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JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit
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JAPANESE LITERATURE By: Andre Abad & Jeriel Maglangit

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  • English Haiku by Adam Watson, 2008.
  • Transcript

    • 1. JapaneseJapanese LiteratureLiterature
    • 2. Brief History of JapanBrief History of Japan  Heavy cultural influence from China and KoreaHeavy cultural influence from China and Korea (Buddhism, ways of farming, art, language / letters)(Buddhism, ways of farming, art, language / letters)  First emerged as separate state in eighth centuryFirst emerged as separate state in eighth century C.E.; feudal dynasties began. Chose to be isolated.C.E.; feudal dynasties began. Chose to be isolated.  1212thth to 19to 19thth centuries: Samurais ruled (centuries: Samurais ruled (shogunshogun),), emperor was only figureheademperor was only figurehead  1853: American Commodore Matthew Perry (with1853: American Commodore Matthew Perry (with four warships) “requested” Japan to begin tradingfour warships) “requested” Japan to begin trading  1868: After civil war, shogun resigns and Emperor1868: After civil war, shogun resigns and Emperor restored to power; once again, he is truly in charge ofrestored to power; once again, he is truly in charge of Japan. Emperor begins modernization of country,Japan. Emperor begins modernization of country, abolishes samurai class and feudal system.abolishes samurai class and feudal system.
    • 3.  the history of the islands of Japan and the Japanesethe history of the islands of Japan and the Japanese people, spanning the ancient history of thepeople, spanning the ancient history of the region to the modern history of Japan as a nationregion to the modern history of Japan as a nation state. Following the last ice age, around 12,000 BC,state. Following the last ice age, around 12,000 BC, the rich ecosystem of the Japanesethe rich ecosystem of the Japanese Archipelago fostered human development. TheArchipelago fostered human development. The earliest-known pottery found in Japan belongs toearliest-known pottery found in Japan belongs to the Jomon Period.the Jomon Period.  The earliest-known pottery found in Japan belongsThe earliest-known pottery found in Japan belongs to the Jomon Period. The first known writtento the Jomon Period. The first known written reference to Japan is in the brief information givenreference to Japan is in the brief information given in Twenty-Four histories in the 1st century AD.in Twenty-Four histories in the 1st century AD. The main cultural and religious influences cameThe main cultural and religious influences came from China.from China.
    • 4. Traditional CostumesTraditional Costumes  The kimono is theThe kimono is the traditional dress of Japan,traditional dress of Japan, and it is worn nowadaysand it is worn nowadays on formal occasions. It ison formal occasions. It is sometimes accused ofsometimes accused of being an impractical formbeing an impractical form of dress, but it has theof dress, but it has the advantage of giving theadvantage of giving the wearer a graceful andwearer a graceful and elegant deportment.elegant deportment.
    • 5. Theatre’s CostumesTheatre’s Costumes  Japan has many different types of costumes, eachJapan has many different types of costumes, each unique. There are many different features that aunique. There are many different features that a Japanese costume must have to be used for theJapanese costume must have to be used for the theatre. Each costume has specific rules to follow.theatre. Each costume has specific rules to follow. Every costume is specially made for a certainEvery costume is specially made for a certain actor, but can be used for different parts.actor, but can be used for different parts. Costumes are intricate, formal and extremelyCostumes are intricate, formal and extremely imaginativeimaginative..  Costumes are a big part of the theatre in Japan,Costumes are a big part of the theatre in Japan, and in theatre all around the world. Costumesand in theatre all around the world. Costumes represent the person who wears them and bringrepresent the person who wears them and bring the characters to life. Costumes have a hugethe characters to life. Costumes have a huge impact on the audience and everyone enjoys themimpact on the audience and everyone enjoys them
    • 6. KABUKIKABUKI  Kabuki costumes useKabuki costumes use big wigs, and manybig wigs, and many different types of maskdifferent types of mask styles to match thestyles to match the character they portray.character they portray. The color red isThe color red is excellent and meansexcellent and means passion and superpassion and super human power. Blue ishuman power. Blue is considered to be a badconsidered to be a bad color and gives acolor and gives a negative feeling thatnegative feeling that articulates jealousy andarticulates jealousy and fearfulness.fearfulness.
    • 7. BUNRAKUBUNRAKU  In Bunraku theatre,In Bunraku theatre, actors that handleactors that handle puppets in thepuppets in the background wear blackbackground wear black so they can blend inso they can blend in with stage assistantswith stage assistants and try to become theand try to become the puppets that theypuppets that they animate. Japananimate. Japan puppetry is verypuppetry is very difficult and may be thedifficult and may be the most difficult puppetmost difficult puppet theatre in all of thetheatre in all of the world.world.
    • 8. Japanese Literature - TheatreJapanese Literature - Theatre Theatre:Theatre:  NohNoh  KabukiKabuki Poetry:Poetry:  HaikuHaiku
    • 9. NohNoh  Oldest (formalizedOldest (formalized by 1400’s)by 1400’s)  Stories are spiritualStories are spiritual in nature (ghosts,in nature (ghosts, demons,demons, possessions)possessions)  Masks are wornMasks are worn  Audience isAudience is aristocratic / upperaristocratic / upper classclass  elegant, refinedelegant, refined
    • 10. NohNoh  Simple sets, little orSimple sets, little or no propsno props  Stage has threeStage has three sides for audience,sides for audience, connects to dressingconnects to dressing room (separated byroom (separated by curtain)curtain)  Accompanied byAccompanied by music / “chorus”music / “chorus”
    • 11. A Traditional Noh TheatreA Traditional Noh Theatre
    • 12. KabukiKabuki  Developed aroundDeveloped around 1600’s1600’s  Stories based onStories based on folklore, historyfolklore, history  Highly stylized makeupHighly stylized makeup  Appeals to middle classAppeals to middle class audience that oftenaudience that often yells duringyells during performanceperformance  lavish, exaggeratedlavish, exaggerated
    • 13. KabukiKabuki  Elaborate sets, often usingElaborate sets, often using special effectsspecial effects  Extensive use of props,Extensive use of props, especially the fanespecially the fan  Stage has one side (longStage has one side (long proscenium), walkwayproscenium), walkway connects to rear of theaterconnects to rear of theater  Accompanied by music /Accompanied by music / “chorus”“chorus”  omnagataomnagata: males: males performing as femalesperforming as females
    • 14. Comparisons: Kabuki andComparisons: Kabuki and Elizabethan (Shakespearean) TheaterElizabethan (Shakespearean) Theater When thinking of how Elizabethan theater is like Kabuki,When thinking of how Elizabethan theater is like Kabuki, particularlyparticularly A Midsummer Night’s DreamA Midsummer Night’s Dream, consider:, consider:  Only men play female partsOnly men play female parts  Human characters interact with supernatural people /Human characters interact with supernatural people / forces (fairies)forces (fairies)  Use of songsUse of songs  Exaggeration, especially for humorExaggeration, especially for humor  Love of special effects (Globe Theater: trap doors,Love of special effects (Globe Theater: trap doors, galleries, cannons)galleries, cannons)
    • 15. Contemporary InfluenceContemporary Influence of Kabuki & Nohof Kabuki & Noh  JapaneseJapanese animeanime (cartoons)(cartoons) andand mangamanga (comic books)(comic books)  Costume / makeupCostume / makeup design for moderndesign for modern movies (such asmovies (such as StarStar WarsWars))
    • 16. HAIKUHAIKU  A form of minimalist Japanese poetryA form of minimalist Japanese poetry  Was opening stanza of longer poem beforeWas opening stanza of longer poem before becoming stand-alone formbecoming stand-alone form  Traditionally, the subject is nature or theTraditionally, the subject is nature or the seasonsseasons  Attempts to be profound, or compare twoAttempts to be profound, or compare two unlike thingsunlike things  Consists of three lines and a certain numberConsists of three lines and a certain number of syllables per lineof syllables per line  Traditionally, haiku is 5-7-5.Traditionally, haiku is 5-7-5.  Because of language differences, JapaneseBecause of language differences, Japanese haiku that is translated into English may nothaiku that is translated into English may not fall into this syllabic structure.fall into this syllabic structure.
    • 17. Japanese HaikuJapanese Haiku the first cold showerthe first cold shower even the monkey seems to wanteven the monkey seems to want a little coat of straw.a little coat of straw. old pond (old pond (fu/ru/i/ke yafu/ru/i/ke ya)) a frog jumps (a frog jumps (ka/wa/zu to/bi/ko/muka/wa/zu to/bi/ko/mu)) the sound of water (the sound of water (mi/zu no o/tomi/zu no o/to)) - both by Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)- both by Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)
    • 18. English HaikuEnglish Haiku A leaf falls forward –A leaf falls forward – A tumbling red-gold toddlerA tumbling red-gold toddler Meets the ground surprised.Meets the ground surprised. Moist snowflake gleams, perchedMoist snowflake gleams, perched At the end of my own noseAt the end of my own nose Before it melts, like lost tears.Before it melts, like lost tears.
    • 19. Japan’sJapan’s Tourist SpotsTourist Spots
    • 20. Mount Fuji Mount Fuji   located on Honshu Island, is thelocated on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan athighest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft).3,776.24 m (12,389 ft).  An activestratovolcano that lastAn activestratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fujierupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi)lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can besouth-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day.seen from there on a clear day.  It is one of Japan's "ThreeIt is one of Japan's "Three HolyMountains" (Sanreizan)HolyMountains" (Sanreizan) along with Mountalong with Mount Tate and Mount HakuTate and Mount Haku  It is a special place of scenicIt is a special place of scenic beauty, a historic site, and wasbeauty, a historic site, and was added to the World Heritageadded to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on JuneList as a Cultural Site on June 22nd, 201322nd, 2013
    • 21. Rainbow BridgeRainbow Bridge  Officially called theOfficially called the “Shuto Expressway No.“Shuto Expressway No. 11 DDaiba Route - Port of11 DDaiba Route - Port of TokyoConnector Bridge,"TokyoConnector Bridge," the name "'Rainbowthe name "'Rainbow Bridge" was decided byBridge" was decided by the public.the public.  is a suspensionis a suspension bridge crossingbridge crossing northern Tokyonorthern Tokyo Bay between ShibauraBay between Shibaura Pier andPier and the Odaiba waterfrontthe Odaiba waterfront development in Minato,development in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.Tokyo, Japan.  The bridge is 798 metresThe bridge is 798 metres (2,618 ft) long with a main(2,618 ft) long with a main span of 580 metresspan of 580 metres (1,903 ft).(1,903 ft).
    • 22. The Great Buddha of KamakuraThe Great Buddha of Kamakura  is a colossal outdooris a colossal outdoor representation of Amidarepresentation of Amida Buddha, one of Japan’sBuddha, one of Japan’s most celebrated Buddhistmost celebrated Buddhist figures.figures.  Cast in bronze, the GreatCast in bronze, the Great Buddha stands at over 13Buddha stands at over 13 meters (40 feet) high andmeters (40 feet) high and weighs nearly 93 tons.weighs nearly 93 tons.  The statue reportedlyThe statue reportedly dates from 1252. Althoughdates from 1252. Although it originally was housed init originally was housed in a small wooden temple,a small wooden temple, the Great Buddha nowthe Great Buddha now stands in the open air asstands in the open air as the original temple wasthe original temple was washed away in a tsunamiwashed away in a tsunami in the 15th century.in the 15th century.
    • 23. Kinkaku-ji or the Temple of theKinkaku-ji or the Temple of the Golden PavilionGolden Pavilion  is the most popular touristis the most popular tourist attraction in Japan and Kyoto.attraction in Japan and Kyoto.  The pavilion was originally built asThe pavilion was originally built as a retirement villa for Shoguna retirement villa for Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu in the lateAshikaga Yoshimitsu in the late 14th century. Unfortunately, the14th century. Unfortunately, the pavilion was burnt down in 1950 bypavilion was burnt down in 1950 by a young monk who had becomea young monk who had become obsessed with it.obsessed with it.  Five years later, the temple wasFive years later, the temple was rebuilt as an exact copy of therebuilt as an exact copy of the original. Emphasis is placed on theoriginal. Emphasis is placed on the building and surrounding gardensbuilding and surrounding gardens being in harmony with one another.being in harmony with one another.  The pavilion is covered in gold leafThe pavilion is covered in gold leaf which highlights the reflection ofwhich highlights the reflection of the pavilion in the pond and thethe pavilion in the pond and the pond’s reflection on the building.pond’s reflection on the building.
    • 24. Hiroshima Peace MemorialHiroshima Peace Memorial  is a haunting tribute to theis a haunting tribute to the lives lost when the atomiclives lost when the atomic bomb was dropped onbomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Set in a park, the memorialSet in a park, the memorial features Genbaku Dome, thefeatures Genbaku Dome, the only building left standing inonly building left standing in the vicinity after the bombthe vicinity after the bomb dropped.dropped.  This harsh reminder of aThis harsh reminder of a world at war reminds visitorsworld at war reminds visitors of the importance of humanof the importance of human life and honors the victims solife and honors the victims so they will never be forgotten.they will never be forgotten.
    • 25. END OF SLIDE SHOWEND OF SLIDE SHOW  A First Quarter Group ProjectA First Quarter Group Project In English 8In English 8 (MOGCHS)(MOGCHS) TO: Mrs. Janet M. AbaoTO: Mrs. Janet M. Abao Subject TeacherSubject Teacher By: Andre G. AbadBy: Andre G. Abad && Jeriel C. MaglangitJeriel C. Maglangit Grade 8 – DeterminedGrade 8 – Determined August 3, 2013August 3, 2013

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