NFC Introduction

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New to Near Field Communication (NFC)? Get a quick overview of use cases, scenarios and related standards.

By walking through a typical day, this presentation explains NFC based on real-life use cases. It also goes behind the scenes to show how NFC as a technology can enable those new scenarios.

The presentation answers the following questions:
- What is Near Field Communication (NFC)?
- What do NFC tags look like?
- How is data stored on an NFC tag? (NDEF messages & records)
- Differences to 2D barcodes (QR Codes)?
- Unlocking game content or sharing data using peer-to-peer NFC
- NFC App Ideas
- NFC Standards
- NFC Development

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NFC Introduction

  1. 1. Near Field Communication (NFC)IntroductionAndreas Jakl[@mopius]nfcinteractor.comTechnology WizardNokia 1 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl NFC Forum and the NFC Forum logo are trademarks of the Near Field Communication Forum.
  2. 2. http://www.nokia.com/nfc A day in your life with NFC2 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  3. 3. In the morning ...I’d like to listen to some music! ... but I need more volume! All mp3s are on my phone ... 3 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  4. 4. Play it loud nfc – tap to pair & play! Wireless Bluetooth connection4 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  5. 5. Near Field Communication? Tap a device or a tag: easy and intuitive gesture Integrate proximity into local and social interactions NFC = Wireless connectivity technology Short distance: 0 - 4 cm 13.56 MHz, up to 424Kbits/sec (slow!)5 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  6. 6. Take the music with you ... Tap to hear your music through your headset!6 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  7. 7. ... how does it work? Tap to hear your music through your headset! A tiny NFC tag is built into the headset7 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  8. 8. What do NFC tags look like? Standardized: NFC Forum Type 1 – 4 Also common: Mifare Tag embedded in a credit- card style event badge8 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  9. 9. What do NFC tags look like? Backside reveals the antenna and chip9 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  10. 10. Social Network Check In With an NFC tag placed in the bar, it’s a matter of seconds, even indoors! What do you need to store on the tag to make this work?10 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  11. 11. Store Data on a Tag Your app not yet installed?Standardized URL record Download it! http://store.nokia.com/ content/184295Custom application record placeName=Schlabo’s Bar;id=72XLPM3 Data Encapsulated in Encoded through Stored on NDEF Records NDEF Message NFC Forum NFC Forum Tag Tag Type Platform App already installed? Read data and check in! 11 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl Container image adapted from s_volenszki (Flickr), released under Creative Commons BY-NC 2.0
  12. 12. NDEF Messages & Records NDEF Message NDEF Record NDEF Record ... – Header & TNF – (Type) – (Id) – (Payload)12 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl NDEF = NFC Data Exchange Format, TNF = Type Name Format
  13. 13. NDEF Record Types Record types Possible payloads Smart Poster MIME Hand- Custom Empty over Uri Text Image vCard Web Sms Tel13 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  14. 14. Public Transport14 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  15. 15. Public Transport Either read through endless schedules and price lists… … or just tap and see the … or buy the ticket! next relevant connections15 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  16. 16. Similar possibilities w/ 2D Barcodes? – Works by touching, instant – Design can be merged with product – Larger data storage possible – Multiple use cases (app launch, BT pairing) – Re-writable (if desired) Opposite – Requires NFC HW – Educate users16 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  17. 17. While Waiting: Unlock Game ContentAngry Birds Magic • First 5 levels availableUnlock more levels • Touch the phone of your friend!17 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  18. 18. How to Touch? • Touching with a natural NFC antenna placement – Give instant feedback in your app!http://www.developer.nokia.com/Resources/Library/Design_and_UX/designing-for-nokia-devices/interaction-design/designing-nfc-applications.html 18 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  19. 19. Exchange Your Day’s Pictures How to get the pictures from your to her phone?19 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  20. 20. Share Pictures with a Tap Tapping two phones establishes an NFC peer-to- peer connection. The gallery app uses this to share pictures through an automatically established Bluetooth link.20 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  21. 21. Peer-to-peer• Touch two phones to ...• ... establish instant peer-to-peer connection – SNEP (Simple NDEF Exchange Protocol) – LLCP (Logical Link Control Protocol) – Direct communication via sockets• Content transfer – Slow (< 424 kBit/s, Bluetooth: < 3 MBit /s)) – Only while touching → great to exchange business card or unlock game items → transfer more data (e.g., images)? Use NFC to exchange Bluetooth / Wifi handover information 21 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  22. 22. Put tag into your Treasure hunt game merchandise to unlock with tags spread bonus content in your around the city game Museum or tourist guide: touch tags to Augment an interactive get more info* multimedia installation Social networking app: with touch touch friend’s phone to connect NFC App Ideas Concert app: provide video and music samples of the band when touching a poster Farm game: touch friend’s phone to Virtual message board: Multiplayer board exchange virtual sheep people post short game: touch friend’s or money texts at specific, real- phone to switch turns world places Call a taxi to the office by touching a tag **22 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl * http://conversations.nokia.com/2011/09/26/byte-at-the-museum/ ** http://conversations.nokia.com/2011/10/11/nokia-and-nfc-create-world%e2%80%99s-first-taxi-booking/
  23. 23. NFC Standards• NFC Forum standardizes technology – Members: Nokia, Microsoft, Google, Research in Motion, Samsung, MasterCard, NXP, Skidata and many more*• Compatible phones, no matter which brand, can: – Interact with NFC Forum Type 1 – 4 tags – Read / write NDEF messages and common record types – Communicate between devices using SNEP / LLCP• More Information & technical specifications – http://www.nfc-forum.org/23 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl * see: http://www.nfc-forum.org/member_companies/
  24. 24. Implementation OverviewNFC phones have different operating modes:– Reader/writer Reader / NFC Applications writer phone is polling for a passive NFC tag NFC Interfaces– Peer to Peer communicate with another NFC device Services Peer to Peer & adaptation– Card Emulation Base Band NFC modem polls for another NFC device and establishes a data connection * NFC Card Controller Emulation*NFC is deactivated after certain device idle NFC Antennatime. Wake up polling, e.g., by tapping the * Not supporteddisplay. on all phones24 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  25. 25. Summary – Nfc Experiences Service Initiation Sharing Start a service Transfer content or an application between any two NFC devices Reader/writer mode Peer to peer mode Pairing Secure NFC Connect easily Mobile device with other NFC is a credit card devices and travel card Reader mode Card emulation mode25 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  26. 26. Extensive experience in NFC globally • First to bring commercial NFC phones to the market • More than 80 trials and pilots globally (AT&T, O2, Citibank, Maxis, Visa, MasterCard) • First to deploy commercial services (Austria, Malaysia, India) 2005 2007 2008 2011 2012 Nokia 6131 Nokia Nokia C7 / Astound / Oro, 603, 700, 701, 801T Nokia 808 PureView,Nokia 5140i, 3220 NFC 6212 classic Nokia N9 Nokia Lumia 610 NFC, 820, 920 26 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  27. 27. NFC Development Alternatives Java ME Qt Mobility Symbian Native Windows Phone 8 Works on Series 40 and Cross-platform API. Low level control over Proximity APIs. Symbian devices. devices’ NFC support. Best flexibility and Similar on Windows 8.Limited use of smartphone More complex, platform features. ease of app knowledge required. Extra presentation: development. bit.ly/Win8NFC Lumia 610 NFC – WP7 bit.ly/WpNfc 27 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl
  28. 28. Thank You.Andreas Jakl[@mopius]nfcinteractor.comTechnology WizardNokia 28 © 2012 Nokia NFC Introduction v1.0.0 November 5, 2012 Andreas Jakl

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