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Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
Pronoun
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Pronoun

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  • 1. Pronouns <ul><li>In English we have subject pronouns, object pronouns and possessive pronouns. They are: she, her, hers, he, him, his, it, its, they, them, theirs, we our, ours. </li></ul><ul><li>In Indonesian, it’s not that complicated. We don’t differentiate gender. </li></ul>
  • 2. <ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>My older brother is married to an English girl. He loves her very much. </li></ul><ul><li>Kakak laki-laki saya kawin dengan (seorang) gadis Inggris. Ia sangat mencintai istrinya. </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a big mango tree in my garden. It bears plenty of fruits each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Di kebun saya ada (sebuah) pohon mangga yang besar. Tiap tahun pohon itu berbuah banyak. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Do you remember the sentences below? </li></ul><ul><li>There are several reasons why we are obliging female students to wear long skirts. One of them is to improve their morality and behavior. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Try to translate this: </li></ul><ul><li>In the darkness, the big old house looks so frightening. It stands with no neighbors, alone in the middle of the forest. Its windows locked all time, nobody knows what’s behind them . </li></ul>
  • 6. Participle <ul><li>In English, we have present participle and past participle. </li></ul><ul><li>The present participle is an active participle, whereas past participle is a passive participle. </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Main points </li></ul><ul><li>* Nouns are followed by `-ing&apos; clauses that say what a person or thing is doing. </li></ul><ul><li>* Nouns are followed by `-ed&apos; clauses that show that a person or thing has been affected or caused by an action. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>Is it the stealing robot? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it the stolen robot? </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Try to translate this: </li></ul><ul><li>While swimming whales take in air and dive vertically, sometimes to great depths. They then surface and expel air from their lungs, which is audible from some distance and can be seen largely because of the concentration of condensing water vapour in the expelled gas. </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>a frightening animal </li></ul><ul><li>a frightened animal </li></ul><ul><li>an interesting film </li></ul><ul><li>an interested look on her face </li></ul><ul><li>an amusing joke </li></ul><ul><li>an amused audience </li></ul><ul><li>surprising news </li></ul><ul><li>a surprised smile </li></ul>

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