Environmental Management System Mining Industry India

4,097 views
3,847 views

Published on

Environmental Management System in Mining Industry a Study Case of India (2008). References included.

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,097
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
244
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Environmental Management System Mining Industry India

  1. 1. EMS – Mining Industry The Case of India <ul><li>Best Practice </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for Closure </li></ul>by Ing. MA. María Andrea Vásquez Castillo
  2. 2. Content <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Framework for Enviromental Management </li></ul><ul><li>Best Practice for Mine Closure </li></ul><ul><li>Central Minning Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for Closure </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints and Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Introduction
  4. 4. 2. Legal Framework for Enviromental Management Mining and Environmental Legislation Mining Legislation Environmental Legislation Mines Act. 1952 Mines and Mineral Act. 1957, Amended in 1986 & 1994 Mineral Concession Rules 1960, Amended on Sep. 1994 Mineral Conservation and Development Rules 1958, Amended in 1988 & 1994 Mines Rules 1995 State Minor Mineral Concession Rule Water Pollution Act, 1974 & Rules Forest Conservation Act, 1980 Air Pollution Act, 1981 & Rules Environment Protection Act. 1986 Environmental Statement, 1993 Environmental Impact Assesment, 1994
  5. 5. 3. Best Practice for Mine Closure Source: Environmental Policy in Mining, A. Warhurst
  6. 6. Singrauli Coalfields (SC) <ul><li>14,873 hectares for 10 mining blocks </li></ul><ul><li>44.4% for mining excavation </li></ul><ul><li>12.2% for overburden dumps </li></ul><ul><li>17.0% for infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>26.4% for other operations </li></ul><ul><li>Envir. Management </li></ul><ul><li>External dumping area is kept to a minimum. </li></ul><ul><li>Dragline, shvel-dumper combination and dozers are for filling purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Periphery of overburden dump slope kept an angle of 28° </li></ul><ul><li>Height no more than 30m </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Several species of plants grown on overburden dumps (Dep. Botany, Banaras University) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Amarkantak Bauxite Mines (ABM) – SSM (Bharat Aluminum Co. Ltd.) <ul><li>Reclamation Programme </li></ul><ul><li>Reclamation work started in 1979 </li></ul><ul><li>Void areas filled with lateritic overburden </li></ul><ul><li>And covered with top soil layer </li></ul><ul><li>Restored land > 150 ha </li></ul><ul><li>18-20 ha/year reclaimed with aprox. 60,000 trees of 52 species </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to reclaim them through crop cultivation and </li></ul><ul><li>Small appropriate dose of NPK fertilizers </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4. Central Mining Research Institute (CMRI) <ul><li>Acid Mine Drainage most serious problem </li></ul><ul><li>Shales excavated contains in dilution until 22% sulphur </li></ul><ul><li>Material from excavations are aprox. 0.3 Tons </li></ul><ul><li>In rainy season increases the acidity of the soil </li></ul><ul><li>High acidity affects the revegetation process. </li></ul>Amjhore Pyrite Mine (APM) Environmental Impacts CMRI Successfully revegetation process was obtained using lime, phosphatic waste, and industrial cinders. It works!
  9. 9. 5. Planning for Closure Source: Environmental Policy in Mining, A. Warhurst
  10. 10. 6. Constraints and Opportunities <ul><li>Developing Countries </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of infrastructure and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective information technology </li></ul><ul><li>Policy failures </li></ul><ul><li>Political barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of monitoring and control </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-disciplinary HR. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Well-recognized R&D facilities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 7. Conclusions & Recomendations <ul><li>Environmental considerations at every stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Good understanding of resource deposits and rehabilitation philosophy. </li></ul><ul><li>Water treatment of mine discharges. </li></ul><ul><li>Considering of Environmental Policy Reforms. </li></ul><ul><li>International Agencies co-operation improves the process of clean technology transfer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 8. References <ul><li>Environmental Policy in Mining, A. Warhurst, L. Noronha, 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Metallic - Minerals map of India, http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/india/metalindustry.htm , 16.11.07 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nlcindia.com/monthly_report_index.html ; 18.12.2007 , 15:17h </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cmpdi.co.in/GeomaticsMaps/SingrauliCF/Singrauli2k5.pdf , 18.12.2007, 15:32h </li></ul><ul><li>http://envfor.nic.in/report/0001/chap08.html ; 18.12.07, 17.10 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.westerncoal.nic.in/envior.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://envfor.nic.in/report/0001/chap08.html#eti_cecmed (Gevra) </li></ul><ul><li>http://habitat.aq.upm.es/dubai/02/bp161.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.secl.nic.in/menv.htm (Gevra) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ismenvis.nic.in/ Jharia CF </li></ul><ul><li>http://bardhaman.gov.in/mines/mines.htm Raniganj CF </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention!

×