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Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
Music in the 20th Century
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Music in the 20th Century


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Music in the 20th Century. The basics.

Music in the 20th Century. The basics.

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  • [email_address]
  • At age 10, entered the Paris Conservatory School of Music.
  • Began composing at age 8 w/o formal training Forced to leave Berlin, as a Jew
  • Wrote 3 songs for Shakespeare.
  • Aleatoric= some elements are left up to chance. Pioneered electronic music and experimented unconventionally with instruments. Originally did not want to do music. Placed metal sheet over a piano to create new sounds. Imaginary Landscape No. 1
  • Father sent two bands marching around a park blaring different tunes, to see what it sounds like when they approached and passed. Four violin sonatas. Decoration Day Never had true public exposure. The Universe= The unanswered question.
  • Transcript

    • 2. Musical Movements
      • Romantic
      • Impressionism
      • Expressionism
      • Neoclassicism
      • Aleatory Music
    • 3. Romantic
      • Ended about 1910
      • Tried to make pieces more passionate and expressive
      • Experimented with remote keys and modulation
      • Dissonance became a primary element
      • Claude Debussy
    • 4. Impressionism
      • Vague in form
      • Delicate in nature
      • Had a mysterious atmosphere.
      • Suggestion
      • Moved away from the Romantic movement.
      • Claude Debussy
    • 5. Expressionism
      • Atonal and dissonant.
      • German movement.
      • Moved away from French impressionism.
      • Emotional, romantic feeling.
      • Arnold Schoenberg
    • 6. Neo-Classicism
      • Incorporated music of the Classical era.
      • Mixed with Renaissance, Baroque, and modern trends as well.
      • Sought to re-evaluate the old ways of music.
      • Igor Stravinsky and Aaron Copland
    • 7. Aleatory Music
      • Aleatory = elements of chance.
      • Improvisation, randomness.
      • No rules. The stranger, the more unique.
      • Famous for having the audience improvise along with the performer.
      • Jazz as a classic form of aleatory music.
      • John Cage Charles Ives
    • 8.
      • Composers who defied paradigms of their time. Pushed music beyond the expectations. More than auditory art.
      What is Music?
    • 9. Claude Debussy
      • Lived from1862-1918.
      • One of the most prominent figures in the Impressionist music movement.
      • Influenced by Bayreuth and Javanese music.
      • Music revolved around one key or pitch.
      • Focused on Romantic music throughout his life.
      • “ I am sure the institute would not approve, for naturally, it regard the path which it ordains as the only right one. But there is no help for it! I am too enamoured of my freedom, too fond of my own ideas.” – Claude Debussy
    • 10. Debussy
      • Clair De Lune
    • 11. Arnold Schoenberg
      • Lived 1874-1951.
      • Began composing at age 8 w/o formal training
      • Founded the Society for Private Musical Performances in 1920.
      • Forced to leave Berlin, as a Jew
      • Taught music at UCLA.
      • Returned to expressionism, and wrote religious choruses in 1945.
      • Friends with Kandinsky who was an abstract expressionist
    • 12. Igor Stravinsky
      • Lived 1882-1971.
      • Influenced by French Impressionists (ex. Debussy, Maurice Ravel.)
      • Mixed clean orchestral music with bright instrumentation and irregular rhythms.
      • Firebird’s Infernal Dance of the King Katschei.
      • Music was constantly evolving.
      • Most famous: Rite of Spring .
      • Neoclassical.
    • 13. John Cage
      • Lived 1912-1992.
      • Wrote aleatoric music.
      • Had an underlying desire to create.
      • Replaced harmony as the basis of his music with rhythm.
      • Experienced silence as an aspect of music. Thus his most infamous piece, 4’3’’ was born.
      • “ Until I die there will be sounds. And they will continue after my death. One need not fear about the future of music.” –John Cage
    • 14. John Cage Music
      • 4’33’’
      • Imaginary Landscape #4
      • Suite for Toy Piano
    • 15. Charles Edward Ives
      • Lived 1874-1954.
      • Considered greatest American musician.
      • Understood the value of vernacular music.
      • Combined American and European elements.
      • Music represented as a symbol of human life.
      • Was never accepted by other musicians.
      • “ What has sound got to do with music!” –Charles Ives