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Democracy and Regime Types<br />10/7/2010<br />
What is Democracy?<br />Demos=People <br />Kratia=Rule<br />Democracy: A system of governance where the people represent a...
Parliamentary vs Presidential Democracy<br />Presidential: Clear separation of powers and system of checks and balances<br...
Not all Democracies are created equal<br />Respect for civil liberties is essential in democracies.<br />Democratic Govt’s...
Degrees of Democracy?<br />Are we either a democracy or not, or are there degrees of democracy?<br />Gray Zones?<br />Are ...
Other Regime Types?<br />Democratic <br />Authoritarian<br />Totalitarian <br />Sultanic<br />
Technical Regime Type Classification<br />
Actual Freedom/Degree of Democracy<br />
Authoritarianism<br />Ruled by an elite group that uses repressive means to stay in power. <br />The state will generally ...
Totalitarianism<br />The state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior. <br />
Sultanic<br />All individuals, groups and institutions are permanently subject to the unpredictable and despotic intervent...
What Factors are Conducive to Democracy?<br />No magic formula<br />Helpful factors: Political Culture, History, Economic ...
Transitions to Democracy<br />Democratization: Process of changing from previous authoritarian govt. to a democratic govt....
How to Consolidate?<br />1. Easy for civil society to develop. <br />2. Groups and Individuals can openly and freely compe...
World Population (over time)<br />
Does Democratization Occur in Waves?<br />Samuel Huntington says Democratization occurs in waves.<br />First wave – 1828-1...
When Did the US become a Democracy?<br />1787<br />1865<br />1920<br />1964<br />
Female Suffrage<br />
Least Free Places on Earth<br />Myanmar<br />North Korea<br />Libya<br />Somalia<br />
Belarus<br />Tibet<br />China<br />Cuba<br />
Laos<br />Uzbekistan<br />Saudi Arabia<br />Western Sahara<br />
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Democracy and Regime Types

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An overview of gobal regime types and democratization

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Transcript of "Democracy and Regime Types"

  1. 1. Democracy and Regime Types<br />10/7/2010<br />
  2. 2. What is Democracy?<br />Demos=People <br />Kratia=Rule<br />Democracy: A system of governance where the people represent and vote for themselves.<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Parliamentary vs Presidential Democracy<br />Presidential: Clear separation of powers and system of checks and balances<br />Parliamentary: Legislative Branch has greater power over other branches<br />
  5. 5. Not all Democracies are created equal<br />Respect for civil liberties is essential in democracies.<br />Democratic Govt’s. respect the rule of law<br />Judicial systems are essential to maintaining democratic freedoms.<br />
  6. 6. Degrees of Democracy?<br />Are we either a democracy or not, or are there degrees of democracy?<br />Gray Zones?<br />Are elections the only prerequisite for democracy?<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Other Regime Types?<br />Democratic <br />Authoritarian<br />Totalitarian <br />Sultanic<br />
  9. 9. Technical Regime Type Classification<br />
  10. 10. Actual Freedom/Degree of Democracy<br />
  11. 11. Authoritarianism<br />Ruled by an elite group that uses repressive means to stay in power. <br />The state will generally ignore the actions of an individual unless it is perceived to be a direct challenge to the state.<br />
  12. 12. Totalitarianism<br />The state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private behavior. <br />
  13. 13. Sultanic<br />All individuals, groups and institutions are permanently subject to the unpredictable and despotic intervention of the sultan.<br />
  14. 14. What Factors are Conducive to Democracy?<br />No magic formula<br />Helpful factors: Political Culture, History, Economic Development, Middle Class, Civil Society.<br />Economic Development, Education and Middle Class also help to maintain Democracy<br />
  15. 15. Transitions to Democracy<br />Democratization: Process of changing from previous authoritarian govt. to a democratic govt. <br />Transition begins with liberalization<br />Democracies become consolidated when it is the only game in town; populaton believes democracy is best type of govt. <br />
  16. 16. How to Consolidate?<br />1. Easy for civil society to develop. <br />2. Groups and Individuals can openly and freely compete for political power.<br />3. Society respects and upholds the rule of law; independent judicial system.<br />4. Autonomous market; Individuals have right to own property<br />
  17. 17. World Population (over time)<br />
  18. 18. Does Democratization Occur in Waves?<br />Samuel Huntington says Democratization occurs in waves.<br />First wave – 1828-1926<br />First reverse wave – 1922-1942<br />Second, short wave – 1943-1962<br />Second reverse wave – 1958-1975<br />Third Wave – 1974-Present<br />
  19. 19. When Did the US become a Democracy?<br />1787<br />1865<br />1920<br />1964<br />
  20. 20. Female Suffrage<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Least Free Places on Earth<br />Myanmar<br />North Korea<br />Libya<br />Somalia<br />
  23. 23. Belarus<br />Tibet<br />China<br />Cuba<br />
  24. 24. Laos<br />Uzbekistan<br />Saudi Arabia<br />Western Sahara<br />
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