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UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report

UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report



UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report

UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report



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    UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 Internally Displaced Persons 2012 report Document Transcript

    • Internally displacedpeople evicted fromShabelle settlement inBosasso, Somalia, relocateto the outskirts of town.A child helps his family torebuild a shelter made ofcarton boxes. Internally P Eopl e displ ace d displacement (the cluster approach) the High Commissioner announced within their own country has become increasingly vital. In an enhancement of UNHCR’s due to conflict, natural 2011, UNHCR has protected and protection capacity, with specific disasters or violations of assisted more than 17 million IDPs action in the areas of staffing, learning human rights continue to in 25 countries, and served as cluster and partnerships. The resulting form the largest population of concern lead agency for protection, camp Protection Capacity Initiative has to UNHCR. In 2010, some 27.5 million coordination and camp management, led to the establishment of 42 new people were displaced internally by and emergency shelter in 21 protection posts, including several conflict or violence, with an additional operations. dedicated to protection cluster 42.3 million forced to flee their home Six years after the introduction leadership in UNHCR’s largest areas owing to natural disasters. of the cluster approach by the Inter- IDP operations, such as those in the As the number of internally Agency Standing Committee (IASC), Democratic Republic of the Congo displaced persons (IDPs) continues UNHCR continues resolutely to (DRC), Somalia and Yemen. to grow, UNHCR’s contribution to strengthen its operational response In 2012, these posts will reinforce the inter-agency response to internal to internal displacement. In 2011, UNHCR’s ability to respond to 34 UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013
    • UNHCR / R. GANGALEDisplaced increasingly complex operational solutions have been found. In reality, realities, including protracted and individuals often continue to face urban displacement, as well as natural protection risks. Even when IDPs disasters. New protection learning return home, they may struggle programmes include an e-learning with the loss of land, property or course on UNHCR’s operational livelihoods, or with the continued response to internal displacement, effects of trauma or discrimination and an inter-agency course on linked to their displacement. protection in natural disasters. These UNHCR remains committed to programmes will reach several facilitating durable solutions and hundred UNHCR staff members in ensuring an integrated approach to 2012. solutions for both IDPs and refugees When IDPs disperse within host who return voluntarily to their areas communities or urban areas, it is or countries of origin, respectively. tempting to assume that durable Along with other UN agencies, IOM UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 35
    • Working with the Internally Displaced and the World Bank, UNHCR has UNHCR and local partner staff. Livelihoods: the resources developed an inter-agency framework The identification of additional (assets, skills or equipment) for a more predictable and effective needs required to develop a common and the actions undertaken response to the reintegration needs of strategy, ensure accountability to earn a living. IDPs and returning refugees. UNHCR and strengthen inter-agency is also revising the Handbook for Return coordination have resulted in the Self-reliance: the ability of an individual, a household and Reintegration. development of an Inter-agency or a community to meet In 2010, as lead or co-lead agency for Coordination and Leadership essential needs (including three global clusters, UNHCR began Programme. In 2012, UNHCR’s protection, food, water, conducting a series of Tri-Cluster Global Learning Centre will assume shelter, personal safety, Technical Knowledge and Skills responsibility for combining the health and education) in a Training workshops. Two workshops two training initiatives into a four- sustainable manner and with covering the Asia-Pacific and Central month learning programme entitled dignity. Asia regions have included both “CO-LEAD”. Camp coordination and camp management With IOM as co-lead of the global In 2011, all UNHCR-led CCCM UNHCR continues to host cluster, UNHCR provides technical operations, including those in Côte the Joint IDP Profiling Service assistance and coordination to d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic (JIPS), an inter-agency initiative ensure that country level Camp of the Congo, Pakistan and Yemen, managed by a steering committee Coordination and Camp Management have received comprehensive support that comprises the Danish Refugee (CCCM) clusters are equipped with from the global CCCM cluster. In Côte Council, the Norwegian Refugee the necessary tools. In 2012-2013, the d’Ivoire, UNHCR deployed three Council’s Internal Displacement CCCM cluster will support effective experts to respond to rapidly moving, Monitoring Centre, UNFPA, IOM coordination in the field by deploying displaced populations. A training expert and OCHA. In 2012, JIPS will make experts, and by conducting training deployed to Pakistan helped UNHCR it a priority to provide support to workshops for members and national to conduct CCCM preparedness and the operations in Afghanistan, the counterparts. The cluster will also training-of-trainers workshops at the Democratic Republic of the Congo, provide technical guidance on national, provincial and district levels, Libya, Pakistan and Sudan. It will also thematic issues, such as participatory in collaboration with IOM. In Yemen, encourage other country operations assessments, community leadership the CCCM cluster provided advice and humanitarian partners such as and management. Guidelines on on strategic planning, improving WFP, UNDP and the humanitarian camp closure will be disseminated conditions in IDP settlements, fostering aid organization INTERSOS to in 2012, and a CCCM tools validation co-existence between IDPs and host use shared IDP profiling data as the survey will identify priorities for field communities, and addressing the basis for humanitarian assistance support. environmental impact of settlements. programming. Emergency shelter With UNHCR as co-lead and the to operational responses. In 2012- strategy annually, support thematic IFRC as co-convener, the global 2013, the newly established Shelter reference groups, and mobilize Emergency Shelter Cluster (ESC) and Settlement Section at UNHCR financial resources. An updated ESC supports field operations in challenging Headquarters will reinforce the website and new publications are environments such as Côte d’Ivoire emergency response capacity of the planned for 2012, including tools to and Somalia, notably through the ESC at country level. In 2012–2013, incorporate protection, sexual and deployment of expert staff under the ESC’s strategic priorities will be gender-based violence, gender, HIV arrangements with stand-by partners. to strengthen members’ global and and AIDS, as well as the environment The ESC also offers advice on country country level response capacity. The into country level emergency shelter level shelter strategies, guidelines, recently formed Global Strategic projects . monitoring and evaluation, in addition Advisory Group will review global 36 UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013
    • Working with the Internally DisplacedProtectionIn 2012, the global protection cluster will training course on Protection in Naturalsupport field operations in emergencies, Disasters in 2011, the protection clusterincluding the deployment of protection will make the course widely availablecluster coordinators, as has been the in 2012 through an e-learning module.case in Côte d’Ivoire and Libya in The Handbook for the Protection of2011. These coordinators synchronize Internally Displaced Persons has beenrapid protection assessments and the translated into Arabic, French, Spanishdevelopment of protection strategies and Russian and will be made availablein an inter-agency context. Similarly, in these languages in early 2012.through a partnership agreement with Following a thorough review ofHelpAge, the protection cluster has sent its mission statement and strategicspecialists to Kenya, Somalia and South priorities, involving broad consultationsSudan, to improve the inter-agency with global partners and field clusters,response to the needs of older people of the protection cluster will disseminate aconcern in those countries. new multi-year strategy and work plan Capacity-building, through the in January 2012.provision of training and tools, is UNHCR also contributes to the workanother core priority for the protection of other global clusters, including Water,cluster. In 2012, it will launch the Sanitation and Hygiene, Education,revised Protection Cluster Coordination Early Recovery, Logistics, Food SecurityTraining Course, which includes a self- and Emergency Telecommunications,study phase and a facilitated workshop. promoting the mainstreaming ofWith the successful development of a protection approaches in these areas.Key IDP operations: from prevention to durable solutionsUNHCR’s mandate to protect and assist PreventionIDPs extends beyond the emergency UNHCR supports peacebuildingphase, and its country operations initiatives in Iraq, such as the Diyalaaim to help IDPs to live in safety and Initiative to address humanitariandignity at every stage of the cycle of needs and prevent conflict in thedisplacement. Activities range from governorate. The Initiative giveshelping governments to develop priority to the protection of minoritynational IDP laws and policies prior to rights, and promotes harmoniousany displacement, to assisting IDPs to relationships between different ethnicreturn home or resettle in another part and sectarian groups. As part of thisof the country as and when conditions process, UNHCR contributes itsimprove. expertise to help in the sustainable reintegration of returning IDPs and Iraq refugees.While more than half a million DisplacementIraqi IDPs have returned home As chair of the IDP coordinationsince 2008, primarily to areas in meeting, UNHCR works withBaghdad and Diyala governorates, partners to provide legal assistance,at least 1.3 million remain displaced. to monitor protection and toInadequate security in some help individuals apply for civilareas continues to propel new documentation through 15 protectiondisplacement. The most vulnerable and assistance centres, and 40IDPs live in informal settlements, mobile teams. UNHCR maps IDPpossess few legal rights, and lack settlements, advocates for IDP rightsaccess to basic necessities such as with the government authorities,water and electricity. and provides shelter and non-food UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 37
    • Working with the Internally Displaced assistance to the most vulnerable Prevention displaced families and individuals. An With the risk of new floods each year, innovative Project Tracking System contingency planning is vital, as utilizes GPS-encrypted photos to has been demonstrated by renewed provide real time evidence of IDP inundation of vast areas that occurred needs and the delivery of assistance. in September 2011. UNHCR will continue to contribute to the national Durable Solutions contingency planning process. In future Upon return to their areas of countries relief efforts, it will give priority to of origin, both IDPs and former meeting the needs of vulnerable groups. refugees may encounter insecurity, UNHCR has also trained a roster of destroyed homes and infrastructure, individuals for deployment within 72 as well as a lack of employment hours of a new disaster. opportunities and basic services. In 2012, UNHCR will help the Displacement Government of Iraq to implement a In 2011, UNHCR worked with the four-year plan to find durable solutions Government and other partners to for returnees, with a focus on ensuring address the protection concerns of fundamental rights. Resolving issues IDPs, refugees and other populations related to access to land and property affected by the floods. It also deployed and adequate social services will be additional protection staff at the crucial if local integration is to be a national and provincial levels to viable option for IDPs now residing in strengthen the leadership of the informal settlements. protection cluster and thematic group. In addition, UNHCR has collaborated Pakistan with UNIFEM and UNICEF to reinforce existing gender-based Despite the Government of Pakistan’s violence and child protection referral strong disaster response capacity, mechanisms. the magnitude of the 2010 floods required an unprecedented level Durable Solutions of collaboration with international Despite the high number of returns humanitarian and development actors. following the floods, return may not Some 20 million people were affected, be possible for many. The disaster and 1.8 million homes were either rendered some areas uninhabitable, partially or fully destroyed. UNHCR while the risk of future disasters contributed rapidly to the relief threatens others. At the request efforts, building on its experience of the Government, the UN is in protecting and assisting Afghan focusing on early recovery. As lead refugees, who were hit equally hard by of the protection thematic working the floods. group, UNHCR has developed a One year later, 95 per cent of flood- durable solutions strategy that has affected IDPs have returned home, been endorsed by the humanitarian and the Government is coordinating country team. efforts to secure durable solutions for those who remain displaced. South Sudan However, new conflict-induced displacement is taking place in the On 9 July 2011, the Republic of Kurram Agency. In 2012, UNHCR South Sudan became the world’s will continue to protect and assist newest country. Following the conflict-affected IDPs, including Comprehensive Peace Agreement by supporting the Government between the Government of Sudan to prepare a national IDP policy and the Sudan People’s Liberation framework. UNHCR’s leadership Movement, and referendum in of the protection thematic working January 2011, IDPs — many from group in the country (previously the Khartoum and other parts of northern protection cluster) will be supported Sudan — have been returning to South by a senior coordinator position Sudan after years of displacement. At created as part of the Protection the same time, violent clashes in other Capacity Initiative. parts of South Sudan have sparked 38 UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013
    • Working with the Internally Displacedadditional displacement, raising the Durable Solutionstotal of the newly displaced in 2011 to UNHCR is planning for 300,000275,000. returnees in 2012. It supports the Government-led return process byPrevention co-chairing the Emergency ReturnUNHCR supports the peace process Sector with IOM, monitoringthrough community-based protection protection, constructing wayprojects and peacebuilding initiatives. stations and registration centres,Meanwhile, it is helping partners to providing emergency kits anddevelop contingency plans in response shelter to vulnerable returnees,to potential intercommunal violence, and helping with access toethnic clashes and insurgency. documentation. UNHCR supportsUNHCR helps the Government of coexistence between returnees andSouth Sudan to resolve outstanding local communities through small-displacement issues by conducting scale rehabilitation projects andjoint activities, seconding staff and employment initiatives. In 2012, aproviding office equipment. UNHCR community-based approach to shelteralso provides legal advice to both for the most vulnerable familiesgovernments in order to prevent IDPs will also strengthen protection andoriginally from South Sudan from reintegration.becoming stateless.Displacement UNHCR-led and co-led clusters by country1There are around 400,000 IDPs in Country CCCM Emergency ProtectionSouth Sudan. Over the past year, ShelterUNHCR has expanded its protection Afghanistanand assistance activities for this Burundi4group by establishing local protectionclusters in all ten states in the new CARcountry. Every six months, a survey Chad (East)identifies individuals and groups most Colombiain need of humanitarian assistance. Côte d’IvoireIn 2012, sub-clusters on gender-based DRCviolence will seek to ensure in everystate that survivors of such violence Ethiopiareceive counselling and/or treatment Iraqin their respective capital city. Kenya2 Libya Pakistan Philippines Somalia South Sudan Sri Lanka2 Sudan3 Uganda4 Yemen Zimbabwe 1 Includes countries where responsibilities for leading or chairing are shared with other agencies. 2 Cluster-like coordination mechanism. 3 To be replaced in 2012, in Darfur. 4 Cluster mechanism in transition. UNHCR Global Appeal 2012-2013 39