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Use commas to separate independentclauses when they are joined by any of the 7 conjunctions But For Nor So Yet • Yesterday was her brothers birthday, so she took him out to dinner.
Use commas after introductory Clauses Phrases Words that come before the main clause. • Because he kept barking insistently, we threw the ball for Smokey.
Do not use commas to set offessential elements of the sentence The person checking tickets at the counter asked for a form of identification.
Use commas to three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series When the snow stops falling, well shovel the driveway.
Use commas to separate two or morecoordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Your cousin has an easy, happy smile.
Use commas near the end of the sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift The chimpanzee seemed reflective, almost human.
Use commas to set off phrases at the end ofa sentence that refers back to the beginning or middle of a sentence Nancy waved enthusiastically at the docking ship, laughing joyously.
Geographic names and dates Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name from Birmingham, England. July 22, 1959, was a momentous day in his life.
Use commas to shift between the main discourse and a quotation John said without emotion, "Ill see you tomorrow." "I was able," she answered, "to complete the assignment." In 1848, Marx wrote, "Workers of the world, unite!"
Use commas necessary to prevent possible confusion To George, Harrison had been a sort of idol.