Open Science
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  • 1. Open Science: Past,Present and FutureAndrea Miller-NesbittLife Sciences Libraryandrea.miller-nesbitt@mcgill.ca
  • 2. Outline• What is Open Science?• How did we get here?• How is Open Science currently being practiced?• How can we participate as librarians?• What is in store for the future?
  • 3. Open Science “Open science is the idea that scientific knowledge of all kinds should be openly shared as early as is practical in the discovery process” -Michael Nielsonhttp://www.openscience.org/blog/?p=454
  • 4. The Past: How did we get here?• Thousands of years ago • Empirical science – describing natural phenomena• Last few hundred years • Theoretical science – using models and generalizations to explain phenomena• Last few decades • Computational science – using digital technology to simulate phenomena
  • 5. The Fourth Paradigm • Data intensive scientific discovery • Unifying theory, experiment and simulation • Data explorationhttp://research.microsoft.com/en-us/collaboration/fourthparadigm/
  • 6. Growth of GenBank (1982-2008)http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/genbankstats-2008/
  • 7. HGP and the Bermuda Agreement 1) Primary genomic sequences should be in the public domain 2) Primary genomic sequence should be rapidly releasedhttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/_srYW_dzrwIc/TI2ReCat2sI/AAAAAAAAAGM/qg71oPhRtlw/s1600/DSCF1005.JPG
  • 8. The Present: Open Science at Workhttp://www.galaxyzoo.org/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/http://fold.it/portal/http://www.mygrid.org.uk/http://polymathprojects.org/http://onschallenge.wikispaces.com/
  • 9. Current Challenges • Legislation and policy • International, federal, provincial, institutional • Intellectual property rights issues • Infrastructure • Data deluge • Economic sustainability • Interoperability • Training and support • Standardized training for researchers and information professionals • Scientific culture • Publish or perish • Fear of misinterpretationhttp://rds-sdr.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/about/backgrounder.html
  • 10. Solutionshttp://datacite.org/http://total-impact.org/http://www.nih.gov/http://rds-sdr.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/http://www.researchgate.net/http://www.oecd.org
  • 11. Canadian Context• Canadian Institutes of Health Research • Must deposit certain data types upon publication • Must keep all data for a minimum of five years• Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council • Strategic Network Grants Guidelines • Encourages researchers to share data within a reasonable period of time• Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council • SSHRC Research Data Archiving Policy • Must deposit data within two years within two years of project completion
  • 12. Role of the librarian data management plan Help users integrate collect access data Data lifecycle Identify and analyze describe apply appropriate metadata preserve Identify appropriate repository
  • 13. Role of the librarian • Planning and data management • Metadata and archiving support • Finding and using relevant infrastructure • Building and managing institutional policies and repositories • Support and traininghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/litandmore/2284209815/
  • 14. The Future…http://www.bighappyfunhouse.com/archives/cellular11.jpg
  • 15. Selected SourcesAllard, S. (2012). DataONE: Facilitation eScience through collaboration. Journal of eScience Librarianship, 1(1), 4-17.Carlson, J., Fosmire, M., Miller, C. C., & Nelson, M. S. (2011). Determining data information literacy needs. Libraries and the academy, 11(2), 629-657.Hey, A. J. G., Tansley, S., & Tolle, K. M. (Eds.). (2009). The fourth paradigm : data-intensive scientific discovery. Redmond, Wash.: Microsoft Research.Martin, E., Leger-Hornby, T., & Kafel, D. (2012). Frameworks for data management curriculum: Course plans for data management instruction to undergraduate and graduate students in science, health sciences and engineering programs. Retrieved fromhttp://library.umassmed.edu/data_management_frameworks.pdfNational Research Council of Canada. (2012, January 30, 2012). Research Data Strategy Retrieved April 16, 2012, from http://rds-sdr.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/index.htmlNielsen, M. A. (2012). Reinventing discovery : the new era of networked science. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Ouellette, F. (2011). Data sharing: bioinformatics of cancer genomics. The 2011 Canadian Research Data Summit. Power Point Presentation. Retrieved from http://rds-sdr.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/events/data_summit_2011/presentations.htmlShearer, K. (2011). Comprehensive brief on open access to publications and research data for the federal granting agencies. Retrieved from http://www.science.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=en&n=2360F10C-1Soehner, C., Steeves, C., & Ward, J. (2010). E-Science and data support services: A study of ARL member institutions. Report. Retrieved from www.arl.org/bm~doc/escience-report.pdf
  • 16. Questions? Andrea Miller-Nesbitt andrea.miller-nesbitt@mcgill.ca (514) 398-1663• What are the implications of data- intensive science on library collections?• Will we see large groups of non-scientists co-authoring papers?
  • 17. Suggested Resources for LibrariansResource Content LinkeSciences portal for Provides useful links to overviews of http://esciencelibrary.umassmed.eduNew England librarians eScience, data management support, /index science basics for non-scientists, etc.Open Science list serve Relatively low-volume list for the open http://lists.okfn.org/mailman/listinf science community o/open-scienceJournal of eScience Open access, peer-reviewed journal http://escholarship.umassmed.edu/jlibrarianship which began in 2012 eslib/Data information Information about a data information http://wiki.lib.purdue.edu/display/stliteracy literacy program being developed by a e/home number of academic libraries in the U.S.A.The Fourth Paradigm A continuation of the published book http://blogs.nature.com/fourthparadblog The Fourth Paradigm igm/Inter-university Provides training in data access, http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweconsortium for curation and analysis for social science b/ICPSR/index.jsppolitical and social research communityresearchARL eScience survey Various links for institutions planning http://www.arl.org/rtl/eresearch/esresource page to support eScience cien/esciensurvey/surveyresearch.sh tml