Document-Based QuestionREVOLUTIONSMr. TAYLOR – WORLD HISTORY 9
Historical Context Revolution – which is a sudden or significant change in old ways of doing things – can occur in many areas, such as government, technology or art. You have studied the intellectual transformations during the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, as well as the political revolutions in America and France. Each revolution led to major changes in governmental, social and economic structures.
Task Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of history, examine each document. Identify which revolution they apply to. A revolution is “a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving.” Which revolution was the most significant? Scientific Revolution (Page 623) Enlightenment (Page 629) French Revolution (Page 651) American Revolution (Page 640) Explain and compare one intellectual revolution to one political revolution. (Honors: Examine three, use 1 quote document)
President John Adams “Revolution was effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people . . . . This radical change in the principles, opinions, sentiments, and affections of the people was the real American Revolution.” 6
President Thomas Jefferson “That these are our grievances which we have thus laid before his majesty, with that freedom of language and sentiment which becomes a free people claiming their rights as derived from the laws of nature, and not as the gift of their chief magistrate.” 7
Philosopher Immanuel Kant “Enlightenment is man’s emergence from his self-incurred immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one’s own understanding without the guidance of another. This immaturity is self-incurred if its cause is not lack of understanding, but lack of resolution and courage to use it without the guidance of another. The motto of enlightenment is therefore: Sapereaude! Have courage to use your own understanding!” 8
ESSAY Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs and a conclusion. Address all aspects of the task by accurately analyzing at least four documents. Support your response with relevant facts, examples and details. No outside research is necessary. Use your textbook and the documents. Which revolution was the most significant: Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, French or American Revolution? Explain and compare one intellectual revolution to one political revolution. (Honors: Examine three, use 1 quote document) Specific use of information from the documents is essential.See the RUBRIC.
Abraham Lincoln Nov. 19, 1863 Fifth Hour Gettysburg Address Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this (document #3). But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom— and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. HIGH SCHOOLESSAY FORMAT
Title (not “essay”)
No word art
10-12 size font
(usually parenthetically) No bibliography needed on a DBQ