An investigation into two moralcases involving deforestationGranny KettleWood, Sunningdale, UKBosawas BiosphereReserve, Nicaragua.
Granny Kettle Wood, in Sunningdale, comprisesmore than 40 acres of woodland and is a wildlifeplace, loved by the local community . Illegal clear felling of one acre of protected woodlandtook place in May 2012. A petition is being conducted in order to ask theauthorities to prosecute this deforestation. Disagreeing with each other, protectors anddestructors seem to apply different moral argumentsto justify their position.GRANNY KETTLEWOOD, THEDEFORESTATION.
‘’To what extent is it ethical and reasonable to exploitthe planets protected forests and woods bydeforesting them for personal gain?’’ Before answering the question, it is important toclarify the concept of ethical and reasonable.KNOWLEDGE ISSUE
Ethics is the moral principle governing or influencingconduct. In TOK it is the branch of knowledgeconcerned with moral principles. Reasonable is the ability of the mind tothink, understand and judge logically, consideringwhat is right, practical, or possible.ETHICAL & REASONABLE
Ethical actions should be judged in an impartial way,thinking objectively and without making exceptionfor particular cases. Agreeing with Kant, the action questioned as aknowledge issue is not ethical, because it is doneexpecting something in return. A preferential treatment is the main focus of the cause,and this is completely against Kant’s philosophy.KANT’S THEORY
Kant’s approach on ethic by reason has somelimitations: It creates a ‘’rule worship’’ It creates a conflict of dutyOn the other hand
Mill sustained that the only thing that is good initself is happiness. His theory is simple and rational. According to his theory, the deforestation is right if itproduces a pleasure for the person who does it.MILL’S UTILITARIANISMTHEORY.
It is not possible to measure pleasure. Two different actions contrast themselves byproducing different kind of pleasures.On the other hand
Extending over 2,000,000 km², Bosawas BiosphereReserve protects the second-largest rainforest area inthe Western Hemisphere. Woodcutters destroy thirty thousand acres of forestper year.ANOTHER REAL LIFE SITUATIONWoodcutters in Bosawas Biosphere Reserve
This situation can de justified under the thought of Mill The economic returns make woodcutters richer andhappier Kant thought is against this situation A preferential treatment is createdKANT & MILL
KANT: Deforestation is not ethical because it is done in orderto have a personal gain. Not reasonableMILL: Deforestation is ethical because it is done in order tocreate happiness. ReasonableETHICAL & REASONABLE(Bosawas Biosphere Reserve )
Granny Kettle Wood Personal happiness Preferential treatment Neither ethical nor reasonable according to Kant Ethical and reasonable according to Mill Bosawas Biosphere Reserve Personal happiness Preferential treatment Neither ethical nor reasonable according to Kant Ethical and reasonable according to MillGRANNY KETTLE WOOD &BOSAWAS BIOSPHERE RESERVE
The cases are closely related The cases are both unethical and not reasonableaccording to Kant The cases are both ethical and reasonable accordingto MillCOMPARING THE CASESAND CONCLUSION
Both cases are not ethical. When personal happiness is the first objective andother impacts are not considered, the action cannotbe justifiable or reasonable Personal interests are less important than thegeneral impactsMY OPINION