Ethnic Conflict

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Examines ethnic conflict around the world.

Examines ethnic conflict around the world.

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  • 1. Ethnic Conflict
    September 21, 2010
    PS 212
  • 2. Globalization and Ethnic Conflict
    Globalization allows problems from one area to spill over into another area.
    Can weaken ethnic identities (exposed to different ideas, behavior, material goods.
    Economic globalization can give ethnic groups with an education advantage over another group.
  • 3. Ethnic Conflict and End of Cold War
    Increased attentions since end of Cold War
    Many conflicts developed independently of the East-West rivalry but were held in check by superpowers
    Extremely difficult to contain to one country
    Ethnic diversity does not automatically result in violence or conflict.
  • 4. Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity
    Ethnicity, tribalism, and nationalism often used interchangeably.
    Tribalism (outdated term).
    Preferred term for groups is Ethnic Group (How to determine?)
    Identity: conception of the self ; social attributes of particular individuals shaped by many social, cultural, economic and political factors
    Ethnic pluralism
  • 5.
  • 6. Causes of Ethnic Conflict
    Ancient Hatreds?
    Rarely about just ethnicity
    Political undertones
    Stereotypes: US vs THEM
    Competition for resources
    Modernization?
    Weak political institutions
    Democratization
    Proliferation of automatic weapons
  • 7. Costs of Ethnic Conflict
    Poor get poorer
    Thousands or Millions of Deaths
    Land Mines (1 death every 22 minutes)
    Economic Costs
    Cannot Democratize
    Refugees and spillover effect
    Environmental Destruction
    Worsened Drug Problems
  • 8. Ethnic Conflicts in Africa
    Continent most
    consumed by
    ethnic conflict.
  • 9. Ethnic Conflict in Africa
    Nigeria
    Why so much violence?
    Biafra
    Islamic Law
    Liberia
    Americo-Liberians
    Cycle of Violence
    The Sudan
    What’s the Problem?
    What’s being done?
    Rwanda
    Tutsi vs. Hutus
    European Influence
    Turn around fair play?
  • 10. Ethnic Conflicts in Asia
    India
    Religious differences
    Partition: Ali Jinnah
    (Muslim League/Pakistan)
    Jawaharlal Nehru (Secular India)
    Sikhs and Golden Temple
    Assassination of Indira Gandhi
    Murders and Rapes of Christians
  • 11.
  • 12. China
    China
    The Xinjiang Province
    and the Uighur Separatists
    Uighurs are Muslim, territory
    became part of China in 1949
    Han-93% of Population
    Tibet
    Suppression of Religion.
    Migration of Han Chinese
    Loss of Culture
    1 million deaths
  • 13. Sri Lanka
    Sri Lanka
    Complex society
    Colonial influence
    Sinhala govt. declared Sinhala
    the language and Buddhism the religion.
    Denied Tamils jobs & Education
    1983 Targeting of Tamils
    Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga
    peace deal (fell through)
    EU listed LTTE as terrorist org. in 2006
    May 2009 End of Civil War
  • 14. Resolving Ethnic Conflicts
    Most groups have needs met as country develops economically
    Democratic societies offer groups a chance to form coalitions
    Disparities brought about by economic growth may fuel ethnic conflicts.
    Redraw borders?
    Power-Sharing arrangements
    Federalism.