-WV 4.9 1.9 5 Provo-Orem, UT 4.4 2.7 6 Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 4.2 3.4 7 Napa, CA 3.9 2.3 8 Salt Lake City, UT 3.8 2.6 9 San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles, CA 3.7 2.6 10 Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX 3.6 3.0 11 Cheyenne, WY 3.6 2.2 12 Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 3.6 2.7 13 Corpus Christi, TX 3.5 2.3 14 Columbus, IN 3.5 2.5 15 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 3.4 3.1 16 Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN 3.4 2.5 17 Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL 3.3 3.1 18 Lexington-Fayette, KY 3.3 2.4 19 Glens Falls, NY 3.3 2.5 20 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 3.2 2.3 21 Fargo, ND-MN 3.2 3.1 22 Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 3.2 2.1 23 Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, TX 3.1 3.2 24 Pascagoula, MS 3.1 2.3 25 Naples-Marco Island, FL 3.0 4.5 26 Bismarck, ND 3.0 3.2 27 Ocala, FL 3.0 2.0 28 Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, SC 2.9 3.7 29 Jonesboro, AR 2.9 2.0 30 Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 2.8 2.7 31 Asheville, NC 2.8 1.2 32 Spokane, WA 2.8 2.2 33 San Angelo, TX 2.8 2.3 34 St. George, UT 2.8 3.2 35 San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 2.7 2.4 36 Yuba City, CA 2.7 2.4 37 Ogden-Clearfield, UT 2.7 2.2 38 Tuscaloosa, AL 2.7 2.8 39 Holland-Grand Haven, MI 2.6 2.6 Table 7: Total Non-farm Employment Growth Rates (Annual percent change)
  63. 63. 56 40 Boulder, CO 2.6 2.3 41 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 2.6 2.6 42 Lake Charles, LA 2.6 1.7 43 Laredo, TX 2.5 3.0 44 Hanford-Corcoran, CA 2.5 2.1 45 Longview, TX 2.5 2.7 46 Jacksonville, FL 2.5 2.3 47 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 2.5 2.0 48 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 2.5 2.6 49 Auburn-Opelika, AL 2.5 2.2 50 Boise City-Nampa, ID 2.4 2.5 51 Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 2.4 2.6 52 Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 2.4 2.5 53 Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ 2.3 2.8 54 College Station-Bryan, TX 2.3 3.0 55 Morgantown, WV 2.3 1.8 56 Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 2.3 1.3 57 Cleveland, TN 2.3 1.9 58 Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN 2.3 1.8 59 Knoxville, TN 2.2 1.6 60 Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 2.2 1.6 61 Waco, TX 2.2 2.0 62 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 2.1 1.8 63 Oklahoma City, OK 2.1 1.6 64 Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA 2.1 1.7 65 Sioux Falls, SD 2.0 1.9 66 Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 2.0 2.8 67 Fond du Lac, WI 2.0 2.4 68 Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta, CA 2.0 1.7 69 Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL 2.0 2.9 70 Gainesville, FL 2.0 1.5 71 Abilene, TX 2.0 1.5 72 Lubbock, TX 2.0 2.2 73 Trenton-Ewing, NJ 2.0 1.1 74 Lafayette, LA 2.0 2.2 75 Vallejo-Fairfield, CA 2.0 2.2 76 Barnstable Town, MA 2.0 1.0 77 Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux, LA 2.0 2.2 78 Lafayette, IN 1.9 2.1 79 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 1.9 2.7 80 Flagstaff, AZ 1.9 2.5 81 Santa Rosa-Petaluma, CA 1.9 1.6 82 Wilmington, NC 1.9 2.3 83 Port St. Lucie, FL 1.9 2.4 84 Coeur d'Alene, ID 1.9 3.7 85 Victoria, TX 1.9 0.7 86 Greeley, CO 1.9 3.3
  64. 64. 57 87 Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 1.9 2.1 88 Ithaca, NY 1.9 0.9 89 Ann Arbor, MI 1.9 1.6 90 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 1.9 1.9 91 Indianapolis-Carmel, IN 1.9 2.0 92 Idaho Falls, ID 1.8 3.2 93 McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX 1.8 2.6 94 Springfield, MO 1.8 1.4 95 Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, TX 1.8 2.6 96 St. Joseph, MO-KS 1.8 2.2 97 Baltimore-Towson, MD 1.8 1.2 98 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 1.8 1.7 99 Bakersfield-Delano, CA 1.8 2.4 100 Brownsville-Harlingen, TX 1.8 2.8 101 Stockton, CA 1.7 2.3 102 El Centro, CA 1.7 1.9 103 Sioux City, IA-NE-SD 1.7 1.3 104 Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 1.7 1.9 105 New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY 1.7 1.3 106 Visalia-Porterville, CA 1.7 1.7 107 Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 1.7 1.8 108 Appleton, WI 1.7 2.6 109 St. Cloud, MN 1.7 3.1 110 San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 1.6 1.9 111 Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 1.6 1.4 112 Anderson, IN 1.6 1.6 113 Durham-Chapel Hill, NC 1.6 2.0 114 Columbia, SC 1.6 2.2 115 Sherman-Denison, TX 1.6 1.8 116 Salinas, CA 1.6 1.1 117 Madera-Chowchilla, CA 1.6 2.2 118 Spartanburg, SC 1.6 1.6 119 Battle Creek, MI 1.6 2.1 120 Baton Rouge, LA 1.5 1.5 121 Lancaster, PA 1.5 1.5 122 Columbus, OH 1.5 2.5 123 Owensboro, KY 1.5 1.8 124 Green Bay, WI 1.5 2.7 125 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL 1.5 2.1 126 Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL 1.5 1.1 127 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX 1.5 2.6 128 Champaign-Urbana, IL 1.4 1.0 129 Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR 1.4 1.8 130 Canton-Massillon, OH 1.4 1.1 131 Colorado Springs, CO 1.4 2.1 132 Elkhart-Goshen, IN 1.4 1.8 133 Greenville-Mauldin-Easley, SC 1.4 2.5
  65. 65. 58 134 Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 1.4 2.0 135 Wenatchee-East Wenatchee, WA 1.4 1.4 136 Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, SC 1.4 2.9 137 Tulsa, OK 1.4 1.6 138 Fresno, CA 1.4 2.0 139 Salem, OR 1.4 1.4 140 Jacksonville, NC 1.4 1.7 141 Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 1.3 2.3 142 Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL 1.3 1.2 143 Harrisonburg, VA 1.3 1.0 144 Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI 1.3 1.8 145 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-W 1.3 1.8 146 Macon, GA 1.3 1.4 147 Akron, OH 1.3 0.6 148 Reading, PA 1.3 1.4 149 Raleigh-Cary, NC 1.3 2.6 150 Tallahassee, FL 1.3 1.4 151 Fort Smith, AR-OK 1.3 1.4 152 Amarillo, TX 1.3 2.1 153 Redding, CA 1.3 1.8 154 Billings, MT 1.2 1.0 155 Burlington, NC 1.2 2.4 156 Greenville, NC 1.2 1.1 157 Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 1.2 2.0 158 La Crosse, WI-MN 1.2 2.2 159 Palm Coast, FL 1.2 2.5 160 Bend, OR 1.1 2.4 161 Grand Forks, ND-MN 1.1 1.5 162 Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA 1.1 1.4 163 Burlington-South Burlington, VT 1.1 1.2 164 Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 1.1 1.2 165 Chico, CA 1.1 1.2 166 Lewiston, ID-WA 1.1 2.4 167 Yakima, WA 1.1 1.4 168 Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 1.1 1.7 169 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 1.1 1.4 170 Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 1.1 1.2 171 Lincoln, NE 1.1 1.2 172 Richmond, VA 1.0 1.1 173 Anchorage, AK 1.0 1.9 174 Pittsburgh, PA 1.0 1.4 175 Eau Claire, WI 1.0 2.3 176 Iowa City, IA 1.0 2.2 177 Oshkosh-Neenah, WI 1.0 2.3 178 Logan, UT-ID 1.0 2.1 179 Kokomo, IN 1.0 2.8 180 Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME 1.0 1.6
  66. 66. 59 181 Kansas City, MO-KS 1.0 1.9 182 Memphis, TN-MS-AR 1.0 1.8 183 El Paso, TX 1.0 2.0 184 Flint, MI 1.0 1.3 185 Williamsport, PA 1.0 1.5 186 Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA 0.9 0.9 187 Modesto, CA 0.9 1.9 188 Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA 0.9 1.4 189 Jackson, MS 0.9 1.5 190 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 0.9 1.9 191 Fort Wayne, IN 0.9 1.1 192 Albuquerque, NM 0.9 2.2 193 Sheboygan, WI 0.9 2.0 194 Kalamazoo-Portage, MI 0.9 1.5 195 Merced, CA 0.9 1.4 196 New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA 0.9 1.9 197 Sumter, SC 0.9 1.9 198 Ocean City, NJ 0.9 1.2 199 Toledo, OH 0.9 1.3 200 Roanoke, VA 0.9 0.9 201 Gainesville, GA 0.9 2.3 202 Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 0.9 1.6 203 Syracuse, NY 0.8 0.8 204 Columbia, MO 0.8 2.9 205 North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota, FL 0.8 2.0 206 Tyler, TX 0.8 2.5 207 Olympia, WA 0.8 0.8 208 St. Louis, MO-IL 0.8 1.4 209 Gadsden, AL 0.8 1.6 210 Clarksville, TN-KY 0.8 2.0 211 Jackson, TN 0.8 1.1 212 Bowling Green, KY 0.8 1.8 213 Rochester, MN 0.8 2.0 214 Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 0.7 1.3 215 Janesville, WI 0.7 1.5 216 Pueblo, CO 0.7 0.9 217 Valdosta, GA 0.7 1.7 218 Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 0.7 1.3 219 Athens-Clarke County, GA 0.7 1.1 220 Tucson, AZ 0.7 1.6 221 Greensboro-High Point, NC 0.7 2.1 222 Punta Gorda, FL 0.7 2.0 223 Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 0.7 1.1 224 Lynchburg, VA 0.7 0.2 225 Cumberland, MD-WV 0.7 ‐0.3 226 Manchester-Nashua, NH 0.7 1.4 227 Winston-Salem, NC 0.7 1.7
  67. 67. 60 228 Savannah, GA 0.7 1.2 229 Grand Junction, CO 0.7 2.3 230 York-Hanover, PA 0.7 1.4 231 Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 0.7 1.9 232 Rapid City, SD 0.7 1.8 233 Honolulu, HI 0.6 1.4 234 Mobile, AL 0.6 1.1 235 Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC 0.6 1.5 236 Chattanooga, TN-GA 0.6 1.7 237 Kingston, NY 0.6 0.3 238 Ames, IA 0.6 1.7 239 Fairbanks, AK 0.6 1.6 240 Springfield, IL 0.6 0.8 241 Casper, WY 0.6 1.6 242 Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV 0.6 0.6 243 Reno-Sparks, NV 0.6 1.3 244 Buffalo-Niagara Falls, NY 0.6 0.9 245 Fayetteville, NC 0.6 1.0 246 Montgomery, AL 0.6 1.0 247 State College, PA 0.5 1.5 248 Dover, DE 0.5 1.6 249 Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ 0.5 1.6 250 Kennewick-Richland-Pasco, WA 0.5 1.9 251 Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 0.5 0.8 252 Decatur, AL 0.5 1.9 253 Jefferson City, MO 0.5 1.1 254 Madison, WI 0.5 1.8 255 Corvallis, OR 0.4 1.0 256 Joplin, MO 0.4 1.4 257 Goldsboro, NC 0.4 0.4 258 Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 0.4 1.1 259 Wichita, KS 0.4 1.6 260 Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL 0.4 1.4 261 Kankakee-Bradley, IL 0.4 0.8 262 Santa Fe, NM 0.4 2.2 263 Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 0.4 0.8 264 Erie, PA 0.4 1.3 265 Bellingham, WA 0.4 2.3 266 Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 0.4 1.6 267 Altoona, PA 0.3 1.0 268 Wichita Falls, TX 0.3 0.8 269 Rochester, NY 0.3 0.7 270 Medford, OR 0.3 1.8 271 Worcester, MA 0.3 1.1 272 Texarkana-Texarkana, TX-AR 0.3 1.9 273 Danville, VA 0.3 0.9 274 Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA 0.2 0.9
  68. 68. 61 275 Topeka, KS 0.2 1.0 276 Anderson, SC 0.2 1.6 277 Jackson, MI 0.2 1.3 278 Dothan, AL 0.1 1.1 279 Rockford, IL 0.1 0.9 280 Hattiesburg, MS 0.1 1.6 281 Columbus, GA-AL 0.1 1.6 282 Lansing-East Lansing, MI 0.1 0.5 283 Duluth, MN-WI 0.1 1.2 284 Missoula, MT 0.1 1.5 285 Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 0.1 0.3 286 Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna, WV-OH 0.1 0.8 287 Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton, NJ 0.1 1.1 288 Lawton, OK 0.1 0.0 289 Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, PA 0.1 0.7 290 Lebanon, PA 0.1 0.6 291 Dubuque, IA 0.0 0.6 292 Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX 0.0 1.0 293 Eugene-Springfield, OR 0.0 0.7 294 Birmingham-Hoover, AL 0.0 1.1 295 Great Falls, MT 0.0 1.8 296 Florence, SC 0.0 1.2 297 Monroe, MI 0.0 1.1 298 Lewiston-Auburn, ME ‐0.1 1.4 299 New Haven-Milford, CT ‐0.1 1.0 300 Farmington, NM ‐0.1 1.3 301 Springfield, MA ‐0.1 0.5 302 Michigan City-La Porte, IN ‐0.1 1.8 303 Morristown, TN ‐0.1 1.9 304 Charleston, WV ‐0.1 0.7 305 Utica-Rome, NY ‐0.1 0.4 306 Johnstown, PA ‐0.2 0.8 307 Dayton, OH ‐0.2 0.9 308 Muncie, IN ‐0.2 ‐0.1 309 Hot Springs, AR ‐0.2 0.7 310 Huntsville, AL ‐0.2 2.2 311 Las Cruces, NM ‐0.2 2.1 312 Albany, GA ‐0.2 1.0 313 Terre Haute, IN ‐0.2 0.6 314 Springfield, OH ‐0.3 1.2 315 Elizabethtown, KY ‐0.3 1.8 316 Monroe, LA ‐0.3 0.7 317 Dalton, GA ‐0.3 1.3 318 Pocatello, ID ‐0.3 1.2 319 Anniston-Oxford, AL ‐0.3 1.4 320 Cedar Rapids, IA ‐0.3 0.7 321 Pittsfield, MA ‐0.3 0.1
  69. 69. 62 322 Bay City, MI ‐0.4 1.2 323 Binghamton, NY ‐0.4 0.3 324 Hinesville-Fort Stewart, GA ‐0.4 0.8 325 Brunswick, GA ‐0.4 1.2 326 Racine, WI ‐0.4 2.0 327 Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH ‐0.5 1.4 328 Alexandria, LA ‐0.5 1.1 329 Sandusky, OH ‐0.5 2.5 330 Bangor, ME ‐0.5 0.9 331 Wausau, WI ‐0.5 1.9 332 Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH ‐0.5 0.6 333 South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI ‐0.5 0.8 334 Prescott, AZ ‐0.5 1.7 335 Evansville, IN-KY ‐0.5 1.4 336 Wheeling, WV-OH ‐0.6 0.7 337 Warner Robins, GA ‐0.6 2.0 338 Rome, GA ‐0.7 1.2 339 Bremerton-Silverdale, WA ‐0.7 1.7 340 Mansfield, OH ‐0.7 0.8 341 Bloomington-Normal, IL ‐0.8 1.0 342 Bloomington, IN ‐0.8 0.6 343 Carson City, NV ‐0.9 0.5 344 Longview, WA ‐0.9 1.0 345 Lawrence, KS ‐0.9 0.6 346 Norwich-New London, CT ‐0.9 0.4 347 Elmira, NY ‐1.0 0.2 348 Lima, OH ‐1.1 0.5 349 Johnson City, TN ‐1.1 0.5 350 Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ ‐1.1 0.5 351 Danville, IL ‐1.1 0.5 352 Gulfport-Biloxi, MS ‐1.2 1.4 353 Peoria, IL ‐1.2 0.7 354 Shreveport-Bossier City, LA ‐1.3 0.9 355 Saginaw-Saginaw Township North, MI ‐1.4 1.3 356 Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach, ‐1.5 1.5 357 Salisbury, MD ‐1.9 ‐0.4 358 Charlottesville, VA ‐1.9 1.4 359 Yuma, AZ ‐1.9 0.7 360 Pine Bluff, AR ‐2.2 0.1 361 Rocky Mount, NC ‐2.2 ‐0.1 362 Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV ‐2.6 0.1 363 Decatur, IL ‐4.2 ‐0.2
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