Alcohol use was found to increase re-victimization but the study did not find significant evidence of the occurrence of child sexual abuse. The study focused more on the abuse that occurs after substances are used.
In the study, 28 of the participants had experienced CSA. Study was conducted in a third world country and many women in the study were escaping abuse. Once the women escaped they were poor and left with little options and many of them turned to prostitution and crack.
The results indicated that 30.7% of the participants have experienced both sexual and physical abuse in their lives. The study was reliable in the sense that of the hungarian female population both substance users and non substance users were interviewed.
Study was able to differentiate what was excessive alcohol intake. Also, the study was able to disregard data where one or two drinks were consumed compared to many more. Where as, many other studies take down any alcohol use into account.
The study only included African American college aged men so this study could not generalize to the public. This study is groundbreaking in the sense that it does contain males as participants. Future research could include both men and women from different cultures and races.
Participants were put into two groups group 1: sober 6 months and then group two: sober 6–24 months. Out of the survey 44% had experienced CSA.
Out of the participants 55% were female and the mean age was 29. There were both monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins. The results also indicated that there was a greater risk of substance use in (DZ) than (MZ) pairs.
Participants were female drug users. The results indicated that 46% of prostitutes and 36% of just drug users had experienced CSA.
Participants were 202 Thai youth aged 16-25. The results indicated that 38% of the people reported childhood abuse.
Participants were 291 American Indian women. The findings indicated that 168 of the subjects had some sort of alcohol disorder and 123 were non alcoholic and non ASPD .
The Relationship Between Sexual Abuse and Addiction By: Andrea Presnall Argosy University
This review examines ten different studies that investigate the relationship between sexual abuse and later substance use. The different studies that were chosen have samples located around the world with mostly women but a few samples contain men. The review also contains other factors influencing substance use like poverty, demographics, stress and the MOAO gene. All of these studies reinforce a common thread between sexual abuse and substance use.
Conducted a study to find if there is a relationship between childhood abuse and the later development of mental disorders including substance disorders.
The results were that out of all these different types of abuse these percentages abuse substances: 8.4% for no childhood abuse, 16% for one kind, 26.5% for two kinds and 66% for all three kinds of child abuse uses substances.
Strength: Depth of abuse related to different types of drugs used.
Weakness: The frequency of drug use was not analyzed.
The findings from this literature review suggest a correlation between CSA and substance use. Future research in this topic should emphasize larger sample sizes and random sampling to develop more reliable results. Also, future research should emphasize the use of both genders since CSA and substance use have occurred in both. Although this link cannot be proven there is a correlation.
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