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Religion and politics
 

Religion and politics

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Examines the role religion plays in politics throughout the world,

Examines the role religion plays in politics throughout the world,

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    Religion and politics Religion and politics Presentation Transcript

    • Religion and Politics
      September 16, 2010
    • MAP OF WORLD RELIGIONS
    • Religion
      Source of Peace, nonviolence, humanitarianism violence, wars and hatred…Divisive and Inclusive
      Revival of Religious Fervor in last quarter century (Fundamentalism)
      Fundamentalism has generally conservative values they wish incorporated into political life (issues on Gender Roles, Nationalism, GLBT Rights, Abortion, etc).
      Righteousness of their own beliefs
    • Islam
      Common misconception that Muslim=Arab
      Largest Muslim Population in Indonesia
      Fastest Growing Religion in the World (and US)
      Product of 7th century Arabian Peninsula
      Produced Advanced civilization with major contributions to human development & progress.
      Muhammad (570-632 A.D)considered messenger of Islam
    • Facts about Islam
      Quran is the holy book, which recognizes the Jewish and Christian holy books and prophets.
      Previously Pagan community inhabited Arabian Peninsula.
      Islam means peace through the submission to God.
      Muslim means anyone or anything that submits itself to the will of God.
    • Misconceptions about Islam
      Women Have No Rights
      Preaches Terrorism
      Hates Everyone but Muslims
      Polygamy is widespread
      Muslims worship Muhammad
      Cannot adapt to Western societies
    • 5 Pillars of Islam
      Shahada (Profession of Faith)
      First step of being Muslim,
      can be said in private & still
      counts
    • 5 Pillars of Islam
      Salat (Prayer)
      5 times a day (sunrise, midday,
      mid-afternoon, sunset and darkness).
      Muslims must perform act of ablution before prayer (wudu).
      Obligatory on every Muslim who have reached the age of puberty, with the exception being those who are mentally ill, too physically ill for it to be possible, menstruating
    • 5 Pillars of Islam
      Zakat (tithing)
      Voluntary obligation for every Muslim to help those in need. Generally done through direct gifts to poor or through charity
    • 5 Pillars of Islam
      Sawm (fasting during Ramadan)
      Required for every Muslim who is not sick, pregnant or a child
      During fast, Muslim does not eat, drink, smoke, or have sex from sunrise to sunset.
      Date varies each year since based on lunar calendar.
      Fast generally broken with a Date(fruit)
    • 5 Pillars of Islam
      Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)
      Required once in a lifetime if financially and physically able.
      Also recommended to visit holy mosques in Medina and Jerusalem
    • Islam and Politics
      No political theory in Islam and no distinction between secular and religious.
      Muslims are considered Ummah based on religion, not kinship, language, race or nationality
      A strict Muslim community has 4 main features
      The sole head of the community is God
      Gods’ teachings as revealed in the Quran are the law
      Constitution of community are eternal and unchangeable
      Purpose of the community of state is to uphold the faith.
    • Islam and Politics
      Paradox of Muslim nations
      Women not voting in Saudi Arabia, and until recently Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain.
      Women President and Prime Ministers in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Turkey and Indonesia.
      Many Islamic countries still struggle to balance role between religion and politics
    • Different types of Islamic States
      Muslim- Has Muslim majority but secular govt. (Turkey)
      Islamic States- Muslim majority. Govt uses Islam for guidance in political affairs (Egypt).
      Islamist- State depends on Islamic law or Sharia for governance (Saudi Arabia and Iran)
    • Hinduism
      Oldest religion. Dates back to
      3000 BC
      Extremely diverse and complicated beliefs and practices.
      600 million followers
      No founding figure
      3 largest religion in world by # of adherents.
    • Basic Beliefs
      Karma
      Samsara
      Four Permissible Goals in life
      Karma
      Artha
      Dharma
      Moksha
    • Misconceptions about Hinduism
      Worship Cows
      All are vegetarians
      They have thousands of gods
      All Indians are Hindu
      When Indians are talking about Aryans they mean Nazis.
      Swastiks
    • Caste System
      Integral Part of Hinduism abolished since 1947
      Brahmin (Highest, Priesthood)
      Ksatriya (Aristocratic nobility, warriors, knights)
      Vaisya (Peasants, Merchants, and Professionals)
      Shudra (non-aryans, slaves, servants)
      Untouchables (Dalit)
    • Hinduism and Indian Politics
      Post-Independence India clashed over Caste system
      Gandhi combined Hindu principles and nationalist ideals in the struggle for liberation
      Gandhi accepted principle of caste system but did not like limitations on outcastes and attempted to integrate Dalits (Harijans) into India’s society.
      Gandhi’s peaceful resistance still lead to massive bloodshed in partition of India/Pakistan
      Current Hindu Nationalist party opposes rights to Muslims and non-Hindus
    • Buddhism
      Born in India
      Siddharta Gautama left the riches after seeing poverty and sought enlightenment and meaning of life.
      Achieved enlightenment after 49 days of mediation and revealed the 4 noble truths
    • 4 Noble Truths
      Life is suffering
      Suffering is caused by ignorance
      Sorrow ends when a person is enlightened
      Enlightenment is achieved by discipline and moral conduct
    • Noble Eightfold Path
    • Buddhism and Politics
      Strongly contributed to conceptualization of nonviolent action for social justice
      Two nobel prizes went to Buddhist activists (Dalai Lama and San SuuKyi.
      Buddhist revival in China
      Activist Buddhism in Sri Lanka
    • Sri Lanka
      80% Buddhist
      After Independence government declared Sinhala national language and provided support for Buddhist institutions
      Angered Tamil/Hindu minority
      Civil War from the 1970’s- 2008
      SarvodayaShramadana movement
    • Christianity in Africa, Asia and Latin America
      Largely spread by missionaries
      Liberation Theology- rise of the “people power” (Gustavo Gutierrez)
      Oppression against native populations in Latin America early on.
      Catholic Church often associated with repressive regimes.
      Aristide in Haiti
    • Who Will Speak For Islam?
      Main Points?