A importância de se exigir a certificação de redes

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Tipos de certificação em cobre e fibra, conforme normas técnicas aplicáveis; …

Tipos de certificação em cobre e fibra, conforme normas técnicas aplicáveis;
Equipamentos de certificação de rede disponível no mercado;
Metodologias de certificação;
Como fazer uma certificação corretamente;
O que deve ser exigido do integrador contratado para instalar a rede de sua empresa;
O que analisar no relatório de certificação;
Qual a relação entre a garantia estendida do fabricante de cabeamento e certificação de rede;
Testando PoE - Power over Ethernet, com o equipamento LinkRunner AT.

PREPARE-SE PARA SE SUPERAR.
PREPARE-SE PARA O VERSIV.

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  • 1. Certificação de Cabeamento Estruturado Richard Landim Product Sales Specialist Fluke Networks
  • 2. AGENDA • • • • • • • • • Introdução da Fluke Networks Tipos de Certificação Metodologias de Certificação Equipamentos de Certificação Como fazer O que deve ser exigiido de uma instalação Como interpreter os relatórios Garantia estendida do fabricante Testanto PoE
  • 3. $18B Science & Technology Company
  • 4.  Danaher named #1 by 2011 Test & Measurement World Magazine  Market Size: $12B & Growth: 5-7%  Sales: $3.4B Test & Measurement Group  Focused on network test & analysis and service assurance & protection  Four segment leaders with great brands, innovative products and strong customers  Market: ~$5B @ ~8% Communication Test Platform Operating Company We know networks.  Leader in local area network analysis & media testing  Served Market Size: ~$1.5B & Market Growth: ~5%  Sales: ~$325M Strong Peers in the #1 T&M Company in the World
  • 5. www.flukenetworks.com
  • 6. FLUKE NETWORKS Data Communications Installers Private Network Owners… Network & IT Managers Copper and fiber premise cable certification and diagnostic instruments Network and application performance monitoring Private Network Owners… Network Techs & Engrs Communication Service Providers Portable network analysis and tools for all local network mediums Telco line technician tools and DSL line test instruments  Offering more ways to look at your networks than anyone else  Providing unique views into your networks you can’t get anywhere else  Delivering the right tools to every level of your network support organization Outfitting Network Pros & Heroes At Every
  • 7. Por que Certificar? Ter certeza de que o cabeamento instalado atende os requesitos pelo qual está sendo pago.  Conector Cat 6a + Cabo Cat 6a + Instalador Cat 6a ≠ Cat 6a  Para ser pago pelo trabalho  O histórico nos mostra que redes Certificadas são mais rápidas  Erros de CRC/FCS causam re-transmissões  Componentes mais baratos podem ser considerados desde que atendam suas necessidades  Certificação é como um selo de qualidade para seu cabeamento 
  • 8. Razões simples para uma Certificação…
  • 9. Tipos de Cerificações Cobre •TIA •ISO •Balance Measurements •Aus-NZ •China •EN •JIS •Korea •Russia •Taiwan •Application •Rollover Fibra – Nível 1 Fibra – Nível 2 Fibra – Nível 1 •TIA •ISO •EN •China •JIS •Korea •Application Fibra – Nível 2 •TIA •ISO •EN •JIS •Application
  • 10. CERTIFICÃÇÃO DE NÍVEL 1 (OLTS) Horizontal Cables TR 50/125 m cabling X X X 104 m backbone cable 3 m patch cord 102 m to the wall outlet MC X Backbone Cables 2.60 dB for 10GBase-SR per IEEE Power Meter 2.00 dB Light Source PMLS measures total link loss
  • 11. CERTIFICÃÇÃO DE NÍVEL 2 (OTDR) Horizontal Cables TR X X MC X X Backbone Cables OTDR characterizes link details
  • 12. CERTIFICÃÇÃO DE NÍVEL 2 (OTDR) PARA FLUKE NETWORKS EventMap Event Table 13
  • 13. VERSIV A PLATAFORMA DE TESTE QUE FAZ TUDO DSX-5000 CableAnalyzer Twisted Pair Certification & Troubleshooting Certifiber Pro OLTS Fiber Loss Certification OptiFiber Pro OTDR Troubleshooting & Certification OneTouch AT Wi-Fi and Wired Network Analysis
  • 14. VERSIV A PLATAFORMA DE TESTE QUE FAZ TUDO DSX-5000 CableAnalyzer Twisted Pair Certification & Troubleshooting Certifiber Pro OLTS Fiber Loss Certification OptiFiber Pro OTDR Troubleshooting & Certification OneTouch AT Wi-Fi and Wired Network Analysis
  • 15. VERSIV A PLATAFORMA DE TESTE QUE FAZ TUDO
  • 16. TEMPOS DE TESTE • • • • Cat 5e / Class D ≈ 9 segundos Cat 6 / Class E ≈ 9 segundos Cat 6A / Class EA ≈ 10 segundos Class FA ≈ 14 segundos • Teste de Malha adiciona 0,6 segundos ao teste selecionado • O primeiro teste após o equipamento ser inicializado adiciona 1,5 segundos pois envia dados sobre a calibração a unidade remota • WireMap AC adiciona 3 segundos
  • 17. CAT. 6A TEST: COMPARING DTX & DSX DONE
  • 18. LEVEL V ACCURACY
  • 19. CLASS FA 1 GHZ - LEVEL V ACCURACY IEC-61935-1 Ed.3 : • • To those customer that want top performance, Class FA manufacturers want to demonstrate performance of their systems up to 1GHz. The DSX-5000 adequately meets the proposed for Level V tester requirements. Worst case uncertainty at 1GHz is proposed to be within 1dB comparable with Level-IV at 600MHz. Fluke Networks is the 1st Field Testing Company to have: - A FULL and COMPLETE accuracy specification introduced with IEC to support field testing to Class FA, 1 GHz Level V is the new accuracy designation … It’s much more than just frequency …
  • 20. FEITO PARA ALIEN CROSSTALK • Sem módulos adicionais - O DSX CableAnalyzer é o PRIMEIRO TESTADOR DE CAMPO a ter o teste de Alien Crosstalk embutido - Pela norma ANSI/TIA-568-C.2 seção 6.1.13 o teste de PSANEXT é obrigatório para Canal e Link Permanente.
  • 21. PS ANEXT • Power Sum Alien Near End Crosstalk
  • 22. CAMERAS IP E ACCESS POINTS • The far end is terminated with an RJ45 plug No warning of different adapters, unlike DTX CableAnalyzer
  • 23. NEW CABLE TYPES • Adopting ISO/IEC (US) naming U/UTP - Individual pairs are unshielded - No overall shield F/UTP - Individual pairs are unshielded - Overall shield S/FTP - Individual pairs are shielded - Overall shield
  • 24. READY FOR TODAY’S AND TOMORROW’S REQUIREMENTS Shield integrity Balance measurements: • Now it’s just shield continuity is a DC • Important for successful 10GBASE-T. measurement. • Specified in ANSI/TIA-568-C.2 & TSBs. • The DSX-5000 reports distance to shield • Specified in ISO/IEC 11801:2010 integrity issues using a patented AC measurement technique. • Finds shield faults in the datacenter – even with common ground. Resistance Unbalance: • Important for successful PoE operation. • Specified in IEEE 802.3af and 802.3at. • Specified in ANSI/TIA-568-C.2. • Specified in ISO/IEC 11801:2010. All the measurements are currently not specified as a field measurement because it was thought it could never be done in the field. The DSX-5000 CableAnalyzer is the FIRST FIELD TESTER to measure them!
  • 25. SHIELD INTEGRITY • • ALL wire mappers would think the shield was connected Grounding of two racks makes this happen • • DSX can not only tell you the shield is open It can also locate the distance to the shield issue
  • 26. SHIELD INTEGRITY • Shield is open at one end due to incorrect termination
  • 27. SHIELD INTEGRITY • Even when the two connectors are grounded together
  • 28. SHIELD INTEGRITY • Other Wire Maps testers will show this connected
  • 29. DESBALANCEAMENTO RESISTIVO • Difference in Resistance between the pair 1.87 Ω 1.85 Ω Resistance = 3.7 Ω Resistance Unbalance = 0.02 Ω
  • 30. TESTES ADICIONAIS PARA POE • Works as long as the resistance unbalance is within xx Ω
  • 31. Desbalancemaneto Resistivo - Use teste para identificar CCA • Aluminum has a higher resistance than Cu, and is less expensive • It can be used in CCA cables but these cables are do not meet TIA standards which require pure copper conductors • Customers don’t want this cable as it is a fire hazard and may not support PoE
  • 32. NOVOS LIMITES DE TESTE • New folder Balance Measurements
  • 33. Testes de Balanceamento – TCL e ELTCL
  • 34. O Balanceamento Elimina a Interferência
  • 35. TCL (TRANSVERSE CONVERSION LOSS) • Transverse Conversion Loss is the ratio (in dB) of a common-mode voltage measured on a wire pair relative to a differential-mode voltage applied to the same end of the pair. The TCL value shows you how well the impedances of the pair’s conductors are balanced. Differential Signal Applied Common Mode Voltage Measured
  • 36. TESTANDO FIBRAS
  • 37. INSPECIONE ANTES DE INICIAR OS TESTES • Optional fiber camera to inspect end face of fiber connectors
  • 38. A CLEAN CONNECTOR
  • 39. CONNECTOR WITH A FINGER PRINT
  • 40. THIS PART OF THE PRESENTATION IS ONLY FOR THOSE >17 YEARS OLD
  • 41. NOTICE THE RING WHERE THE CONTACT OCCURRED IN THE CENTER
  • 42. CLEANED AND INSPECTED
  • 43. PROCEDIMENTO OFICIAL DA AT&T • A AT&T considera 6 procedimentos de limpeza antes de poder condenar o conector a troca.
  • 44. 100000 Velocidades Maiores 40000 Distâncias menores 100 10 52 266100 10000 1000 E-SR10 16 Fibre Fibre Channel Channel 100BASE100BASEFX FX 1000 1000 BASE-SX BASE-SX 10GBASE10GBASES S 40GBASE40GBASESR4 SR4 100GBAS 100GBAS E-SR10 10 ATM ATM 4 Token 3500 120000 3000 100000 2500 80000 2000 60000 1500 1000 40000 500 20000 00 Token Ring 4 Mb Ring 4 Mb 10BASE10BASEFOIL FOIL Token Token Ring 16 Ring 16 FDDI/TP FDDI/TP PMD PMD 10BASE10BASEFL FL Mbps Meters HISTÓRICO 1986 1987 1989 1992 1993 1993 1994 1995 1998 2002 2010 2010 1986 1987 1989 1992 1993 1993 1994 1995 1998 2002 2010 2010
  • 45. Desempenho de fibras para DATACENTERS Aplicação Velocidade Norma Fibra Padrão Distancia Perda Máxima Ethernet 10 Mbps IEEE802.3 OM1 2 KM 12.5 dB Fast Ethernet 100 Mbps IEEE802.3 OM1 2 KM 11 dB 1G Ethernet 1 Gbps IEEE802.3z OM2 550m 3.56 dB 10G Ethernet 10 Gbps IEEE802.3ae OM3 300m 2.6 dB 40G Ethernet 40 Gbps IEEE802.3ba OM3 100m 1.9 dB 100G Ethernet 100 Gbps IEEE802.3ba OM4 150m 1.5 dB
  • 46. AJUSTANDO A REFERÊNCIA • • • Now the units have warmed up sufficiently Press SET REF RUN WIZARD will walk you through the process 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Connect TRC with mandrel (VLM) Press SET REFERENCE Disconnect from Meter and insert second TRC in both paths VERSIV will check whether the TRC are good enough for the job If yes … you are ready to test Let’s connect to the artifact We connect to the good links Main Meter (2)  (6) Remote Source Main Source (3) --- (7) Remote Meter
  • 47. RODANDO O TESTE • Change back to Main Meter (2)  (6) Remote Source Main Source (3)  (7) Remote Meter • We run 3 tests …. “Manual SAVE” !!!
  • 48. REDUZINDO A INCERTEZA NO MULTIMODO • Encircled Flux (EF) is the final piece in the puzzle to reducing measurement uncertainty in the field
  • 49. FORMA ERRADA DE FAZER A REFERÊNCIA • Wrong way! ? dB • Issues - You have no idea what the loss is in the adapter - Whatever it is, it’s subtracted from your measurement - The uncertainty is horrendous – negative loss
  • 50. Inspecione e limpe os cordões de referência e as portas dos módulos do DTX antes
  • 51. DISCONECTE APENAS NA PORTA DE ENTRADA “INPUT”
  • 52. CONECTE UM BOM CORDÃO CONHECIDO AS UNIDADES PRINCIPAL E REMOTA
  • 53. EXECUTE O AUTOTEST • Se a perda for menor que 0.10 dB, você saberá que seu cordão é bom • Salve este teste para ser apresentado ao cliente como prova.
  • 54. DISCONECTE
  • 55. O cassete tem de ser melhor que 2 adaptadores de 0.75 dB cada ≤0.75 dB ≤0.75 dB 300 m ≤ 1.05 dB 10GBASE-SR requisito é 2.6 dB @ 850 nm A perda aqui seria de 2.55 dB; BOM
  • 56. • Isso não funcionará para um DataCenter ≤0.75 dB ≤0.75 dB 300 m ≤ 1.05 dB ≤0.75 dB ≤0.75 dB 10GBASE-SR requesito é 2.6 dB @ 850 nm A perda seria de 4.05 dB; RUIM
  • 57. TESTANDO FIBRAS ÚNICAS • • • • Applications: - Mostly Telecom - FTTx - CCTV - Remote Sensors SimpliFiber PRO was better suited for the job then DTX or DSP CertiFiber works like/with SimpliFiber PRO Competition LT offers bi-directional testing on a single fiber - This is common for deticated Telecom tester but comes at price ! - …. The lack of a non-critical port on the meter side means no support of 1 JumperMethode. EVER !
  • 58. 1. 2. 3. Press on remote CertiFiber PRO the button one and then hold until MM led begins to blinkg Red/Green Select Test Mode “Auto CertifFiber PRO” Perform REF procedure and test identical to procedure for SimpliFiber PRO PRESS BUTTON
  • 59. SINGLE FIBER TESTING … REMOTE SIMPLIFIBER PRO LIGHT SOURCE 1. Select Power Meter /Light Source Mode 2. Select the remote source 3. Set Reference 4. Connect to Link 5. Wait for result 6. Save Result
  • 60. COMO OS TESTES DE OTDR SE PARECEM? 61
  • 61. OTDR É o que eu estou pensando?
  • 62. OTDR EM AÇÃO Perda Distancia O OTDR mede a energia refletida e Não o nível de luz transmitida. 63
  • 63. TYPICAL OTDR TEST RESULT Reflection Backscatter 64
  • 64. REFLECTION EVENT Connector 65
  • 65. LOSS EVENT Non-reflective event Splice or severe bend 66
  • 66. END EVENT End of Fiber 67
  • 67. MAPA DE FALHAS • Facilidade no entendimento • Ícones representativos. • • • • • Evento reflexivo bom Evento reflexive ruim Evento reflexive oculto Evento de perda bom Evento perda ruim Perda do evento oculto adicionado ao evento anterior
  • 68. Company Confidential AJUDA CONTEXTUALIZADA • Com um clique no ícone de ajuda obtenha informação precisa sobre o problema apresentado. • Um pouco de teoria para quem precisar de embasamento teorico
  • 69. Company Confidential PORQUE NÃO FAZER MELHOR!
  • 70. Company Confidential PORQUE NÃO FAZER MELHOR!
  • 71. Something New ProjX Project Management Get to System Acceptance (and Payment) faster!
  • 72. A NEW PARADIGM FOR INFRASTRUCTURE CERTIFICATION Multiple jobs, teams, testers, and requirements – a single error can erode your project’s profitability Waiting for the project manager or “expert” to set things up and deliver the tester is all too common. Testing can always be faster: now it is Planning Setup Test Troubleshoot Multiple skill levels of technicians means that projects are delayed while troubleshooting. Working in an environment with multiple testers, standards, and test regimes makes generating reports time consuming ,delaying system acceptance. Customers struggle to understand multiple complex reports which delays systems acceptance. Report Systems Acceptance
  • 73. VERSIV WAS DESIGNED TO WORK DIFFERENTLY THAN LEGACY TESTERS Project A Installation Floor 1 Testing Floor 1 Installation Floor 2 Project B Project C Installation Trouble Shoot Testing Installation Trouble Shoot Floor 1& 2 Testing Floor 2 Testing Floor 1 Trouble Shoot Roaming testers: contractors manage multiple projects, testers and tasks Concurrent testing: contractors need to simultaneously perform fiber & copper testing and troubleshooting with multiple testers on multiple jobs Project Configuration: contractors need to be able to eliminate wasted time and avoid costly errors due to redundant and time consuming loading of configurations, test limits and cable identifiers
  • 74. PROJX MANAGEMENT SYSTEM • • • • Easy to set up, minimize test limit errors/better manage multiple projects. Create new project for different jobs, locations or customers. Easily define project requirements ahead of time. Store jobs in LinkWare for each transfer to other Versiv testers.
  • 75. PROJX Planning Setup Test Troubleshoot Report • Limitations of legacy cable testers • ProjX to the rescue • Examples - So you have a failing link…. - Two testers, 1 job, no problem! - Help – need to go back to an old job….. Systems Acceptance
  • 76. PROJX TO THE RESCUE • Allows project setup to be stored, shared and easily recalled • Creates punch lists for failing links - No longer lose failing link information • Keeps track of multiple cable ids - Allows users to jump around in cable id list - Doesn’t lose order when a link fails - Easily move to different projects with unique cable ids • No LinkWare dependence - Able to move files or project setup in the field
  • 77. PROJX TO THE RESCUE • Powerful IN FIELD project & results management - Transfer - Manage - Move
  • 78. IN FIELD PROJECT & RESULTS MANAGEMENT • Transfer - Copy and transfer projects & results - Projects include project info and test setup
  • 79. IN FIELD PROJECT & RESULTS MANAGEMENT • Transfer - Copy and transfer projects & results - Projects include project info and test setup
  • 80. SO YOU HAVE A FAILING LINK…. • Run Test - Pass or Fail Result ?
  • 81. SO YOU HAVE A FAILING LINK…. • Run Test - Pass or Fail • Failing link options - Repair and Test Again - Save and Fix Later Result ?
  • 82. SO YOU HAVE A FAILING LINK…. • Run Test - Pass or Fail • Failing link options - Repair and Test Again - Save and Fix Later • Punch list - Created by Fix Later Result ? “Punch Lists”
  • 83. JOB COMPLETE PERCENTAGE • Percentage of job complete - Includes all links: pass and fail Hardrock 0✔ 0✖ 0% F1-001 ... F1-100 .
  • 84. JOB COMPLETE PERCENTAGE • Percentage of job complete - Includes all links: pass and fail Hardrock 0✔ 0✖ Hardrock 47✔ 3✖ 0% F1-001 ... F1-100 . 50 % F1-001 ... F1-100 .
  • 85. JOB COMPLETE PERCENTAGE • • Percentage of job complete - Includes all links: pass and fail Don’t lose cable ids when link fails Hardrock 0✔ 0✖ Hardrock 47✔ 3✖ Hardrock 95✔ 5✖ 0% F1-001 ... F1-100 . 50 % F1-001 ... F1-100 . 100 % F1-001 ... F1-100 .
  • 86. JOB COMPLETE PERCENTAGE • • • Percentage of job complete - Includes all links: pass and fail Don’t lose cable ids when link fails Allows you to move punch list to different tester or team! Hardrock 0✔ 0✖ Hardrock 47✔ 3✖ Hardrock 95✔ 5✖ Hardrock 100✔ 0✖ 0% F1-001 ... F1-100 . 50 % F1-001 ... F1-100 . 100 % F1-001 ... F1-100 . 100 % F1-001 ... F1-100 .
  • 87. O QUE DEVO EXIGIR E COMO DEVO ANALISAR?
  • 88. CAT 5 BARATO OU CAT 3 CARO?
  • 89. Use the least expensive cable that meets your needs
  • 90. Cable, Connector or Installer?
  • 91. HOW TO READ TEST RESULTS
  • 92. HOW TO READ TEST RESULTS
  • 93. CABOS CCA OU BIMETALICOS
  • 94. CABOS CCA OU BIMETALICOS
  • 95. TRADE-IN 2013 http://www.flukenetworks.com/tradeinbrasil
  • 96. LINKRUNNER AT TruePower™ PoE Loading User configurable AutoTest IPv4 and IPv6 Support Link at 10/100/Gig on copper and fiber Ping and TCP connectivity Full Color 2.8 in ¼ VGA LCD Size: 8.9cm x 19.8cm x 4.8cm Weight: 0.5kg Critical Switch Port Details USB Access for Upgrades and Reports Lithium Ion Battery 6+ hours life One Click to the Answers You Need Graphical, color wiremap and cable details Powers on in Under 3 Seconds Multi-language UI Comprehensive, one button AutoTest
  • 97. TRUEPOWER™ POE • Valida a performance PoE solicitando carga até 25.5W (802.3at) • Carrega o circuito para stressar os switches, cabeamentos e os patch-panels • Garante uma implantação segura dos dispositivos PoE
  • 98. LINKRUNNER AT
  • 99. Obrigado, Gracias, Thank you richard.landim@flukenetworks.com tel: (11) 4058-0198