This will be shown at the beginning of class as students walk in. I think I’ll be able to put the “Get to Know You” sheets on the desks before hand.
This will be really brief.
IMPERIALISM! Let students know what will be on the next slide. Prepare them to listen to the intro to the song and while listening think of what comes to their mind when they hear it and see Darth’s picture.
When I think of Imperialism my brain goes to the imperial march right away. That is the theme song of the Sith Lord, Darth Vader. Ask class how many are familiar with Star Wars?Ask questions on slide – do a turn to your neighbor to get them talking and thinking and then bring it back to the whole class. This should also help if kids don’t know much about Star Wars, but I think that the image alone with the menacing sound should give them an idea.
Get students ideas on this first. I’m pretty sure that they covered this, so it is probably just a review.Mention George Washington’s farewell address and the tradition of America sticking to itself.
Go through slide.The desire for new markets and a feeling of superiority.America was seeking to advance trade and spread ideals/democracy. If we look to Europe, we can see the same thing happening earlier and America wants to join the bandwagon to show it’s power and possibility.
Here I want to write in with SMARTboard Markers. I think it should work. I want some student input. ImperialismHelping othersGaining control of othersExtending profits by increasing tradeMore power, more moneyIsolationismTaxing tradeLeaving others aloneMore control = more problemsBothThey both are patriotic – in that one protects the country by keeping it alone and the other promotes it’s values
THIS WILL BE MOSTLY ALL LECTURE.SLIDE:What are tariffs? Taxes placed on goods imported/exported into another countryWhat does it mean to annex? “To join or add, as a smaller thing to a greater”BEFORE STUDENTS START WORKSHEET:By the time the United States got serious about looking beyond its own borders to conquer new lands, much of the world had already been claimed. Only a few distant territories in Africa and Asia and remote islands in the Pacific remained free from imperial grasp. Hawaii was one such island. Led by a hereditary monarch, the inhabitants of the kingdom prevailed as an independent state. American expansionists looked with greed on the strategically located islands and waited patiently to plan their move.Interest in HAWAII began in America as early as the 1820s, when New England missionaries tried in earnest to spread their faith. Since the 1840s, keeping European powers out of Hawaii became a principal foreign policy goal. Americans acquired a true foothold in Hawaii as a result of the SUGAR TRADE. The United States government provided generous terms to Hawaiian sugar growers, and after the Civil War, profits began to swell. A turning point in U.S.-Hawaiian relations occurred in 1890, when Congress approved the MCKINLEY TARIFF, which raised import rates on foreign sugar. Hawaiian sugar planters were now being undersold in the American market, and as a result, a depression swept the islands.
The sugar growers, mostly white Americans, knew that if Hawaii were to be ANNEXED by the United States, the tariff problem would naturally disappear. At the same time, the Hawaiian throne was passed to QUEEN LILIUOKALANI, who determined that the root of Hawaii's problems was foreign interference. A great showdown was about to unfold.In January 1893, the planters staged an uprising to overthrow the Queen. At the same time, they appealed to the United States armed forces for protection. Without Presidential approval, marines stormed the islands, and the American minister to the islands raised the stars and stripes in HONOLULU. The Queen was forced to abdicate, and the matter was left for Washington politicians to settle.
By this time, Grover Cleveland had been inaugurated President. Cleveland was an outspoken anti-imperialist and thought Americans had acted shamefully in Hawaii. He withdrew the annexation treaty from the Senate and ordered an investigation into potential wrongdoings. Cleveland aimed to restore Liliuokalani to her throne.
EXPLAIN WORKSHEET:In March of 1897, William McKinley was inaugurated as President of the United States. McKinley was in favor of annexation, and the change in leadership was soon felt. On June 16, 1897, McKinley and three representatives of the government of the Republic of Hawaii --Lorrin Thurston, Francis Hatch, and William Kinney-- signed a treaty of annexation. President McKinley then submitted the treaty to the U.S. Senate for ratification.The Hui Aloha Ainafor Women and the Hui Aloha Ainafor Men now organized a mass petition drive. They hoped that if the U.S. government realized that the majority of native Hawaiian citizens opposed annexation, the move to annex Hawaii would be stopped. Between September 11 and October 2, 1897, the two groups collected petition signatures at public meetings held on each of the five principal islands of Hawaii. Look at just the sample of the petition on your sheet and answer the questions below. 5ish minutes to look at it alone 5ish minutes to share thoughts with a neighborAFTER WORKSHEET:The petition, clearly marked "Petition Against Annexation" and written in both the Hawaiian and English languages, was signed by 21,269 native Hawaiian people, or more than half the 39,000 native Hawaiians and mixed-blood persons reported by the Hawaiian Commission census for the same year.Four delegates arrived in Washington, DC on December 6 with the 556-page petition in hand. That day, as they met with Queen Lili'uokalani, who was already in Washington lobbying against annexation, the second session of the 55th Congress opened. The delegates and Lili'uokalani planned a strategy to present the petition to the Senate.The delegation and Lili'oukalani met Senator George Hoar, chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on the following day, and on December 9, with the delegates present, Senator Hoar read the text of the petition to the Senate. It was formally accepted. The next day the delegates met with Secretary of State John Sherman and submitted a formal statement protesting the annexation to him. In the following days, the delegates met with many senators, voicing opposition to the annexation. By the time the delegates left Washington on February 27, 1898, there were only 46 senators willing to vote for annexation. The treaty was defeated in the Senate.The matter was prolonged until after Cleveland left office. When war broke out with Spain in 1898, the military significance of Hawaiian naval bases as a way station to the SPANISH PHILIPPINES outweighed all other considerations. President William McKinley signed a joint resolution annexing the islands.Hawaii remained a territory until granted statehood as the fiftieth state in 1959.
THIS WILL BE OUR CONCLUSIONIf there isn’t time to cover this in class, we will do it at the begging of the next lesson. This would be a perfect SMARTboard activity. PROSincreased our influence in world affairsincreased our economy with new markets and resources spread sense of democracyCONSEXPENSIVE!IntrusivePotential for war
Day 1 power point
WELCOME! You will not need your book today
ABOUT ME My name is Mr. Tuma Favorite Person in History Benjamin Franklin Least Favorite Breakfast Cereal Lucky Charms
DARTH VADER’S THEME“THE IMPERIAL MARCH” Why do you think Darth Vader’s theme would be called “The Imperial March”? What implications or clues does it give to us about the idea of “imperialism”? Do you think that imperialism is always “bad”?
WHAT ISISOLATIONISM?“A policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests ofother groups, especially the political affairs of othercountries” (Appleby, page 490).
WHAT ISIMPERIALISM?“Imperialism is the economic and political domination of astrong nation over weaker ones” (Appleby, page 594).
COMPARING AND CONTRASTINGIMPERIALISM AND ISOLATIONISM Imperialism Isolationism
THE ANNEXATIONOF HAWAII – THE BEGINNING1875 – United Statesexempts Hawaiian sugarfrom tariffs1978 – US Naval base isopened on the HawaiianIslands at Pearl Harbor
THE ANNEXATIONOF HAWAII – A NEW MONARCH1893 – Newly crownedQueen Lil’uokalani triedto assert her power andwas overthrown by sugarfarmers and marines fromthe USS Boston Queen Lili’uokalani
THE ANNEXATIONOF HAWAII – PRESIDENT CLEVELANDPresident GroverCleveland opposedimperialism and wouldnot annex the islands.He tried to return controlto the monarch. President Cleveland
THE ANNEXATIONOF HAWAII – PRESIDENT MCKINLEY1898 – Hawaii is annexedby the United Statesunder the Presidency ofWilliam McKinley. President McKinley
PROS AND CONS TOAMERICAN IMPERIALISM PROS CONS
NEXT TIME…America builds a Navy and readies itself for war…