Who invented the airplane?
The first plane was invented by the Wright brothers.
Americans Wilbur and Orville Wright were born on
16 April 1867 and 19 August 1871 respectively. After
high school, continued their studies because they
decided to open a bicycle repair shop. Interest and
passion for aviation led to the development of the first
heavier than air flight.
The first aircraft that
Wright brothers began working on
the idea of building an airplane in
1899. They were able to fly the first
flight on December 17, 1903. It was a
historic day, as many efforts to build
an airplane to rise above the ground
have failed earlie.
Period between 1799 and 1809
was particularly important for
concepts of aerodynamics
were established during this
period by Sir George Cayley,
an English baron. He was the
one who advanced the slopes,
relatively new at the time,
which proposed a flat surface
in order to facilitate lifting
required for flight.
Otto Lilienthal, a German
aeronautical engineer, inspired the
Wright brothers to begin documenting
the invention of the first airplane. Hang
gliding he created successfully
completed many flights. However, the
aircraft lacked a control system and
there is no possibility of being supplied
with fuel. During flight, Lilienthal must
balance shaft to guide the glider in a
The first plane invented
Wilbur and Orville Wright tried to
overcome the limits of Lilienthal's
gliders. For their first flight, and they
used the concept slopes. Aircraft were
equipped with a 12 hp engine, gasoline,
and two propellers. Plane that developed
it was a biplane with two main wings,
one above the other. The two wings have
provided more power lift aircraft.
Finally, on December 17, 1903, the first
flight of their aircraft was conducted at
Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, USA. It
took 59 seconds and flew 259 m at a
height of about 36m.
Romanian aviator Aurel Vlaicu.
Aurel Vlaicu (born November 19,
1882, Binţinţi near Orastie,
Hunedoara County - died September
13, 1913, monetary, near Campina) was
a Romanian engineer, inventor and
aviation pioneer of Romanian and
world. In his honor, the village is now
called Aurel Vlaicu Binţinţi.
On 13 September 1913, during an
attempt to cross the Carpathian
Mountains with its Vlaicu II airplane,
crashed near Campina, apparently
due to a heart attack.
The following year his friends
Magnani and complete construction
Silişteanu Vlaicu III aircraft and pilot
by Peter Macavei made several short
flights. Authorities prohibit further
attempts weather, in autumn 1916,
during the German occupation, the
plane is dispatched to Berlin. He was
last seen in 1940.
Aurel Vlaicu Vlaicu II airplane
The first flight of a jet device
On December 16, 1910, he took the young Coanda aircraft on military land in Issy-les-Moulineaux,
near Paris, for a test. In a letter to the engineer and aviation history inhabitant Constantine
Gheorghiu, in 1956, Henri Coanda air lifted her story as almost without realizing it and it was a close
one to conclude how the accounts with life: "... I wanted to make an attempt and then there was
no one to teach us, we must learn ourselves. I told Breguet and Gabriel VOIS who were with me:
"Look, I'll try to walk a little field". I began. I sat in the middle of the unit and then flames
coming out of both of the two tubular reaction was so strong that I felt very hot temperature.
Then I decided to cover these flames, both below and above the two small plates and went out on
the field again. Then something extraordinary has happened. Jet flames instead to go straight,
began to depart, to come against the fuselage. However, the fuselage was wooden and I was in
the middle and I was very afraid. Then I took only gradually reduce the flames and bring them
back to the part where asbestos was and I did not realize what was happening around me. I
raised my head, I saw that I was not attached to the earth, but at the same time I saw the walls
of Paris, the Paris of that time had walls around. I saw the walls of Paris with enormous speed
coming towards me. And then I was so afraid I took the steering wheels steering and went up.
Although I had a slot, however I lost speed and I slipped and fell and burned unit. Luckily at that
time I had no belt and no bonnet, so I was thrown out and the machine burned. So ended the
first flight of the first jet unit. “
Only after thorough studies, which lasted over two decades, the events on the occasion of
this test were entered materialized in the history of science and technology as the "Coanda
effect", with numerous applications in hydrodynamics and aerodynamics .
The plane is one of the major
scientific achievements of the twentieth
century. Engineers have nature-inspired
racer studying birds. People always
dream to conquer the sky with birds
ability and grace. Icarus of Greek
legends wax wings flew into the sky. But
when came too close to the sun, the wax
melted and he fell into gol. Leonardo da
Vinci, the great Renaissance artist and
inventor was obsessed with the idea of
flying. He left behind his many designs
for flying machines he imagined. But
400 years passed until the secret was
flying. The first flight attempts had often
a tragic end. Some adventurous pilots
their wings tied arms, shaking them
vigorously to rise into the air.
None of these attempts did not result
because, riders are'' not realized that
both shape and motion of the wing of a
bird in flight has an important role.