Hacktivismo (versão PPT)


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Mini Apresentação sobre Hacktivismo: origens, motivação, sucesso e tendências. Apresentada como Lightning Talk (15 minutos) durante a Inauguração do Laboratório Hacker da Câmara dos Deputados (18/02/2014)
Versão em PPT.

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  • Picture source:anonops.blogspot.com
  • Para nos comunicar
  • Para fazer compras
  • Para fazer armazenar fotos
  • Para fazer interagir socialmente
  • Para fazer interagir socialmente
  • PQ não podemos usar a internet para manifestar nossas preocupações e opiniões politico-sociais?Source: Screenshots from the Internet
  • The “hack” charachteristic means that…Actions happen online worldhuge influence of hacker culture – use of computer tools Use of disruptoive technologies (cyber attacks / tools)Low risks of arrest and imprisonment due to their actions and Internet anonymity
  • political or ideological engagement via online activities; thus, the desire for actors to engage in specific causes and to promote particular beliefs
  • On Oct. 16, 1989, scientists logging into DEC VMS computers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, found a banner from the WANK worm
  • Picture source: http://www.amazon.com/PGP-Pretty-Privacy-Simson-Garfinkel/dp/1565920988/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1319866611&sr=8-2
  • Picture source: http://www.flashback.se/hack/1997/02/11/1/
  • Picture source: Arquivo pessoal
  • Em 2010: Wikileaks e Anonymous redefinem o Hacktivismo
  • Roubo e vazamento de dados para ridicularizar a vítimaDDoScomo forma de protestoProtestos online e nasruasAnonymous: It has some ideals: Anonymous tends to defend free speech and fight internet censorship, as with the DDoS-ing of the web sites of MasterCard, Visa and PayPal after they nixed funding services to WikiLeaks, and the DDoS-ing of Tunisian government Web sites. It is also great at spectacle. The group’s hacking of software security firm HBGary Federal not only gained oodles of press attention, it inadvertently revealed the firm had been proposing a dirty tricks campaign with others against WikiLeaks to Bank of America’s lawyers.http://blogs.forbes.com/parmyolson/2011/03/14/is-anonymous-the-new-wikileaks‘Tis the Season of DDoS – WikiLeaks Editionhttp://pandalabs.pandasecurity.com/tis-the-season-of-ddos-wikileaks-editio/
  • Picture source (World Map): Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:World_map_model.pngDec. 27, 2010: #OpBOA (targeting Bank of America)http://www.thetechherald.com/article.php/201052/6612/Chaos-reigns-as-Operation-Bank-of-America-takes-shapehttp://www.thetechherald.com/article.php/201052/6619/Operation-Bank-of-America-was-a-disorganized-fiascohttp://twitter.com/operationBOAJan 2011 – OpVenezuela - The parliament in Venezuela has approved a law which will tighten the rules regulating internet contenthttp://twitter.com/anonops/status/27967089474019328http://twitter.com/anonops/status/28128553560182784http://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/01/opvenezuela.html02/09/2011 After Mexican media conglomerate MVS Comunicaciones announced on Monday that it fired popular radio journalist Carmen Aristegui for violating ethics policy by commenting on a "rumor," Mexican online users start to protest; first on Twitter, latter via DDoS attacks. The attack began at eight o'clock in the evening of February 9. Since Tuesday morning a group of Internet users announced the "Operation Tequila" on their Facebook profile, a series of Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks which aim to take down the websites of the media conglomerate MVS. The reason: the dismissal of journalist Carmen Aristegui, host of the "First News" radio news on MVS Radio, after she asked if Mexican President Felipe Calderon is an alcoholic.Feb. 2011: #OpTtaly http://ghostofvanzetti.net/blog/2011/02/anonymous-press-release-for-opitalyMAR.2011 - #OpPalestine - Sunday those claiming to represent the Internet hacktivist group known as "Anonymous" launched a cyber attack against The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). The attack is aimed at the website, aipac.org, and conducted via a modified LOIC (Low Orbit Ion Cannon) used to execute DDoS attacks. A distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack) is an attempt to make a computer resource unavailable to its intended users. (http://www.examiner.com/anonymous-in-national/anonymous-targets-american-israel-pac-operation-palestine)Apr. 2011: Anonymous presentaOperación V de Votaciones, against Sinde Law (Spain) >> http://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/04/anonymous-presenta-operacion-v-de.html #opspain >> http://alt1040.com/2011/04/operacion-v-de-votaciones-nueva-campana-de-anonymous-en-la-linea-de-nolesvotes >> http://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/04/anonymous-presenta-operacion-v-de.htmlApr. 2010OpTequila (Mexico): http://www.facebook.com/OpTequila?sk=wallOpColombia: http://www.facebook.com/OpColombiaApr.2011: "OperaciónHipoteca" (#OpHipoteca, from “Operation Mortgage”) against Spanish banks.Anonymous attacks  big banks in protest at the Mortgage Law in Spain <http://noticias.lainformacion.com/economia-negocios-y-finanzas/hipoteca/anonymous-ataca-a-la-gran-banca-en-protesta-contra-la-ley-hipotecaria_ZK9tkXuNAt56l5GsmOHEL7/>noticias.lainformacion.com - 04/15/2011Anonymous Spain has decided to take action and has launched a campaign against what it sees as abuses by Spanish financial institutions. Spanish bank BBVA's website was the first entity targeted, and many online customers are complaining about problems to access the company website. But this is only the tip of the iceberg, because Santander, La Caixa and Bankia banks are also at the center of the target. The famous network of activists are moving through Twitter and YouTube to raise awareness of the operations that have dubbed "OperaciónHipoteca" (Operation Mortgage). The group also published a video on YouTube to condemn abuses of banks and the helps give to the financial sector through the Bank Restructuring Fund (FROB).Mar. 2011: #OpNewZealand (aka #OpNZBlackOut) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZcSoTLPgnohttp://www.nbr.co.nz/article/anonymous-warns-nz-government-over-file-sharing-law-aw-91201http://www.anonnews.org/?p=press&a=item&i=840Apr. 26, 2011: New Zealand (#operationpayback)http://www.examiner.com/anonymous-in-national/anonymous-targets-new-zealand-file-sharing-copyright-infringement-law  Anonymous targets New Zealand file sharing, copyright infringement law  04/26/2011  those claiming to represent the Internet hacktivist collective known as Anonymous released a YouTube video issuing a warning to the government of New Zealand. Keeping with past actions, Anonymous is objecting to New Zealand's recently passed Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill. The new law is scheduled to go into effect on September 1, and will allow the government to monitor more than three million New Zealand Internet users. Opponents of the legislation call it "draconian," and believe it gives government and corporate entities license to censor and violate the privacy rights of individual Internet users.More info: http://piratenpad.de/ep/pad/export/NZNZ/latest?format=html4 May 2011: Germany - Operation Blitzkrieghttp://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/05/anonymous-launches-operation-blitzkrieg.htmlTargeting Germany’s right wing and neo-nazi websites7 April 2011:Spain - Operación V de VotacionesTo protest against political parties who support copyright laws (street protests + DDoS on May 20th)http://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/04/anonymous-presenta-operacion-v-de.htmlhttp://opvdevotaciones.blogspot.com/3 April 2011:#OpSonyhttp://anonops.blogspot.com/2011/04/opsony.htmlMORE INFOhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_events_associated_with_Anonymous
  • Picture source: http://anonops.blogspot.com/p/abum.htmlApoio a MovimentossociaisDefesa da Liberdade de expressãoContra censura onlineContra ações anti-pirataria
  • BaseadaemCampanhasGrande uso de redessociais para divulgação
  • Picture source: LOIC webpage
  • Picture source: Anonymous BrazilVáriostiposdiferentesde manifestaçõesCampanhas onlineRoubo de dadosDDoSStreet protestsFolhetos
  • Picture source: http://xkcd.com/932/AlvosimportantesAuto-promoçãoObjetivotípico de açõesativistas
  • Picture source: Spanish National Police - http://yfrog.com/h2cg4eaijModus operandi atualveio para ficar
  • Picture source: Spanish National Police - http://yfrog.com/h2cg4eaijModus operandi atualveio para ficar
  • Picture source: http://s821.photobucket.com/user/MrAnonymous180/media/My%20Shit%20xD/logobackground.png.htmlSxc.huAçõespoliciais contra ativistasnão tem causadodiminuição dos ataques
  • Picture source: Arquivo pessoal
  • Hacktivismo (versão PPT)

    1. 1. + Hacktivismo Anchises Moraes @anchisesbr Garoa Hacker Clube Fev. 2014 2/19/2014
    2. 2. + Agenda Cyber Ativismo Hacktivismo Origem Anonymous Wikileaks Motivação Picture source: anonops.blogspot.com
    3. 3. + Motivação Desde 2010, o Hacktivismo atingiu as massas…
    4. 4. + Motivação … atingiu a todos ...
    5. 5. + Motivação … e começou a mobilizar a população.
    6. 6. + 6
    7. 7. + 7 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    8. 8. + 8 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    9. 9. + 9 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    10. 10. + 10 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    11. 11. + 11 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    12. 12. + 12 Usamos a Internet... Picture source: sxc.hu
    13. 13. + CYBERATIVISMO
    14. 14. + 14 2009 2010 #IranElections #forasarney #FreeMediaVe
    15. 15. + CYBERATIVISMO
    16. 16. + HACK ATIVISMO
    17. 17. +  Cultura HACK Hacker  Novos usos das tecnologias  Novas tecnologias  Cyber ataques
    18. 18. +  Promove uma crença  Politico, ideológico, religioso  Transgressão  Influencia as pessoas ATIVISMO
    19. 19. + Tão antigo quanto a Internet…  1989: WANK Worm WORMS AGAINST NUCLEAR KI LLERS _______________________________________________________________ __ ____________ _____ ________ ____ ____ __ _____/ / / / / / | || ||// / / / / / /__ | | | | | |/ / / / / / / / ______ | | | | | | / _ /__ /____/ /______ ____| |__ | |____| |_ _/ ___________________________________________________/ / Your System Has Been Officically WANKed / _____________________________________________/ You talk of times of peace for all, and then prepare for war.
    20. 20. + Tão antigo quanto a Internet…  1991: Phil Zimmerman e o PGP
    21. 21. + Tão antigo quanto a Internet…  1997: Campanha pró Timor Leste Picture source: http://www.flashback.se/hack/1997/02/11/1/
    22. 22. + Tão antigo quanto a Internet…  1999 Picture source: Arquivo pessoal
    23. 23. + 23
    24. 24. + 24 HACKTIVISMO Picture source: xkcd.org
    25. 25. + HACKTIVISMO
    26. 26. + #OpPayback #OpLeakSpin #OpSony #OpGreenRights #OpPetrol #OccupyWallStreet #OpCashBack #OpQuebec #OpFOXhunt #OpEmpireStateRebellion #OpBritain #Operation Blitzkrieg #OpGoya #OpItaly #OpHipoteca #OpGreece #OpIsrael #Op20N #OpSpain #OpLybia #OpPalestine #OpEverest #OpJapan #OpVdevotaciones #OpFreePalestine #OpPortugal #OpTunysia #OpEgypt #OpBART #OpBOA #OpMetalGear Operacion Cielito Lindo #OpActa #OpCartel #OpIniciativa #OpTequila #OpPastora #OpCorrupcion #OpJusticiaSV #OpVenezuela #OpColombia #OpIndia #OpIndependencia #OpPinheirinho #NãoVaiTerCopa #OpTaringa! #tormenta_del_sur #OpNewZealand #operationpayback
    27. 27. Ideologia Picture source: anonops.blogspot.com + Sucesso ?
    28. 28. + Sucesso ? Linguagem adaptada a geração Y
    29. 29. + Sucesso ? É fácil fazer um ataque DDoS Botnets Low Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC) DDoS tool Picture source: xkcd.org
    30. 30. + Sucesso ? Criatividade Picture source: anonops.blogspot.com
    31. 31. + Sucesso? Destaque na mídia Picture source: xkcd.org
    32. 32. + Até quando? Picture source: Policía Nacional
    33. 33. + Até quando? Picture source: Policía Nacional
    34. 34. + Até quando?
    35. 35. + 35 Preocupação HACKTIVISMO X CYBER TERRORISMO
    36. 36. + 36 Cyber Terrorismo?
    37. 37. + 37 EXPECT US
    38. 38. + Obrigado Anchises Moraes @anchisesbr
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