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  • 1. Media Censorship
    By Aili, Synge, Laura & Andre
  • 2. Censored?
    Purpose:
    filter out unnecessary and misleading information
    Methods:
    withholding information or banning information, etc.
    E.g.: Ancient China
    Aim:
    maintain the society stability
  • 3. Not Censored?
    Why Not?
    Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Expression
    No Government Transparency
    Intrudes into People’s Privacy
    Impossible for new media
  • 4. Media Censorship Is Needed
  • 5. What Has Been Censored?
    Pornography
    Issues Promoting Hatred of Ethnic and Religious Groups
    Political Content
  • 6. Pornography
  • 7. Pornography
    Partially Censored: Holland, US, Japan, etc.
    Strictly Censored: Asian Countries
    China:
    1996: Chinese authorities legislate against pornography on the Internet (State Council Order No. 195 1 February 1996)
    1997: Pornography is also prohibited under Article 5 of the Computer Information Network and Internet Security, Protection and Management Regulations (December 1997)
    2000: Article 57 if the Telecommunications Regulations Of The People’s Republic Of China (25 September 2000) and the Measure For Managing The Internet Information Service (25 September 2000)
    India:
    Under the Indian Information Technology Act 2000, Chapter XI Para 67, the government of India also declared electronic publication of pornography an offence.
  • 8. Pornography
    The rate of sexual offences in countries with less censorship on pornography is much higher than those in the other countries.
  • 9. Pornography
    Child Pornography is strictly censored worldwide
    Kids need a porn-free environment for their healthy growth
  • 10. Issues Promoting Hatred of Ethnic and Religious Groups
  • 11. Issues Promoting Hatred of Ethnic and Religious Groups
    US:
    Last year, there is a yearlong black race riot in Oakland, the United States. The story was reported around the world, yet people get nothing from the media in the United States, whether on newspapers, TV or radio broadcasters, even on Internet. According to BBC, the US government censored everything about the riot to prevent larger maybe nation-wide riot.
  • 12. Issues Promoting Hatred of Ethnic and Religious Groups
    Australia:
    In September 2002, a website in Australia was ordered by the Federal Court to remove material that casts doubt on whether the Holocaust occurred. Judge Catherine Branson ruled that Dr. Toben vilified Jewish Australians when her published documents that cast doubt over the Holocaust on the Adelaide Institute site.
  • 13. Political Content
  • 14. Political Content
    Censorship of political content is strong in one party countries, mostly Asia.
    After September 11, western countries start tightening their censorship on political contents.
  • 15. No No No...
    No Media Censorship
  • 16.
  • 17. World Without Censorship?
    Protest
    Riot
    Terrorist Attack
  • 18. AgainstFreedomofSpeech
    An important part democracy
    “The principle of free speech is not concerned with the content of a man’s speech and does not protect only the expression of good ideas, but all ideas.”
    —Ayn Rand
  • 19. An Example
    Australia
    Internet Filtering System
    ACMA blacklist – 506 websites are legal to watch
  • 20. GovernmentTransparency
    Wikileaks – United States Embassy cables
    Julian Assange on TED(7:15-8:23)
  • 21. Government Transparency (cont.)
    “Unsuitable content” – politicians’ own failures
    How good and how bad
  • 22. Intrudesinto people’s privacy
    Censorship as an excuse
    2005 Chinese government Vs. Shi Tao
  • 23. Singapore
  • 24. 3 Tiers of Censorship
    • 1sttier – Parliament legislation
    • 25. 2nd tier – Government bodies
    • 26. 3rd tier – Self-censorship
  • “The emergence in this election of social-networking sites on the internet as a focus for opposition politicking changed the tone of the campaign. Even the docile mainstream media were forced to devote more coverage to the opposition, lest readers forsake them for the newer outlets.”
    —— The Economist
  • 27. Online presence infographic
    http://sgpartyti.me/
  • 28. Conclusion
    “There is a fine line between censorship and good taste and moral responsibility.”
    —— Steven Spielberg