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  • 1. ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 2. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 3. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 4. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  • 5. A Note to Students and Teachers: These lessons are not intended to Introduce you to the English verb system. Use them as a review of what you’ve already learned.
  • 6. Are English Verbs “Ichsa”?
    • Are you miserable because you make mistakes with English verbs?
    • Do you think you will never be able to learn?
    • Are you sorry you didn’t listen to your teacher?
  • 7. It’s not really so hard!!!
    • You CAN speak and write good English
    • You CAN get good grades on English exams.
    • You only have to learn a few simple rules.
    • Are you ready to LEARN and PRACTICE?
  • 8. LESSON 1 An Overview
  • 9. We talk a lot in these lessons about V 1, V 2, and V 3. What in the world are V 1, V 2, and V 3 ?
  • 10. Does this look familiar?
      • eat ate eaten
      • fall fell fallen
      • fly flew flown
    • This is the table of irregular verbs that we know and love!
    • V 1 is the first column (“eat”, ,( צורת המקור
    • V 2 is the second column (“ate”, past simple form),
    • V 3 is the third column (“eaten”, called—oh well, V 3 )
  • 11.
    • Lots of people forget that a verb that ends in “d” or “ed” doesn’t have to be a verb in the simple past.
    • Maybe it’s a regular verb in V 3 DISGUISED as a simple past verb.
    • For example:
    • love loved loved
    • hate hated hated
    • worry worried worried
  • 12. 5 Verb Formulas
    • be + ing ( progressive )-- He was cry ing .
    • be + V 3 ( passive )-- He was beaten .
    • Four men were killed .
    • have + V 3 ( perfect )-- I have already eaten .
    • do + V1 ( simple )-- Do you love me?
    • I don’t hate you.
    • modal + V 1 ( modal )-- I can wait .
    © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 13. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 14. be
    • is, am, are was, were
    • 1. be + Ving ( progressive )
    • The bus is com ing .
    • We were wait ing .
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 15. be
    • is, am, are was, were
    • 2. be + V 3 ( passive )
    • Our mother was invit ed .
    • Many promises were broken .
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 16. have
    • has, have had
    • have + V 3 ( perfect )
    • You have broken your promise.
    • Our friendship has survive d .
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 17. do
    • do, does did
    • do + V1 ( simple )
    • I do n’t enjoy homework.
    • Do you like school?
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 18. modals
    • shall, will, should, would, may,
    • might, must, can, could, ought
    • modal + V 1 ( modal )
    • Miri can speak four languages.
    • We must finish .
    • Would you like some coffee?
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 19. This is the end of Lesson 1
  • 20. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 21. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  • 22.  
  • 23. do
    • do, does did
    • do + V1 ( simple )
    • I do n’t enjoy homework.
    • Do you like school?
  • 24. A special note about DO :
    • We say that do is the helping verb for
    • the “ simple ” tenses, but if they’re
    • “ simple”, then so is making peace with
    • our neighbors!
    • Pay attention:
  • 25. With PRESENT SIMPLE and PAST SIMPLE ONLY :
    • In present simple and past simple , there are 3 kinds of sentences:
      • POSITIVE (+) Harry understand s Amharic.
      • NEGATIVE (-) Jill doesn’t understand Amharic.
      • QUESTION (?) Does Jill understand French?
    • What’s going on here????
  • 26.
    • In ( + ), the verb really has 2 jobs:
      • 1) MEANING ( UNDERSTAND S ( להבין --
      • 2) GRAMMAR ( UNDERSTAND S ), which includes:
        • Time (understand s , not under stood ;
        • “ מבין” ולא “הבין” )
        • Number -- “understand s ” can’t be רבים
        • (think of he/she/it, which are all ( יחיד
        • Person -- “understand s ” can’t be first person (I understands???) or second person (you understands????)
  • 27. ב ( + ) הפועל מקבל על עצמו את שני התפקידים -- הן משמעות HARRY DREAMS ) ) והן דקדוק . . ב ( - ) ו ( ? ) יש פיצול © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 28. Now do you understand why the main verb must always be בצורת המקור ?
  • 29. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t ________ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!”
    • “ If Shlomi didn’t _________ computers to begin with, why did his father ________ him a computer?”
    • “ He __________ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
  • 30. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Shlomi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t _ think __ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!”
    • “ If Shlomi didn’t __ like ___ computers to begin with, why did his father ___ buy __ him a computer?”
    • “ He _ wanted ___ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
  • 31. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.”
    • “ Where did you ____________ them?”
    • “ I ___________ them on the table. __________ you see them?”
    • “ Yes, but you _________ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.”
  • 32. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at home this morning.”
    • “ Where did you ___ leave ____ them?”
    • “ I ___ left ____ them on the table. _ Can or Do _ you see them?”
    • “ Yes, but you __ don’t __ have to worry. I won’t lock the door.”
  • 33. BUT
    • Don’t think BE /HAVE /DO can only
    • be helping verbs .( פועלי עזר )
    • Often they are main verbs .( הפועל העיקרי )
  • 34. be / have /do as main verbs:
    • You are being stupid!
    • Dan has had too many absences.
    • What did you do last night?
  • 35. In the following passage, write “HV” in the parentheses after a H elping V erb. If the word isn’t a helping verb, DON’T WRITE ANYTHING.
    • My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don ’ t ( ) want to
    • do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( ) want. I have ( ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn ’ t ( ) have ( ) any problems with them. They ’ re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe
    • has ( ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don ’ t ( ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
  • 36.
    • My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don ’ t ( HV ) want to
    • do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( HV ) want. I have ( HV ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn ’ t ( HV ) have ( ) any problems with them. They ’ re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe has ( HV ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don ’ t ( HV ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
  • 37. This is the end of Lesson 2
  • 38.  
  • 39. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  • 40. LESSON 3 A Few Words About Modals and Semi-Modals
  • 41. modals
    • shall, will, should, would, may,
    • might, must, can, could, ought
    • modal + V 1 ( modal )
    • Miri can speak four languages.
    • We must finish .
    • Would you like some coffee?
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 42. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS
    • You shouldn’t--indeed, you can’t--use “can” in the past or in the future tense.
    • Use a form of “be able to” instead, or (in past tense), use “could”.
    • Examples: I can’t speak Russian.
    • I was able to or could speak it when I was young.
    • I will be able to speak it again after my trip to Moscow.
  • 43. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS
    • Another way to say “must” is “have to” (they both mean the same thing). In fact, in negative sentences (-), questions (?), and in the past or future tenses, you can’t use “ must ”; you have to use “ have to ”.
    • Example: I must hurry. I have to hurry.
    • You don’t have to hurry.
    • She had to hurry so that she wouldn’t be late.
  • 44. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?”
    • “ What __________ you say?”
    • “ Do you _____ ____ play the radio so loud?”
    • “ No, I don’t ______ _____. Do you _________ me to turn it down?”
    • “ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _________ me to lose my hearing.”
  • 45. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?”
    • “ What ___ did ____ you say?”
    • “ Do you __ have to ___ play the radio so loud?”
    • “ No, I don’t __ have to ___. Do you __ want ___ me to turn it down?”
    • “ Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _ want ____ me to lose my hearing.”
  • 46. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ _________ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___________ find one.”
    • “ _________ you look among the computer books?”
    • “ Yes, I __________, but I ______________ find anything.”
    • “ Well, I’m ____________ somebody else right now, but I _______ ____ ______ ___ help you in about ten minutes. ________ you come back in ten minutes?”
    • “ OK. And in the meantime, I __________ try again. Maybe I _____ ___ _____ ___ find it by then.”
  • 47. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • “ ___ Can ___ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___ can’t ___ find one.”
    • “ ___ Did ___ you look among the computer books?”
    • “ Yes, I ___ did ____, but I __ couldn’t ____ find anything.”
    • “ Well, I’m __ helping ___ somebody else right now, but I ___ will be able to __ help you in about ten minutes. ___ Can __ you come back in ten minutes?”
    • “ OK. And in the meantime, I ___ will ___ try again. Maybe I __ will be able to __ find it by then.”
  • 48. Refresh Your Memory-- Take another look at the table of helping verbs. Pay attention to the colors.
  • 49. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 50. Let ’ s Review....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. Moshe _________ drive (V 1 ) more carefully. He _____________ drive (V1) so carelessly.
    • 2. _________ you want (V 1 ) anything to eat?
    • Yes, thanks. I ___________ like (V1) a sandwich.
    • 3. Bob ______ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money.
    • 4. __________ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat?
    • No, I ________ remember (V1) seeing it.
    • 5. Dan ______ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money.
    • 6. Some Americans _______ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Bush ____ elected (V3 - regular verb) President.
    • These photographs ________ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls.
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 51. Let ’ s Review....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. Moshe _ should __ drive (V1) more carefully. He ___ shouldn’t _ drive (V1) so carelessly.
    • 2. ___ Do _ ___ you want (V1) anything to eat?
    • Yes, thanks. I __ would ____ like (V1) a sandwich.
    • 3. Bob __ is __ act ing in movies and mak ing lots of money.
    • 4. ___ Have ___ you seen (V 3 - irregular verb) my hat?
    • No, I __ don’t _ remember (V1) seeing it.
    • 5. Dan _ has __ wasted (V 3 - regular verb) all of his money.
    • 6. Some Americans _ were __ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Clinton _ was _ elected (V3 - regular verb) President.
    • These photographs __ were __ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls.
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 52. Let ’ s Review Some More....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. Don’t you ________ you _________ drunk enough beer?
    • 2. People should __________ a dentist once a year.
    • 3. I will ________ an umbrella, because it may __________.
    • 4. Gabi has always ___________ to visit India.
    • 5. Most of our friends had already _________ the party when we arrived. Why did they _________ so soon?
    • 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning.
    • __________ you sleep ing ?
    • 7. I was ___________ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot.
    • Poor Miri! She ’s __________ her arm! Call a doctor!
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 53. Let ’ s Review Some More....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. Don’t you _ think __ you __ have ___ drunk enough beer?
    • 2. People should ___ see ____ a dentist once a year.
    • 3. I will __ take __ an umbrella, because it may __ rain ____.
    • 4. Gabi has always __ wanted ___ to visit India.
    • 5. Most of our friends had already __ left ___ the party when we arrived. Why did they __ leave __ so soon?
    • 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning.
    • __ Were ____ you sleep ing ?
    • 7. I was __ watching _ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot.
    • 8. Poor Miri! She ’s __ broken __ her arm! Call a doctor!
    • ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 54. Let ’ s Try a Test....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. I don’t _________ to think about it.
    • 2. Anat _______ lost ten kilo. You ___________ see her!
    • 3. Did you _____________ to take your keys?
    • 4. I haven’t ________, and I _____ not planning to eat anything before dinner.
    • 5. ________ you considered going into politics?
    • 6. He is ______________ a great expert.
    • 7. A lot of wine was __________ at the party last night.
    • We ___________ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
  • 55. Let ’ s Try a Test....
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 1. I don’t _ want ____ to think about it.
    • 2. Anat __ has __ lost ten kilo. You _ should ____ see her!
    • 3. Did you __ remember ___ to take your keys?
    • 4. I haven’t __ eaten _, and I _ am __ not planning to eat anything before dinner.
    • 5. __ Have __ you considered going into politics?
    • 6. He is __ considered __ a great expert.
    • 7. A lot of wine was __ drunk ___ at the party last night.
    • 8. We ___ were ____ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
  • 56. A Test....Part 2:
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 9. You could _________ until the last minute, or you could ________ the work now and _________ it over with.
    • 10. _________ you name ten countries in Africa?
    • 11. I __________ sleep very well last night.
    • I have _________ my promise, and I _________ keep my word.
  • 57. A Test....Part 2:
    • Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s):
    • 9. You could __ wait ___ until the last minute, or you could ___ do ___ the work now and ___ get ___ it over with.
    • 10. ___ Can ___ you name ten countries in Africa?
    • 11. I __ didn’t __ sleep very well last night.
    • I have __ given __ my promise, and I __ will ___ keep my word.
  • 58. This is the end of Lesson 3
  • 59.  
  • 60. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  • 61. ? LESSON 4 V
  • 62. English verb phrases can be l o n g !
    • I couldn’t have been expected to have
    • known that.
    ! יו An 8-word verb! © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 63. Forming Yes/No Questions
    • Take the first element ( מרכיב ) of the
    • verb and put it before the subject ( נושא ):
    • I can believe it.
    • Can you believe it?
    • I ’ve been there.
    • Have you been there?
  • 64. Forming questions...still!
    • Follow the same rule even for a
    • monster verb!
    • He couldn’t have been expected to
    • understand .
    • Could he have been expected to
    • understand ?
    ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 65. How do I translate " האם " when I ’ m forming a yes-no question? © Rachel Bar Yosef,1997
  • 66. To translate “ האם” when forming a yes-no question, simply begin the question with the suitable helping verb. © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 67. For example : Are you serious? ? האם אתה רציני Are you listening? האם אתה מקשיב ? Do you collect stamps? האם אתה אוסף בולים ? Have you lost weight? האם רזית ? Will he succeed? האם הוא יצליח ? Can you convince me? האם תוכל לשכנע אותי ? © Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 68. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Complete the conversation:
    • BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time!
    • __________________________________________?
    • ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy.
    • BENNY: _______________________________________?
    • ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams.
    • BENNY: ________________________________________?
    • ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired.
    • BENNY: ________________________________________?
    • ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money!
    • BENNY: ________________________________________?
    • ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
  • 69. Let ’ s Practice....
    • Complete the conversation:
    • BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time!
    • _ Have you been hiding? _____________________?
    • ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy.
    • BENNY: __ Are you studying a lot? ___________________?
    • ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams.
    • BENNY: ___ Do you still have that part-time job? ________?
    • ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired.
    • BENNY: _ Are you sure you were smart to take the job? ___?
    • ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money!
    • BENNY: __ Have you been able to save any money? ______?
    • ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
  • 70. Let ’ s Practice
    • Ask these questions in English:
    • האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ? ___________________________________________ ___
    • האם אראה אותך הערב ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • השתגעת ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם אתה מקשיב ?
    • _________________________________________________
  • 71. Let ’ s Practice
    • Ask these questions in English:
    • האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ?
    • _ (Do you have to/Must you) make so much noise? _________
    • האם אראה אותך הערב ?
    • _ Will I see you tonight? ______________________________
    • האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ?
    • _ (Are we allowed to/ May we) use a dictionary? ___________
    • השתגעת ?
    • _ Are you crazy? Have you gone crazy? _________________
    • האם אתה מקשיב ?
    • _ Are you listening? _________________________________
  • 72. Let ’ s Practice
    • Ask these questions in English:
    • האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם הייתם בהפגנה ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ?
    • _________________________________________________
    • האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ?
    • _________________________________________________
  • 73. Let ’ s Practice
    • Ask these questions in English:
    • האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ?
    • _ Have you ever visited Petra? _________________________
    • האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ?
    • _ Have you ever heard anything so ridiculous? ____________
    • האם הייתם בהפגנה ?
    • _ Were you at the demonstration? ______________________
    • האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ?
    • _ Have you seen my keys? ____________________________
    • האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ?
    • _ Would you (advise me to/suggest that I) invite them? _____
  • 74. WH-words
    • Learn these question words :
    • who whom whose which
    • what where when why
    ? ? ? ? ?
  • 75.
    • And these, too :
    • how how much how many
    • how often [ באיזו תדירות ]
    • how long (ago) [( לפני ) כמה זמן ]
    • how + כל תואר שהוא
    • (how rich, how strong, how sick)
    • ? ? ? ? ?
    WH-words
  • 76. How easy is it?
    • It’s really easy!
    • (The answer:) I want my money. (The next
    • question:) Why do you want your money?
    • (The answer:) I ’ve given Adam some money. (The next question:) How much money have you given him?
    • (The answer:) I ’m planning to leave tomorrow. (The next question:) Why aren’t you planning to leave today ?
  • 77. “ Who” and “What” as subjects
    • Where who or what refers to the subject ,( הנושא )
    • the Hebrew translation is מי או מה ?
    • If who or what refers to the subject, DON’T use do-does-did in the simple tenses; DON’T change the word order:
    • Answer: Tal loves Rami Kleinstein’s music.
    • Question: Who loves Rami Kleinstein’s music?
  • 78. “ Stumpers” ( מכשולים )
    • How old are you? ? בן כמה אתה
    • What happened ? מה קרה ?
    • What did x do? ? X מה עשה
    • When were you born? מתי נולדת ?
    • What do you do for a living? ? במה אתה עובד
    • How long will he be gone?
    • לכמה זמן הוא לא יהיה ?
  • 79. How good are you at this?
    • Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned.
    • X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. _____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape.
    • X: _____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them.
    • X: _____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
  • 80. How good are you at this?
    • Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned.
    • X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement.
    • _ How old are they? ______________________________?
    • MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape.
    • X: _ Why are you getting rid of them? _________________?
    • MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them.
    • X: _ Why aren’t you allowed to keep them? _____________?
    • MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
  • 81. Keep going...
    • X: ____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home.
    • X: ____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony.
    • X: I know the building. ___________________________?
    • MOTI: My entrance is Number 2.
    • X: ____________________________________________?
    • MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them!
    • X: A good home! ________________________________?
    • MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
  • 82. Keep going...
    • X: _ When can I take them?_ _______________________?
    • MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home.
    • X: _ Where do you live? ___________________________?
    • MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony.
    • X: I know the building. _ Which entrance is yours? _____?
    • MOTI: My entrance is Number 2.
    • X: _ How much money do you want for them? _________?
    • MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them!
    • X: A good home! _ Aren’t you selling a set of skis? _____?
    • MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
  • 83. CONGRATULATIONS! YOUR NAME has been awarded the M.V. (Master of Verbs)
  • 84.