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Gd Styria Recycling Network

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Styria - Austria, Study case on Recycling networking

Styria - Austria, Study case on Recycling networking

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  • 1. …STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network Jordi Oliva, Julián Patrón, Andrea Díaz | MS. Sustainability – Industrial Ecology
  • 2. Trust is an important determinant factor of knowledge transfer in company recycling networks. STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 3. STYRIA 2nd largest federal state 16.388 mk2 (Barcelona x 2,2) Population 1.203.986 in 2006 (Barcelona / 4,5) 14,5% vots of Bundesrat AUSTRIA Graz STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 4. Several tribes while roman Settlement by Slavs in DARK AGES the Dark Age (600 CE) Under the hegemony of Charlemagne becomes a part of Carinthia, against Slavs (800 CE) March of Styria in the Duchy of Carinthia (970 CE) Different family rulers dinasties, including rulers of Austria-Hungary, and invasions by Otomans and Turks MIDDLE AGES Semmering Railway, completed in 1854 MODERN ERA Divisions because of the war (Yogoslavia, Slovenia, Germany…) STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 5. The Green March (50% forests, 25% meadows, grasslands, vineyards and orchards) STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 6. Wine, soft coal and iron production More densely-populated and productive mountain region in Europe for long STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 7. Graz has always been the capital and economic motor of the state Recent shift away from production to services industry STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 8. MAIN FACTS (oct 2009) 4,3% investment in R&D 5 universities and leading 25% of final energy (Treat of Lisbon Goal 3%) reasearch centres consumption is reneweable 70% recycling rate 3 pioneer region (solar, 3 internationally recognised (higest in Europe) biomass, mat flow mangm) “energy” regions 105 companies in 8% in renewables & 15,4% of growth in renewables & environmental environmental techs investment 22.943 employees in all these 42% of CO2 emissions saved companies by using their technology 13.405 employees in renew. & environm. companies 18% growth in number of employees STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 9. Styria… RECYCLING BACKGROUND 2 austrian researchers wonder about Kalundborg (industrial symbiosis) and it’s possible implementation in Styria. 1996 Why?... Decreasing energy/raw materials reserves and waste disposal Starting point. 2 major enterprises Results. a complex network of exchanges among 50 facilities Industries. agriculture, food processing, plastics, fabrics, paper, energy, metal processing, wood, construction Situation. Plant managers weren’t aware of such network. It self-evolved Motivation. Revenues from by-products sales and landfill dosposal cost savings STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 10. Styria… RECYCLING ACHIEVEMENTS Economic advantages for industrial companies Savings on raw materials Emission’s reduction Extended landfills lifetime Recycling Network through an interactive database STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 11. Styria… PRESENT SITUATION STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 12. Styria… SOLUTIONS Biomass, biogas, biodiesel Solar energy material flow management Water and wastewater STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 13. Styria… SOLUTIONS Energy from nature One of the most heavily forested regions in Europe. “biogenic raw material & e” Commitment to energy efficiency Biogas, biomass, biodiesel 1 2 3 4 Biomass Combined heat Innovative Innovative Technology and power biodiesel biogas generation in know-how know-how households Waste or sewage Innovation: a High-quality fuel Training for bio- sludge into high combined pellet extracted from the gas experts. 50 quality and low- boiler that uses a waste product model facilities in emissions fuel stirling motor “animal meal”. a 15-day course Biogenic materials STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 14. Styria… SOLUTIONS Hot water preparation Intelligent solutions on Solar energy Heating and refrigeration 1 2 3 4 Leadership in Leadership in Leadership in Total Solutions solar Efficient solar export refrigeration plants -“Renewable ie. Solar power energy house” in A complete wine Largest solar Brussels central heating plant in Central -2008 Olympic Station (combined Europe: 5.900sqt Village in Beijing biomass and solar , pn 2500MWh, (solar heating and energy utilisation) 3000 households refrigeration tech) STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 15. Styria… SOLUTIONS materials recycled A model region for material flow management that is actually translated into action. raw materials for new valuable products 1 2 3 4 Leadership in Turnkey waste Shredding and Glass recycling extracting fuel solutions composting bio- from waste waste Waste or sewage Waste collection One company Innovative sludge into high and recycling - succeeded based Optoelectronic quality and low- logistics on mechanical sorting of bulk emissions fuel and mechanical- materials, biological specially glass processes recycling STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 16. Styria… SOLUTIONS Treating sewage sludge Water as source of life, special significance – Alpine region Water and wastewater 1 2 3 Leadership in Sustainable Dissemination of sewage sludge water utilisation solutions dehydration Precursor position Plants and Knowledge by many facilities systems for center with more put into operation industrial and than 45 current municipal sludge projects (from drying and tunnel dehydration construction to thermal water) STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 17. Styria… 2008 GROWTH STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 18. Conclusions 1 Searching information on this subject (recycling networking) remains difficult if you are not an expert in the field. Important cases, as it seems to be, should be promoted with a bigger effort if a Network of Knowledge and Experience is one of the main objectives of institutions and individuals worldwide. 2 Industrial Ecology, and more specific, Industrial Symbiosis is not only related to companies that produce solutions and close material-energy loops while working together. Symbiosis involves citizens efforts and compromise when achieving sustainable states. 3 Interesting cases in Industrial Ecology show that not only from planned strategies is possible the evolution of recycling networks – symbiosis. Self-evolving approaches to ecology- economy as Styria Recycling Network, represents the confirmation of “natural” or “necessary” approaches to a new Cities Development. 4 Connecting living spaces, people and technological progress, requires action from government, industries, science and communities that stablish common priorities and develop synergy that should be evaluated. STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network
  • 19. Bibliography 1 http://www.eco.at – ECO WORLD STYRIA 2 Chertow, M. (2009). “Uncovering” Industrial Symbiosis. Journal of Industrial Ecology – Yale University. Volume 11, Number 1, page 11-30. 3 Lorenz M. Hilty,Eberhard K. Seifert,René Treibert. (2005). Information Systems for Sustainable Development: From “Industrial Symbiosis” to “Sustainable Networks”. Idea Group Publishing. 4 Nakamura, S., & Kondo, Y. (2009). Waste input-output analysis :Concepts and application to industrial ecology. New York: Springer. 5 Milchrahm, E. & Hasler, A. (2002). Knowledge Transfer in Sustainable Networks: Foresting Sustainable Development. Journal of Universal Computer Science. (2002) Volume 8 number 5, page 546-556 6 Fischer, W., Hasler, A. & Warscher, F. (2007). Regional development in the Region Upper Styria West/Austria - a case study. 2nd Central European Conference in Regional Science – CERS, Technical University of Košice, Faculty of Economics. STYRIA… By-Product Recycling Network