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ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) in ELT By: Andrés Atehortua Aguirre – M.A in ELT EnglishTeacher - TeacherTrainer - ELT Consultant
Getting to know one another . . Who are we professionally? Who are our students? Why are you pursuing a masters' degree? What are your expectations about this seminar?
Expected Outcomes On completion of this Seminar, participants will be able to:
Understand the complex relationships between ICT use, professional Development and 21st century skills.
Identify ICT resources and materials that can be effectively incorporated into their teaching practice
Propose ways of using ICTs to support language teaching and learning that can achieve specific objectives in relation to language improvement.
critically think about internet resources and information
Identify how online resources and project work may be used effectively in your English courses.
Develop an Internet-based project using ICT tools and resources
ICTs in ELT
Stages of Adoption of Technology. . Stage 1: Awareness I am aware that technology exists but have not used it - perhaps I'm even avoiding it.
Stage 2: Learning the process I am currently trying to learn the basics. I am often frustrated using computers. I lack confidence when using computers.
Stage 3: Understanding and application of the process I am beginning to understand the process of using technology and can think of specific tasks in which it might be useful.
Stage 4: Familiarity and confidence I am gaining a sense of confidence in using the computer for specific tasks. I am starting to feel comfortable using the computer.
Stage 5: Adaptation to other contexts I think about the computer as a tool to help me and am no longer concerned about it as technology. I can use it in many applications and as an instructional aid.
Stage 6: Creative application to new contexts I can apply what I know about technology in the classroom. I am able to use it as an instructional tool and integrate it into the curriculum.
Based on your experience teaching English, you will "Agree" or "Disagree" or "No opinion." next to each of these statements. Students learn better by doing. Collaboration among students does not increase the effectiveness of the learning process. Teachers work better in isolation Autonomy means working without a teacher EFL students do not like to use materials which are up to date and rich in multimedia content. Students know more about technology than I do
Professional Development “ Does practice make perfect”? How are teachers similar to computers?
New Generation of Students M.A Andres Atehortua A.
New Generation of Students VIDEO M.A Andres Atehortua A.
Today’s Learners Are Different The first generation to grow up with computers, videogames, digital music players, video cams, cell phones. They think and process information fundamentally differently from their predecessors. Marc Prensky, Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants 2001 M.A Andres Atehortua A.
Have been raised in the presence of video and computer games
Students in their 20s may have had more experience with games than with reading (Oblinger,2004).
These experiences helped to form the way in which millennials seek, process, and report information.
Individuals raised with computers deal with information differently compared to previous cohorts: “They develop hypertext minds, they leap around.” (Prensky, 2001) These learning styles originated with millennials growing up with technology
millennials were born around the time the PC was introduced
20 percent of the students began using computers between the ages of 5 and 8
and almost all millennials were using computers by the time they were 16 to 18 years of age (Jones, 2002).
New Learners/New Language Their learning expectations are very different, as they have expressed them in my classes: They want control They want to create They want to share They want to collaborate They want to re-mediate, re-combine, “mash up” These expectations are expressed in the tools they use almost everyday: YouTube "Broadcast Yourself" (plus comments) Facebook (and comments) Wikipedia Blogs (and their comments)
Seven Ways Technology is used in Language Learning Presentation: of new language e.g. Boxmind Practice: language in context & skills e.g. Listening Testing: placement, progress, achievement Reference: task or project work Publishing: students’ work, course materials Communication:teacher - student, native - non-native speakers, across cultures Simulation: ‘real-world’ within the classroom
“The information revolution requires a matching education revolution” Institute for Learning and Research Technology M.A Andres Atehortua A.
21st Century Skills The Big Shifts! #1 Open Content #3 Group Collaboration #2 Learning 24/7 18
21st Century Skills The Big Shifts! #4 Teaching is Conversation, Not Lecture #6 Critical Consumers of data. #5 Know “Where” Learning 19
21st Century Skills The Big Shifts! #7 Web becomes the digital notebook. #9 Mastery is the Product, Not the Test #8 Writing is no longer limited to text. 20
21st Century Skills #10 Contribution, Not Completion, is the ultimate goal. The Big Shifts! 21
Effective Teaching and LearningCollaboration is the engine The most profound experiences students take away from school don’t come from books. Effective educators instill in students a passion for learning, and provide the tools to learn how to learn. Collaboration, and learning happens both inside and outside of the classroom Educators And Students M.A Andres Atehortua A.