Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply



Published on

Published in: Business

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. California: Chapters 10-12 By Andrew Bartz
  • 2. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  Geology  1847 Yale founded the Sheffield Scientific School, brought talented geologists to California  California Academy of Sciences, goal to survey state and collect rare and rich productions  Geological Survey, measuring heights and land formations  Mining, brought about invention of the Pelton turbine  In 1880 Lester Pelton patented the water turbine, multiplied power of running water Yosemite Valley  New basis for hydro-electrical generation  Conservation  Transfer of Yosemite Valley to federal jurisdiction 1890  Advocated creation of National Park System
  • 3. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  The new age of Flight  James Montgomery, experiments heavier-than-air air glider  On August 1883 altitude of fifteen feet, it glided for six hundred feet, and safely landed  Wright brothers heavier-than-air craft December 17, 1903 in North Carolina  California capitalizes on invention  January 1910, Los Angeles County Chamber of Commerce, air show  Astronomy  James Lick, died October 1876, left funds to build observatory for most powerful telescope on the planet  The Lick Observatory  Mount Hamilton Santa Clara County  Given to University of California  The Hooker telescope, Pasadena December 1908, increased observable universe by 300 percent  George Ellery Hale introduced a 200 inch disk upgrade turning Throop Polytechnic Institute into a first rate center of scientific research
  • 4. Seeking Utopia Through Science and Technology  Electronics  Transcontinental phone calls, radio, television, and high speed electrons  Semiconductor- Replaced vacuum tube with nonmetallic solid material  Bardeen and Brattain used crystal germanium  William Shockley, Palo Alto, 1956 founded Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory  Goal to produce silicone transistor  Intel Corporation, invented microchip processor Macintosh SE, first apple computer  Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak  Mission make computers available to millions of Americans  Apple I prototype  Biotechnological research  Lawrence Laboratory at Berkley  Epicenter for further nuclear research
  • 5. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Film  Industrialization of film production emerged in Hollywood in the 1920’s  Reliably good weather  Distance from subpoena servers to avoid suits against producers not willing to pay what they thought was fair for licensing and reel footage fees  For the first time, Americans caught glimpses of life in California  Mid 30s takeover of Germany by National Socialism  Mass emigration of talented Europeans  Southern California provided opportunities for employment in the film industry  Writing, inspiration of 1940s film, with detective stories, preoccupation with California themes of nature, naturalism, and bohemia  Simplistic relationship to nature, urban matters, with solipsistic drama of self vs. society  1950’s brought anguish of postwar generation oppressed by materialism, refuge with sex, drugs, and rebellion
  • 6. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Painting  1920’s Landscapes in Postimpressionist style  Social Realism to California brought by the depression  Daily life, backyard BBQ, suburbia, Sunday afternoon  1930’s popularity of murals exploded  Expressive and figurative paintings flourished in 1940s  Photography  Depression brought true photographic realism. Attention turned to social turmoil  Architecture  Arts and crafts inspired style first two decades  Modernism appeared pre-World War I era, clean lines, surfaces, minimalist presentation  Characterize high end architecture  1950s postwar building boom  Domestic tradition  California Ranch style
  • 7. Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams  Music  Sound in motion pictures, composers 1930s  Took musical modernism to new heights  Jazz orchestra, progressive modes  Fusing of pop and modernism  Intensification of country music with the migration from Dust Bowl states during the depression  Outdoor life  Middle class Californians opportunity to recreation typically for upper class  San Francisco Bay Area 1860s, German immigrants founded Olympic Club  Swimming, free public surf, rough water swimming, and boating clubs  California 1907 Anglo-Hawaiian brought surfing  Became icon of the California lifestyle  Baseball in California flourished in 1859  Mountaineering, skiing, rock climbing, windsurfing and hang gliding
  • 8. Forging a World Society  Gold rush  “World Rushed In”, nearly every country sent people to California, diversity  California founded on racial distinctions and repression  Disenfranchisement of Blacks and Asians  Aggression against Mexican land titles  Anti-Japanese, “White California” segregation of school children, barring from land ownership, incarceration of Japanese-Americans during WWII  LA emerged as one of most important centers of Jewish civilization  Anti-Semitism swept California between WWI and WWII  In the early 1900’s, San Francisco had more foreign born residents relative to population than any other city in U.S.  Influx of Mexicans, Filipinos, Japanese, Sikhs, and Koreans  Armenians migrated, fleeing Ottoman Turkish persecution  When WWII came along, more African Americans came to California to work
  • 9. Forging a World Society  1965 Immigration and Nationality Acts- Reforming immigration laws  Excluded groups now as equal immigrations, favored reuniting families  Refugees from Southeast Asia and Bangladesh migrated to California  Racial, ethnic, and religious covenants of exclusion in real estate  Continuing division between blacks and whites  Watts riots of 1965  Los Angeles riots of 1992  O.J. Simpson trial of 1995 Illegal border crossing in the act  Illegal Immigration  1993 ranked one of three major problems in California; along with crime and the economy  “Save Our State” Prop 187, November 1994, withdrawal of public support for undocumented Californians  Passed but never implemented, states can’t regulate immigration  Illegal immigrants costing state great deal of money
  • 10. Forging a World Society  Affirmative Action  1998 race and gender based preferences at universities ended  California Civil Rights Initiative, Prop 209, November 1996, outlawing affirmative action  1998 Prop 227  Disestablishment of California bilingual education program, replaced with one year immersion in English language proficiency  Economy of California reliant on undocumented workers  Gov. Davis’ bill authorizing issuance of drivers licenses to undocumented workers  Struck opposition, repealed once  Schwarzenegger became Governor  Californians are becoming more like each other  Common culture of California uniting