Gd3 Design For Environment

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Gd3 Design For Environment

  1. 1. | DfE | Design For Environment INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MSc. SUSTAINABILITY 09| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  2. 2. What is Design for Different Approaches to solve the environmental problem at industrial processes Environment? SOCIETY INDUSTRIAL Sistemic consideration of ECOLOGY design related to safety, health and environmental DfE objectives along the whole life cycle of the product and the process DfX (Processes) Source: Group ID&EA _ UPV INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  3. 3. DfE = Ecodesign Designing with Life Cycle in mind Use of raw manufacture distribution Product use End of life materials The Product Life Cycle INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  4. 4. …Evolution The Design challenge Design serving the Economy Design has faithfully materialized the Industrial, Consumer and Knowledge economies Source: Seven Ages of Man (2000) Will Murray INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  5. 5. …Evolution The Design challenge Design serving the Economy  1950s – 1960s. Design and Survival Richard Neutra´s survival through Design  1970s. Victor Papanek´s “Design for the Real World”. Design for disability  1980s. Green Design – Design for Environment  Mid1990s. Ecodesign – Eco.redesign  2000. Design for Sustainability Source: Seven Ages of Man (2000) Will Murray INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  6. 6. DfE | Ecodesign 1. How has the concept evolved?  first introduced in the electronics field 1990s (Allenby1991a)  As part of the DesignX set. (X stands for a desired characteristic such as safety, testability, disassembly, manufacturing)  AEA (American Elec. Association) created the DfE task force, proposing a design methodology  US EPA joined meetings and formed the Agency  Research initiatives passed to IEEE INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  7. 7. DfE | Ecodesign 1. Some concepts  Emerged out of the “end-of-pipe solution”  first introduced in the electronics field 1990s  Prevention as a first goal (from conceptual)  Evolved from the Concurrent Engineering (product development approach to reduce the time to bring the new product to the market. Project oriented) while integrating environmental considerations as core objective of the product design.  Includes elements from design concept to end of life, having in mind costs, quality, planning and user requirements INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  8. 8. DfE | Ecodesign 2. Advantages for Industry…  Product development with less environmental impact  Savings: costs and resources reduction, less taxes, contamination  Subsidies  Eco-efficiency  Eco-innovation  EMAS Implementation – ISO 14000  Enhacing company´s image Product Life Cycle in Mind INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  9. 9. DfE | Ecodesign 3. Tools for Implementing DfE  Evaluation of Environmental Impact: LCA  Evaluation of life cycle product costs: LCCA (life cycle costing assesment)  Pollution Prevention and General Environmental Improvement  Specific Environmental Improvement tools • Materials selection • Demanded energy reduction • Df Recycling, Df Disassembly, Df Assembly Product Life Cycle in Mind INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  10. 10. DfE | Ecodesign 4. ECODESIGN STRATEGIES There are diverse strategies for products development:  EPA´s LCD (USA)  EDIP. Developed by the Technical University of Denmark  Van Hemel´s Strategies Classification (wich is one of the most complete and structured strategies) Product Life Cycle in Mind INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  11. 11. 4. ECODESIGN STRATEGIES: Van Hemel 7.Optimization of end-of-life system 1.Selection of low-impact materials 6.Optimization of initial lifetime 2.Reduction of materials usage 5.Reduction of impact during use 3.Optimization of production techniques 4.Optimization of distribution system Ecodesign strategy wheel INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  12. 12. 4. ECODESIGN EXAMPLES The improvements for the MX16 are: weight 6%, energy usage 18%, packaging 37% and the environmental impact in the whole life cycle as measured with the EcoScan tool is reduced by 21%. Phillips Design Function integration. Components reduction, savings on water consumption. Recycled material. Rolani Design INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  13. 13. DfE | Ecodesign 5. ECO-LABELLING 3 categories Type I. Certified eco-labels (complying with ISO 14024) Different market penetration AENOR European Blue Angel Swan Organic (Spain) ecolabel (nordic countries) products Some Examples In Europe INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  14. 14. DfE | Ecodesign 5. ECO-LABELLING 3 categories Type II. Product-Self Declarations Type III. Defined by ISO/TR 14025 No certified by third parties. ISO 14021 Provide standarised LCA-based information on a product or service Improvement of Roland DG NHO European environmental Corporation performance Norway ecolabel Some Examples In Europe INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  15. 15. DfE | Policies EU 6. Working Plan of the EU Ecodesign Directive Priority for 10 group products (energy using products): Air-conditioning and ventilation systems Network, data processing-storing equip. Electric and fossil-fuelled heating equipment Refrigerating and freezing equipment Food-preparing equipment Sound and imaging equipment Industrial and laboratory furnaces and ovens Transformers Machine tools Water-using equipment Product Life Cycle in Mind INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz
  16. 16. DfE | Ecodesign Bibliography 1 Capuz Rizo S., & Gómez Navarro, T. (2004). Ecodiseño: Ingeniería del ciclo de vida para el desarrollo de productos sostenibles. Universidad Politécnica de Valencia. Alfaomega. Valencia 2 Allenby, B.R.& Graedel, T.E (1995). Industrial Ecology. Prentice Hall. New Jersey. 3 Eco-management and Audit Schemes. European comission. http://europe.eu.int/environment 4 Fiskel, J. (2004). Ingeniería de diseño Medioambiental. DfE. McGraw-Hill. Madrid. 1996 5 Environmental Protection Agency. EPA. www.epa.gov Product Life Cycle in Mind INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY | MS. SUSTAINABILITY| UPC Julián Patrón . Jordi Oliva . Andrea Díaz

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