Researching Civil War Soldiers:
An Overview

DNA

Journey Through Hallowed Ground, 18 Jan 2014
Civil War Soldiers: By the Numbers
• ~3.2 million served in the Civil War
• Chances are good that more than one man with t...
Did He Serve?
• Not every man served
• Consider any male born between 1820 and 1845 as a
candidate for Civil War service.
...
Clues for Service

4
Obituaries

“The members of the G.A.R., George H
Thomas post, will conduct the funeral.

5
Tombstones – Military Symbols

6
Tombstones – Military Symbols

Look at the dates as well.
Born 1837: possible Civil War service

7
Tombstones
Government-issued marker for
Union veteran:
• Rounded top
• Shield shape inscribed in the
stone

8
Tombstones
Government-issued marker for
Confederate veteran:
• Pointed top
• Notation of “C.S.A.”

9
Flag Holders/Grave Markers

Use as a clue. These can be moved and might be in front of the
wrong tombstone.
10
1910 Federal Census

Column 30: “Whether a Survivor of the Union
or Confederate Army or Navy.”
Determining the Correct Service

12
As You’re Researching, Remember…
• Need more than a name to make sure you’re researching
the right person
– Regiment
– Bir...
Determining the Regiment
• Obituaries

14
Determining the Regiment
• Tombstones

15
Determining the Regiment
• Units often formed with men from the same area

16
Determining the Regiment
• Units Comprised of
Porter County Men:
• 9th Indiana Infantry

• 11th Indiana Infantry
• 12th In...
Published Rosters

18
Published Rosters

This roster shows where the man was from. Good clue to
help differentiate between men of the same name....
Research Strategies

20
Research Strategies
• By name
– Soldier
– Soldier’s family
– Others in his unit, especially commanding officer

• Unit
• B...
Research Template

22
Research Template
• State Historical Societies
• State Libraries and State Archives
• State and County GenWeb Sites

• Uni...
State Archives

24
State Archives

25
State Libraries

26
County Genealogical Societies

27
Regimental Sites

28
Regimental Sites

29
Google Books
• Rosters
• Unit histories

• Regimental reunions

30
Searching Online
• Try using different terms
• Battle names
– Union: usually named for natural features
– Confederates: us...
Search Terms

32
WorldCat.org

33
WorldCat.org

34
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Researching Civil War Soldiers: An Overview

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Researching Civil War Soldiers: An Overview

  1. 1. Researching Civil War Soldiers: An Overview DNA Journey Through Hallowed Ground, 18 Jan 2014
  2. 2. Civil War Soldiers: By the Numbers • ~3.2 million served in the Civil War • Chances are good that more than one man with that name served in the war 2
  3. 3. Did He Serve? • Not every man served • Consider any male born between 1820 and 1845 as a candidate for Civil War service. 3
  4. 4. Clues for Service 4
  5. 5. Obituaries “The members of the G.A.R., George H Thomas post, will conduct the funeral. 5
  6. 6. Tombstones – Military Symbols 6
  7. 7. Tombstones – Military Symbols Look at the dates as well. Born 1837: possible Civil War service 7
  8. 8. Tombstones Government-issued marker for Union veteran: • Rounded top • Shield shape inscribed in the stone 8
  9. 9. Tombstones Government-issued marker for Confederate veteran: • Pointed top • Notation of “C.S.A.” 9
  10. 10. Flag Holders/Grave Markers Use as a clue. These can be moved and might be in front of the wrong tombstone. 10
  11. 11. 1910 Federal Census Column 30: “Whether a Survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.”
  12. 12. Determining the Correct Service 12
  13. 13. As You’re Researching, Remember… • Need more than a name to make sure you’re researching the right person – Regiment – Birth date – Location (birth place, residence) – Associated people (parents, spouse, etc.) • Regiment is key 13
  14. 14. Determining the Regiment • Obituaries 14
  15. 15. Determining the Regiment • Tombstones 15
  16. 16. Determining the Regiment • Units often formed with men from the same area 16
  17. 17. Determining the Regiment • Units Comprised of Porter County Men: • 9th Indiana Infantry • 11th Indiana Infantry • 12th Indiana Infantry • 13th Indiana Infantry • 17th Indiana Infantry • 18th Indiana Infantry • 20th Indiana Infantry • 22nd Indiana Infantry • 59th Indiana Infantry 17
  18. 18. Published Rosters 18
  19. 19. Published Rosters This roster shows where the man was from. Good clue to help differentiate between men of the same name. 19
  20. 20. Research Strategies 20
  21. 21. Research Strategies • By name – Soldier – Soldier’s family – Others in his unit, especially commanding officer • Unit • Battle 21
  22. 22. Research Template 22
  23. 23. Research Template • State Historical Societies • State Libraries and State Archives • State and County GenWeb Sites • Unit/Regimental Sites • Local Public Libraries • Local/County Genealogical Societies 23
  24. 24. State Archives 24
  25. 25. State Archives 25
  26. 26. State Libraries 26
  27. 27. County Genealogical Societies 27
  28. 28. Regimental Sites 28
  29. 29. Regimental Sites 29
  30. 30. Google Books • Rosters • Unit histories • Regimental reunions 30
  31. 31. Searching Online • Try using different terms • Battle names – Union: usually named for natural features – Confederates: usually named for man-made features 31
  32. 32. Search Terms 32
  33. 33. WorldCat.org 33
  34. 34. WorldCat.org 34
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