World War II


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Andrew Taylor
Grosse Pointe North High School

  • @andrew0624 Are you kidding or just not with it? Quote; This file is not a group of photos. There are few images in it. The few that are in there are NOT rare.' Unquote. I was involuntarily brought here by SlideShare under the headline Rare Historical Photos. Catchup.
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  • @EIcostheta Oh my gosh you are looney. I didn't claim any privacy. These slides are not intended to give you any context as a stand alone. They are notes and illustrations for a SPOKEN presentation. But that's not what make this whole conversation beyond absurd. Mostly, I can't figure out what you are talking about with 'group of photos.' This file is not a group of photos. There are few images in it. The few that are in there are NOT rare. I'm going to ignore you now because you need time to go take your medication.
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  • @andrew0624 The context as I understand it, is Rare Historical Photos. If I don't know the true context of your presentation, is that because you have failed to reveal it? You lost any claim to privacy once you went public with this otherwise, well chosen group of photos.
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  • Wow Elcostheta. I'm surprised you have the audacity to get fired up about a presentation I made for my personal use. From a technical standpoint, you know that it's not really a photo, right? Those two guys were not together with Dear Old Winston, so I didn't have to manipulate it to exclude anyone. Since you don't know the context of my presentation and the purpose of that slide, you cannot know which facts may or may not being manipulated. Maybe the topic was biggest losers. Would you want be to add your beloved in then? As a student of history, you should well know that taking an image out of the context it is used in renders it meaningless.
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  • Considering that the US delayed two years before joining the fight I am surprised you have the audacity to exclude Churchill from that photo. Even more-so that even then it took Hitler to declare war on the US. A simple photo that manipulates the facts.
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World War II

  1. 1. World War II<br />Mr. Taylor | World History | Chapter 32<br />
  2. 2. Secret Agreement<br />Nonaggression pact: Germans, Soviets agree not to fight each other<br />Agreement includes deal to split Poland<br />Blitzkrieg: lightning war, Germany’s new military strategy<br />
  3. 3. Meanwhile, in Russia<br />The Great Purge: Joseph Stalin, tens of millions of ordinary individuals were executed or imprisoned in labor camps that were little more than death camps. Perceived political orientation was the key variable in these mass atrocities.<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Rescue at Dunkirk<br />German forces trap British, French on coast at Dunkirk<br />British Navy, civilians take ships across Channel to rescue soldiers<br />Winston Churchill: Becomes British prime minister, vows no surrender<br />Germany plans invasion of Britain; begins with air attacks in 1940<br />Battle of Britain: British use air force, radar, code-breaking to resist Germany<br />
  6. 6. Rescue at Dunkirk<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Hitler Invades Soviet Union<br />After taking Yugoslavia, Greece, Hitler betrays Stalin<br />Germany invades an unprepared Soviet Union<br />Soviet troops burn land as they retreat<br />Germans almost capture Moscow<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Americans want to avoid war<br />Roosevelt fears that if allies fall, U.S. would have to fight<br />Lend-Lease Act — U.S. loans weapons to countries fighting Germany<br />
  11. 11. Infamy<br />Japan attacks Pearl Harbor — U.S. naval base in Hawaii — on Dec. 7, 1941<br />
  12. 12. Japan and the U.S.<br />In 1941 Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments to Japan<br />Yamamatoplans attack on U.S. fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii<br />Japan captures American Philippines, British holdings, including Hong Kong, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, Burma, threatens India, Britain’s main possession in Asia<br />Japanese forces treat conquered peoples, prisoners of war brutally <br />
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  14. 14. Victory at Sea<br />New kind of naval warfare — ships launch planes to fight each other<br />Douglas MacArthur — American army commander in Pacific<br />Plans to “island-hop” past strongholds, attack weaker Japanese bases<br />
  15. 15. Axis & Allies<br />
  16. 16. The Holocaust <br />During the Holocaust, Hitler’s Nazis kill 6 million Jews and 5 million other “non-Arayans.”<br />
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  18. 18. Hitler<br />“Our strength consists in our speed and in our brutality. Genghis Khan led millions of women and children to slaughter - with premeditation and a happy heart. History sees in him solely the founder of a state. It’s a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me.<br />
  19. 19. I have issued the command - and I’ll have anybody who utters but one word of criticism executed by a firing squad - that our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly I have placed my death-head formations in readiness - for the present only in the East - with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we gain the living space (Lebensraum) which we need.<br />
  20. 20. Hitler and the Holocaust<br />Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?”<br />Adolf Hitler August 22, 1939 <br />Quoted from a speech delivered by Hitler to the Supreme Commanders and Commanding Generals, as the Nazis marched into Poland in 1939. <br />
  21. 21. Racist Beliefs<br />Hitler and Nazis say Aryans — Germanic peoples — are “master race”<br />Kristallnacht—“night of broken glass,” Nov. 9, 1938<br />Jewish homes, businesses, synagogues attacked; 100 Jews killed <br />
  22. 22. A Flood of Refugees<br />Fearing violence, many German Jews flee, but other countries limit Jewish refugees<br />Isolation<br />Hitler has all Jews moved to designated cities, forced to live in ghettos<br />
  23. 23. “Final Solution”<br />Hitler’s final plan for treatment of Jews<br />Chooses genocide —systematic killing of an entire people<br />Russia joins effort<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Death camps not in Germany, kept secret from German citizens<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Practice<br />Use your notes to write a paragraph describing Nazi Germany’s policy towards Jewish people.<br />Include the following terms:<br />Aryan<br />Holocaust<br />ghetto<br />Final Solution<br />genocide<br />
  28. 28. The Allied Victory <br />Led by the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, the Allies score key victories and win the war. <br />
  29. 29. The Battles in 5 Minutes<br />
  30. 30. The Allies Strike Back<br />Africa: Allied resistance starts in Africa, British against Germany & Italy<br />The Battle for Stalingrad: Germany moves to capture Soviet oil fields<br />Italy: United States and Brittan use Africa to launch invasion of Italy <br />
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  32. 32. Total War<br />Fighting the war requires complete use of all national resources<br />18 million U.S. workers — many of them women — make weapons<br />People at home face shortages of consumer goods<br />Propaganda aims to inspire civilians to aid effort<br />
  33. 33. The D-Day Invasion<br />D-Day— June 6, 1944; day of “Operation Overlord” allied invasion of France<br />
  34. 34. V-E Day<br />By 1945, Allied armies approach Germany from two sides<br />Soviets surround Berlin in April 1945 <br />Hitler commits suicide<br />On May 9, 1945, Germany officially surrenders, marking V-E Day<br />President Roosevelt dies in April (stroke); Truman becomes president <br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. The Japanese in Retreat<br />U.S. takes Philippines in late 1944<br />Kamikazes—Japanese pilots who fly suicide missions<br />In March 1945, American forces capture Iwo Jima<br />U.S. takes Okinawa in June 1945; Japan suffers huge casualties <br />
  37. 37.
  38. 38. The Japanese Surrender<br />Advisors warn Truman that invasion of Japan will cost many lives<br />He has alternative; powerful new weapon called atomic bomb<br />Manhattan Project — secret program<br />Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Aug. 6, 1945; 75,000 die<br />Nagasaki bombed on Aug. 9; 70,000 die<br />Japanese surrender on Sept. 2, 1945 <br />
  39. 39. Feared a German Atom Bomb<br />Persecution of Jewish scientists, sought asylum <br />Einstein, abandoning his belief in pacifism, urged then president Franklin Roosevelt to develop an atomic bomb before Hitler did.<br />He later regretted his support of the A-Bomb.<br />
  40. 40. Was it necessary?<br />
  41. 41. “I made one great mistake in my life ... when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them.”<br />
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44. The Nuremberg Trials<br />Nuremberg Trials: trials of 22 Nazi leaders for war crimes<br />Some Nazi leaders are executed for their actions<br />
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  46. 46.
  47. 47. WWII: Mapping Items<br />Germany<br />Page 942: Circle extent of Axis-controlled area<br />Page 953: Where were most Holocaust “death camps”<br />Japan<br />Page 933: Mark extent of Japanese expansion<br />Midway, 1942<br />Hiroshima, 1945<br />Nagasaki, 1945 <br />Italy<br />France<br />Normandy (D-Day), 1944<br />England<br />Russia<br />Japan<br />Pearl Harbor<br />Korea, 1950-53<br />Vietnam, 1957-73<br />Cuba, 1962<br />India, 1947<br />Israel, 1947<br />