According to a recent survey by the Red Cross, people now expect to receive emergency information on social media sites. The Internet is now the third most popular way of getting news during an emergency, after television and local radio, the survey found. 18% of both the general public and Internet users said they rely on FacebookIn addition, over 30% of people said they expected help to arrive in less than an hour if they posted a call for help on a social media site
In addition to the armed robbery, the Crisis Communication team has been notified forA shooting on the edge of campusSuspected armed robbery where the suspect was caught on video and then later the same suspect was discover entering a residence hallIn cases of monitoring:The death of two students within 35 minutes of each other. Upon investigation, one was due to natural causes and the other due to a suicide.A report of to the police where a suspect was reporting putting on a bullet proof vest and carry a heavy bag into a building. Turned out it was gym equipment and a weight jacket.
Social media and crisis communication in higher ed
SOCIAL MEDIA AND CRISIS COMMUNICATION BRIAN HUONKER, ILLINOIS STATE UNIVERSITY @BKHUONKER ANDREW CAREAGA, MISSOURI S&T @ANDREWCAREAGA DECEMBER 11, 2012 | CHICAGO, ILLINOISFollow the Better Together Conference on Twitter #CASEV
SOCIAL MEDIA AND CRISIS COMMUNICATION According to a recent survey by the Red Cross, people now expect to receive emergency information on social media sites. 30% of survey takers expect help to arrive in less than an hour if they posted a call for help on a social media site
SOCIAL MEDIA TURNS Accuracy and speed EVERYONE INTO A become an issue REPORTER
CASE STUDY: SUICIDE JUMPER October 30, 2011 5:43 p.m. A tweet announced ―some idiot was climbing‖ the scaf folding an the side of Watterson Towers. 5:45 p.m. A 911 call was received about a person climbing the east-side of the 28- story Watterson Towers. 5:53 p.m. Twitter users were reporting that the ―student jumped of the towers‖.
CASE STUDY: SUICIDE JUMPER Fact: The ―jumper‖ did not jump, but slipped and fell off the scaffolding Fact: It was a person from outside the Bloomington/Normal community (age 45), not a student. It was 6:45 p.m. before the university posted the facts about the incident. For the next 24 hours, contradictory stories were being posted and shared via Twitter and Facebook , inciting phone calls from parents to the university with false information obtained from Facebook and Twitter.
CASE STUDY: FIRE 9:45 p.m. An employee in the Bone Student Center reported smoking coming from a room in the Bone Student Center 9:47 p.m. A tweet announce ―the Bone was on fire!‖ 9:48 p.m. A Twitpic showed smoke coming out of the roof of the Bone Student Center 9:49 p.m. Fire Department arrived to find a crowd of students outside the Bone Student Center, joining the group of students and employees who were on scene. 9:52 p.m. Video of the scene appeared on YouTube
CASE STUDY: FIRE Fact: The fire was contained to the ductwork leading from the a restaurant to the roof. There was only moderate water and light smoke damage, mostly in the restaurant area. The source of the fire was the grill or the exhaust hood.
EVERYONE IS A REPORTER In the last five years social media have played an increasing role in emergencies and disasters. Social media sites rank as the fourth most popular source to access emergency information. Uses have included: conduct emergency communications issue warnings receive victim requests for assistance monitoring user activities to establish situational awareness uploaded images And others
SOCIAL MEDIA IN CRISIS Social media put to the test at COMMUNICATION Missouri S&T
COMMUNICATION PROCESS: IMMEDIATE (THE FIRST 11 MINUTES) 8:45 a.m. – Phone call from S&T PD 8:48 a.m. – Second call from S&T PD 8:51 a.m. – Mass notification alert sent: McNutt Hall on lockdown 8:53 a.m.-8:55 a.m. – Similar alerts posted on social media (Twitter and Facebook) 8:56 a.m. – Main website (www.mst.edu) redirected to emergency site (alert.mst.edu)
COMMUNICATION PROCESS: ONGOING Status updates on main website, social media Respond to media calls whenever possible Monitor social media Online becomes predominant source of information for media, public Updates posted to emergency update phone line (first one @ 9:15 a.m.)
THE SOCIAL MEDIA TRIAGESOURCE: ALTIMETER GROUP, BASED ON U.S. AIR FORCE’S RULES OF ENGAGEMENT FOR BLOGGING
WEB TRAFFIC SPIKED 129,455 visits May 12, 2011Social mediasignificant 4,171 referralsbut still a From socialvery small mediadriver of total May 12, 2011web traffic
FACEBOOK VS. TWITTERMost effective for… Facebook TwitterImmediacy X XReach XWebsite referrals XEngagement/discussion XReaching students XReaching parents XReaching news media X
FOLLOW-UP Improve departmental communications flow Set up centralized areas for call center and computer center Ensure main phone lines can roll over to other lines Ensure other staff have access to my email Change ice.mst.edu to alert.mst.edu Host alert.mst.edu offsite to ensure it works during a crisis
LESSONS LEARNED Testing, testing, testing Monitor social media chatter Debrief after every crisis Equip your people
AND EVOLUTION OF BEST PRACTICES identify target audiences for the applications, such as civilians, nongovernmental organizations, volunteers, and participating governments; determine appropriate types of information for dissemination; disseminate information the public is interested in (e.g. what phase the incident is in, etc.) identify any negative consequences arising from the application—such as the potential spread of faulty information—and work to eliminate or reduce such consequences.
HOW IT WORKS Police depar tments notified of emergency From civilians, from local government, from monitoring of social media Director of Media Relations is notified Crisis communication is activated Initial text messages goes out to campus Message is repeated in social media (Facebook and Twitter) Crisis Communication Team convenes on in a single location Emergency level decision is made Emergency messages placed in social media and text updates Emergency messages placed in iGuide, social media and text updates University website is replaced with emergency version, messages placed in iGuide, social media and text updates Team is in constant contact with media relations representative on the scene, always in direct communication. Updates are written and coordinated between all medium Social media is monitored for additional information, commentary and questions. Questionable post are reported to the media relations rep on scene.
CASE STUDY: ARMED ROBBERY 8:25 p.m. A report to University police of armed robbery on campus. 8:26 p.m. Text message was sent to campus and reported on Facebook and Twitter. Crisis Communication team activated 8:46 p.m. Members report to meeting pace. Determined only text messaging, social media and the iGuide would be used to communicate to audience.
CASE STUDY Shooting on the borders of campus. Text messaging, social media, and University website was utilized to communicate Second armed robbery on campus Text messaging, social media, and University website was utilized to communicate Website was utilized due to the fact suspect was spotted entering a residence hall The death of two students within 35 minutes of each other. Deaths occurred at between 2—3 a.m. It was determined that social media would be utilized to monitor for continued conversation
CONTACTBRIAN HUONKER A N D R E W C A R E AG AI L L I N O I S S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y MISSOURI UNIVERSIT Y OF SCIENCE ANDNORMAL, ILLINOIS T E C H N O LO GY RO L L A , M I S S O U R I B K H U O N K @ IL L I N O I S S TAT E .E D U @BKHUONKER AC A R E AG A @ M S T. E DU FAC E B OO K . C OM / B K H U ON K E R @ A N D R E WCA RE AG A L I N K E D I N . C OM / B K H U ON K E R FAC E B OO K . C OM / A N D RE WC A R E AG A L I N K E D I N . C OM / A N D RE WC A R E AG A
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