How can universities work in the open?
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How can universities work in the open?

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Learning lessons of innovation from MOOCs, OER and crowdsourcing environments. ...

Learning lessons of innovation from MOOCs, OER and crowdsourcing environments.
A presentation from the Open Educational Innovation and Incubation project funded by the EU Lifelong Learning Programme.
Presented by Patrick McAndrew at OER13 http://www.medev.ac.uk/oer13/128/view/ and discussed by the Times Higher http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/news/us-mooc-platforms-openness-questioned/2002938.article

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  • 2
  • Dimensions applied as measures – subjective but informative.
  • THE UNED cases feature N/A as a value indicating that some of the dimensions we have picked are considered to not be applicable to all case studies. Note openness value for cluster 2 cases (the 2 on extreme LHS) are both zero.
  • THE UNED cases feature N/A as a value indicating that some of the dimensions we have picked are considered to not be applicable to all case studies. Note openness value for cluster 2 cases (the 2 on extreme LHS) are both zero.
  • Unlike, most OERs, with a MOOC you don’t get just the content, you get the promise of some form of interaction with members of an academy.
  • Contrast – coursera, class2go, p2pu, ocw-eu, …
  • Some ideas for additions to recommendations from the cross-over analysis. These are at director/rector level, but were drawn from MOOC studies:* Stimulate the use of social networks.The participation in learning activities is enhanced if the students feel to be part of a (virtual) community.( Telecom Italia/UNINETTUNO).* The MOOC platform provides a way of testing content and pedagogy with a diverse student population. A MOOC platform such as edX offers its owners the opportunity to test new course designs and implementations with real students. However, Universities need to be aware of MOOC students' expectations and the resources (e.g. personnel and tools) needed to provide both a high quality learning experience, and to evaluate the data generated through learner interactions within the MOOC platform (sources: edX, P2P MOOCs)..Recommendation: Universities should use feedback gained from MOOCs to improve the next generation of their own course provision, and do this on a continuous basis. To do this, resources must be available to evaluate the data generated through innovations such as MOOCs.* A MOOC platform owned and controlled by a University (or a group of Universities) offers that MOOC provider publicity, and the opportunity to assess the market for its offerings by direct contact with potential students (source . Recommendation: Universities can exploit some educational technology innovations as marketing opportunities. However, care needs to be taken to manage MOOC students' expectations, and .clear business cases and cost-benefit analyses are required (source Class2Go).

How can universities work in the open?How can universities work in the open? Presentation Transcript

  • How can universities work in the open?Learning lessons of innovation from MOOCs, OER and crowdsourcing environmentsJosie TaylorAndrew BrasherPatrick McAndrewLut Moorthamer KU LeuvenOEII [except where noted]
  • Innovate
  • Open Innovation“Opening up institutional ideas and knowledgeassets to external parties for co-development,in order to generate innovation, newopportunities, harness new resources andreach new markets.”(JISC Business and Community Engagement) olnet.org
  • Innovation typologyInter organisational innovation external collaborationIntra-organisational innovation employee participationUser innovation involve „lead users‟ in developmentCollective innovation crowd-source and collective intelligence(Innoget via JISC Business and Community Engagement) olnet.org
  • What is neededShared culture and values• Management and cultural support• Consensus on values• Trust and sharingInfrastructure and capabilities• Strategic and partnerships• Processes and incentives• Proven ability and clear approach to Intellectual Property olnet.org
  • Open Open Innovation The product is in the open The collaboration is in the open http://p2pu.org http://wiki.creativecommons.org/School_of_Open olnet.org
  • ClustersCluster 1: Open Education, OER, OCW and MOOCsCluster 2: Educational innovation and knowledge circulation with companiesCluster 3: (social) innovation and crowdsourcing olnet.org
  • Case studiesCluster 1 Cluster 2edX AcqaP2PU Safety EngineeringClass2Go Telecom ItaliaKhan Academy Cluster 3Udacity MedialabOCW-EU Escuela PopularCourseraMOOC EaDOERU olnet.org
  • Dimensions of openness1. Open Access2. Free online availability3. Freedom of Pace4. Freedom of Place5. Freedom of Start time6. Open source7. Open licensing8. Open creation olnet.org
  • How open is open?Case Acqa-KULeuven Eng. KULeuven Safety Escuela Popular Telecom ItClass2Go edX - UNINETTUNO Coursera Medialab Prado Udacity Khan Academy plans to[1]: OCW-EU MOOC EaD OERU P2PU1. Open Accessdiploma requirement No: No: diploma requirement YES No Yes Most[2] Yes YES Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes2. Free online availability No No NO[1] No Yes Yes Yes YES Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes3. Freedom of Pace No No SOME Yes No No Yes SOME Yes Yes Yes Some[3] Yes Yes4. Freedom of Place No No NO Yes Yes Yes Yes SOME (Audiovisual) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes5. Freedom of Start time No No SOME Yes No No Some SOME Yes Yes Some Some Yes Yes7. Open source No No N/A No Yes Yes[4] No N/A No Some[5] Yes Yes Yes Yes8. Open licensing No No N/A No No Some[6] No CC-BY-SA[2] BY-NC-ND CC CC-BY-NC-SA Yes CC-BY--SA Yes CC-BY9. Open creation No No YES[3] No No No N0 YES No No No Yes No[7] No 0 0 3 3 4 4.25 4.5 5.5 6 6.5 6.5 7 7 7 1. Open Access 5. Freedom of Start time 2. Free online availability 6. Open source 3. Freedom of Pace 7. Open licensing 4. Freedom of Place 8. Open creation olnet.org
  • How open is open? Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 7 6 5 4Openness 3 2 1 0 olnet.org
  • OER & OCWA content collection Anyone can add to it Anyone can take away Supporting wonderful activities Loose collaboration modelBut … Can be hard to see the product olnet.org
  •  Enhance OU reputation Extending reach Widening participation Experiment with courses Accelerate technologies Catalyst for collaboration Research base Recruitment of students http://oro.open.ac.uk/17513/
  • OER changing practice Aisha Project School – Zambia 2010. Andreia Santos
  • Massively Open Online Course (MOOCs)Meeting a clearer need Impact on organisations Individual opportunities High profile Alternative ways to join inChallenges Expectations and inertia Eventual impact olnet.org
  • Interfacing with other organisations olnet.org
  • Cluster 1: ExamplesScreen dumpFiguresKey Innovation olnet.org
  • Characteristics of cases in cluster 2:• universities with formal recognition as higher education institution• degree programs and courses• certificated education for achievement, certificate by university• face-to-face education, e-learning, blended learning Case Acqa-KULeuven Safety Telecom Italia, Engineering UNINETTUNO KULeuven Education level PG PG G Granularity of offering C and P C and P C and P Assessment T - summative T - summative T Certification awarded for achievement achievement achievement Certification awarded by university university university Dominant didactics Instructor led Instructor led olnet.org
  • Connecting with University networks Interest of companies • Education • Focus on • Focus on • Alignment research + research with training education needs University University networks networks
  • interfacing universities with companies teaching Framework Understanding Interfacing agreement Monitoring Diversity quality olnet.org
  • Catwalk to ready to wear Adams, A., FitzGerald, E., and Priestnall, G. (to appear) Of Catwalk Technologies and Boundary Creatures. Transactions on Computer- Human InteractionCC-BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/thestylepa/6157909577/ P2PU MITx -> edX CC-BY-NC-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/57340921@N03/7527822002/ olnet.org
  • Incubating opennessHarness passion: individual motivationBuild on what others have done – way to join in but also …Be prepared to create your own approach and systemInnovate on existing objectives: reach, online, international experience …Be a user of the innovations not just a producerStay in touch – be involvedExperiment at different scales http://www.flickr.com/photos/graibeard/4082255623 olnet.org
  • SummaryOpen innovation removes barriersIf the product is open can accelerate and scaleThe MOOC model shows how universities can innovatePower of the individualIncubation of ideas – overlap between outside and insideRapid communication and agile planning olnet.org
  • Tentative recommendations• Stimulate the use of social networks. Participation in learning activities is enhanced if the students feel to be part of a (virtual) community.• Use feedback gained from open operation to improve the next generation internal courses on a continual basis• Universities can exploit educational technology innovations to improve image and profile.• Prepare ways to respond to innovation: resources to analyse, understand and kickstart. olnet.org
  • Questionshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458/