Millennium Development Goals Overview of Process and Implications for UNESCO July 2002
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Millennium Development Goals Overview of Process and Implications for UNESCO July 2002
Andrew Williams Jr
aj@trn.tv
Skype: andrew.williams.jr
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South Africa Investment Forum June 19 2014 Implementing Vision 2030 Nelson Mandela’s Legacy, Agenda 2063, Climate Change and YOU
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  • [prepared by UNDP and Professor Sachs in cooperation with the UN Development Group and with other key UN partners, particularly UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA)] <br />
  • The entire system is involved, and the reforms have become a major focus of the inter-agency co-ordination mechanisms. ACC, CCPOQ, UNDG, are all linked to the process. <br /> The ACC issued in particular a “Statement on the implementation of GA resolution A/53/192” (which endorsed the reform proposals), indicating the commitment of ALL member agencies to implement the reform (available on the CCA/UNDAF CD-Rom). <br /> UNAIDS is not an agency, but a UN joint programme and therefore not a member of ACC. <br /> Affiliated agencies e.g. UNIFEM, UNOPS, UNCHS, UNV are also not members of ACC, but members of the UNDG. <br /> Provide handouts of ACC + CCPOQ membership lists. <br />

Millennium Development Goals Overview of Process and Implications for UNESCO July 2002 Millennium Development Goals Overview of Process and Implications for UNESCO July 2002 Presentation Transcript

  • Reaching the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) An overview of the current processAn overview of the current process and its implications for UNESCOand its implications for UNESCO BSP/PMR, July 2002
  • A. Defining the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  Why the MDGs ?  What are the MDGs ?
  •  Why the MDGs ? The 1990s: a decade of faltering progressThe 1990s: a decade of faltering progress  progress continuedprogress continued  …… but too slowly to reach agreed targetsbut too slowly to reach agreed targets  …… and slowing downand slowing down  Under-5 mortality rate  Maternal mortality rate  Child malnutrition  Water and sanitation  Income poverty  Primary education MDGs are meant to accelerate progressMDGs are meant to accelerate progress
  • MDGs were set by all Government leaders at the UN Millennium Summit, September 2000) All UN organisations decided to be guided by MDGs in their future action: unity of purpose, coherent action, synergies and strategic approaches by the UN system as a whole (guided by CEB) Leaders pledged to strive, individually and collectively, towards these goals through international, regional and national action, concerted by the UN.  What are the MDGs ?
  • MDGs are a combination of … Millennium Goals …Millennium Goals …  Emanate fromEmanate from UN Summits and Conferences of the 1990s…UN Summits and Conferences of the 1990s…  …… proposed in theproposed in the UN Secretary-General’sUN Secretary-General’s Millennium ReportMillennium Report:: « We, the peoples: the role of the United Nations in the 21st « We, the peoples: the role of the United Nations in the 21st  century »century »  …… and endorsed in theand endorsed in the United Nations Millennium DeclarationUnited Nations Millennium Declaration (8(8 September 2000)September 2000) 7 areas explicitly addressed in the Millennium Declaration:7 areas explicitly addressed in the Millennium Declaration:  Peace, security and disarmamentPeace, security and disarmament  Development and poverty eradicationDevelopment and poverty eradication  Protecting our common environmentProtecting our common environment  Human rights, democracy and good governanceHuman rights, democracy and good governance  Protecting the vulnerableProtecting the vulnerable  Meeting the special needs of AfricaMeeting the special needs of Africa  Strengthening the United NationsStrengthening the United Nations Development goals & targets
  • …… and of International Development Goalsand of International Development Goals (IDGs)(IDGs)  For several of these key areas, specific indicators wereFor several of these key areas, specific indicators were included in the Millennium Declaration – constituting theincluded in the Millennium Declaration – constituting the international development goals (IDG)international development goals (IDG)  Subsequently, IDGs from other declarations were combinedSubsequently, IDGs from other declarations were combined and harmonised with the IDGs set inand harmonised with the IDGs set in the Millenniumthe Millennium Declaration goalsDeclaration goals  The resultingThe resulting set of goals, numerical targets andset of goals, numerical targets and quantifiable indicators to assess progress constitute thequantifiable indicators to assess progress constitute the Millennium Development GoalsMillennium Development Goals……  …… presented in the SG’spresented in the SG’s “Road map towards the“Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations Millenniumimplementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration”Declaration” (September 2001)(September 2001)
  • MDGs: 8 goals, 18 targets, 48 indicators (as of 22 May 2002) Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hungerGoal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Goal 2. Achieve universal primary educationGoal 2. Achieve universal primary education Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower womenGoal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women Goal 4. Reduce child mortalityGoal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 5. Improve maternal healthGoal 5. Improve maternal health Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseasesGoal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainabilityGoal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for DevelopmentGoal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development For each goal: one or several targets; one or several indicatorsFor each goal: one or several targets; one or several indicators However, several key areas identified have not been captured adequatelyHowever, several key areas identified have not been captured adequately or at allor at all  See list of MDGs (goals, targets and indicators)See list of MDGs (goals, targets and indicators)
  • MDGs: Drawbacks and lacunae  Essential goals/targets/indicators are missing from the MDGs – especially in areas of concern to UNESCO. However…  … they may be referred to in other provisions of the Millennium Declaration,…  … or in other 1990s Conference documents, including those convened by UNESCO. Principle: «The list of millennium development  goals does not undercut in any way agreements on  other goals and targets reached at the global  conferences of the 1990s.” (Kofi Annan, “Road Map…”,  September 2001)
  • B. Progressing towards the MDGs  Overall strategyOverall strategy  Key instruments and mechanismsKey instruments and mechanisms  Coordinating and monitoring progressCoordinating and monitoring progress
  • Proposed overall strategy for achieving the MDGs (as of 7 June 2002) Three complementary initiatives:Three complementary initiatives:  thethe Millennium ProjectMillennium Project, a research initiative to be led by Professor Sachs,, a research initiative to be led by Professor Sachs, under guidance of UNSG and UNDP Admnistrator, including (1) a UN Expertunder guidance of UNSG and UNDP Admnistrator, including (1) a UN Expert Group (withGroup (with UNESCOUNESCO representation), (2) an International advisory panel, (3)representation), (2) an International advisory panel, (3) 10 Task Forces (10 Task Forces (UNESCOUNESCO to play a role)to play a role)  thethe Millennium ReportsMillennium Reports, an effort to oversee comprehensive global and, an effort to oversee comprehensive global and national reporting and monitoring of progress, andnational reporting and monitoring of progress, and  thethe Global Millennium CampaignGlobal Millennium Campaign, a special initiative aimed at building, a special initiative aimed at building awareness and creating new coalitions for action across North and South forawareness and creating new coalitions for action across North and South for development generally and the MDGs in particular.development generally and the MDGs in particular. with emphasis on:with emphasis on:  country-level action and reportingcountry-level action and reporting  greater system-wide coordinationgreater system-wide coordination    See text Jeffrey SachsSee text Jeffrey Sachs
  • Global coordination and monitoring  ““Campaign manager” and “scorekeeper” for the MDGsCampaign manager” and “scorekeeper” for the MDGs within the UN systemwithin the UN system: Mark Malloch Brown (in his: Mark Malloch Brown (in his capacity as Chair of the UNDG) (December 2001);capacity as Chair of the UNDG) (December 2001);  SG’s “Special Adviser on the MDGs”SG’s “Special Adviser on the MDGs” : Professor Jeffrey: Professor Jeffrey Sachs, Director, Earth Institute,Columbia University, with aSachs, Director, Earth Institute,Columbia University, with a brief to work closely with Mr Malloch Brown on these issuesbrief to work closely with Mr Malloch Brown on these issues (February 2002)(February 2002)  DESA/SGDESA/SG: annual reports to the General Assembly:: annual reports to the General Assembly: comprehensive (every 5 years beginning in 2005) andcomprehensive (every 5 years beginning in 2005) and thematic (yearly):thematic (yearly): - 2002: preventing armed conflicts and the treatment and prevention of diseases;- 2002: preventing armed conflicts and the treatment and prevention of diseases; - 2003: financing or development and strategies for sustainable development;- 2003: financing or development and strategies for sustainable development; - 2004: bridging the digital divide and curbing transnational crime- 2004: bridging the digital divide and curbing transnational crime
  •  MDGs: Key actors  United Nations Development GroupUnited Nations Development Group (UNDG) – with UNESCO as a member(UNDG) – with UNESCO as a member  Chief Executives Board (CEB; formerlyChief Executives Board (CEB; formerly ACC) – with UNESCO as a memberACC) – with UNESCO as a member  UN Country TeamsUN Country Teams
  • Key role of UNDG in system-wide & country-level mobilization for MDGs Executive Committee UNDP (Chair) UNICEF UNFPA WFP UNIFEMUNIFEM DESADESA UNCTADUNCTAD UNAIDSUNAIDS IFADIFAD UNDCPUNDCP OHCHROHCHR UNCHSUNCHS UN-HabitatUN-Habitat UNOPSUNOPS FAO, ILO, UNIDO, WHOFAO, ILO, UNIDO, WHO UNESCOUNESCO Regional CommissionsRegional Commissions High Commissioner for Human RightsHigh Commissioner for Human Rights Special Representative of the SG for Children inSpecial Representative of the SG for Children in Armed ConflictArmed Conflict Observer: World BankObserver: World Bank
  • UNDG and its machinery UNDG Executive CommitteeUNDG Executive Committee supported by UNDP Developmentsupported by UNDP Development Group Office (DGO) as secretariatGroup Office (DGO) as secretariat UNDG Programme CommitteeUNDG Programme Committee UNDG Working Group on MDGsUNDG Working Group on MDGs Millennium Campaign UnitMillennium Campaign Unit Millennium Project Expert GroupMillennium Project Expert Group and other ad hoc groups, as requiredand other ad hoc groups, as required
  • The arbiter : the Chief Executives Board - CEB (former ACC) 27 Members  UNDPUNDP  UNFPAUNFPA  UNICEFUNICEF  WFPWFP  ODCCPODCCP  UNHCRUNHCR  IFADIFAD  UNCTADUNCTAD  UNEPUNEP  ILOILO  FAOFAO  UNESCOUNESCO  UNIDOUNIDO  WHOWHO  World BankWorld Bank  IMFIMF  UNRWAUNRWA  ITUITU  ICAOICAO  UPUUPU  WMOWMO  WIPOWIPO  IAEAIAEA  WTOWTO  UNUN - DESADESA - OCHAOCHA - HCHRHCHR - Reg. Coms.Reg. Coms. - UNUUNU - UNITARUNITAR AssistedAssisted by theby the High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP)High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP) and theand the High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM).High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM).    See Minutes of the CEB retreat in Rome (11 April 2002) on MDGsSee Minutes of the CEB retreat in Rome (11 April 2002) on MDGs
  •  MDGs: Key instruments  The Common Country Assessment (CCA)The Common Country Assessment (CCA) – United Nations Development Assistance– United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)Framework (UNDAF)  MDG Country reportsMDG Country reports N.B.: these instruments are new or being revised
  • A thoroughly re-oriented CCA/UNDAF  Goal:Goal: to create ato create a singlesingle common development assistancecommon development assistance framework (UNDAF) for all UN programmes at country-level,framework (UNDAF) for all UN programmes at country-level, with common objectives and time framewith common objectives and time frame,,  identifying priorities for actionidentifying priorities for action  identifying areas where the UN can make a significant,identifying areas where the UN can make a significant, strategic difference (especially in favor of the poorest andstrategic difference (especially in favor of the poorest and most vulnerable) – including in UNESCO domainsmost vulnerable) – including in UNESCO domains  strengthening the coherence of the UN system as a wholestrengthening the coherence of the UN system as a whole  Being revised to include MDG targets and indicators,Being revised to include MDG targets and indicators, whichwhich are now an essentialare now an essential sub-setsub-set in the 2002 revised CCAin the 2002 revised CCA Indicator FrameworkIndicator Framework    See 2002 Revised ACC/UNDAF GuidelinesSee 2002 Revised ACC/UNDAF Guidelines
  •  A UNDP-coordinated initiativeA UNDP-coordinated initiative  An essential tool for country-level coordination andAn essential tool for country-level coordination and monitoringmonitoring  Mainly descriptive, not prescriptive or analyticalMainly descriptive, not prescriptive or analytical  Adapted to country priorities (relevant goals, targets,Adapted to country priorities (relevant goals, targets, indicators)indicators)  Several pilot reports already completed (Bolivia,Several pilot reports already completed (Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Madagascar, Mauritius,Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, Madagascar, Mauritius, Tanzania and Viet Nam), 40 more in preparation in 2002.Tanzania and Viet Nam), 40 more in preparation in 2002. By the end of 2004, every programme country is expected toBy the end of 2004, every programme country is expected to produce at least one MDGR in time for the Secretary-produce at least one MDGR in time for the Secretary- General’s global report on MDG progress in 2005.General’s global report on MDG progress in 2005. MDG Country Reports
  • Status of UNESCO’s involvement  Revised CCA-UNDAF: need to be involved in theRevised CCA-UNDAF: need to be involved in the 5 UNDG pilot countries selected (Benin, Ecuador,5 UNDG pilot countries selected (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan)Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan)  Country-level MDG Reports: need to developCountry-level MDG Reports: need to develop UNESCO’s involvementUNESCO’s involvement  Problem: insufficient presence in many countriesProblem: insufficient presence in many countries  CEB and UNDG (including CEB’s HLGP andCEB and UNDG (including CEB’s HLGP and UNDG’sWorking Group on MDGs)UNDG’sWorking Group on MDGs)
  • C. Implications for UNESCO  How comprehensive ?How comprehensive ?  Some major issuesSome major issues 
  •  How comprehensive are MDGs?  Are the strategic interests and programmaticAre the strategic interests and programmatic priorities of UNESCO adequately reflectedpriorities of UNESCO adequately reflected in the MDGs ?in the MDGs ?  Do MDGs sufficiently incorporate existingDo MDGs sufficiently incorporate existing goals, commitments and plans of action setgoals, commitments and plans of action set by or developed within UNESCO ?by or developed within UNESCO ?
  • MDGs and natural sciences  Millennium Declaration aims at « Protecting ourMillennium Declaration aims at « Protecting our common environment »common environment »  The word « science » is not mentioned at all in theThe word « science » is not mentioned at all in the Millennium DeclarationMillennium Declaration  No mention of ethics of scienceNo mention of ethics of science (« new ethic of (« new ethic of  preservation and stewarship »)preservation and stewarship »)  MDGs focus on environmental sustainability, withMDGs focus on environmental sustainability, with strong implications forstrong implications for UNESCO’s water-relatedUNESCO’s water-related programmesprogrammes Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Target 9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources Target 10: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water
  • MDGs and social and human sciences  Millennium Declaration strongly emphasizesMillennium Declaration strongly emphasizes the role of human rights, and the values ofthe role of human rights, and the values of freedom, justice, solidarity and sharedfreedom, justice, solidarity and shared responsibilityresponsibility  MDG # 8 on « Develop a Global PartnershipMDG # 8 on « Develop a Global Partnership for Development »for Development »  Target # 11 related to slum-dwellersTarget # 11 related to slum-dwellers
  • MDGs and culture  The Millennium Declaration addressesThe Millennium Declaration addresses culture of peace and dialogue amongculture of peace and dialogue among civilizations, and cultural diversity, but onlycivilizations, and cultural diversity, but only in its part on « Values and principles »:in its part on « Values and principles »: «« HumanHuman beings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture andbeings must respect one other, in all their diversity of belief, culture and language. Differences within and between societies should be neitherlanguage. Differences within and between societies should be neither feared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of humanity. Afeared nor repressed, but cherished as a precious asset of humanity. A culture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be activelyculture of peace and dialogue among all civilizations should be actively promoted.”promoted.”  There are no culture-related MDGsThere are no culture-related MDGs
  • MDGs and communication - information  NICTs, freedom of the media and right of theNICTs, freedom of the media and right of the public to have access to information stronglypublic to have access to information strongly advocated in the Millennium Declarationadvocated in the Millennium Declaration  No mention of the « digital divide » in theNo mention of the « digital divide » in the Millennium DeclarationMillennium Declaration  MDG Target 18: «MDG Target 18: « In co-operation with theIn co-operation with the private sector, make available the benefits of newprivate sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information andtechnologies, especially information and communications »communications » Indicator 47.Indicator 47. Telephone lines per 1000 peopleTelephone lines per 1000 people Indicator 48.Indicator 48. Personal computers per 1000 peoplePersonal computers per 1000 people Other Indicators to be developedOther Indicators to be developed
  • MDGs and education Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling 6. Net enrolment ratio in primary education 7. Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who  reach grade 5 8. Literacy rate of 15-24-year-olds Other related goals/targets/indicators (HIV/AIDS, poverty, …) + Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women 9. Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education 10. Ratio of literate females to males of 15-to-24-year-olds (including) (including) Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than 2015
  • Education MDGs and EFA : establishing linkages MDG goals:MDG goals:  By 2015, to ensure that childrenBy 2015, to ensure that children everywhere, boys and girls alike,everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a fullwill be able to complete a full course of primary schoolingcourse of primary schooling  Eliminate gender disparityEliminate gender disparity in primary and secondaryin primary and secondary education preferably byeducation preferably by 2005 and to all levels of2005 and to all levels of education no later thaneducation no later than 2015.2015. EFA goals:EFA goals: 1.1. Early childhood educationEarly childhood education 2.2. UPE (free, compulsory andUPE (free, compulsory and of quality) by 2015of quality) by 2015 3.3. Learning needs of youngLearning needs of young people and adultspeople and adults 4.4. Adult literacy increase by 50%Adult literacy increase by 50% by 2015by 2015 5.5. Gender parity by 2005Gender parity by 2005 (primary and secondary),(primary and secondary), gender equality by 2015gender equality by 2015 6.6. Quality of educationQuality of education NB: The UNGASS on Children (May 2002) set a 90 percent target for primary education by 2010
  •  Major challenges for UNESCO 1.1. Ensuring a proper reflection of UNESCO’sEnsuring a proper reflection of UNESCO’s priorities, content-wise and process-wisepriorities, content-wise and process-wise 2.2. Ensuring UNESCO’s participation andEnsuring UNESCO’s participation and representation at global (UNDG/CEB)/country-representation at global (UNDG/CEB)/country- level (UN country team)level (UN country team) 3.3. Sensitising all UNESCO programme managersSensitising all UNESCO programme managers that ALL UNESCO programmes mustthat ALL UNESCO programmes must henceforth be related to and cast in the contexthenceforth be related to and cast in the context of MDGsof MDGs This is a problem shared by all specialized agencies (e.g.: ILO, WHO, FAO…)
  •  Some immediate requirements for UNESCO 1.1. Contribute to review of CCA/UNDAFs for 5 pilotContribute to review of CCA/UNDAFs for 5 pilot countries (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar andcountries (Benin, Ecuador, Kenya, Madagascar and Pakistan)Pakistan) 2.2. Contribute to work of UN country teams in pursuit ofContribute to work of UN country teams in pursuit of MDG Global Campaign and national MDG reportsMDG Global Campaign and national MDG reports 3.3. Contribute to monitoring and reporting on MDGContribute to monitoring and reporting on MDG attainment (including UIS involvement)attainment (including UIS involvement) 4.4. Contribute to (UNDP) Human Development ReportContribute to (UNDP) Human Development Report 2003 (with its focus on MDGs)2003 (with its focus on MDGs) ……/…/…
  • ……/…/…  Solidify UNESCO’s presence, participation andSolidify UNESCO’s presence, participation and substantive contribution on all issues raisedsubstantive contribution on all issues raised within UNDG and its sub-groupswithin UNDG and its sub-groups  Senior presence at major intergovernmentalSenior presence at major intergovernmental events (such as ECOSOC, General Assembly)events (such as ECOSOC, General Assembly) to pursue UNESCO’s strategic intereststo pursue UNESCO’s strategic interests  In-house information, communication andIn-house information, communication and training (of staff at HQ+field) on MDGstraining (of staff at HQ+field) on MDGs
  • MDG monitoring and reporting requirements  At the global level:At the global level:  contribute to thematic reports emanating from Prof.contribute to thematic reports emanating from Prof. Sachs’ MDG Project;Sachs’ MDG Project;  obtain agreement of all partners that EFA Monitoringobtain agreement of all partners that EFA Monitoring Report serve as the main global reporting tool on the twoReport serve as the main global reporting tool on the two education-related MDGs and other international MDG-education-related MDGs and other international MDG- related instruments (such as PRSPs);related instruments (such as PRSPs);  contribute to the statutory annual reporting to DESA.contribute to the statutory annual reporting to DESA.  At the national level:At the national level:  contribute and highlight UNESCO input to country-levelcontribute and highlight UNESCO input to country-level MDG Reports;MDG Reports;  contribute to CCA-UNDAF activities at the country-level.contribute to CCA-UNDAF activities at the country-level.
  • Solidify UNESCO’s presence, participation and contribution to UNDG  Designate offices responsible for substantive input at HQDesignate offices responsible for substantive input at HQ  Ensure substantive capacity by NYO, beyond present factual reporting onEnsure substantive capacity by NYO, beyond present factual reporting on developmentsdevelopments  Mainstream knowledge about MDGs and promote linkage to MDGs inMainstream knowledge about MDGs and promote linkage to MDGs in activities of all Programme Sectors and Field Officesactivities of all Programme Sectors and Field Offices  Raise UNESCO’s profile in MDG-related foraRaise UNESCO’s profile in MDG-related fora::  at the global level (CEB, UNDG; sectoral contributions to CCA/UNDAF)at the global level (CEB, UNDG; sectoral contributions to CCA/UNDAF)  at the country-level : preparation of CCA/UNDAF and MDG country reportsat the country-level : preparation of CCA/UNDAF and MDG country reports (NB: this may have budgetary implications)(NB: this may have budgetary implications)  Emphasize relevance to MDGs of existing frameworks and mechanismsEmphasize relevance to MDGs of existing frameworks and mechanisms where UNESCO plays or can play a lead / coordinating / significant rolewhere UNESCO plays or can play a lead / coordinating / significant role (especially EFA)(especially EFA)  Promote UNESCO issuesPromote UNESCO issues (cultural diversity, dialogue, peace, science,(cultural diversity, dialogue, peace, science, communication, quality education, etc.) in context of MDG pursuit and withincommunication, quality education, etc.) in context of MDG pursuit and within framework of UNDG/CEB.framework of UNDG/CEB.
  • In-house information, communication and training  Demonstrate UNESCO’s institutionalDemonstrate UNESCO’s institutional commitmentcommitment  give higher profile to MDGs in institutional information -- including C/4,give higher profile to MDGs in institutional information -- including C/4, C/5, regional strategies, EX/GC documents, speeches, press releases, etc.C/5, regional strategies, EX/GC documents, speeches, press releases, etc.  contribute to UNDG’s Communication Strategy at all levels (includingcontribute to UNDG’s Communication Strategy at all levels (including country-level).country-level).  develop MDG-related UNESCO Website (in progress by BSP, atdevelop MDG-related UNESCO Website (in progress by BSP, at www.unesco.org/bsp)www.unesco.org/bsp)  ensure timely information and backstopping to sectors and Field Officesensure timely information and backstopping to sectors and Field Offices on scheduled ACC/UNDAF, PRSPs, etc.on scheduled ACC/UNDAF, PRSPs, etc.  Increase in-house awarenessIncrease in-house awareness  develop staff training modules on interagency cooperation – includingdevelop staff training modules on interagency cooperation – including revised CCA/UNDAF, MDGs and UN reform processes – with specialrevised CCA/UNDAF, MDGs and UN reform processes – with special focus on Field staff (drawing on sample modules by other UNDG/CEBfocus on Field staff (drawing on sample modules by other UNDG/CEB organisations).organisations).  reflect on the effectivesness of UNESCO’s past interagency contributionreflect on the effectivesness of UNESCO’s past interagency contribution and develop a strategy for enhancing influence and impact.and develop a strategy for enhancing influence and impact.
  • http://www.unesco.org/bsp/eng/mdg.htm