WILSON ANDWHISPERS OFA GREAT WARTHE FOREIGN POLICY OF A MORAL MAN
WILSON“If you want to makeenemies, try to changesomething.”
WILSONElected in 1912.“It would be the irony offate, if my administrationhad to deal chiefly withforeign affairs.”A professor by trade.Opposed imperialism andsupportedhonesty, unselfishness, and morality.
MORAL DIPLOMACYWilson sincerely desiredgood internationalrelations.Wilson’s administrationpaid Colombia $20 millionin reparation for the rolethe United States hadplayed in the secessionof Panama fromColombia.
MEXICOWilson refused to recognize GeneralVictoriano Huerta, the choice ofAmerican interests in Mexico, becausehe had illegally seized power.American sailors were arrested (andreleased quickly) but Wilsondemanded an apology. The Mexicansrefused.Wilson saw this as an opportunity tooverthrow the government.Anti-American acts broke out.Pancho Villa attacked. Wilson kepttroops there until war in Europecaused him to recall them.Wilson’s policies damaged U.S. foreignrelations. The British ridiculed thepresident’s attempt to “shoot theMexicans into self-government.” PANCHO VILLA
COMPARINGFOREIGN POLICY ROOSEVELT AND TAFT WILSON “REPUBLICANS” “DEMOCRAT”
BEGINNING TO LOOK ATTHE CAUSES OF WWI
MILITARISM“The aggressive build-up of armed forces to intimidate andthreaten other nations” (Appleby 2008, 549).
ALLIANCES“A bond or connection between families, states, parties, orindividuals” (Websters Dictionary)
IMPERIALISM“The actions used by one nation to exercise political oreconomic control over a smaller or weaker nation” (Appleby2008, 490).
NATIONALISM“Loyalty and devotion to a nation” (Appleby 2008, 550).
ASSASSINATIONImmediate Cause for war:Assassination of ArchdukeFranz Ferdinand