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Guide to Commas Andrew O’Leary
Use commas to separate independentclauses when they are joined by any of         the 7 conjunctions   But   For   Nor ...
Use commas after introductory   Clauses   Phrases   Words that come before the main    clause.    • Because he kept bar...
Do not use commas to set offessential elements of the sentence   The person checking tickets at the    counter asked for ...
Use commas to three or more words,    phrases, or clauses written in a series   When the snow stops falling, well    shov...
Use commas to separate two or morecoordinate adjectives that describe the            same noun.   Your cousin has an easy...
Use commas near the end of the sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements     or to indicate a distinct pause or ...
Use commas to set off phrases at the end ofa sentence that refers back to the beginning         or middle of a sentence N...
Geographic names and dates   Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name    from Birmingham, England.   July 22, 1959, was a mome...
Use commas to shift between the    main discourse and a quotation   John said without emotion, "Ill see    you tomorrow."...
Use commas necessary to prevent      possible confusion   To George, Harrison had been a sort    of idol.
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Guide to commas

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Transcript of "Guide to commas"

  1. 1. Guide to Commas Andrew O’Leary
  2. 2. Use commas to separate independentclauses when they are joined by any of the 7 conjunctions But For Nor So Yet • Yesterday was her brothers birthday, so she took him out to dinner.
  3. 3. Use commas after introductory Clauses Phrases Words that come before the main clause. • Because he kept barking insistently, we threw the ball for Smokey.
  4. 4. Do not use commas to set offessential elements of the sentence The person checking tickets at the counter asked for a form of identification.
  5. 5. Use commas to three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series When the snow stops falling, well shovel the driveway.
  6. 6. Use commas to separate two or morecoordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Your cousin has an easy, happy smile.
  7. 7. Use commas near the end of the sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift The chimpanzee seemed reflective, almost human.
  8. 8. Use commas to set off phrases at the end ofa sentence that refers back to the beginning or middle of a sentence Nancy waved enthusiastically at the docking ship, laughing joyously.
  9. 9. Geographic names and dates Birmingham, Alabama, gets its name from Birmingham, England. July 22, 1959, was a momentous day in his life.
  10. 10. Use commas to shift between the main discourse and a quotation John said without emotion, "Ill see you tomorrow." "I was able," she answered, "to complete the assignment." In 1848, Marx wrote, "Workers of the world, unite!"
  11. 11. Use commas necessary to prevent possible confusion To George, Harrison had been a sort of idol.
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