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California1 California1 Presentation Transcript

  • California: Part 1 Chapters 7-9 By Andrew Bartz
  • Creating the Infrastructure of a Mega State Part1  $100,000 for irrigation, drainage, and navigation received for 1878 Drainage Act  October 1904  Water rushed into the valley, 360 million cubic feet per hour, flooded the area  Board of Public Works 1898  Developed water programs  Tapping rivers: LA received Owens River, San Francisco received Beautiful Hetch Hetchy Valley before it was dammed Tuolumne  Hydroelectricity  Allowed cities to serve four million residents  Devastation to the Environment  Tuolumne river dammed and Hetch Hetchy valley filled, beautiful area destroyed  LA drained Owens River, complete
  • Creating the Infrastructure of a Mega State Part2  University Culture, Stanford- idealized garden, implementations of Mediterranean, University of California at Berkley- developed Beaux Arts city of learning, classical revival  1900 to 1930 creation of metropolitan California: LA, SD, Southern California as new American scene  Job market: building trades, oil, hotel and tourist, aviation, motion pictures, fishing, Nay and Marine Corps, University jobs  Prosperity, new construction: Ambassador Hotel, Coliseum, Rose Bowl Stadium, Biltmore Hotel, Central Library of LA, California Cub, and expanding university campuses  Construction of film sets in Hollywood, rise of film industry  Unify Bay Area- Oakland Bay Bridge and Golden Gate bridge  GG across GG Strait between SF and Marin County, authorize 1930, finished 1937, icon of American civilization
  • Creating the Infrastructure of a Mega State Part3  White majority population  Oligarchs- older Southern California families, enjoying first-generation wealth  Folks- white Anglo-Saxon Protestants from Midwest, rural or small town background  Mexican American population  1920 to 1930 city of LA minority group tripled: 33,644 to 97,116  LA leading Mexican American community in the US  Meatpacking tire manufacture, auto assembly, manual jobs  African American Population  Started small, prosperous, republican  As grew lost status, encountered racial attitudes, explicit color lines
  • Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond Part1  General Strike of 1901  SF city wide strike by Teamsters Union  Formation of the Union Labor Party in San Francisco  October 1, 1910, metal trades strike, bombed headquarters of Times  Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)  Romantic anarchism, Marxist socialism, distrust of popular, rich politicians, seize state and establish industrial utopia  August 1913 Wheatland  Bench collapsed, fighting started, deputy fired into air, gunfire broke out  IWW fled scene, acted as if they were responsible  April 30th 1919 criminal Syndicalism Act  Felony to advocate or promulgate violence to change IWW Poster industrial ownership of effect political changes, or belong to organization  Mexican Mutual Aid Society of Imperial Valley, May 1928  Protest wages and working conditions to President of Mexico, who protested to Pres. of US, who sent the state department official to investigate
  • Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond Part2  Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union (CAWIU)  Used mimeograph machine, thousands of leaflets in different languages and spread with the use of the automobile  Authorities conducted roundups, arrests, harassments, indictments, and trials  CAWIU strikes August 1931, November 1932, and four more in 1933  Strikers assaulted with blackjacks, night sticks, high-pressure hoses,  The Cotton Strike of 1933  Largest agricultural strike  Vigilantes shot strikers killed two and injured eight  Later, became a permanent group, The Associated Farmers of California Inc. • Associated Farmer fan of the Red Scare  Police raided CAWIU state headquarters. Convicted 8 to prison one to fourteen years  Released September 1937 by Third District Court of Appeal of the State of California  International Longshoremen‟s Association (ILA)  May 1934 Largest maritime strike, joined by locals in numerous cities and followed by over 13 unions  June 18 1934, employers claiming to president about a Communist take over  July 3rd strikers prevent exit of trucks, police fired into crowd, killed striker
  • Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond Part3  End Poverty in California (EPIC) – Upton Sinclair, production for use, non-profit  Influence of Franklin D. Roosevelt‟s New Deal  old age pensions $50 per month, reappearing as Social Security  $150 to 15-20 million Americans 60+ to recharge stalled economy  1937 Townsend movement  Ham „n‟ Eggs for Californians campaign booklet Cesar Chavez  $30 every Thursday to unemployed Californians over fifty  Defeated in the election of November 1938 but supported electing Downey to U.S. Senate  United Farm Workers- Huelga, orchestrated by Cesar Chavez
  • War and Peace: Japanese experiencing racism Part1  Early as 1900s Japanese immigrants scapegoat, “Yellow Peril,” “White California” crusade  1905 Chronicle campaign to segregate Japanese children in public schools of SF  1908 Gentlemen‟s Agreement with Japan  Japanese not to issue more passports to laborers US withdraw SF ordinance  1913 Alien Land Act- Prohibited Jap immigrants from owning land in California  Bill became law, extended with discussion of segregation 1920  California determinedly anti-Japanese, toxic level of racism  Immigration Act of 1924 prohibited immigration of Japanese  Poisoned relationship between nations  Attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941  Rounded up suspected Japanese aliens  Removal and relocation of Japanese • Executive Order 9066, War Department to remove suspicious or possibly dangerous people from military areas • February 1942, articles calling for removal of Japanese from coast, attorney general Warren wanted evacuation of all Japanese, many supporters • March 1, 1942 DeWitt (head of Western Defense Command) issued Proclamation Number One, Western half of Cali, Oregon, Washington, and southern third Arizona; Japanese to be removed. • March 18, Roosevelt, Executive Order 9102, Civilian War Relocation Authority • Establish and administer relocation camps • 110,000 Japanese behind barbed wire for next 3 years or more
  • War and Peace: War Society and Industry Part2  San Francisco premier military command center, pot of embarkation and supply on the Pacific Coast  Italy surrenders, POW option to join Italian Service Units  Performed non-combat duty for Army  1945 Italians throughout SF with US Army uniforms with Italy patch  Camp Pendleton  Marine recruiting depot in San Diego, purchased for training in 1942  Strong navy and military presence in SD  Ubiquitous presence of uniformed men and women in California during the war years  Zoot Suit Riots, June 1943 between young servicemen and young Mexican Americans  Mexicans now treated as enemies along with Japanese in camps  June 3rd, Sailors moves on Mexican American girls, provoked brawl with Mexican American youths  Naval officials put end to the riot, court-martial servicemen who did not immediately return  War brought triumphs of industrial culture  Women needed to work in ship building effort  Social sophistication: pooled transportation, day care centers, equality of women, medical care, food service, banking, postal outlets, big band dances and concerts  Germany and Japan surrender May 1945 brought end to War
  • War and Peace: Building a Suburbia Part3  Population growth- 1962, turned into most populous state in nation  During war 1.6 million moved to CA, other military training there, or gone on leave there  Population gain 53% between 1940 and 1950  Physical and social infrastructure overwhelmed by influx: housing shortage and overburdened highways  Disneyland opens on July 1955, made complex utopian statement  Complex urban environments, deliberately created, incorporated regional and related cultural values, Small town living, more intimate America  Probed urban future, planned and controlled environment, paradigm for Orange County  Master Plan for Higher Education  Support by taxpayers, UC system vehicle for own betterment  Conceptualized itself and a higher-education utopia  Consolidated state college campuses into multiple campus‟