2008 Cfsa Seminar A Wong


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This is a presentation given at the 2008 Canadian Fire Safety Association Annual Seminar.

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2008 Cfsa Seminar A Wong

  1. 1. 2008 Annual Education Forum What are the legislative responsibilities of a building owner/operator to comply with the Ontario Building Code and the Ontario Fire Code? Andrew Wong, MBA, CFIFireE, CFPS Executive Officer, Vaughan Fire and Rescue Service
  2. 2. Who’s the Owner? <ul><li>OFC Division A Article </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unless otherwise specified, the owner is responsible for carrying out the provisions of this Code. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of Owner <ul><li>Owner means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>firm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>corporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>having control over any portion of the building or property under consideration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and includes the persons in the building or property </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Are we doing the right things in the building? <ul><li>OFC Division B Article </li></ul><ul><li> Activities that create a hazard and that are not allowed for in the original design shall not be carried out in a building unless approved provisions are made to control the hazard. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What do you mean by ‘hazard’? <ul><li>Any thing that materially creates the likelihood of a fire, if started, would seriously endanger health and safety of any person, or the quality of the natural environment for any use that can be made of it. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What do you mean by “original design”? <ul><li>For building layout, it means the construction as per approved building permit drawings. </li></ul><ul><li>For industrial processes regulated by OHSA , as per Pre-Start Health and Safety Review. </li></ul><ul><li>For industrial processes regulated by the Fire Code, as per initial approval by fire department on occupancy. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What do you mean by “approved provisions”? <ul><li>This means written approval issued by the Chief Fire Official stipulating conditions under which a certain activity or activities may exist in a building or facility. </li></ul><ul><li> e.g. open flames shall not be </li></ul><ul><li> permitted in buildings used for public </li></ul><ul><li> assemblies in such quantities and in such </li></ul><ul><li> a manner as to create a fire hazard unless </li></ul><ul><li> approved. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Accountability <ul><li>The Chief Fire Official who approves the non-Code complying use is accountable for his/her decision. </li></ul><ul><li>The CFO on approving the non-Code complying use owes the owner a duty of care. </li></ul><ul><li>CFO approval ≠ Alternative Solutions </li></ul>
  9. 9. Who are the Chief Fire Officials? <ul><li>The Chief Fire Official may be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the assistant to the Fire Marshal who is the Municipal Fire Chief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>member or members of the fire department appointed by the Municipal Fire Chief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a person appointed by the Fire Marshal </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Due Diligence <ul><li>Owners should be aware that the Fire Code contains minimum requirements for certain things. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the owner’s responsibility to comply with other applicable laws such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Health & Safety Act & Reg. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Standards and Safety Act & Reg. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ontario Building Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ontario Electrical Safety Code, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Case Study – Group A Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: A2 Italian restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: A2 Korean restaurant </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in decoration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of ventilation system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of sprinkler system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of fire alarm system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification of kitchen fire suppression system </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Case Study – Group B Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: Group home < 10 people (Group C occupancy) </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: Group home > 10 people (Group B3 occupancy) </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire alarm requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinkler system requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egress requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building permit requirement </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Case Study – Group C Occupancy <ul><li>Original design – single family dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use – 2-family residential </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this regulated by the Fire Code? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>time line, if yes, proof of compliance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this allowed by local Zoning By-law? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a Building Permit? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire departments do not ‘Approve’, they inspect for compliance under the Fire Code. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Case Study – Group C Occupancy <ul><li>Original design – single family dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use – group home > 10 people </li></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of building classification: C to B3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinklers & fire alarm system required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department access – FD Connections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire separations requirements – FRR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire extinguishers required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting requirements, etc. etc. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Case Study – Group D Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: Group D/E </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial shell building </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New tenant use: Dentist office </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no concern for modification of sprinkler system and fire alarm system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. separate building permits required </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Case Study – Group E Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: Ceramic tile sale </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: Paint and Wallpaper sale </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in fire load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in sprinkler water and pressure demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage, use and handling of flammable and combustible liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building permit requirement </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Case Study – Group F Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: F2 </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: day care </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change of use: F2 to A2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements for exits and travel distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements for fire alarm system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modification to sprinkler system </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Case Study – Group F Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: F2 </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: F1 </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><li>1. fire separation requirements </li></ul><ul><li>2. fire protection system requirements </li></ul><ul><li>3. requirements for the storage, use and </li></ul><ul><li>handling of flammable and combustible </li></ul><ul><li>liquids </li></ul><ul><li>4. fire safety plan, spill procedures requirement </li></ul><ul><li>5. for process plant, fire risk evaluation </li></ul>
  19. 19. Case Study – Group F Occupancy <ul><li>Original use: F2 auto body shop </li></ul><ul><li>Existing use: F1 & F2 auto body shop </li></ul><ul><li>Addition of spray booth and paint storage </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Permit requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Code requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OHSA requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MoE requirements </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Case Study – Group F Occupancy <ul><li>Original design: F2 winery </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed use: addition of distillery </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building permit applied for without concerns for fire safety requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Division B Section 4.9 of the Fire Code </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Addition of Maglocks <ul><li>● Original design: Office building with fire </li></ul><ul><li>alarm system </li></ul><ul><li>● Addition of security system: Maglocks installed on hallway and exit doors </li></ul><ul><li>● Issue: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Building Permit requirement </li></ul><ul><li>2. Fire alarm pull stations on both sides of door </li></ul><ul><li>3. Integration with fire alarm system </li></ul><ul><li>4. Warning signs on doors </li></ul><ul><li>5. Commissioning tests </li></ul>
  22. 22. Addition of Clean Agent System <ul><li>Original design: Computer Room with </li></ul><ul><li>sprinkler protection </li></ul><ul><li>Addition of FM 200 system </li></ul><ul><li>Issue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building Permit requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineered versus Pre-engineered system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissioning test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discharge test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electric circuitry test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Room integrity test </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Industrial Fire Safety – OBC versus OFC Industrial Fire Safety By Maintenance Plans Exam. & Inspection Change of Use/Renovation Occupancy Permit Building Final Inspection Special Fire Protection Systems Hazardous Processes & Materials, Industrial Occupancies, etc. Building Plans Exam. (Interior) 2.8. Fire Safety Plan 3.2.1. Woodworking 3.3.1. Storage: Indoor Tire 3.3.2. Storage: Indoor General 6.8 Special Extinguishing Systems Part 4 Part 5 F I R E C O D E L I N K I N G E L E M E N T S Building Plans Exam (Shell) B U I L D I N G C O D E Industrial Fire Safety By Design
  24. 24. Issue #1 <ul><li>Limited disclosure of hazardous manufacturing and/or storage activities to Architects and Engineers at the design stage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of flammable and combustible liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of combustible powders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production of combustible dusts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of other hazardous materials </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Issue #2 <ul><li>Lack of Pre-Start Health and Safety Review for designated processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of flammable liquids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of dust collectors </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Issue #3 <ul><li>Building Permits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lacking in appropriate fire protection for specific hazardous processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building plans examiners’ awareness of fire risks in industrial facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inherent fire risks and fire hazards for various common industries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fire safety design objectives </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Issue #4 <ul><li>Limited input to the plans examination process by qualified fire protection specialist from the local authorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisdictional issues between building department and fire department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus of fire department on suppression activities versus advising on fire safety and fire engineering issues </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Issue #5 <ul><li>Limited advanced training in fire protection engineering technology and fire science </li></ul><ul><li>Fire protection systems acceptance tests versus system certification </li></ul>
  29. 29. Issue #6 <ul><li>Fire prevention efforts from the local fire departments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site specific fire safety planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-fire planning by fire suppression personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk-based fire safety inspections </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Issue #7 <ul><li>Self-compliance by the industrial community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment and safety awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due diligence versus code compliance </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. The Linking Elements <ul><li>Effective application of OBC and OFC at Building Permit review stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable training of both building and fire department staff in industrial process hazards and related fire protection approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable training of consultants and engineers in industrial fire protection issues. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Thank You [email_address]