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Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
Halloween   a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré
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Halloween a journey to a pagan ritual - by andré

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A Journey to a Pagan Ritual …

A Journey to a Pagan Ritual
Contents:


 Introduction
 Etymology
 Pagan Origins
 Samhain – the Celtic origins of Halloween
 The Celtics
 The Celtic Religion
 The Celtic Calendar

 Introduction
 From Pagan Ritual to Party Night

 Church against Paganism
 Catholic Church condemns Halloween

 Halloween comes to America
 Halloween in America

 A social Problem
 October 31th “no order day”

 Halloween Practices
 Trick or treat
 Jack O’ Lantern
 The costumes

 The end of innocence
 poisoned candies
 looking for a safety Halloween
 Halloween at Home
 Halloween goes to Hollywood
 Final notes
 Researches

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  1. Halloween The American Holiday
  2. Halloween Contents A Journey to a Pagan Ritual Introduction Etymology Pagan Origins Samhain – the Celtic origins of Halloween The Celtics The Celtic Religion The Celtic Calendar
  3. Halloween Contents Introduction From Pagan Ritual to Party Night Church against Paganism Catholic Church condemns Halloween Halloween comes to America Halloween in America A social Problem October 31th “no order day”
  4. Halloween Contents Halloween Practices Trick or treat Jack O’ Lantern The costumes The end of innocence poisoned candies looking for a safety Halloween Halloween at Home Halloween goes to Hollywood
  5. Halloween Contents Final notes Researches
  6. Halloween A Journey to a pagan ritual
  7. Introduction • Halloween is a typical American Holyday. Form many reasons. • A British folkloric feast that found in American commercialism its biggest expression. • Despite of being associated with witchcraft for many religious groups, the most of society tolerates it as a cultural element of the North American people. • Even with the religious intolerance about it, it keeps on becoming more and more popular around the world. • It’s turned nowadays the second most profitable holyday for business in USA. Only Christmas overcomes it. • I hope you enjoy the journey
  8. Etymology The word “Halloween” derives from “All Hallow Even”, or the eve of All Saints' Day.(November 1st)
  9. Etymology All Hallows even
  10. Etymology All Hallows even Hallow even
  11. Etymology All Hallows even Hallow even Hallow’en
  12. Etymology All Hallows even Hallow even Hallow’en Halloween
  13. A typical Halloween celebration in Europe in 19th century
  14. Pagan Origins Pomona Goddess of the seeds and fruits.
  15. • Although its Christian etymology. Halloween is usually thought to have pagan origins.
  16. • Although its Christian etymology. Halloween is usually thought to have pagan origins. • Some folklorists have detected its origins in the Roman feast of Pomona, goddess of fruits and seeds
  17. Samhain – the Celtic origins of Halloween Nevertheless there is a typical idea that links Halloween with the Celtic festival of “Samhain” (Pronounced Sow – in)
  18. The Celtics • The Celtic people were the ancient inhabitants of Europe.
  19. The Celtics • The Celtic people were the ancient inhabitants of Europe. • During the first century b.C. they were divided in several groups spread through all the European Continent, from Romania to Iberian Peninsula and to the North until the British islands.
  20. The Celtic Religion
  21. The Celtic Religion • Despite of being divided into a lot of different groups of people, they were linked by their language and religion.
  22. The Celtic Religion • Despite of being divided into a lot of different groups of people, they were linked by their language and religion. • Like the most of the ancient peoples, the Celtic religion was based into a great worship about a vast sum of gods and goddesses.
  23. The Celtic Religion • Despite of being divided into a lot of different groups of people, they were linked by their language and religion. • Like the most of the ancient peoples, the Celtic religion was based into a great worship about a vast sum of gods and goddesses. • The Celtic mythology is as rich as the Greek.
  24. The Celtic Religion • Despite of being divided into a lot of different groups of people, they were linked by their language and religion. • Like the most of the ancient peoples, the Celtic religion was based into a great worship about a vast sum of gods and goddesses. • The Celtic mythology is as rich as the Greek. • But, on the contrary of the Greeks, the Celtic rites were absolutely linked to the earth.
  25. The Celtic Religion • Despite of being divided into a lot of different groups of people, they were linked by their language and religion. • Like the most of the ancient peoples, the Celtic religion was based into a great worship about a vast sum of gods and goddesses. • The Celtic mythology is as rich as the Greek. • But, on the contrary of the Greeks, the Celtic rites were absolutely linked to the earth. • They had no religious temples. The rites were done in the woods.
  26. Samhain •was the most important festival of the Celtic calendar.
  27. Samhain •was the most important festival of the Celtic calendar. •In ancient Celtic language Samhain means “Summer’s end”
  28. Samhain •For the Celtic people, this festival represented the end of the annual cycle and the beginning of another one
  29. Samhain •For the Celtic people, this festival represented the end of the annual cycle and the beginning of another one •In other words, it was the “end of the year” in the ancient Celtic Calendar.
  30. •On this day the doors of the world of the dead are open, and the bad spirits are able to come back.
  31. •On this day the doors of the world of the dead are open, and the bad spirits are able to come back. •This creed revels the supernatural element on Celtic Sanhaim.
  32. •On this day the doors of the world of the dead are open, and the bad spirits are able to come back. •This creed revels the supernatural element on Celtic Sanhaim. •Element that survives till nowadays on modern Halloween
  33. The Celtic Calendar
  34. The Celtic Calendar • Like the most of the ancient civilizations, the Celtic calendar was based on the cycle of the Sun.
  35. The Celtic Calendar • Like the most of the ancient civilizations, the Celtic calendar was based on the cycle of the Sun. • They had 4 great festivals that were linked to the seasons’ changing.
  36. The Celtic Calendar • Like the most of the ancient civilizations, the Celtic calendar was based on the cycle of the Sun. • They had 4 great festivals that were linked to the seasons’ changing. • And other 4 festivals witch were directly linked to the summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes.
  37. MONTH DAY FIRE FESTIVALS FEBRUARY 1st IMBOLC MARCH 21st EQUINOXES FESTIVALS Correspondent date on the South hemisphere JANUARY AUGUST 1st OSTARA (Spring Equinox) SEPTEMBER 21st APRIL MAY 1st JUNE BELTANE 21st NOVEMBER 1st COAMHAIN (Summer Solstice) DECEMBER 21st JULY AUGUST 1st SEPTEMBER LUGHNASADH 21st FEBRUARY 1st HERFEST (Fall Equinox) MARCH 21st OCTOBER NOVEMBER 1st DECEMBER 21st SAMHAIN MAY 1st YULE (Winter Solstice) JULY 21st
  38. • • Besides to arise in Old Europe, maybe thousands of years before Christ –following some folklorists – Halloween has become a popular modern holiday only when it arrived in America in 19th century The Americans found on Halloween parties a real deal for business using its commercial potential they spread the holiday around the world.
  39. Halloween Parade In Japan
  40. Brazilian Children Celebrating Halloween
  41. Halloween “From Pagan Ritual to a Party night.”
  42. Pomona
  43. “From Pagan Ritual to a Party night.” • According to most of sources, Samhain survived the Christian domination and has been practiced till nowadays on modern Halloween feasts.
  44. “From Pagan Ritual to a Party night.” • According to most of sources, Samhain survived the Christian domination and has been practiced till nowadays on modern Halloween feasts. • But How can a pagan ritual turned into a modern celebration with a Christian etymology?
  45. Church against the Paganism • "How many times the Church has decanted the new wine of Christianity into the old bottles of heathendom.” (Ruth E. Kelly)
  46. Church against the Paganism • "How many times the Church has decanted the new wine of Christianity into the old bottles of heathendom.” (Ruth E. Kelly) • The church created the official calendar and created new terminologies for ancient pagans celebrations.
  47. Church against the Paganism • "How many times the Church has decanted the new wine of Christianity into the old bottles of heathendom.” (Ruth E. Kelly) • The church created the official calendar and created new terminologies for ancient pagans celebrations. • Christmas for example, was originally the Roman god of sun’s celebration. (it turned into the celebration of the birth of Christ)
  48. Sol Invictus
  49. Catholic Church condemns Halloween practices “Halloween is 'dangerous' says the Pope as he slams 'anti-Christian' festival” The Vatican attempted to put a brake on the growing popularity of Halloween yesterday, branding it antiChristian and dangerous. The Vatican spoke out on the eve of tonight's ritual which falls before the significant Catholic holy day of All Saints. The condemnation follows criticism from Catholic bishops who this week urged parents not to let their children dress up as ghosts and goblins.”
  50. •These words were turned off from a recent news by an European newspaper. The pope told is the present one “Benedict 16” •It shows that Halloween is still a matter of condemnation for the called new Christian Church •But not only the Catholic priests condemns Halloween •The protestants are maybe more radical when they say about this holiday.
  51. Halloween Halloween comes to America
  52. Halloween comes to America • Before the 19th Century there’s no evidence of Halloween’s celebrations in America.
  53. Halloween comes to America • Before the 19th Century there’s no evidence of Halloween’s celebrations in America. • North American Puritans didn’t tolerate Halloween.
  54. Halloween comes to America • Before the 19th Century there’s no evidence of Halloween’s celebrations in America. • North American Puritans didn’t tolerate Halloween. • It was during the Irish and Scottish migrations in the 19th Century that Halloween started to get popularity in America.
  55. Children celebrate Halloween in the beginning of 20th Century
  56. Halloween Party 1941
  57. People in Costumes Halloween /1941
  58. Children On Halloween
  59. Halloween in America • The ancient rites of the small villages in Scotland and Ireland soon were overcome by new elements.
  60. Halloween in America • The ancient rites of the small villages in Scotland and Ireland soon were overcome by new elements. • America’s commercialism as soon as possible turned Halloween into a great business.
  61. Halloween in America • The ancient rites of the small villages in Scotland and Ireland soon were overcome by new elements. • America’s commercialism as soon as possible turned Halloween into a great business. • No more an innocent immigrant party
  62. Halloween in America • The ancient rites of the small villages in Scotland and Ireland soon were overcome by new elements. • America’s commercialism as soon as possible turned Halloween into a great business. • No more an innocent immigrant party • No more an inner celebration
  63. Halloween in America • The ancient rites of the small villages in Scotland and Ireland soon were overcome by new elements. • America’s commercialism as soon as possible turned Halloween into a great business. • No more an innocent immigrant party • No more an inner celebration • Now, Halloween was on the streets in all over North America.
  64. Halloween Parade
  65. "A 12-year-old boy has been shot dead while out trick or treating with his family in America.” “His dad and one of his three brothers were also hurt when they were shot at from inside a house in the town of Sumter, in South Carolina on Friday. They had been on their way home from an organized Halloween event when they decided to go trick or treating while their mum waited in the car.”
  66. A social problem • The streets celebrations of Halloween have become a real chaos during all the 19th Century.
  67. A social problem • The streets celebrations of Halloween have become a real chaos during all the 19th Century. • Every October 31st turned into a red alert day for the police force in each big city in USA and Canada.
  68. A social problem • The streets celebrations of Halloween have become a real chaos during all the 19th Century. • Every October 31st turned into a red alert day for the police force in each big city in USA and Canada. • People really though that on this day, they could overflow. There’s no law during the celebrations.
  69. Pranksters arrested on Halloween
  70. October 31st “No order day” • The shops were attacked
  71. October 31st “No order day” • The shops were attacked • Residences were wrecked
  72. October 31st “No order day” • The shops were attacked • Residences were wrecked • There were necessity of a better police protection in many cities around USA and Canada.
  73. October 31st “No order day” • The shops were attacked • Residences were wrecked • There were necessity of a better police protection in many cities around USA and Canada. • People afraid of the pranksters tried to defend by themselves and…
  74. October 31st “No order day” • The shops were attacked • Residences were wrecked • There were necessity of a better police protection in many cities around USA and Canada. • People afraid of the pranksters tried to defend by themselves and… • Some fatal cases were related during those celebrations.
  75. • All these violence related on Halloween parades through all North America is the negative element that maintain Halloween with the label of a dangerous holiday. • But despite of all , it keeps on being practiced in all over the US.
  76. Halloween Halloween Practices
  77. Halloween party in clubs Those kinds of parties turned very popular in Brazil too, during the last 3 decades.
  78. Halloween Practices • Most of the modern practices associated to Halloween are very recent.
  79. Halloween Practices • Most of the modern practices associated to Halloween are very recent. • Some private societies created new forms to have fun on Halloween trying to finish the social problems caused by street celebrations.
  80. Halloween Practices • Most of the modern practices associated to Halloween are very recent. • Some private societies created new forms to have fun on Halloween trying to finish the social problems caused by street celebrations. • Those clubs and societies together with some government policies tried to turn Halloween into a children’s holyday.
  81. Charlie Brown Even the cartoons bought the idea of Halloween for children.
  82. Trick or treat • Children in costumes go out knocking on the Houses' doors asking for donations, usually candies.
  83. Trick or treat • Children in costumes go out knocking on the Houses' doors asking for donations, usually candies. • The original connotation of this, told about the person refuse to give the children some candies, so the children caused some bad thing to that person.
  84. Trick or treat
  85. Customized bags for trick-or-treat
  86. Jack O’ Lantern • Perhaps this is the most characteristic element of Halloween • The pumpkin face.
  87. Jack O’ Lantern • According to the folk tale, after Jack died, he was denied entrance to Heaven because of his evil ways, but he was also denied access to Hell because he had tricked the devil.
  88. Jack O’ Lantern Instead, the devil gave him a single ember to light his way through the frigid darkness. The ember was placed inside a hollowed-out turnip to keep it glowing longer.
  89. Turnip Jack O’ Lantern In Ireland they used carved turnips to do their Jack O’ Lanterns.
  90. Turnips Jacks
  91. In America the turnip turns into pumpkin
  92. Jack O’ Lantern
  93. Jack O’ Lantern • The Irish used turnips as their "Jack's lanterns" originally. But when the immigrants came to America, they found that pumpkins were far more plentiful than turnips. So the Jack-OLantern in America was a hollowedout pumpkin, lit with an ember.
  94. The Costumes • Nowadays there is a custom that remains the same since the beginning. The costumes.
  95. The Costumes • Nowadays there is a custom that remains the same since the beginning. The costumes. • The costumes are the element that makes Halloween so homogenized.
  96. Halloween of 1940
  97. Costumes Children in costumes - 1970
  98. 70’s
  99. Little kids ready for Halloween
  100. A Family holiday
  101. Halloween celebration in London
  102. Adults also play
  103. Costumes • Sexy costumes are very popular on Halloween adult parties...
  104. • Many folklorists links this tradition to the ancient Celtic custom to wear masks to frighten the bad spirits.
  105. • Many folklorists links this tradition to the ancient Celtic custom to wear masks to frighten the bad spirits. • Cause following the Celtic creed, during the Samhain the bad spirits walked among us. Wearing a mask all these souls will see the living people like one of them.
  106. Paris Hilton in costumes
  107. The end of Innocence
  108. Poisoned Candies • In 1970s there were some cases with poisoned candies, and even razors in candies or apples.
  109. Poisoned Candies • In 1970s there were some cases with poisoned candies, and even razors in candies or apples. • This decade was reported the first death attributed to Halloween.
  110. Poisoned Candies • In 1970s there were some cases with poisoned candies, and even razors in candies or apples. • This decade was reported the first death attributed to Halloween. • “Involved a five-years- old named Kevin Tolston, who died supposedly eating a heroinlaced candy…” (Nicholas Rogers)
  111. Cookie with a razor inside
  112. Looking for a safety Halloween • Treat - or-treating survived during the 80s, but in more regulated forms.
  113. Looking for a safety Halloween • Treat - or-treating survived during the 80s, but in more regulated forms. • The parents started to participate of the treat –or-treat and don’t avoid candies from unknown people.
  114. Looking for a safety Halloween • Treat - or-treating survived during the 80s, but in more regulated forms. • The parents started to participate of the treat –or-treat and don’t avoid candies from unknown people. • Even important politicians try to pass a positive image on Halloween.
  115. President Obama and Michele giving some candies on Halloween
  116. Halloween at home
  117. Safety Halloween Worried about their children’s safety some parents started to organized their own Halloween parties.
  118. Some Halloween Receipts The creativity was the great differential in Halloween parties. • Phantom shaped candies •Pumpkin shaped cakes •Witch nails shaped Snacks
  119. Invitations for Halloween parties: • Another popular element in Halloween parties were the invitation cards. • The creativity was again a great differential
  120. Ancient fashioned cards for Halloween
  121. • • • • All those practices makes modern Halloween too distant from that one practiced in ancient Europe. And all of them are really too recent that it’s difficult to link it with the ancient European festival. Even the modern Halloween practiced in Europe has the same elements from the American Halloween as the pumpkin face and the trick or treat This show us the power of the American commercialism and the Hollywood power as a diffuser of the “American way of life”
  122. Halloween Halloween goes to Hollywood
  123. Halloween goes to Hollywood •The film maker John Carpenter once said that “Halloween” was first conceived as a film about a homicidal maniac who kills babysitters.
  124. Halloween goes to Hollywood •The film maker John Carpenter once said that “Halloween” was first conceived as a film about a homicidal maniac who kills babysitters. •But indirectly it created the social image of Halloween as a terror night.
  125. Jamie Lee Curtis A scene from the original carpenter movie staring Jamie Lee Curtis on the main role.
  126. Michael Myers the assassin of baby sitters This is the classical assassin Michael Myers from the series started by Carpenter in 1978
  127. Hollywood spreads Halloween through the world • The movie series created by Carpenter popularized Halloween around the world. Even in places where this holiday was not celebrate it became known.
  128. Hollywood spreads Halloween through the world • The movie series created by Carpenter popularized Halloween around the world. Even in places where this holiday was not celebrate it became known. • In Brazil for example, Halloween became as known as in US, nevertheless it is not a holiday yet, Halloween parties were practiced on weekends close to October 31th every year.
  129. Hollywood spreads Halloween through the world • The movie series created by Carpenter popularized Halloween around the world. Even in places where this holiday was not celebrate it became known. • In Brazil for example, Halloween became as known as in US, nevertheless it is not a holiday yet, Halloween parties were practiced on weekends close to October 31th every year. • The term Halloween is overcoming the Brazilian “Dia das Bruxas” – Day of the Witches - year after year
  130. Ivitation for halloween party in Rio de Janeiro
  131. Halloween party by College students Guaxupé
  132. Halloween at Wizard school.
  133. • The schools of languages are considered another great spreader of the Halloween in countries like Brazil. This is part of the cultural integration of the learning process.
  134. Brazilian Students playing on Halloween
  135. • But there’s no unanimity about these practices. There are some nationalists politicians endeavored into stop this “foreign party". They dub themselves: “the defenders of the national folklore”.
  136. • But there’s no unanimity about these practices. There are some nationalists politicians endeavored into stop this “foreign party". They dub themselves: “the defenders of the national folklore”. • One of them created the: “Dia do Saci” (Saci’s day) on October 31th in attempt to stop the Halloween increasing.
  137. • But the most radical words against Halloween still come from religious institutions
  138. • The image that arrives in countries that didn’t use to celebrate Halloween is the wicked and mortal Holliday full of evil and with the assassin Michael Myers as the main character from this night.
  139. • The image that arrives in countries that didn’t use to celebrate Halloween is the wicked and mortal Holliday full of evil and with the assassin Michael Myers as the main character from this night. • In the USA they keep on celebrating the funny Halloween for kids, on the other hand, the “no order day” for adults goes on.
  140. • The image that arrives in countries that didn’t use to celebrate Halloween is the wicked and mortal Holliday full of evil and with the assassin Michael Myers as the main character from this night. • In the USA they keep on celebrating the funny Halloween for kids, on the other hand, the “no order day” for adults goes on. • But the fantasies of terror movies like “Dracula, werewolves, and Freddy Krueger are barely used for Americans
  141. • The image that arrives in countries that didn’t use to celebrate Halloween is the wicked and mortal Holliday full of evil and with the assassin Michael Myers as the main character from this night. • In the USA they keep on celebrating the funny Halloween for kids, on the other hand, the “no order day” for adults goes on. • But the fantasies of terror movies like “Dracula, werewolves, and Freddy Krueger are barely used for Americans • They see Halloween as a big fantasy party, they uses politicians, super heroes and all sort of funny costumes.
  142. • A lot of movies after “Halloween” - by Carpenter - used the same element about a Halloween as a horror night.
  143. • A lot of movies after “Halloween” - by Carpenter - used the same element about a Halloween as a horror night. • For this reason the people from another countries - including Brazil - usually see Halloween as a dark and evil day
  144. • A lot of movies after “Halloween” - by Carpenter - used the same element about a Halloween as a horror night. • For this reason the people from another countries - including Brazil - usually see Halloween as a dark and evil day • That’s why in Brazil, we call Halloween “Dia das Bruxas” – Day of the witches.
  145. Michael Dougherty director of “Trick or treat”
  146. Rob Zombie brings Myers back Rob Zombie and the main actors of his film. “Halloween” A version based on the 1978 Horror classical “Halloween” written by John Carpenter and Debra Hill.
  147. BRAZIL U.S.A.
  148. Final notes • Halloween is a very popular holiday for American people. This is a simple party night. All its original elements doesn’t exist anymore. • Nobody goes out trying to keep the demons away just wearing masks or fantasies like the ancient Celtics did. So its just a form to have some fun. On the other hand, when a man from a small and isolated village in Europe lights a candle to feel himself protected from the wicked spirits, it’s a matter of good sense to respect him for it. This is what he learned from his ascendants. • For this same reason we need to respect the religious people who believe Halloween is an evil feast. • And for this very same reason they must respect the people who like to go out on Halloween night to have some fun.
  149. We wish you a...
  150. Researches • Books: • • • ROGERS, Nicholas – From Pagan Ritual to Party Night – 2002 RUSSO, Steve – Halloween – 2004 KELLY, Ruth Edna - The Book of Halloween – 1919 • Movies: • • • CARPENTER, John – Halloween – 1978 ZOMBBIE, Rob – Halloween part 1 and part 2 DOUGHERTY, Michael – Trick or treat - 2009
  151. The End.... ?
  152. Conceived by André Stanley

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