Democratic reputlic of congo.alternative energy briquette program.igor adeli.2012
CONTRIBUTION REQUESTCOUNTRY: Democratic Republic of Congo.TARGETED AREAS: The Five World Heritage Site of D.R.Congo.PROVINCE: North-kivu (Virunga) ; South-kivu (Kahusi-Biega) ; Oriental Province (Garamba & OWR) ;Equateur Province (Salonga).GEOGRAPHIQUE AREAS: Neighbors cities and villages of targeted areas.PROJECT TITLE: DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY BRIQUETTEPERSON IN CHARGE OF THE PROJECTName: Igor ABELIProfession: technician in Management & Long-term developmentFunction: project CoordinatorAddress: Goma town/ DRCPhone Number: +243810867786E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgOTHER PERSON TO CONTACTName: Jeanne TUKIFIMPAFunction: Project AdvisorTel: +243993328134E-mail: email@example.comORGANIZATION NAME:AFRICAN WILDLIFE FRIEND’S, AWF in shorten (ex- APN)Web-site: http://apnat.asso-web.comDESCRIPTIONAWF is a no profit Organization with ecologist and educational character, actif in D.R.Congo sincesoon 10 years
THE ORGANISATION MISSIONOur Mission is to contribute to the long-term development of Africa by: - Significant proportion of the population living around protected areas enlightend on the economic and ecological importance of this one; - Strengthened natural resources management capacity of the community’s survival; - Better relationship between local communities and conservation areas; - Environmental awareness and education.SOMES CARRYING OUT - Alternative Energy Briquette with ICCN/Virunga National Park office: 2009-2010; - Film Club campaign in Countryside with ICCN/Virunga National Park office:2008-2010; - School sensibilization campaign with ICCN and WWF: 2007-2010; - Cleaning of Nyiragongo Volcano with ICCN and WWF: 2009-2010.
FINANCE MANAGEMENT AWF resources are provided by members contribution, donation and financed project. Bank account: 1272-0176501-21 Swift Code: TRMSCD3L TRUST MERCHANT BANK (www.trustmerchantbank.com )PROJECT LENGTH: 5 yearsPROJECT COST: 25,000,000 USD ($ twenty five million)PROJECT HISTORIC: a. THE THREATS ON THE FIVE WORLD HERITAGE SITE OF DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO Beforehand, Congolese people lived in harmony with Nature thanks to a series of forbidden ofhis culture. He had contributed at protection and conservation of biodiversity all the time. By politic and social economic situation crossing by Congolese people in this post-conflictperiod, conservations areas of world heritage site have been subject of various pressures. Thissituation has call out the government trough ICCN (Congolese Institute for Nature Conservation) andits partners to do their best in view to save guard these sites. D.R.Congo who have signed as other country the convention concern cultural and naturalWorld protection. Which convention has been adopt by UNESCO at 1972 realize today 5 natural sitesregister today on the list of World Heritage site for their incomparable natural resources. Accordingto UNESCO convention, world heritage site is constituted by:Object and cultural and natural places which ones we are attached for they come from our ancestors;they have an esthetic interest and they constitute inspiration spring. A whole of possession that we receive as inheritance of ancestors. A whole of places andpassion that we need to conserve.ABOUT THE 5 WORLD HERITAGE SITE OF D.R.CONGO • Virunga National Park Located at East of DRC in North Kivu province and oriental province. Deforestation, poaching, farm installation, research of farming soil, presence of armed groups, primate traffic (babies gorillas and chimpanzee), illegal peach and use of Park as politic propaganda object Constitute major problems with which Virunga face up. This park who was the unique place allover the world with high hippopotamus population esteemed to 29,000 individual at 1975, but today we count 826 individual.
• Garamaba National park Located at oriental province, this park knows serious poaching problems by the presence of Soudan armed groups. This armed gang make hard protection of White rhinoceros, Elephants, Giraffe inhabitant. Nowadays, this site is assessment only to third of it total area• Okapi Wildlife Reserve (OWR) Located at Oriental province. It crossing difficult situation due to rebels presence who had contribute to firearm proliferation in the region. This fact emphasize poaching, illegal mining exploitation such as gold inside OWR• Kahusi-Biega National Park Located at South-Kivu province, North-Kivu and Maniema. Occupation of a big part of this park by different armed groups had not allow for a long time the control of big part of this site (surroundings 90%) This fact has as consequence a worse illegal mining exploitation (15000 locale and foreign diggers), invade of more 3500ha, poaching, wild animals traffic.• Salonga National Park Is on horseback on Equateur province, Bandundu and the 2 Kassai. Poaching characterized by illegal game business, illicit peach, wood exploitation is the principal Conservation problems in this site. We have to notice that all these 5 sites are classified on the list of world heritage site in danger since 1996. In nap, natural resource of Congo’s nationals Parks are victim of an organized rob on national and international map and of a constant pressure of population in view to satisfy their subsistence needs.b. ABOUT THE PROJECT Nowadays, the efficient protection and conservation of Africa natural resources pass by fight against poverty, For population invade conservation areas in view to avoid hunger and various difficulty and opt to settle around and inside conservation areas where they devote themselves to activities such as hunting, illegal peach, deforestation,… So, to evacuate those populations and to continue to arrest poachers could be a good measure but not an efficient. In this case we have propose to create an alternative activities for to militate poverty, So, view the actual situation of Global warming, view that Congo forest is a real trap for this one
View deforestation of Congo forest caused by Charcoal production often inside the NationalPark by local populations,It is very important to fight this situation by other methodPROJECT MISSIONTo introduce biomass briquettes as the primary fuel in D.R.Congo and through production ofthis sustainable fuel, establish 25,000 six-person Village Briquette FactoriesGOALS & OBJECTIVES1. PROTECT CONGO’S FOREST To displace illegal forest Charcoal with Biomass Briquettes as the dominant Household fuel in DRTC by 2014. By doing so, the annual loss of 75000 hectares of critical animals habitat in Congo forest will be prevented.2. REDUCE POVRTY By 2014 create 150,000 sustainable and eco-friendly Briquette industry Jobs in conflict and poverty stricken D.R.Congo.3. PROMOTE STABILITY Trough the establishment of a new and dominant Briquette based household fuel niche in D.R.Congo, undercut the ability of armed militias, to fund themselves through illegal charcoal production.4. AVERT AN ENERGY CRISIS Transition the Congo population from Charcoal to briquette before the forests of Nationals Parks and others lands within D.R.Congo has been completely deforested. Failure to do so will result in the complete collapse of the household fuel market and the escalation of extern poverty and malnutrition in the country.5. ENSURE THE LONG-TERM FINANCIAL SECURITY OF CONGO 5 WORLD PATRIMONIA Develop the Village Briquette Factory concept into a highly profitable business model- one that is able to both finance the continued growth of the Briquette fuel market and provide Congo Nationals Parks with a vital source of revenue. WHAT IS COMBUSTIBLE BIOMASS BRIQUETTES? Combustible biomass briquettes are an ecologically sustainable fuel alternative to charcoal. Unlike charcoal, briquettes can be made from non-woody biomass such as grass, leaves, agricultural waste, as well ass from scrap paper and sawdust. Most importantly, no forests need to be cut down or habitats destroyed in order to produce briquettes. Villages Briquette Factories are being established in rural areas around National park to provide locale communities with both jobs and environmentally friendly source of fuel. A Village Briquette factory is comprised of a six-person team and a complete briquette manufacturing kit, which includes a briquette press, hammer mill,
drying greenhouse, tarpaulins, maxing basins and jerry cans for transporting water. Each team is provided with the extensive training, mentoring, and ongoing support needed to become a viable enterprise. Within 10 days, the average Village Briquette Factory is able to produce four 55kg sacks of briquettes per week-enough to cover all operating expenses and meet the fuel needs of 84 people. SUPPLY CHAIN (Village Briquette factory System (VBF)) 1. Production of Presses- Briquette press manufacturing (200per month)- Assembly of complete briquette manufacturing kits 2. Capacity Building- 2 day briquette production and micro-enterprise management training- 10 days of support to achieve a minimum production rate of 4 sacks per week 3. Production of briquettes- Mass production of biomass briquettes- Purchase VBF production through a network of hubs at a whole sale price of $7 per sack 4. Transportation- Transport briquettes from hubs to town markets- Central depot and network of shops established to manage stock of briquettes 5. Sales in city- Network of retailers selling briquettes in urban charcoal markets
- Aggressive marketing campaign to increase awareness.
ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE (for the 1st year)Village Briquette Factory Initiative
HEAD QUARTER OFFICE (8) DIRECTOR (1) for each areaCFO (1) PRODUCER LOGISTIC MARKETING AND OFFICER (1) OFFICER (1) SALES (7)ACCOUNT (1) ASIISTANT HUB MANAGER SHOP MANAGER (7) PRODUCTION OFFICER (56) (1)HR MANAGER HEAD CARPENTER DRIVER (56) SALES PERSON (28)(1) (1) ASSISTANT LOADER (112) CARPENTER (5) STORE KEEPER (1) TRUCK DRIVER (3) TRAINER (13) SUPERVISOR (112) (…): Nr. Of stuff Total per area: 404 Gen. Total (areas + head Quarter): 2028
STRUCTUREDIRECTORHas overall responsibility for the program and chairs the management board. The Director supervisesprogram officers, monitors all operations, and reports directly to the head quarterCFOHas responsibility for all the financial transactions that flow out of the operations. The CFO’s primarytasks include: - Budget development and management, including income, expenditure, and theemployment of capital - Maintenance of all accounting records - Preparation of staff payroll each month (approved by director) PRODUCTION OFFICER Handles all processes related to the production of the presses, oversees all production to ensure production of 200 presses per month, and liaises with raw material suppliers. The production officer is also responsible for the training program. LOGISTIC OFFICER Manage program logistic such as transportation, stock control, warehousing, and monitors the flow of briquettes from production to market. MARKETING & SALES OFFICER Develops and implements sales strategy to create awareness of briquettes as a viable and advantageous alternative to charcoal. In essence, this position has the overall responsibility of convincing people to change from charcoal to briquettes, and is charge of branding, product positioning and communications. INVESTMENTS NEEDED FOR THE 1st YEAR ITEM Unit cost in USD Number Total cost in USD Truck Mitsubishi Fuso (long chasis) 23,000 110 2,530,000 Construction of transportation Hub 8,000 110 880,000 Management Team 108,000 5 540,000 4*4 Vehicules 26,000 15 390,000 Marketing Budget 50,000 5 250,000
Solar generators 2,000 110 220,000 Promotional Material 30,000 5 150,000 Audit & legal 10,000 5 50,000 bicycles 90 330 29,700 VHF radio systems 800 240 192,000 Uniforms 20 720 14,400 Areas office 34,156 5 170,780 Construction of retail stores in target 40,000 35 1,400,000 town TOTAL 6,816,880PROGRESS DATED - Virunga National Park has successfully completed a briquette pilot program to prove the concept and is now in phase 2 of the project, which is on target to produce 2,500 briquette presses by December 2011; - A well equipped workshop has been built at park headquarters in Rumangabo and is currently producing 10 presses per day; - A highly motivated 20 member team continue to train villagers and establishing 50 new briquette factories each week; - An operational logistics team with 4 pickup and four 7-ton trucks are transporting 3,200 sacks of briquettes to Goma per week; - A warehouse, office and community center is yet build at Goma, which is facilitating the sale of briquette in local markets.Virtually 100% of Briquette Produced to date have been made and sold by the office of Virunganational ParkFact Sheet NrJobs created by Virunga office (producing Briquettes 2,568Sacks produced per month by virunga office 4,200Internally displaced people consuming Briquettes 7,116Acres of forests saved by replacing Charcoal 17,2Percentage of Briquettes sold 87