Ancient near east_art

6,207 views

Published on

Powerpoint from class lecture on ancient near east art & architecture

Published in: Education
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,207
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
59
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
230
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ancient near east_art

  1. 1. Ancient Near Eastern Art Adapted from presentation by William V. Ganis, PhD
  2. 3. Achievements in Ancient Near East Bronze Age <ul><li>Sumer: cities, laws, architecture, pottery, weaving, metalwork </li></ul><ul><li>Mesopotamia: early writing, Judaism, Christianity, Islam…. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt: levees and canals, stable empire for 3000 years, great pyramids, medicine, mummification </li></ul>
  3. 4. Sumerian Art How was Sumerian society organized? How did they worship?
  4. 6. White Temple and ziggurat Uruk (modern Warka) Iraq ca. 3,200-3,000 B.C.E. mud brick DEDICATED TO SKY GOD, ANU.. Population 40,000
  5. 7. White Temple and ziggurat Uruk (modern Warka) Iraq ca. 3,200-3,000 B.C.E. mud brick
  6. 8. Female head (possibly Inanna) from Uruk (modern Warka) Iraq ca. 3,200-3,000 B.C.E. marble approximately 8 in. high Goddess of Love & War Wore big, bitumen eyebrows, inlaid eyes with shells and lapiz lazuli RECOVERED
  7. 9. Warka Vase from Uruk (modern Warka) Iraq ca. 3,200-3,000 B.C.E. alabaster approximately 3 ft. high Most important relief sculpture…reliefs showing Inanna Tiered REGISTERS WITH FIRM GROUND LINE RECOVERED
  8. 10. Warka Vase from Uruk (modern Warka) Iraq ca. 3,200-3,000 B.C.E. alabaster approximately 3 ft. high HIERARCHY OF SCALE Or heratic sclae
  9. 11. Statuettes of worshippers from Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar) Iraq ca. 2,700 B.C.E. gypsum, shell, black limestone tallest 30 in. high BIG EYES why?? Nude at waist Also known as Votive Statues SOME MISSING
  10. 12. Statuettes of worhippers from Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar) Iraq ca. 2,700 B.C.E. gypsum, shell, black limestone tallest 30 in. high
  11. 13. Standard of Ur from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) Iraq ca. 2,600 B.C.E. wood, shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone approximately 8 x 19 in. War Peace Registers Found in Sumer HIERARCHY OF SCALE Bigger = better
  12. 14. Standard of Ur (war side) from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) Iraq ca. 2,600 B.C.E. wood, shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone approximately 8 x 19 in.
  13. 15. Standard of Ur (peace side) from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) Iraq ca. 2,600 B.C.E. wood, shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone approximately 8 x 19 in.
  14. 16. Bull-headed lyre from Tomb 789, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) ca. 2,600 B.C.E. wood, gold leaf, lapis lazuli approximately 65 in. high Sound box. Found in sumer.
  15. 17. Bull-headed lyre from Tomb 789, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) ca. 2,600 B.C.E. wood, gold leaf, lapis lazuli approximately 65 in. high
  16. 18. Ram in a thicket from Tomb 789, Royal Cemetery Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) Iraq ca. 2,600 B.C.E. gold, silver, lapis lazuli, copper, shell, red limestone, bitumen 42.6 cm. high
  17. 19. Cylinder seals ca. 2,600-2,000 B.C.E. approximately 2 in. high Used to sign documents Keep agricultural records Profile w/big eyes (SUMER)
  18. 20. Akkadian Art
  19. 21. Head of an Akkadian ruler from Ninevah (modern Kuyunjik) Iraq ca. 2,250-2,200 B.C.E., copper 14 3/8 in. high Arrogant power Earliest hollow cast metal sculpture
  20. 22. Victory stele of Naram-Sin from Susa, Iran ca. 2,254-2,218 B.C.E. sandstone 79 in. high Why is this significant? What conventions are used to show importance, space, and time? What was the purpose of this art work? Who was it intended for? FAB FIVE ANALYSIS
  21. 23. Victory stele of Naram-Sin from Susa, Iran ca. 2,254-2,218 B.C.E. sandstone 79 in. high Kings were divinely chosen. Horned crown = divinity Victory over Iran. Soldiers not generic Enemies die, plead
  22. 24. Neo-Sumerian Art
  23. 25. Ziggurat (restored)at Ur Neo sumerian period at Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) Iraq ca. 2,100 B.C.E. mud brick
  24. 26. Gudea? Statue of Sumerian Prince Peaceful pose, holds fountain. Plan of temple, Ensi not King. Piety, simplicity, simple dress. ICONOGRAPHY Several of these statutes exist.
  25. 27. Babylonian Art
  26. 29. Stele with code of Hammurabi from Susa, Iran ca. 1,780 B.C.E. basalt 88 in. high Hammurabi codified laws.. 1st known example Laws & penalties, protections for widows & kids. An eye for an Eye No vigilantisms, but system of justice. Seated sun God giving the rod of justice. Basis for today’s laws!
  27. 30. <ul><li>Assyrian Art </li></ul><ul><li>1st true empire..Semitic nomads worshipping Ashur </li></ul><ul><li>900 BCE conquered upper Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><li>Savage culture, militaristic </li></ul><ul><li>Flayed their enemies alive </li></ul><ul><li>Art: perspective, anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>Commemorated victories & hunts (propaganda?) </li></ul><ul><li>Sargon = King of All </li></ul><ul><li>Conquered Mesopotamia, ruled 5 generations </li></ul>
  28. 31. Reconstruction drawing of the citadel of Sargon II, Dar Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad) Iraq ca. 720-705 B.C.E.
  29. 32. Lamassu (winged human headed bull) from the citadel of Sargon II, Dar Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad) Iraq ca. 720-705 B.C.E. limestone 13 ft. 10 in. high Guarded palace… relief AND in the round sculpture… 5 legs
  30. 35. Gilgamesh? Wrestling Lion from the citadel of Sargon II, Dar Sharrukin ca. 720-705 B.C.E. limestone 13 ft. 10 in. high
  31. 36. Ashurbanipal hunting lions Last great Assyrian king.. Shows bravery in hunting lions. Dying lioness drags back legs, King hierarchy of scale. from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Ninevah (modern Kuyunjik) Iraq ca. 645-640 B.C.E. gypsum approximately 5 ft. high
  32. 37. Ashurbanipal hunting lions from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Ninevah (modern Kuyunjik) Iraq ca. 645-640 B.C.E. gypsum approximately 5 ft. high
  33. 38. Ashurbanipal hunting lions from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, Ninevah (modern Kuyunjik) Iraq ca. 645-640 B.C.E. gypsum approximately 5 ft. high
  34. 39. Neo-Babylonian Art
  35. 40. Ishtar Gate (restored) from Babylon, Iraq ca. 575 B.C.E. glazed brick
  36. 41. Ishtar Gate (restored) details of dragon (Marduk) and bull (Adad) from Babylon, Iraq ca. 575 B.C.E. glazed brick
  37. 42. Ishtar Gate (restored) details of lion (Ishtar) from Babylon, Iraq ca. 575 B.C.E. glazed brick
  38. 43. Achaemenid Persian Art
  39. 45. Palace of Darius I and Xerxes I Persepolis, Iran ca. 521-465 B.C.E.
  40. 46. Palace of Darius I and Xerxes I Persepolis, Iran ca. 521-465 B.C.E. Large complex empire, until conquered by Alexander the Great. Palace at Perspeolis… Controlled Indus river. Gate and hall of 100 columns, held 10,000 people. Carved reliefs, contact with ancient Greece and Egypt.

×