http://videos.howstuffworks
.com/discovery/7164-images-from-pompeii-video.
How do we know so much about Roman art, especia...
Ancient Rome I:
Etruscan Kingdom
Same time as Greek heroic age
Most important culture in Western
Mediterranean.. 750-510 B...
APOLLO or APOLLO OF VEII
Artist: Master sculptor Vulca (?)
Medium: Painted terra cotta
Size: height 5'10"
Date: c. 510–500...
How are they same? How are they different?
•Typical Etruscan Temple at Veii; ground plan similar to the Greeks
•Apollo appeared on the roof, not the pediment (Who ha...
Etruscan Sarcophagus,
520 BCE
Terracotta
Life sized
Latest hair styles, lively
hand gestures
How does this compare
to Egyp...
Etruscan Tomb Art movie
Fowling Scene, Tomb of Nebamum, 1400 BCE
(New King.), fragment of wall painting, British
Museum
•How does this
compare to ...
She-Wolf, Artist n/a, Bronze, 500 BCE (Twins added during Renaissance),
FLASHCARD
Mix of
naturalism &
stylized details
May...
How did Romans view artists in their society?
Romans used both bronze
casting & marble for
sculpture.
Here is an example of the
lost wax casting method.
Lost Wax Castin...
Can anyone give an example of an adopted Greek
God or Goddess from your readings?
http://www.artic.edu/cleo/index.html
Etruscans preceded Roman kingdom, republic and empire in the Tuscany area.
Traders wi...
Ancient Rome II
The Roman Republic
509-27 BCE
Threw out the Etruscans
Continued until Julius Caesar
assassinated
Title: Head of a man
(known as Brutus)
Medium: Bronze,
eyes of painted ivory
Size: height 12½"
(31.8 cm)
Date: c. mid-3rd
...
Head of Senusret III
Yellow quartzite
17¾ X 13½ X 17"
Middle Kingdom
Twelfth Dynasty, c. c.
1836–1818 BCE
More realistic
L...
Orator (Aulus Metellus)
80 BCE (Republican period)
Bronze, 5’11” high
Careful observation & rendering
Completed by an Etru...
Initiation Rites of Cult of Bacchus or Dionysus Mystery Painting,
60 BCE Wall Painting from Pompeii, “Villa of Mysteries”
...
Still Life, detail
from wall
painting in 4th
style
Beautifully
rendered glass
Shadows make
objects appear
real and
actuall...
Reconstructed bedroom
from Pompeii
Late 1st century BCE
Floor mosaic-priest
offers a basket w/ a
snake to a cult image of
...
Detail from
reconstructed
bedroom
Intuitive perspective:
objects smaller, less
detailed,diagonal
lines suggest parallel
li...
This wall painting from Livia’s villa shows atmospheric perspective…Trompe l’oeil, trick
the eye.
Idealized view of the wo...
Wow what a
bloodthirsty bunch
those emperors
were…
Young Woman
WRITING
Wall painting from
Pompeii
Pointed stylus to
write ...
Temple of Fortunus, Republic Period, Rome
(flashcard)
Front columns are Greek, side columns are engaged
Closed in block an...
Plan of Temple Forum
Boarium (Cattle Market),
Rome
Note
engaged
columns
and
podiums
How was
this similar
to classical
Gree...
Highly sophisticated architecture/engineering
Pont Du Gard (flashcard), Nimes, France. 100 BCE
REPUBLIC PERIOD
Provided 100 gallons of water a day per family, from Uzes...
Why was the invention of concrete so important?
Denarius with
portrait of
Julius Caesar
Republican period
Silver coin, widely
used
Propaganda value
First time living rule...
II. Early Roman Empire….
//videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/9798-living-in-the-roman-
http:
Massive empire
More cohesive tha...
Maison Carree, Nimes France, 20 BCE (or 10 AD) Early
Imperial Period…(flashcard)
Front columns are Greek, side columns are...
Octavius became Caesar
Augustus, 1st emperor.-EARLY
EMPIRE--Nephew of Julius Caesar
What happened to J. Caesar? (Et
tu, Br...
Augustus of Primaporta, 20 BCE
Marble, 6’11” (maybe copy of a
bronze) flashcard
•Ushered in Roman Empire (1st
emperor-Pax ...
Augustus, color restored
Political messages
Divinity of Emperor
(became a God)
Cult of the Emperor
Mother nature, sky God
...
Altar of
Augustan
Peace, 13
BCE (Ari
Pacis)
Early Imperial
flashcard
Celebrates
Augustus as both
warrior &
peacemaker
Triu...
Read about these characters in the book.. South side relief
1st- showing children to promote family life & potential heirs
Allegory of Peace, from Ara Pacis, 5’2” high
Goddess of Peace (Pax) nurtures cherubs representing Roman
people, goddesses ...
Flavian Amphitheatre, 80 CE, Rome, Flashcard
KNOW SIGNIFICANCE/RECOGNIZE/DISCUSS
Flavian Ampitheatre
•Built by Emperor Vespasian -shrewd political move.
During the Julio Claudian period, where there were
abuses by Nero and ...
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Ms. Fuentes AP Art History Class

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  • Artist: Master sculptor Vulca (?)
    Title: Apollo
    Medium: Painted terra cotta
    Size: height 5'10" (1.8 m)
    Date: c. 510–500 BCE
    Source/Museum: Temple of Minerva, Portenaccio, Veii. / Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Reconstruction of an Etruscan Temple
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: n/a
    Source/Museum: Based on archaeological evidence and descriptions by Vitruvius. University of Rome, Istituto di Etruscologia e Antichità Italiche
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Sarcophagus
    Medium: Terra cotta
    Size: length 6"7" (2.06 m)
    Date: c. 520 BCE
    Source/Museum: Fom Cerveteri. /Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome

  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Inner Coffin of Tutankhamun’s Sarcophagus
    Medium: Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones
    Size: height 6'⅞" (1.85 m), weight nearly 243 pounds (110.4 kg)
    Date: Eighteenth Dynasty, 1332–1322 BCE
    Source/Museum: Tomb of Tutankhamun, Valley of the Kings, near Deir el-Bahri / Egyptian Museum, Cairo
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: She-Wolf
    Medium: Bronze, glass-paste eyes
    Size: height 33½" (85 cm)
    Date: c. 500 BCE, or 450–430 BCE with 15th or 16th century additions (the twins)
    Source/Museum: Museo Capitolino, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Head of a man (known as Brutus)
    Medium: Bronze, eyes of painted ivory
    Size: height 12½" (31.8 cm)
    Date: c. mid-3rd century BCE
    Source/Museum: Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome

  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Head of Senusret III
    Medium: Yellow quartzite
    Size: height 17¾ X 13½ X 17" (45.1 X 34.3 X 43.2 cm)
    Date: Twelfth Dynasty, c. 1938–1755 BCE (ruled c. 1836–1818 BCE)
    Source/Museum: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. Purchase: Nelson Trust (62-11)
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Aulus Metellus
    Medium: Bronze
    Size: height 5'11" (1.8 m)
    Date: c. 80 BCE
    Source/Museum: Found near Perugia. / Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Florence
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus (?)
    Medium: Wall painting
    Size: n/a
    Date: c. 60–50 BCE
    Source/Museum: In the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Still Life
    Medium: Detail of a wall painting
    Size: approx. 1'2" X 1 ½" (35.5 X 31.7 cm)
    Date: Before 79 CE
    Source/Museum: From House of the Stags (Cervi), Herculaneum. / Museo Nazionale, Naples.

  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Reconstructed bedroom
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: Late 1st century BCE, with later furnishings.
    Source/Museum: House of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, near Pompeii. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1903 (03.14.13)
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Cityscape
    Medium: Detail of a wall painting
    Size: n/a
    Date: Late 1st century CE
    Source/Museum: From a bedroom in the House of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale. / The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1903 (03.14.13
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Garden Scene
    Medium: Detail of a wall painting
    Size: n/a
    Date: Late 1st century BCE
    Source/Museum: From the dining room of the Villa of Livia at Primaporta, near Rome. / Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Young Woman Writing
    Medium: Detail of a wall painting
    Size: diameter 14 ⅝" (37 cm)
    Date: Before 79 CE
    Source/Museum: From Pompeii. / Museo Archeològico Nazionale, Naples
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Maison Carrée
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: c. 20 BCE
    Source/Museum: Nîmes, France
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Plan of Temple Forum Boarium (Cattle Market), Rome
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: n/a
    Source/Museum: n/a
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Pont Du Gard
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: Late 1st century BCE
    Source/Museum: Nîmes, France
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Denarius with Portrait of Julius Caesar
    Medium: Silver
    Size: diameter approximately ¾" (1.9 cm)
    Date: 44 BCE
    Source/Museum: American Numismatic Society, New York
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Maison Carrée
    Medium: n/a
    Size: n/a
    Date: c. 20 BCE
    Source/Museum: Nîmes, France
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Augustus of Primaporta
    Medium: Marble (originally colored)
    Size: height 6'8" (2.03 m)
    Date: Early 1st century CE. Perhaps a copy of a bronze statue of c. 20 BCE
    Source/Museum: Musei Vaticani, Braccio Nuovo, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Augustus of Primaporta
    Medium: Marble (originally colored)
    Size: height 6'8" (2.03 m)
    Date: Early 1st century CE. Perhaps a copy of a bronze statue of c. 20 BCE
    Source/Museum: Musei Vaticani, Braccio Nuovo, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Augustus of Primaporta
    Medium: A copy with color restored
    Size: n/a
    Date: n/a
    Source/Museum: Vatican Museum, Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Ara Pacis Augustae (altar of Augustan Peace), view of west side
    Medium: Marble
    Size: approx. 34'5" (10.5 m) X 38' (11.6 m)
    Date: 13–9 BCE
    Source/Museum: Rome
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Imperial Procession
    Medium: n/a
    Size: height 5'2" (1.6 m)
    Date: n/a
    Source/Museum: Detail of a relief on the south side of the Ara Pacis
  • Artist: n/a
    Title: Allegory of Peace
    Medium: n/a
    Size: height 5'2" (1.6 m)
    Date: n/a
    Source/Museum: Relief on the east side of the Ara Pacis
  • Romanartpart i

    1. 1. http://videos.howstuffworks .com/discovery/7164-images-from-pompeii-video. How do we know so much about Roman art, especially the wall paintings? Why did they survive when Greek paintings did not? I N T R O D U C T I O N
    2. 2. Ancient Rome I: Etruscan Kingdom Same time as Greek heroic age Most important culture in Western Mediterranean.. 750-510 BCE http://www.artic.edu/cleo/index.html
    3. 3. APOLLO or APOLLO OF VEII Artist: Master sculptor Vulca (?) Medium: Painted terra cotta Size: height 5'10" Date: c. 510–500 BCE •Etruscan Period •Part of a group of 4 statues located on top of a temple. •Technically difficult to create a life size terra cotta (fired clay) statue •Best surviving rooftop statue •Energy, excitement, etc,.. •But influence of Greek archaic statuary there in hair, smile FLASHCARD IMAGE
    4. 4. How are they same? How are they different?
    5. 5. •Typical Etruscan Temple at Veii; ground plan similar to the Greeks •Apollo appeared on the roof, not the pediment (Who had sculpture friezes in pediment?) •SITING: Faced south, ENTRANCE: only enter from that way, and built on a podium •Tuscan order - columns spaced wide, looks heavier due to shorter columns than classical Greek temples •Eaves projected out to protect the clay - terra cotta walls •Statues appeared on roofline •Close to ground, not like Acropolis on hills above Athens
    6. 6. Etruscan Sarcophagus, 520 BCE Terracotta Life sized Latest hair styles, lively hand gestures How does this compare to Egyptian funerary art? Inner Coffin of Tutankhamun’s Sarcophagus, 1332 BCE
    7. 7. Etruscan Tomb Art movie
    8. 8. Fowling Scene, Tomb of Nebamum, 1400 BCE (New King.), fragment of wall painting, British Museum •How does this compare to the tomb paintings of the Etruscans? Remember Nebamum?
    9. 9. She-Wolf, Artist n/a, Bronze, 500 BCE (Twins added during Renaissance), FLASHCARD Mix of naturalism & stylized details May represent the she-wolf that raised Romulus & Remus of Greek mythology (founded Rome) Ferocious yet object of sympathy at the same time. Roman Republic People saw themselves as heroic, attributed to descendants of gods
    10. 10. How did Romans view artists in their society?
    11. 11. Romans used both bronze casting & marble for sculpture. Here is an example of the lost wax casting method. Lost Wax Casting Method Weary Hercules, bronze statuette, Roman Empire http://www.artic. edu/cleo/herc/hercMovie .html
    12. 12. Can anyone give an example of an adopted Greek God or Goddess from your readings?
    13. 13. http://www.artic.edu/cleo/index.html Etruscans preceded Roman kingdom, republic and empire in the Tuscany area. Traders with the Greeks. Bronze Age through about 510 BCE (overthrow) Rome lasted for 2200 years … 753 BCE to 1453 AD 1. I. Kingdom: 753-510 BCE. Greek heroic age; Rome eventually threw out Etruscan Kings. Paralleled/influenced by Greece. 2. II. Republic - 509-27 BCE, until assassination of Julius Caesar- Pont du Gard bridge & building campaigns 3. III. Empire - 27 BCE - 1453 AD.  First emperor was Augustus Caesar (fka Octavius, J. Caesar’s nephew Brought in Pax Romana, years of peace & prosperity.  Julio-Claudian era with Nero (crazy emperor)-overthrown by Vespasian (built Colosseum). (14-69 CD)  High Empire - included Trajan & Hadrian (Hadrians wall, Trajan’s column) 96-192 CE  Late Empire - Septimus Severus, Caracalla, Diocletian, Constantine. Constantine built the Basilica, and made Christianity the offical religion. Etruscan and Roman Timeline of Key Rulers
    14. 14. Ancient Rome II The Roman Republic 509-27 BCE Threw out the Etruscans Continued until Julius Caesar assassinated
    15. 15. Title: Head of a man (known as Brutus) Medium: Bronze, eyes of painted ivory Size: height 12½" (31.8 cm) Date: c. mid-3rd century BCE Republic period Appears world- weary, he reminds you of????
    16. 16. Head of Senusret III Yellow quartzite 17¾ X 13½ X 17" Middle Kingdom Twelfth Dynasty, c. c. 1836–1818 BCE More realistic Looks tired, older Dynamic King who led 4 expeditions into Nubia; overhauled administration
    17. 17. Orator (Aulus Metellus) 80 BCE (Republican period) Bronze, 5’11” high Careful observation & rendering Completed by an Etruscan artist Toga worn by Roman officials According to Pliny the Elder, statues like these were often on top of columns as memorials. flashcard
    18. 18. Initiation Rites of Cult of Bacchus or Dionysus Mystery Painting, 60 BCE Wall Painting from Pompeii, “Villa of Mysteries” Cult of Bacchus/Dionysus (god of wine).. Rites on his behalf in private homes… deep red (Pompeiian re) background, scene around walls…flashcard… one of best known wall paintings
    19. 19. Still Life, detail from wall painting in 4th style Beautifully rendered glass Shadows make objects appear real and actually in space rather than flat shapes
    20. 20. Reconstructed bedroom from Pompeii Late 1st century BCE Floor mosaic-priest offers a basket w/ a snake to a cult image of Isis… Again initiation rites Wall paintings city scapes like stage backdrops in intuitive perspective What are some initiation rites you might see today in our society? In common religions today? On a college campus?
    21. 21. Detail from reconstructed bedroom Intuitive perspective: objects smaller, less detailed,diagonal lines suggest parallel lines receding in the distance No single point of view though.
    22. 22. This wall painting from Livia’s villa shows atmospheric perspective…Trompe l’oeil, trick the eye. Idealized view of the world, distant objects are WHAT????
    23. 23. Wow what a bloodthirsty bunch those emperors were… Young Woman WRITING Wall painting from Pompeii Pointed stylus to write on wax coated tablet, easy to “erase” and start over before using $$ papyrus Used by kids of homework too. Why were these paintings so well preserved?
    24. 24. Temple of Fortunus, Republic Period, Rome (flashcard) Front columns are Greek, side columns are engaged Closed in block and podium is Etruscan in influence Vetruvius admired this temple; wrote 10 books on it.. Also influenced state capitol in Virginia Romans found common ground with conquered peoples’ religions Did require sacrifices to town gods, part of community activities that they promoted This temple illustrates that common ground
    25. 25. Plan of Temple Forum Boarium (Cattle Market), Rome Note engaged columns and podiums How was this similar to classical Greek temples?
    26. 26. Highly sophisticated architecture/engineering
    27. 27. Pont Du Gard (flashcard), Nimes, France. 100 BCE REPUBLIC PERIOD Provided 100 gallons of water a day per family, from Uzes spring 30 miles away. •Rhythmic harmony & balance •3 stacked arcades •Concrete •Originally aqueduct •Still used as bridge today •Fits surroundings with natural unadorned blocks •ROMAN ARCH INVENTED!!!
    28. 28. Why was the invention of concrete so important?
    29. 29. Denarius with portrait of Julius Caesar Republican period Silver coin, widely used Propaganda value First time living ruler shown!! Venus on reverse Realistic portrait, shows receding hair line Flashcard Image
    30. 30. II. Early Roman Empire…. //videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/9798-living-in-the-roman- http: Massive empire More cohesive than Greece Physical-military superiority, built garrisons & roads Organizational - system of laws and administration Psychological - fear of harsh punishment, entertainment for the masses What are some of Rome’s contributions to the West? Art - copied from Greece!!!! Used art/architecture as propaganda (instrumentalism)
    31. 31. Maison Carree, Nimes France, 20 BCE (or 10 AD) Early Imperial Period…(flashcard) Front columns are Greek, side columns are engaged Closed in block and podium is Etruscan in influence Vetruvius admired this temple; wrote 10 books on it.. Also influenced state capitol in Virginia Romans found common ground with conquered peoples’ religions Did require sacrifices to town gods, part of community activities that they promoted This temple illustrates that common ground
    32. 32. Octavius became Caesar Augustus, 1st emperor.-EARLY EMPIRE--Nephew of Julius Caesar What happened to J. Caesar? (Et tu, Brute?) Also given title Maximus - High Priest as well as emperor. Ruled for 60 years w/wife Livia, laid foundation for the Pax Romana (peace, stability, prosperity). Skilled administrator. During Pax Romana, lots of building programs to improve quality of life for the Empire. “I found Rome a city of brick, and left it a city of Marble.”
    33. 33. Augustus of Primaporta, 20 BCE Marble, 6’11” (maybe copy of a bronze) flashcard •Ushered in Roman Empire (1st emperor-Pax Romana) •Not veristic portraits like Republic.. More like classical Greek style •Addressing troops like the Orator •Cloak in folds (Hellenistic)..ties to Cupid (Venus’ son) •Breastplate shows peaceful negotiation w/Parthians, Sun God, etc •Now at Vatican in Rome
    34. 34. Augustus, color restored Political messages Divinity of Emperor (became a God) Cult of the Emperor Mother nature, sky God shown on Breastplate, Apollo & Diana Augustus ruled for 60 years, but is always shown as young and promoting peaceful negotiation. Who was the patron here?
    35. 35. Altar of Augustan Peace, 13 BCE (Ari Pacis) Early Imperial flashcard Celebrates Augustus as both warrior & peacemaker Triumphal return to Rome after victory in Gaul and Hispania Marble 10 m x 11 m Where are Gaul and Hispania today? Relief sculptures showing procession and allegory of peace. Shows Greek influence on figures Restored by Mussolini 2000 yrs later Similar to Parthenon frieze from 5th century BCE
    36. 36. Read about these characters in the book.. South side relief 1st- showing children to promote family life & potential heirs
    37. 37. Allegory of Peace, from Ara Pacis, 5’2” high Goddess of Peace (Pax) nurtures cherubs representing Roman people, goddesses of sea and land winds look on representing Roman sea and land bounties Earth and Sea Personified Greek columns frame scene; pattern border of Greek key motif How are the forms (figures) similar to Greek relief sculptures? Minute details of leaves, natural elements typical of Roman sculpture
    38. 38. Flavian Amphitheatre, 80 CE, Rome, Flashcard KNOW SIGNIFICANCE/RECOGNIZE/DISCUSS
    39. 39. Flavian Ampitheatre
    40. 40. •Built by Emperor Vespasian -shrewd political move. During the Julio Claudian period, where there were abuses by Nero and Claudius… •Drained a lake to build; grand place for public displays & entertainment (gladiators, exotic animals imported from their huge empire) •Give public land back to public. •Still represents Italy & Rome.
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