Staying Healthy Overseas World Service Corps 2009

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Basic guidelines for prevention of common illnesses related to overseas travel for World Service Corps Volunteers, Presented May 2009

Basic guidelines for prevention of common illnesses related to overseas travel for World Service Corps Volunteers, Presented May 2009

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  • Grains – Orange: Try to eat whole grains and aim for at least 3 oz a dayVegetables - Green: The greener the better, but don’t forget orange-colored veggies or dry beans! The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity levelFruits - Red: Eat all different types of fruits either fresh, canned, dried, or even frozen. The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity levelOils/Fats - Yellow: Don’t forget plenty of fats come from fish, nuts, and vegetable oil. Try to limit or even avoid butter, shortening, stick margarine, and lardMilk - Blue: Milk category includes milk, yogurt, and cheeses in which provides calcium. Aim for low-fat or fat-free milk products. It keeps your bones strong. The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity levelMeat & Beans - Purple: Try to stick with low-fat or lean meats. Fish, beans, peas, nuts, and seeds are a good way to go. The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity level.
  • Demonstration: 1 coke bottle filtered water + 1 TBSP (palmful) of Sugar + Pinch of Salt = Oral Rehydration Salts (Gatoraid and Lemonaid provide this too)

Transcript

  • 1. STAYING HEALTHYWSC 2009
  • 2. Where to look for informationCenter for Disease Control (CDC)US State DepartmentWorld Health Organization (WHO)International SOSTravel Safety AdministrationCIA World FactbookMyPyramid.govNational Sleep Foundation
  • 3. Podcast: Three P’s of Travelhttp://www2a.cdc.gov/podcasts/media/mp3/ThreePsofTravel.mp3
  • 4. QUIZ: Travel Health 101Rules:You and your WSC partner are a teamYou have 20 minutes to complete the quizUse web sites to find answers to the quizRecord the website you useBONUS: CDC info on Traveler’s Diarrhea
  • 5. Where to look for informationCenter for Disease Control (CDC)US State DepartmentWorld Health Organization (WHO)International SOSTravel Safety AdministrationCIA World FactbookMyPyramid.govNational Sleep Foundation
  • 6. Quiz Answers Disclaimer: The questions and answers on this quiz are merely a catalyst for discussion. Participants ought use their own judgment, using credible online resources for facts.
  • 7. Quiz Answerswww.cdc.gov  1. How much alcohol does hand sanitizer need to be effective?  B: 60%
  • 8. Quiz Answerswww.cdc.gov  2. Which OTC medicine helps lower afor First AidKit medicine fever?guide.  C: Acetaminophen (Tylenol)Yellow bookchapter 2
  • 9. Quiz AnswersHave you had  3. Which of the following diseases doesall of yourvaccines? If not have a preventable vaccine?not, go to:  A: Dengue FeverTravel &ImmunizationClinic913-469-0011
  • 10. Quiz AnswersPicaridin and  4. What can be added to a mosquitoDEET are in bugsprays. net to prevent mosquito born illness?30-50% DEET is  A: Pyrethroid (US)recommendedby the CDC, less  B: Deltamethrin (International)than 25% DEETneeds to beapplied moreoften.Up to 15%Picaridin isavailable, butspray it onclothes
  • 11. Quiz AnswersBe sure you  5. What foods are likely to have waterknow wherepotential in/on them?sources of  F: All of the aboveunfilteredwater comefrom
  • 12. Quiz AnswersSchistosomiasis  6. What are the risks of swimming inis a parasitethat enters the international fresh water?urinary tractand chronic  D. All of the aboveschistosomalinfection causesbladder cancer.
  • 13. Quiz AnswersBoiling for 30  7. Which of the following methodsminutesusually isn’t provide safe drinking water?practical, and  Preferred answer: B: Carbon filtersterilizing withiodine orchloride canbe inconsistent
  • 14. Quiz Answersfecal-oral  Which diseases can be avoided bytransmission:know your washing hands?right hand  E: All of the abovefrom your left
  • 15. Quiz AnswersSymptoms of  Which of the following are spread bymalaria: mosquitoes?Fever  F: All of the aboveChillsSweatsSevere head Take home message: use a mosquito net, wearache bug spray and long clothing, and takeNausea/vomit appropriate malaria prophylaxis as directed!ing (Start it 7-14 days before you go and continue taking it 7-30 days after you comeFatigue home, depending on the FDA instructions that come with your medication)
  • 16. Quiz AnswersCall SOS if  Which animals can spread diseases toyou’ve beenbitten by any humans?animal.  F: All of the aboveDon’t play withstray dogs  Birds and Chickens: H5N1 flu, West NileDon’t touch Virusdead birds  Pigs: H1N1 fluDon’t sleep in  Dogs: Rabiesa chicken coop  Rodents: Plague, Hanta VirusDon’t lickturtles  Turtles: Salmonella
  • 17. QUIZ BONUS: Everybody PoopsWho gets  Traveler’s Diarrhea: CDC web sitetravelers’diarrhea?  Did anyone find anything?Common  When to see a doctor (Call SOS):symptoms?  Diarrhea + Fever (102F)What causes  Bloody diarrheait?  DehydrationHow do youtreat it?
  • 18. Before you goCDC’s Three P’s: Proactive, Prepared, ProtectedFlight healthPacking Healthy ClothesFirst Aid kit
  • 19. Flight Health Avoiding DVT/PE’s (Blood Clots)  Move around each hour  Yoga for air planes  Breathe Deeply  Stay hydrated Jet Lag: desynchronosis  24 hour circadian rhythm: controls rise and fall of body temperature and plasma levels of hormones  1 day per 1 hour trans-meridian travel East or West  Stay well hydrated, avoid caffeine and alcohol  Earplugs and blindfolds for sleeping  Sunlight synchronizes  Stay up until 10 PM local time
  • 20. Packing healthy clothes Long sleeves and pants (especially at night)  Prevent sunburn  Prevent mosquito bites Shoes  Prevent rodent bites & scorpion bites  Prevent fungal infection  Prevent parasitic infections causing elephantiasis  DON’T GO BAREFOOT, especially on beaches
  • 21. First Aid KitsSunblock: UVA & UVBInsect repellantPersonal PrescriptionsAntimalarial Mind BodyAntidiarrhealAntihistiminePain relieverFever ReducerMild laxative HealthCough suppressantThroat lozengesAntacidAntifungal andantibacterial ointments Sleep Spirit
  • 22. While You’re ThereFoodWaterAltitude
  • 23. Paint by Number, Eat by Color
  • 24. Paint by Number, Eat by ColorGrains – Orange: Try to eat whole grains and aim for at least 3 oz a dayVegetables - Green: The greener the better, but don’t forget orange-colored veggies or dry beans! The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity levelFruits - Red: Eat all different types of fruits either fresh, canned, dried, or even frozen. The amount you need depends on age/sex/activity levelOils/Fats - Yellow: Don’t forget plenty of fats come from fish, nuts, and vegetable oil. Try to limit or even avoid butter, shortening, stick margarine, and lardMilk - Blue: Milk category includes milk, yogurt, and cheeses in which provides calcium. Aim for low-fat or fat-free milk products. It keeps your bones strong. The amount youneed depends on age/sex/activity levelMeat & Beans - Purple: Try to stick with low-fat or lean meats. Fish, beans, peas, nuts, and seeds are a good way to go. The amount you need depends on age/sex/activitylevel.
  • 25. Paint by Number, Eat by Color
  • 26. Safe Food Avoid:  uncooked food  nonbottled beverages  unpasteuried dairy  Ice cubes Eat:  Well cooked, hot foods  Fruits you peel yourself  Fruits/Vegetables you wash yourself with filtered water
  • 27. H2 O Filtered Salt & Hydration H2O Sugar
  • 28. AltitudeCDC Yellow Book  Know the altitude at your destinationChapter 6  Ascend slowlySymptoms:  Acclimatize for 2-3 days at 2500-3000m thenHead ache 2 days per 1000mFatigue  If symptoms worsen, descend to lower altitudeShortness of  Stay hydratedbreath  Ex:Nausea/Vomiting  Cuzco, Peru (3,000 m)Rapid pulse  La Paz, Bolivia (3,444 m)(>100)  Lhasa, Tibet (3,749 m)Confusion  Mount Kilimanjaro (6,100 m)  5 minutes consciousness
  • 29. After you’re back homeNotify your state health department of any bitesSee your doctor if you have any concernsFinish vaccination series that weren’t completedKeep taking malaria prophylaxis