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Conditionals
 

Conditionals

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    Conditionals Conditionals Presentation Transcript

    • Zero Conditional: certainty We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact. Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always true for this condition. The result of the condition is an absolute certainty.
    • Zero conditional: structure If condition result Present Present simple simple If you heat ice, it melts. Result if condition Present Present simple simple Ice melts if you heat it.
    • Zero conditional: examples If you freeze water, it becomes a solid. Plants die if they dont get enough water. If you mix red and blue, you get purple. Water boils if you heat it to 100°C.
    • First Conditional: real possibility We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen.
    • First conditional: structure If condition result will / can / may / Present simple must + verb I will stay If it rains, home. Result if conditionwill / can / may / must + verb Present simple I will stay if it rains. home
    • First conditional: examples If they do not pass their exam, their teacher will be sad. He will invite Tara if she is free tomorrow. If you drink too much, youll get drunk. You must wear warm clothes if it is cold.
    • Second conditional: unrealpossibility or dream We are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. But there is not a real possibility that this condition will happen, like a dream.
    • Second conditional: structure If condition result would / could / Past simple might + verb If I won the lottery, I would buy a car. Result if condition would / could / might + verb Past simpleI would buy a car if I won the lottery
    • Second conditional: examples If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro. If I were an alien, I would be able to travel around the universe. I could buy a big house if I had a million dollars. We would learn a lot from dolphins if they could talk.