Malta is officially the Republic of Malta, it’s a Southern European country. It is one of the world's smallest and most densely populated countries. The country has two official languages – Maltese and English – with Maltese being considered the national language.
THE FRENCH OCCUPATION
On the 11th of June 1798 Napoleon occupied the Maltese islands. All possessions of the Knight's Order were confiscated by the French.
The french promised not to interfere with the church but convents were closed and church treasures were taken. And in the 2nd of September , the first uprising took place. Maltese rebels fought the French people with the help of the British army. As a result, The French lost their control over the Maltese countryside.
A BRITISH COLONY
British rule from 1800 to 1964, radically and permanently transformed the language, culture and politics of Malta. Malta’s position in the British Empire was unique because It didn’t come by conquest or by colonization, but at the voluntary request of the Maltese people.
In the 19th century, the opening of the Suez Canal further enhanced Malta's importance as a supply station .
The Maltese economy depended heavily on the British navy, but most Maltese didn’t take much benefit from it. There was much poverty,especially among the rural population.
Since 1849 there was a Council of Government with a minority number of Maltese representatives. The new constitution of 1887 gave the elected members of the Council a majority, but in 1903 this was reverted.
The influence of the Maltese on politics remained , until the establishment of the Maltese parliament in 1921. The 30s were characterized by a very instable political situation, in which the constitution was suspended several times.
THE SECOND WORLD WAR
During the Second World War, Malta, being a British base, was heavily targeted by both the Italians and the Germans. Especially Valletta. The Three Cities suffered a lot. The war brought the British and the Maltese closer to each other. On the 15th of April 1942 King George VI granted the George Cross to the Maltese population.
After World War II in 1947, self government was introduced, and the independence was achieved in 1964. Malta remained in the Commonwealth and recognized the British Queen as head of state.
When Malta became a republic with its own president in 1974we. In 1979 the last British troops left the island.
The present Maltese government of Dr. Edward Fenech Adami, leader of the Nationalist Party, wants to join the European Union. The Labour opposition of Dr. Alfred Sant is against.
BRITISH TRADITIONS IN MODERN MALTA
British traditions that live on in Malta include an efficient civil service, a military that is based on the British model, a Westminster-style parliamentary structure, a governmental structure premised on the rule of law, and a legal system based on common law. Another British legacy in Malta is the widely popular annual Christmas pantomime at the Manoel Theatre. Most Maltese families have adopted turkey and plum pudding as Christmas treats in place of the more traditional Maltese rooste and cassata.
TOURISM IN MALTA
Cities and Island
GOZO In this island we can find many attractions. In the Hondoq ir-Rummien Bay we can snorkel and enjoy the views of Comino. Marsalforn is the most important port of Gozo.
The preferred destination in this small island is the Laguna Azul (Blue Lagoon). Many day trippers come here in summer to swim in clear and gentle water.
VALLETA It is the castle of the knights of Malta. Here you can find many shops, cafes and restaurants along the Republic Street which is the main street.
TEMPLES We can find many traces of prehistoric temples. The Hagar Qim Temple was discovered in 1893 under a pile of rubble. This is interesting especially the decorated altars and the female figures which were found in the temple, but are now exhibited in the Archaeological Museum .
CHURCHES The most seen is probably the Cocatedral of San Juan in Valletta. The two most important artists in the cathedral were Cassar and Preti.
BEACHES Mellieha Bay is the most visited beach in Malta. It is located 2 km north of Mellieha. It ’ s water is shallow and the sand make it perfect for children.
MUSEUMS Some of the museums in Malta: National musuem of natural history-Mdina National Museum of Fine Arts, Valletta