Putting Your Ancestors in Historical Perspective

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Putting Your Ancestors in Historical Perspective Perspective: Extracting Stories from Military Records on Ancestry.com and Fold3

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Putting Your Ancestors in Historical Perspective

  1. 1. Putting Your Ancestors in Historical Perspective: Extracting Stories from Military Records on Ancestry.com and Fold3 (RT 1389 )
  2. 2. It is not enough to find the record
  3. 3. Building the framework of your ancestor’s life
  4. 4. Build the Framework Using census records and vital records (if they exist) to build a timeline that has: • Dates • Places • Events • People • Thoughts • Sources
  5. 5. Build the Framework Start with Excel Spread Sheet or Word Table
  6. 6. 5 Things You Should Do with Every Record 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Source the Record Examine the image, not just the Index List ALL points of genealogical importance What questions do you have? File your notes and the image so that you can find them again later
  7. 7. Case Study: Using the Framework to start the story
  8. 8. James Calvin Donald(1836-1899) Problem we are trying to solve: Tell the story of James Calvin Donald’s Civil War Experience Start by developing a timeline of his life so that we know when and where he lived and where to look for records
  9. 9. 1. Source the record Web: Virginia, Find A Grave Index, 1607-2012, index, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 Feb 2014), entry for Pvt James C. Donald; citing Find A Grave, accessed 25 Jan 2013. 2. Examine the image, not just the index On to Find A Grave!
  10. 10. 1. Source the record Find A Grave, database and images (http://findagrave.com : accessed 5 Feb 2014), memorial page for Pvt James C. Donald, Find A Grave Memorial no. 34346979, citing Stonewall Jackson Memorial Cemetery, Lexington, Virginia. 2. Examine the image, not just the index Information is not sourced. The dates appear to come from the tombstone; locations unknown. Description is not sourced.
  11. 11. 3. List ALL points of genealogical importance • James was born June 30, 1836 in Rockbridge County, Virginia • James died July 20, 1899 in Rockbridge County, Virginia • He mustered into the service in Company H, 4th Virginia Infantry on April 26, 1862 • He transferred the 14th Virginia Cavalry on April 16, 1862. • He was captured and held as a prisoner of war at Wheeling, West Virginia and exchanged between March 10 and March 12, 1865 • Daughter was Laura Cecile Donald Gillespie (1877-1964)
  12. 12. 4. What questions do you have? • Nothing is sourced. Where did this information come from? • Who was he married to?
  13. 13. A note about why I can use this photo in my presentation. I took it. Always get permission if it is isn’t yours!
  14. 14. 5. File your notes and the image so that you can find them again later
  15. 15. James Calvin Donald (1836-1899)
  16. 16. 1880 U.S. Census, Rockbridge County, Virginia, population schedule, Lexington Township, ED 65, p. 71 (penned), dwelling 492, family 544, James Donald household; database and digital images, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 Feb 2014); FHL film 1,255,387; citing NARA microfilm publication, T9, roll 1387. • • • • • • • James Donald, born about 1836, farmer, b. VA, p.b. VA Elizabeth, wife, born about 1845, keeping house, b. VA, p.b. VA James H, son, born about 1865, works on farm, b. VA, p.b. VA Aurelia D, daughter, born about 1869, b. VA, p.b. VA Jno C, son, born about 1873, b. VA, p.b. VA Laura C, daughter, born about 1877, b. VA, p.b. VA Andrew M, son, born Apr 1880, b. VA, p.b. VAo
  17. 17. James Calvin Donald (1836-1899)
  18. 18. James Calvin Donald (1836-1899)
  19. 19. What Wars Did They Fight and Who Did They Fight With?
  20. 20. A framework for searching 1. Examine your family tree 2. Organize your family data 3. Gather the likely suspects 4. Pick someone and gather their brothers, cousins 5. Which side did they fight for 6. Start searching for records 7. Summarize and update what you know 8. Update your story 20
  21. 21. Get Organized Even if you are looking to find the story of one ancestor, it is probably worthwhile to search your tree, and determine who might be a likely candidate. What are you looking for? • Men • Between born between 1816 and 1846. (This includes men between the ages of 15 and 45 in 1861). • Men who were in the United States in the 1860 census. 21
  22. 22. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Start with everyone in your tree Click on filter 22
  23. 23. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Click on filter, include all 23
  24. 24. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Click on Exclude and exclude all women 24
  25. 25. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Click on Exclude and exclude all women 25
  26. 26. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Then exclude everyone born before 1818 26
  27. 27. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker Then exclude everyone born after 1846 27
  28. 28. A Nifty Trick in Family Tree Maker I then have 356 men in my tree born between 1818 and 1846 28
  29. 29. Other Conflicts World War II • Men were eligible for the draft at 18. So men somewhere between the ages of 18 maybe up to 50 during 1942 and 1945. (abt 1890 – 1925) • About 1/3 of eligible men served • http://dig.abclocal.go.com/ktrk/ktrk_120710_WWIIvetsfactsheet.pdf World War I • US was officially between 1917 and 1918. Men most likely born between 1879 and 1899. (Very rough). 29
  30. 30. A framework for searching 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 30 Examine your family tree Organize your family data Gather the likely suspects Pick someone and gather their brothers, cousins Which side did they fight for Start searching for records Summarize and update what you know Update your story
  31. 31. Step 1: Examine Your Family Tree I start walking up and down my family tree, looking for ancestor’s in my direct line that might have served. 31
  32. 32. Step 1: Examine Your Family Tree Jeremiah seems like a likely candidate. He was born in 1826, and he would have been 35 in 1861. He is in the 1860 census in Amherst, Virginia. He is in the 1870 census in Amherst, Virginia. 32
  33. 33. Step 1: Examine Your Family Tree Also, note the ages of the children. Are there gaps between 1860 and 1865? That is a clue. 33
  34. 34. Step 2: Organize Your Family Data Let’s start a spread sheet to organize our data. • Where he lived in 1860 and 1870 help us determine what side he fought for, as well as where he might have enlisted. • Gaps in ages of children help us decide if he was not at home in the 1860’s. 34
  35. 35. Step 3: Finish gathering the likely suspects 35
  36. 36. Step 4: Pick someone and gather family data James Calvin Donald Find his brothers: 36
  37. 37. Step 5: Which side did they fight for? Union States: California, Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin Confederate States: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina Border States: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, West Virginia 37
  38. 38. Step 6: Let’s see what we can find http://www.ancestry.com/militaryrecords Choose Civil War 38
  39. 39. Step 6: Let’s see what we can find Enlistment Record Now there is a lot of information. Should I just attach this record, or should I be summarizing as well? You know the answer. 39
  40. 40. Step 7: Summarize and update what you know First, update your spread sheet. Include the Unit’s Served, Enlistment Date, Muster Out Date 40
  41. 41. Step 7: Update Your Other Spread Sheet 41
  42. 42. Start Your Story Let’s start telling James Donald’s Civil War Story. James C Donald, was born on 30 Jun 1836. Three days after Virginia seceded from the union, he enlisted in Company H, Virginia 4th Infantry Regiment on 20 Apr 1861, at the age of 24, three days after Virginia seceded from the Union. He also served in Company Preston’s Virginia 7th Cavalry Regiment and Company G, Virginia 14th Cavalry Regiment. He was 5 foot 9, had a fair complexion, blue eyes, and light hair. He was a laborer. He died in Lexington, Virginia on 20 Jul 1899 at the age of 63. 42
  43. 43. Three Civil War Indexes to Look at U.S Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles American Civil War Soldiers U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861 -1865 • From the National Park Service • http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss 43
  44. 44. Look at Fold3 44
  45. 45. Civil War on Fold3 45
  46. 46. Let’s Find James Donald 46
  47. 47. Look at the Unit Information 47
  48. 48. Service Records 48
  49. 49. Add documents from Fold3 49
  50. 50. James Calvin Donald 50
  51. 51. James Calvin Donald 51
  52. 52. James Calvin Donald 52
  53. 53. John Donald 53
  54. 54. Benjamin Matchette Donald 54
  55. 55. What happened around June 12th? 55
  56. 56. Update the Spread Sheet 56
  57. 57. Create an Entry on the Honor Wall 57
  58. 58. Create an Entry on the Honor Wall 58
  59. 59. Finding an Existing Honor Page 59
  60. 60. Create an Entry on the Honor Wall 60
  61. 61. Add documents from Fold3 61
  62. 62. Add events and create a map 62
  63. 63. Tell your story 63
  64. 64. Tell your story 64
  65. 65. What about the people at home?
  66. 66. Family and local histories
  67. 67. Family and local histories
  68. 68. Family and local histories
  69. 69. Historical Context and Newspapers
  70. 70. 1. Source the record "Deaths," Lexington (Virginia) Gazette, 26 Jul 1899, online archives, Chronicling America (http://chroniclingamerica.org : accessed 5 Feb 2014, page 3, col 4. 2. Examine the image, not just the index Not too applicable
  71. 71. 3. List ALL points of genealogical importance • James died at the age of sixty-three – his birth year around 1836 • He died on a Thursday. The paper was published on Wednesday, July 26th, so he died on July 20th. • He suffered from Bright’s disease and was confined to his bed the last two months of his life. • He was a Confederate soldier and served with the Rockbridge Grays and the 14th Virginia Calvary. • He was a prisoner of war at Camp Chase. • His wife was the daughter of Charlton Wallace. • In 1899, four children were living: Mrs. James Brogan, Mrs. W. P. .Gillispie, J. C. Donald, and J. H. Donald. All lived in Rockbridge • He belonged to the Lee-Jackson camp. • Rev. Henry P. Hamill officiated the funeral
  72. 72. Update the Spread Sheet 72
  73. 73. Case Study: Weaving the World into your Story
  74. 74. My grandmother was living in Kings Mountain, NC helping to raise her brothers and sisters. Her parents had died in the 1920’s. I couldn’t find a newspaper for Gastonia or Charlotte, but I did find High Point, NC which is less than a 100 miles away. That Sunday of December 7th, 1941 was cold, but Monday was expected to be nicer.
  75. 75. The world was concerned about the Russians battle with the Nazi’s. FDR was sending messages to the “Jap Ruler.” The paper was full of peril but it was all somewhere else. On that cold, clear day, the family no doubt put on their Sunday best and went to church, probably praying for a world seemingly gone mad.
  76. 76. That afternoon, before 1pm on the east coast, the Japanese had begun their attack on Pearl Harbor. It is easy to imagine families gathered around the radio waiting for information on what had happened, wondering what was coming next. The evening newspaper, (remember when newspapers were published twice a day?) delivered the news:
  77. 77. The paper was full of late bulletins and initial reports. Was Manila bombed? How many planes did the Japanese use? Would they attack again? Would the United States declare war? Imagine waking up that clear cold Sunday morning planning what you would wear to church and going to bed with the knowledge that war had come to America
  78. 78. By the afternoon of the 8th, with 3,000 casualties, with serious destruction of the Navy, the Senate and the House joined together and voted for the U.S. was at war. There was only one dissenter.
  79. 79. By the 9th, those in New York City had been put on alert when two air alarms went off around noon, expecting that they were about to be attacked. Even in rural North Carolina there was likely a lingering fear that they were not safe. The Japanese excepted to be joined by the Nazi’s in their declaration of the war on the U.S. In a mere 48 hours, daily life, life itself had changed.
  80. 80. Every day newspapers delivered another new screaming headline. By the 10th, Germany and Italy had declared war on the U.S. What was the family thinking? My four great uncles: Floyd, age 31; Tommy, age 28; Robert, age 26; and Otto, age 18; would serve in World War II. What were they thinking as they read those initial reports? By the 10th of December, editorials and editorial cartoons were already resolute in their desire for victory The newspapers were still full of society gossip, movie ads, Christmas shopping specials and ideas were in the pages. It is easy to believe that those items were not consumed with the same interest and enthusiasm. It is hard to believe that the thought of Christmas held the same idea of magic and delight that year. Preparing for the war effort had already started
  81. 81. It is not enough to find the record
  82. 82. References and Useful Links      Where you can find me    
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