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Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
Religion and politics
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Religion and politics


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Examines the role religion plays in politics throughout the world,

Examines the role religion plays in politics throughout the world,

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  • 1. Religion and Politics
    September 16, 2010
  • 3. Religion
    Source of Peace, nonviolence, humanitarianism violence, wars and hatred…Divisive and Inclusive
    Revival of Religious Fervor in last quarter century (Fundamentalism)
    Fundamentalism has generally conservative values they wish incorporated into political life (issues on Gender Roles, Nationalism, GLBT Rights, Abortion, etc).
    Righteousness of their own beliefs
  • 4. Islam
    Common misconception that Muslim=Arab
    Largest Muslim Population in Indonesia
    Fastest Growing Religion in the World (and US)
    Product of 7th century Arabian Peninsula
    Produced Advanced civilization with major contributions to human development & progress.
    Muhammad (570-632 A.D)considered messenger of Islam
  • 5. Facts about Islam
    Quran is the holy book, which recognizes the Jewish and Christian holy books and prophets.
    Previously Pagan community inhabited Arabian Peninsula.
    Islam means peace through the submission to God.
    Muslim means anyone or anything that submits itself to the will of God.
  • 6. Misconceptions about Islam
    Women Have No Rights
    Preaches Terrorism
    Hates Everyone but Muslims
    Polygamy is widespread
    Muslims worship Muhammad
    Cannot adapt to Western societies
  • 7. 5 Pillars of Islam
    Shahada (Profession of Faith)
    First step of being Muslim,
    can be said in private & still
  • 8. 5 Pillars of Islam
    Salat (Prayer)
    5 times a day (sunrise, midday,
    mid-afternoon, sunset and darkness).
    Muslims must perform act of ablution before prayer (wudu).
    Obligatory on every Muslim who have reached the age of puberty, with the exception being those who are mentally ill, too physically ill for it to be possible, menstruating
  • 9. 5 Pillars of Islam
    Zakat (tithing)
    Voluntary obligation for every Muslim to help those in need. Generally done through direct gifts to poor or through charity
  • 10. 5 Pillars of Islam
    Sawm (fasting during Ramadan)
    Required for every Muslim who is not sick, pregnant or a child
    During fast, Muslim does not eat, drink, smoke, or have sex from sunrise to sunset.
    Date varies each year since based on lunar calendar.
    Fast generally broken with a Date(fruit)
  • 11. 5 Pillars of Islam
    Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)
    Required once in a lifetime if financially and physically able.
    Also recommended to visit holy mosques in Medina and Jerusalem
  • 12. Islam and Politics
    No political theory in Islam and no distinction between secular and religious.
    Muslims are considered Ummah based on religion, not kinship, language, race or nationality
    A strict Muslim community has 4 main features
    The sole head of the community is God
    Gods’ teachings as revealed in the Quran are the law
    Constitution of community are eternal and unchangeable
    Purpose of the community of state is to uphold the faith.
  • 13. Islam and Politics
    Paradox of Muslim nations
    Women not voting in Saudi Arabia, and until recently Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain.
    Women President and Prime Ministers in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Turkey and Indonesia.
    Many Islamic countries still struggle to balance role between religion and politics
  • 14. Different types of Islamic States
    Muslim- Has Muslim majority but secular govt. (Turkey)
    Islamic States- Muslim majority. Govt uses Islam for guidance in political affairs (Egypt).
    Islamist- State depends on Islamic law or Sharia for governance (Saudi Arabia and Iran)
  • 15. Hinduism
    Oldest religion. Dates back to
    3000 BC
    Extremely diverse and complicated beliefs and practices.
    600 million followers
    No founding figure
    3 largest religion in world by # of adherents.
  • 16. Basic Beliefs
    Four Permissible Goals in life
  • 17. Misconceptions about Hinduism
    Worship Cows
    All are vegetarians
    They have thousands of gods
    All Indians are Hindu
    When Indians are talking about Aryans they mean Nazis.
  • 18. Caste System
    Integral Part of Hinduism abolished since 1947
    Brahmin (Highest, Priesthood)
    Ksatriya (Aristocratic nobility, warriors, knights)
    Vaisya (Peasants, Merchants, and Professionals)
    Shudra (non-aryans, slaves, servants)
    Untouchables (Dalit)
  • 19. Hinduism and Indian Politics
    Post-Independence India clashed over Caste system
    Gandhi combined Hindu principles and nationalist ideals in the struggle for liberation
    Gandhi accepted principle of caste system but did not like limitations on outcastes and attempted to integrate Dalits (Harijans) into India’s society.
    Gandhi’s peaceful resistance still lead to massive bloodshed in partition of India/Pakistan
    Current Hindu Nationalist party opposes rights to Muslims and non-Hindus
  • 20. Buddhism
    Born in India
    Siddharta Gautama left the riches after seeing poverty and sought enlightenment and meaning of life.
    Achieved enlightenment after 49 days of mediation and revealed the 4 noble truths
  • 21. 4 Noble Truths
    Life is suffering
    Suffering is caused by ignorance
    Sorrow ends when a person is enlightened
    Enlightenment is achieved by discipline and moral conduct
  • 22. Noble Eightfold Path
  • 23. Buddhism and Politics
    Strongly contributed to conceptualization of nonviolent action for social justice
    Two nobel prizes went to Buddhist activists (Dalai Lama and San SuuKyi.
    Buddhist revival in China
    Activist Buddhism in Sri Lanka
  • 24. Sri Lanka
    80% Buddhist
    After Independence government declared Sinhala national language and provided support for Buddhist institutions
    Angered Tamil/Hindu minority
    Civil War from the 1970’s- 2008
    SarvodayaShramadana movement
  • 25. Christianity in Africa, Asia and Latin America
    Largely spread by missionaries
    Liberation Theology- rise of the “people power” (Gustavo Gutierrez)
    Oppression against native populations in Latin America early on.
    Catholic Church often associated with repressive regimes.
    Aristide in Haiti
  • 26. Who Will Speak For Islam?
    Main Points?