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#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3
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#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3

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#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3

#vBrownbag EMEA VCAP5-CIA Objectives 3

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  • http://www.yellow-bricks.com/2010/09/09/vcd-networking-part-2-network-pools/
  • Transcript

    • 1. EMEA #vBrownbag’s VCAP5-CIA – Objectives 3.x 27/08/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 1
    • 2. Who am I • My name is Andrew (Andrea in Italy) Mauro • My blog: http://vinfrastructure.it/en/ • I’m a proud member of the Italian VMUG o Aka the Italian vMaffia :-0 • My certs: vExpert 2000,2001,2012,2013 VCDX 3/4/5, VCAP-DCA 4/5, VCAP-DCD 4/5, VCAP5-DTD, VCAP5-CIA, VCAP5-CID, VCP 3/4/5, VCP-DT 4/5, VCP5-Cloud… …also some MCSA and MCSE and others… • You can find me on twitter as: @Andrea_Mauro • Currently I work for Assyrus Srl as an IT architect 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 2
    • 3. Where are we? 11/06/2013 3 CloudIaaS VCAP5-CIA Certification
    • 4. VCAP5-CIA • VMware Certification page o http://mylearn.vmware.com/mgrReg/plan.cfm?plan=3762 9&ui=www_cert • Resources o Exam Blueprint o vCloud Director Instructional Videos • http://vmwarelearning.com/vcloud/ o Lab sample! o Links collection: • http://vinfrastructure.it/en/2013/06/vcap5-cia-study-guides/ • http://thesaffageek.co.uk/vsphere-5-x-cloud-study- resources/vcap5-cia-and-cid/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 4
    • 5. VCAP5-CIA Exam • Authorization o Before you can schedule your VCAP-CIA exam, you must request authorization • VUE code VCIA510 o Same price as other VCAP exams o Same (limited!) testing centers • 32 live labs in 210 minutes o +30min in non native English countries • Lab o lab environment is based on VMware vCloud Suite 5.1 and vCenter Chargeback Manager 2.5 • Exam experience o http://vinfrastructure.it/en/2013/07/commenti-sullesame-vcap5-cia/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 6
    • 6. VCAP5-CIA courses • Nothing mandatory • Nothing (officially) suggested • Free Instructional Video o vCloud Director Concepts and Architecture • http://mylearn.vmware.com/mgrReg/plan.cfm?plan=36740&ui=www _edu • http://vmwarelearning.com/vcloud/ • http://vmwarelearning.com/vcloud_net_sec/ o Trainsignal free course • http://www.trainsignal.com/Course/147/VMware-vCloud-Director- Essentials o Check also in the VMware Partner area • + Blogs 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 7
    • 7. VCAP5-CIA Lab • You need a lab or a good practical experience to pass an admin role based exam! • You need also good vSphere experience and moderated Linux experience too! • There is a VA for vCloud Director o Some issue if you plan to use with Workstation • http://vinfrastructure.it/en/2013/06/installing-vcloud-director-in-a-lab/ • For other material see also: o http://vinfrastructure.it/en/2013/06/vcap5-cia-study-guides/ • Use also the Hands-on Lab o http://hol.vmware.com 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 8
    • 8. VCAP5-CIA Blueprint • Filename with v2.4 o 05 August 2013 • Several links are included o Note that other material may be needed • VMware KB • Whitepapers • Official reference o http://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/vmware -vcloud-suite-pubs.html • Part is available in the live lab 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 9
    • 9. VCAP5-CIA Section 3 • Manage vCloud Director Resources o Objective 3.1 – Manage Provider VDCs o Objective 3.2 – Manage vCloud Director network resources o Objective 3.3 – Manage Organization VDCs o Objective 3.4 – Manage an Organization 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 10
    • 10. Quick Start 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 11
    • 11. VCAP5-CIA Objective 3.1 • Manage Provider VDCs • Knowledge o Identify Provider VDC options • Skills and Abilities o Create and Provider VDCs o Merge or Expand Provider VDCs o Manage Provider VDC options • See also: o http://fbuechsel.eu/2013/08/07/vcap-cia-objective-3-1- manage-provider-vdcs/ o http://vmwarelearning.com/qiF/creating-provider-resources/ o http://www.petri.co.il/setting-up-vmware-vcloud-director- essentials-part-2.htm 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 12
    • 12. Create and Provider VDCs • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o pages 21 and 22 • Creating a Provider Virtual Data Center in VMware vCloud Director o http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1026296 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 13
    • 13. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 14
    • 14. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 15
    • 15. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 16
    • 16. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 17
    • 17. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 18
    • 18. Merge or Expand Provider VDCs • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o pages 45 – 51 • Merging 2 Provider VDCs o You can start by going to the Manage and Monitor tab, choosing the Provider VDC option and right clicking the Provider VDC that should be the merge destination • Expand a Provider VDC o Different cases • Add compute resources which can be done by adding another Resource Pool • additional storage which can be done by adding Storage Profiles to the Provider VDC o For both options a wizard is going to pop up and guide you through selecting the additional resources 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 19
    • 19. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 20
    • 20. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 21
    • 21. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 22
    • 22. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 23
    • 23. Manage Provider VDC options • The following options and procedures that can be edited for a Provider VDC o Enable or Disable a Provider vDC o Delete a Provider vDC o Modify a Provider vDC Name and Description o Merge Provider vDCs o Enable or Disable a Provider vDC Host o Prepare or Unprepare a Provider vDC Host o Upgrade an ESX/ESXi Host Agent for a Provider vDC Host o Repair a Provider vDC ESX/ESXi Host o Enable vSphere VXLAN on an Upgraded Provider vDC o Provider vDC Datastores o Add a Storage Profile to a Provider vDC o Edit the Metadata for a Storage Profile on a Provider vDC o Add a Resource Pool to a Provider vDC o Enable or Disable a Provider vDC Resource Pool o Detach a Resource Pool From a Provider vDC o Migrate Virtual Machines Between Resource Pools on a Provider vDC o Configure Low Disk Space Warnings for a Provider vDC Datastore o Send an Email Notification to Provider vDC Users 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 24
    • 24. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 25
    • 25. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 26
    • 26. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 27
    • 27. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 28
    • 28. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 29
    • 29. 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 30
    • 30. VCAP5-CIA Objective 3.2 • Manage vCloud Director network resources • Knowledge o Identify vCloud Director network pool types • Skills and Abilities o Create and manage network pools o Create Provider external networks o Manage and remove network resources • See also: o http://it20.info/2010/09/vcloud-director-networking-for- dummies/ o http://www.gabesvirtualworld.com/vmware-vcloud-5-1- networking-for-dummies/ o http://www.yellow-bricks.com/2010/09/09/vcd-networking- part-2-network-pools/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 31
    • 31. vCloud Networks • Network Pools o pools consumed by virtual datacenters to create vAPP networks • Organization Networks o assigned to an Organization VDC • External Networks o port group-backed networks (defined in vCenter) that provide ingress and egress to the Cloud environment. o They should be routable networks, either RFC-1918 for private, or Internet routable for providers • See also: o http://philthevirtualizer.com/2012/05/07/vmware-vcloud-networking- options/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 32
    • 32. Create and manage network pools • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o Page 21 -25 • See also: o http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1026300 • Network pools can be one of these types: o vSphere port groups o VLAN o vCloud Network isolation (VCNI) o VXLAN 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 33
    • 33. Portgroup Backed • Portgroup-backed pools require pre-created portgroups within the vSphere environment o least flexible o But do not require vDS and can be based on vSS, vDS or Cisco Nexus 1000v • Requirements o All portgroups need to be pre-created and available on all hosts of your cluster • Recommendations o Use a scripted solution or host profiles to create the portgroups to ensure consistency • Constraints: n/a 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 34
    • 34. VLAN Backed • VLAN-backed network pools require availability of a set of unused VLANs o When an Org or vApp network is created which is based on a VLAN- backed network pool a portgroup is created on a dvSwitch and a VLAN is assigned to this portgroup o It should be noted that all VLANs specified for the pool will need to be trunked to the host and that in most environment the amount of available VLANs is limited • Requirements o Distributed vSwitch, pool of available VLANs, Physical uplinks need to support VLAN Trunks • Recommendations: n/a • Constraints o Nexus 1000v and regular vSwitches are not supported currently, amount of available VLANs in most environments 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 35
    • 35. VCNI Backed • vCloud Network Isolation-backed(VCNI) network pools are flexible, easy to configure and do not require VLANs o vCNI provides layer 2 isolation by utilizing a network overlay. o This network overlay is provided by MAC in MAC encapsulation and requires a vDS o For each consumed network vCloud Director creates a portgroup and assigns this portgroup a network ID number o This network ID number is used for the encapsulation of the traffic • Requirements o Distributed vSwitch • Constraints o Nexus 1000v and regular vSwitches are not supported currently • Recommendations o minimum of 1 VLAN, MTU Increase (24Bytes, 1500 –> 1524) o Admin guide suggest to set MTU to 1600 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 36
    • 36. VXLAN Backed • Several steps involving also the vShield Manager • For more info see: o http://www.punchingclouds.com/2012/09/09/vcloud-director-5-1-vxlan- configuration/ • Hands-on-lab • Requirements o Distributed vSwitch • Constraints o VXLAN Standard, Multicast support • Recommendations o Follow suggested reference 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 37
    • 37. Comparison 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 38
    • 38. Create Provider external networks • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o “Managing External Networks,” on page 22 • See also: o http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1026299 o http://blogs.vmware.com/kb/2010/08/how-to-create-external-networks- in-vmware-vcloud-director.html 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 39
    • 39. Manage and remove network resources • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o “Managing External Networks,” on page 64 o “Managing Edge Gateways,” on page 65 o “Managing Organization vDC Networks,” on page 81 o “Managing Network Pools,” on page 94 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 40
    • 40. VCAP5-CIA Objective 3.3 • Manage Organization VDCs • Knowledge o Identify org VDC types o Identify org VDC options o Identify org VDC network options • Skills and Abilities o Configure storage tiers o Create, manage and delete org VDCs 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 41
    • 41. Configure storage tiers • Storage profiles (and datastore clusters) must be set in the vSphere management part o Storage Capability could be user defined or configured by VASA • You can add storage resources to the Provider VDC o be careful when choosing the * (Any) profile as this also includes the local datastores of the hosts which can cause problems • http://kb.vmware.com/kb/2045534 • See also: o http://cormachogan.com/2012/10/17/vcloud-director-5-1-storage- profiles/ o http://blogs.vmware.com/vcloud/2012/10/architecting-storage-offerings- for-vcloud-director-5-1.html o http://living-in-clouds.net/2012/09/27/vcloud-director-5-1-how-to- configure-tiered-storage-on-netapp-part-1-vasa-provider/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 42
    • 42. Configure storage tiers • To view the Storage Profiles available in vCloud Director o click Storage Profiles under vSphere Resources o If you cannot view the Storage Profile you wish to see, right-click the vCenter Server and click Refresh Storage Profiles • by default is done every five minutes 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 43
    • 43. Create, manage and delete org VDCs • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o “Managing Organization vDCs,” on page 52 o “Managing Organization vDC Networks,” on page 81 • Before you have to create Organizations and provider VDCs o one Org could have more org VDCs o one org VDC can belong to only one Org o one org VDC can belong to one provider VDC o one org VDC is assigned to a network pool • See also: o http://vmwarelearning.com/EuY/creating-organization-resources-part-1/ o http://vmwarelearning.com/83T/creating-organization-resources-part-2/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 44
    • 44. Select provider VDC 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 45
    • 45. Allocation models • Three different allocation models o Allocation Pool o Pay-As-You-Go o Reservation Pool • See also: o http://kb.vmware.com/kb/1026290 o http://www.yellow-bricks.com/2010/09/22/vcd-allocation-models/ o http://stretch-cloud.info/category/vcloud-allocation-model/ o http://www.virtual-blog.com/2012/03/vmware-vcloud-director-101-concepts- allocation-models-part-3/ o http://fojta.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/allocation-pool-organization-vdc- changes-in-vcloud-director-5-1/ o http://it20.info/2012/10/vcloud-director-5-1-1-changes-in-resource- entitlements/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 46
    • 46. Allocation models 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 47 From 1.5 to 5.1
    • 47. Allocation models 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 48
    • 48. Pay-As-You-Go • Reservations are allocated dynamically with new M • Guarantee defaults are o 0% for CPU o 100% for memory 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 49
    • 49. Pay-As-You-Go 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 50
    • 50. Allocation pool • Guarantee defaults are o 0% for CPU o 100% for memory • no CPU reservation or limit is set on a VM level • On memory both a reservation and a limit has been defined o The limit always equals the provisioned memory and the reservation equals the guaranteed memory • See also: o http://fojta.wordpress.com/2012/09/30/allocation-pool-organization-vdc- changes-in-vcloud-director-5-1/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 51
    • 51. Allocation pool 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 52
    • 52. Reservation pool • On a per VM level no reservations or limits are set • Only at resource pool level 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 53
    • 53. Reservation pool 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 54
    • 54. Allocate Storage • By default thin provisioning is not enabled, fast provisioning is enabled o You can enable/disable the thin provisioning option at Org vDC level • See also: o http://vcdx56.com/2013/04/02/vcloud-director-thin-provisioning-and- storage-allocation-per-allocation-model/ o http://kendrickcoleman.com/index.php/Tech-Blog/vcloud-director- storage-allocation-with-thin-a-fast-provisioning.html 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 55
    • 55. Select Network Pool 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 56
    • 56. Organization Networks • There are multiple ways to define an OrgNetwork: o Direct connection • This network is akin to a traditional port group-backed network in vSphere. In short, it provides connectivity to LAN, WAN or Internet traffic. It is tied to an External network and usually sits on internally routable RFC- 1918 address space (most likely for private cloud) or Internet-routable address space for providers o NAT-routed connection • This connection allows for Network Address Translation (NAT) of External IP space to internal private networks. The NAT-routed OrgNet is typically in RFC-1918 address space, however there are other cases. o Internal Organization network • This is strictly an internal network for the vApps to communicate with each other, but have no external network access • See also: o http://philthevirtualizer.com/2012/05/07/vmware-vcloud-networking-options/ o http://www.gabesvirtualworld.com/vmware-vcloud-5-1-networking-for- dummies/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 57
    • 57. Organization Networks 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 58
    • 58. VCAP5-CIA Objective 3.4 • Manage an Organization • Knowledge o Identify Organization options and their uses • Skills and Abilities o Create and manage Organizations o Manage Organization policies and settings 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 60
    • 59. Create and manage Organizations • vCloud Director Administrator’s Guide o “Create an Organization,” on page 28 o “Allocate Resources to an Organization,” on page 32 o “Enable or Disable an Organization,” on page 105 o “Delete an Organization,” on page 105 o “Add a Catalog to an Organization,” on page 106 o “Editing Organization Properties,” on page 106 o “Managing Organization Resources,” on page 110 o “Managing Organization Users and Groups,” on page 110 o “Managing Organization vApps and Virtual Machines,” on page 110 • See also o http://vmwarelearning.com/ty7/creating-organizations/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 61
    • 60. Manage Organization policies and settings • Organization policies: o lease options for vApps and vApp templates o quotas for running and stored virtual machines o limits for resource intensive operations o number of simultaneous VMware Remote Console connections for each virtual machine o (Optional) Select the Account lockout enabled check box, select the number of invalid logins to accept before locking a user account, and select the lockout interval • Where? o Click Administration o In the left pane, select Settings > Policies 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 62
    • 61. Manage leases • http://infrastructureadventures.com/2012/07/22/vcl oud-director-policies-part-1leases/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 63
    • 62. Quota & limits • http://infrastructureadventures.com/2012/08/11/vcl oud-director-policies-part-2-quotas-limits/ 11/06/2013VCAP5-CIA Certification 64

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